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“Old man, go away!” How Kazakhstan toppled Nazarbayev in three days and is now entering a “new era of instability” – Observer

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Security forces are also responsible for the violence. Hundreds of people have been arrested and there are reports of attacks on many of them. “The government has taken steps to turn off the Internet and mobile communications”adds Hugh Williamson. “At least two journalists have been arrested, but there are likely to be other cases that we are not aware of.”

The government’s crackdown on violent demonstrations is not a new scenario. Ten years ago, a protest rally in the city of Zhanaozen ended in tragedy when security forces shot dead at least 16 demonstrators. “It was a very traumatic incident for many residents of Kazakhstan,” sums up Kudaibergenova. “The drama has intensified in recent years. Since then there have been no deaths, but there have been arrests and abductions of protesters, especially in the past two years. “

This time, the reaction of the population was different: mass mobilization, and in some cases the response was violence. It is for this reason that Williamson considers Kazakhs to be “brave”. “It is almost impossible to organize a demonstration in Kazakhstan, you are always arrested. There is no real political opposition, because you will always be banned and put in jail. “

The reason for the protests in Zhanaozen, we recall, was the rise in fuel prices. This happened because Kazakhstan introduced a phased transition from 2019 to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and a liberalized market came into force on January 1, which led to an immediate increase in prices. On practice, The price of LPG has dropped from 0.12 euros per liter to 0.25 euros per night., as Eurasianet explains… In the western region, 70 to 90% of vehicles must run on LPG.

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“The economy of the western region is an energy-based economy. When prices double there, this is a very pressing issue, ”explains Luca Anceschi. “But as the protests spread to big cities, and especially in Almaty, the demands became much more political and related to regime change.” When President Tokayev responded by announcing that he would reintroduce state fuel subsidies, the move no longer stopped demonstrations.

Why? “There are people among the protesters who are dissatisfied with the economic situation, while others – with the political situation,” Ancheski notes. “We are talking about a country that had a model for 30 years in which it promised people that it would guarantee them some economic security and called for the possibility of democratization in the future, that is, never. Even the first question is not being resolved now. ” The Covid-19 crisis and rising inflation have led to an increase in the cost of living of Kazakhs.

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Vladimir Putin has delayed the invasion of Ukraine at least three times.

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Putin has repeatedly consulted with Russian Chief of the General Staff Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the invasion, Europa Press told Ukraine’s chief intelligence director Vadim Skibitsky.

According to Skibitsky, it was the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), which is responsible for counterintelligence and espionage work, that put pressure on Gerasimov and other military agencies to agree to launch an offensive. .

However, according to the Ukrainian intelligence services, the FSB considered that by the end of February sufficient preparations had already been made to guarantee the success of the Russian Armed Forces in a lightning invasion.

However, according to Kyiv, the Russian General Staff provided the Russian troops with supplies and ammunition for only three days, hoping that the offensive would be swift and immediately successful.

The head of Ukrainian intelligence also emphasized the cooperation of local residents, who always provided the Ukrainian authorities with up-to-date information about the Russian army, such as the number of soldiers or the exact location of troops.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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Life sentence for former Swedish official for spying for Russia

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A Stockholm court on Monday sentenced a former Swedish intelligence officer to life in prison for spying for Russia, and his brother to at least 12 years in prison. In what is considered one of the most serious cases in Swedish counterintelligence history, much of the trial took place behind closed doors in the name of national security.

According to the prosecution, it was Russian military intelligence, the GRU, who took advantage of the information provided by the two brothers between 2011 and their arrest at the end of 2021.

Peyman Kia, 42, has held many senior positions in the Swedish security apparatus, including the army and his country’s intelligence services (Säpo). His younger brother, Payam, 35, is accused of “participating in the planning” of the plot and of “managing contacts with Russia and the GRU, including passing on information and receiving financial rewards.”

Both men deny the charges, and their lawyers have demanded an acquittal on charges of “aggravated espionage,” according to the Swedish news agency TT.

The trial coincides with another case of alleged Russian espionage, with the arrest of the Russian-born couple in late November in a suburb of Stockholm by a police team arriving at dawn in a Blackhawk helicopter.

Research website Bellingcat identified them as Sergei Skvortsov and Elena Kulkova. The couple allegedly acted as sleeper agents for Moscow, having moved to Sweden in the late 1990s.

According to Swedish press reports, the couple ran companies specializing in the import and export of electronic components and industrial technology.

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The man was again detained at the end of November for “illegal intelligence activities.” His partner, suspected of being an accomplice, has been released but remains under investigation.

According to Swedish authorities, the arrests are not related to the trial of the Kia brothers.

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Ukraine admitted that Russia may announce a general mobilization

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“They can strengthen their positions. We understand that this can happen. At the same time, we do not rule out that they will announce a general mobilization,” Danilov said in an interview with the Ukrainska Pravda online publication.

Danilov believed that this mobilization would also be convened “to exterminate as many as possible” of Russian citizens, so that “they would no longer have any problems on their territory.”

In this sense, Danilov also reminded that Russia has not given up on securing control over Kyiv or the idea of ​​the complete “destruction” of Ukraine. “We have to be ready for anything,” he said.

“I want everyone to understand that [os russos] they have not given up on the idea of ​​destroying our nation. If they don’t have Kyiv in their hands, they won’t have anything in their hands, we must understand this,” continued Danilov, who also did not rule out that a new Russian offensive would come from “Belarus and other territories.” .

As such, Danilov praised the decision of many of its residents who chose to stay in the Ukrainian capital when the war broke out in order to defend the city.

“They expected that there would be panic, that people would run, that there would be nothing to protect Kyiv,” he added, referring to President Volodymyr Zelensky.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

See also  British tourists hurry back again from France to prevent quarantine

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions on Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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