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Negative thinking is associated with dementia later in life, the study found



As research into our mysterious gray matter continues to explode, scientists are getting ever closer to understanding what creates a calm, contented and happy brain. Answer these eight questions to see whether your brain is wired to be happy or if you might need to practice positivity.

A new study found that repeated negative thoughts in life are then associated with cognitive decline and a greater deposit of the two harmful proteins responsible for Alzheimer’s disease.

“We propose that repeated negative thinking can be a new risk factor for dementia,” lead author Dr Natalie Marchant, a psychiatrist and senior researcher in the department of mental health at University College London, said in a statement.

Negative thinking behaviors such as contemplation about the past and concerns about the future are measured in more than 350 people over the age of 55 over a two-year period. About one third of the participants also underwent PET (positron emission tomography) brain scans to measure deposits of tau and beta amyloid, two proteins that cause Alzheimer’s disease, the most common type of dementia.

Scans show that people who spend more time thinking negatively have more accumulation of tau and amyloid beta, worse memory and greater cognitive decline over a four-year period compared to non-pessimistic people.

The study also tested levels of anxiety and depression and found greater cognitive decline in depressed and anxious people, which echoes previous research.

But tau and amyloid deposits do not increase in people who are already depressed and anxious, leading researchers who suspect negative thoughts repeatedly may be the main reason why depression and anxiety contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.

“Taken together with other studies, which link depression and anxiety with the risk of dementia, we hope that long-term chronic negative thinking can increase the risk of dementia,” Marchant said.

“This is the first study to show a biological link between repetitive negative thinking and the pathology of Alzheimer’s, and give doctors more appropriate ways to assess risk and offer more personal interventions,” said neurologist Dr. Richard Isaacson, founder of the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at NYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medical Center, were not involved in this study.

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“Many people at risk are unaware of the specific negative effects of anxiety and direct reflection on the brain,” said Isaacson, who is also a trustee of the McKnight Brain Research Foundation, which funds research to better understand and reduce age-related cognitive decline. .

“This study is important and will change the way I treat my patients who are at risk.”

More study is needed

“It is important to point out that this does not say a short-term negative thinking period will cause Alzheimer’s disease,” said Fiona Carragher, who is chief of policy and research officer at the Alzheimer’s Society in London. “We need further investigation to understand this better.”

“Most people in this study have been identified as having a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, so we need to see whether these results resonate in the general population,” he said, “and if repeated negative thinking increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease itself.”

The researchers suggest that mental training practices such as meditation can help promote positive thinking while reducing negative thoughts, and they plan future studies to be tested their hypothesis.

“Our thoughts can have a biological impact on our physical health, which may be positive or negative,” said co-author Dr. Gael Chételat from Inserm / Université de Caen-Normandie.

“Maintaining your mental health is important, and it must be a major public health priority, because it is not only important for public health and well-being in the short term, but can also have an impact on your risk of dementia,” Chételat said. .

Look on the bright side

Previous research supports their hypothesis. People who view life from a positive perspective have a better chance of avoiding death from any type of cardiovascular risk than a pessimistic person, according to a 2019 study. The fact is, the more positive a person is, the greater the protection from heart attacks, strokes and causes of death .
5 natural ways to improve mental health during times of stress
It’s not only your heart that is protected by positive outlook. Previous research has found a direct relationship between optimism and other positive health attributes, such as healthy diet and exercise behavior, A stronger immune system and better lung function, among others.
That’s probably because optimists tend to have better health habits, said cardiologist Dr. Alan Rozanski, a professor of medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine on Mount Sinai, who studies the health effects of optimism. They are more likely to exercise, have a better diet and tends to smoke.

“Optimists also tend to have better coping skills and are better problem solvers,” Rozanski told CNN in an earlier interview. “They are better at what we call proactive handling, or anticipating problems and then proactively taking steps to fix them.”

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Practice to be an optimist

You can find out where you stand on a half-full or blank concept glass by answering a series of statementss called “life orientation test.”

