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Luis Gama, lawyer, poet and politician – 06/24/2021 – Silvio Almeida



Luis Gama, lawyer, poet and politician - 06/24/2021 - Silvio Almeida

June 21 last year marked the 191th anniversary of the birth of Luis Gama, the greatest lawyer in Brazilian history. Louis Gama he was born on June 21, 1830 in the city of Salvador, state of Bahia.

According to a constant message in a letter to Lucio de Mendonce, his mother was a free African woman named Louise Mahin, who was actively involved in the “slave uprisings”. In the same letter, Luis Gama reports that at the age of ten he was sold by his own father to a merchant and smuggler named Antonio Pereira Cardoso.

At the age of 17, he learned to read with a law student, Antonio Rodrigues do Prado, who at the time was living in the house of the merchant who enslaved him. The next year he escapes captivity, having received, in his own words, “skillfully and secretly” “irrefutable proof of his freedom.”

In Sao Paulo, he became assistant adviser to Furtado de Mendonça, chief of police and professor at the Largo School of Law in San Francisco. With adviser Furtado, Luis Gama began in the world of law. His activities as a journalist and romantic poet are notable. In 1859 he published his book of poetry, Primeiras Trovas Burlescas, and in 1864 he founded Diabo Coxo, the first illustrated newspaper in São Paulo.

During this period, Luis Gama devoted himself to the legal defense of the slaves who sought him in order to gain recognition of their freedom, an activity that mobilized him until his death in 1882.

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He was named a “tenured lawyer” after being granted judicial authorization to practice as a lawyer, as he was unable to obtain a law degree due to the circumstances of his life.

It was in this state that he became a great and respected jurist, leading legal cases that culminated in the liberation of hundreds of enslaved people. For Professor Luis Felipe de Alencastro, Luis Gama can also be considered a hero of the African diaspora, as his struggle was fought not only against Brazilian slavery, but also against human trafficking.

In his political actions, he linked the abolitionist struggle with a fierce critical defense of republicanism. “Critical” because he knew that a change in government would not be enough to ensure equality or end racism. The establishment of an oligarchy in the Old Republic will confirm Luis Gama’s fears.

Luis Gama embodied the “humanist” intellectual in the Renaissance sense of the word, an intellectual who has a deep domain in various fields of knowledge, but who remains associated with the most pressing issues of his time.

In recent years, the figure of Luis Gama has become more and more famous. In 2015, on the initiative of Instituto Luiz Gama, the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association and the Faculty of Law of the Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Luis Gama was recognized as a lawyer and officially registered with the OAB.

In 2017, the USP School of Law named one of its classrooms after Luis Gama, the first time someone who was not a professor at the school was honored. In 2018, a bill by federal deputy Orlando Silva (PC do B-SP) was approved, which declared Luis Gama the patron of the abolition of the death penalty and determined the inclusion of his name in the Book of Heroes of the Motherland.

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And on June 29, the University Council of the University of São Paulo, following a petition from the School of Communications and Arts, will vote to award the title of Doctor honoris causa to Luis Gama.

Academic interest in his life and work is also growing. In recent years, following research such as that of Professor Ligi Ferreira Fonseca, Luis Gama has been recognized as an intellectual, author of work pertaining to understanding Brazil and American slavery.

May the life, scriptures and power of Luis Gama guide and inspire hope in these dark times.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

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“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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