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The Cumbre Vieja volcano has already fallen asleep. See footprints left by a three-month eruption on La Palma Island – Multimedia.

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More than three months after the start of the September 19 eruption, the volcano Cumbre Vieja on La Palma Island, Canary Islands, fell asleep again.

On Christmas Day and after 10 consecutive days with no visible signs of activity, including significant lava flows, earthquakes or sulfur dioxide emissions, the authorities announced that the eruption, which is considered the longest eruption in the history of the Spanish island, as well as the most destructive of the last century in Europe it was over.

A few days before the end of the eruption, it was announced that while the volcano was supposed to show signs that things were coming to an end, authorities and local people began to assess the damage done, as well as proceed with what is expected. there will be a long recovery process.

Click on the images to see how the Cumbre Vieja volcano has changed the landscape of La Palma.

According to the data provided El País newspaperIt is estimated that the lava emanating from the volcano wiped out 1,219 hectares of land from the face of the earth, affecting more than 3,000 buildings and leading to the evacuation of 7,000 people.

During the period of activity of the volcano, more than 9000 earthquakes have occurred. The lava rivers of the Cumbre Vieja were moving towards the sea, as a result of which the size of the Spanish island increased by 43 hectares.

The region’s government estimates that the damage from the natural disaster will reach 1 billion euros, and experts say the restoration of the island could take several years, while it is noted that even after the completion of the eruption, there are still associated risks. with the release of poisonous gases and landslides.

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Evolution of the La Palma disaster as seen from space

Recall that in October the Portuguese Institute of the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA) and GeoSat published satellite images. captured 10 days after the start of the eruption on La Palma, heralding the destruction of the land and the lava flows that reached the sea.

Click images for more details.

At the time, the IPMA showed that lava emissions were as high as 700 meters per hour, creating temperatures in excess of 1000 degrees Celsius. An estimated 6,000 to 9,000 tons of sulfur dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere per day.

European satellites Copernicus also captured the disaster from space, being among the first to pick up the first seismic signals on 11 September in the southern part of the Spanish island.

In just one week, about 22,000 tremors were recorded with increasing frequency and strength, immediately indicating volcanic activity that eventually occurred on September 19.

Click images for more details.

In November, the volcano reached a particularly aggressive phase.becoming more explosive and violent and the European satellites of Copernicus again showed the destruction inflicted on the island.

Click images for more details.

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Vladimir Putin has delayed the invasion of Ukraine at least three times.

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Putin has repeatedly consulted with Russian Chief of the General Staff Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the invasion, Europa Press told Ukraine’s chief intelligence director Vadim Skibitsky.

According to Skibitsky, it was the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), which is responsible for counterintelligence and espionage work, that put pressure on Gerasimov and other military agencies to agree to launch an offensive. .

However, according to the Ukrainian intelligence services, the FSB considered that by the end of February sufficient preparations had already been made to guarantee the success of the Russian Armed Forces in a lightning invasion.

However, according to Kyiv, the Russian General Staff provided the Russian troops with supplies and ammunition for only three days, hoping that the offensive would be swift and immediately successful.

The head of Ukrainian intelligence also emphasized the cooperation of local residents, who always provided the Ukrainian authorities with up-to-date information about the Russian army, such as the number of soldiers or the exact location of troops.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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Life sentence for former Swedish official for spying for Russia

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A Stockholm court on Monday sentenced a former Swedish intelligence officer to life in prison for spying for Russia, and his brother to at least 12 years in prison. In what is considered one of the most serious cases in Swedish counterintelligence history, much of the trial took place behind closed doors in the name of national security.

According to the prosecution, it was Russian military intelligence, the GRU, who took advantage of the information provided by the two brothers between 2011 and their arrest at the end of 2021.

Peyman Kia, 42, has held many senior positions in the Swedish security apparatus, including the army and his country’s intelligence services (Säpo). His younger brother, Payam, 35, is accused of “participating in the planning” of the plot and of “managing contacts with Russia and the GRU, including passing on information and receiving financial rewards.”

Both men deny the charges, and their lawyers have demanded an acquittal on charges of “aggravated espionage,” according to the Swedish news agency TT.

The trial coincides with another case of alleged Russian espionage, with the arrest of the Russian-born couple in late November in a suburb of Stockholm by a police team arriving at dawn in a Blackhawk helicopter.

Research website Bellingcat identified them as Sergei Skvortsov and Elena Kulkova. The couple allegedly acted as sleeper agents for Moscow, having moved to Sweden in the late 1990s.

According to Swedish press reports, the couple ran companies specializing in the import and export of electronic components and industrial technology.

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The man was again detained at the end of November for “illegal intelligence activities.” His partner, suspected of being an accomplice, has been released but remains under investigation.

According to Swedish authorities, the arrests are not related to the trial of the Kia brothers.

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Ukraine admitted that Russia may announce a general mobilization

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“They can strengthen their positions. We understand that this can happen. At the same time, we do not rule out that they will announce a general mobilization,” Danilov said in an interview with the Ukrainska Pravda online publication.

Danilov believed that this mobilization would also be convened “to exterminate as many as possible” of Russian citizens, so that “they would no longer have any problems on their territory.”

In this sense, Danilov also reminded that Russia has not given up on securing control over Kyiv or the idea of ​​the complete “destruction” of Ukraine. “We have to be ready for anything,” he said.

“I want everyone to understand that [os russos] they have not given up on the idea of ​​destroying our nation. If they don’t have Kyiv in their hands, they won’t have anything in their hands, we must understand this,” continued Danilov, who also did not rule out that a new Russian offensive would come from “Belarus and other territories.” .

As such, Danilov praised the decision of many of its residents who chose to stay in the Ukrainian capital when the war broke out in order to defend the city.

“They expected that there would be panic, that people would run, that there would be nothing to protect Kyiv,” he added, referring to President Volodymyr Zelensky.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

See also  Lava is less than a kilometer from the sea

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions on Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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