Daily meditation can slow down aging in your brain, says the study

This test includes statements such as, “I believe in the idea that ‘every cloud has a silver line,'” and, “If something is wrong for me, it will happen.” You judge statements on a scale from strongly agree to strongly disagree, and the results can be added to determine your level of optimism or pessimism.

Previous research has shown that it is possible to “train the brain” to be more optimistic, such as muscle training. Using a direct measure of brain function and structure, one study found it only took 30 minutes a day of meditation practice for two weeks to produce measurable changes in the brain.
One of the most effective ways to increase optimism, according to a meta-analysis of existing studies, called the “Best Likely Best” method, where you imagine or keep a journal of yourself in the future where you have achieved all your life goals and all your problems have been resolved.

Another technique is to practice gratitude. Just taking a few minutes each day to write down what makes you grateful can improve your outlook on life. And while you’re in it, make a list of the positive experiences you had that day, which can also increase your optimism.

“And finally, we know that cognitive behavioral therapy is a very effective treatment for depression; pessimism is heading toward depression,” Rozanski said.

“You can apply the same principles as we do for depression, like reframe. You teach there are alternative ways to think or reframe negative thoughts, and you can make great progress with such pessimism.”

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Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.



Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.

Method Media Bermuda will present the documentary FABRIC: Portuguese History in Bermuda on Thursday, December 29 at the Underwater Research Institute of Bermuda.

A spokesperson said: “Method Media is proud to bring Bermuda Fabric: Portugal History to Bermuda for its 5th and 6th showing at the Bermuda Underwater Observatory. In November and December 2019, Cloth: A Portuguese Story in Bermuda had four sold-out screenings. Now that Bermuda has reopened after the pandemic, it’s time to bring the film back for at least two screenings.

“There are tickets For $ 20 – sessions at 15:30 and 18:00. Both screenings will be followed by a short Q&A session.

Director and producer Milton Raboso says, “FABRIC is a definitive account of the Portuguese community in Bermuda and its 151 years of history, but it also places Bermuda, Acors and Portugal in the world history and the events that have fueled those 151 years.

“It took more than 10 years to implement FABRIC. The film was supported by the Minister of Culture, the Government of the Azores and private donors.

Bermuda Media Method [MMB] Created in 2011 by producer Milton Raposo. MMB has created content for a wide range of clients: Bermuda’s new hospital renovation, reinsurance, travel campaigns, international sports and more. MMB pays special attention to artistic, cultural and historical content.

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Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.



Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.

Maestro Filipe Cunha, Artistic Director of the Philharmonic Orchestra of Braga, has been invited to conduct the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra, as announced today.

According to a statement sent by O MINHO, “he will be the first Portuguese conductor to conduct this orchestra in its entire history.”

In addition to this orchestra, the maestro will also work with the Lyceo Mozarteum de la Habana Symphony Orchestra.

The concerts will take place on 4 and 12 March 2023 at the National Theater of Cuba in Havana.

In the words of the maestro, quoted in the statement, “these will be very beautiful concerts with difficult but very complex pieces” and therefore he feels “very motivated”.

From the very beginning, Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 2 will be performed by an Italian pianist (Luigi Borzillo), whom the maestro wants to bring to Portugal later this year. In the same concert, Mendelshon’s First Symphony will be performed.

Then, at the second concert, in the company of the Mexican clarinetist Angel Zedillo, he will perform the Louis Sfora Concerto No. 2. In this concert, the maestro also conducts Tchaikovsky’s Fifth Symphony.

“This is an international recognition of my work. An invitation that I accept with humility and great responsibility. I was surprised to learn that I would be the first Portuguese member of the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra. This is a very great honor,” the maestro said in a statement.

“I take with me the name of the city of Braga and Portugal with all the responsibility that goes with it, and I hope to do a good job there, leaving a good image and putting on great concerts. These will be very special concerts because, in addition to performing pieces that I love, especially Rachmaninov and Tchaikovsky, I will be directing two wonderful soloists who are also my friends. It will be very beautiful,” concludes Filipe Cunha.

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