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Congress Controls Over 50% of Budget Investment – Politics



Jefferson Rudy/Agência Senado

A real “war” around the execution parliamentary amendments To Budget it will determine the fate of the future government and will have more importance and influence on the costs of governance than party federations and other innovations in electoral law, such as the end of coalitions in proportional elections.

This analysis, by political leaders and political scientists, sheds light on the strongest side of the coalition’s presidential crisis, a model that has traditionally defined the relationship between Executive e Congress in the country. According to experts, such a balance of forces required for controllability was compromised in management. Jair Bolsonaro, which gave way to a “co-optation of presidency,” in which Congress became responsible for half of the executive’s investment, without committing itself to public policy or government budgetary responsibility.

In numbers, this situation is described by the dynamics of the budget execution of the parliamentary amendments, which decreased from the 3.3 billion reais pledged in 2015 to 26.5 billion reais in 2021. In 2022, the federal budget provides for investments of 44 billion reais and $ 21.1 billion for parliamentary amendments.

“The next president is going to have a hellish first year with Congress. It will be a life-and-death battle to find out who will control the execution of the budget, ”he said. Alessandro Molon (PSB), leader of the opposition in the House. In his opinion, this “war” means the end of the secret budget, as evidenced by state, which is based on the rapporteur’s amendments – and will determine the success or failure of the future government.

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MP Samuel Moreira (PSDB-SP) estimates that 53% of the total federal government investment of R $ 50 billion was spent on amendments to parliament in 2021. “More than half of the investment budget comes from individual parliamentary, court sessions, commissions or rapporteur amendments. It wasn’t like that in 2015. ”

In his opinion, the country must face this situation. “Under a presidential system, it is difficult to have a parliamentary budget.” Moreira said Congress strongly influences the budget without being held accountable for the political outcome of the government. “No matter how strong you build a coalition, it will only serve to stay in power, not to improve the quality of government.”

Molon agrees with the toucan. In his opinion, the secret budget – only the rapporteur’s amendments in 2022 will amount to 16.5 billion reais – in practice, the execution of these resources is transferred from the executive to the legislature. Apart from the lack of transparency in the use of funds, the decision-making criteria are unknown. “It’s not republican, legal or moral. It is impossible to build such a country. ”


For the president of the IDB, federal deputy Rossi Keith (JV) the secret budget forms the deputies of the first, second and third categories. “I am not against the amendments, on the contrary, I represent my electoral base; a lot of health action depends on these amendments, but the secret budget creates a number of serious distortions for democracy. ”

According to the emedebist, the amendments are used to influence the voting, which affects the discussion of issues of principle for the country, which hinders the parties. “Naturally, the base deputy is more involved in putting forward the projects of the structural government. But what is happening is very bad, as it means that the parties no longer control the discussion of issues. ”

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Baleya also predicts that the next president will have to face this problem. The solution, he said, could be to increase individual tax amendments, “which will be transparent and cover the base of all states.”

Head of the PP in the chamber, deputy Bon Gass (RS) states that “the parliament must control resources and vote on the budget, but the executive must rule the country.” “We are not in a parliamentary regime. Therefore, we believe that this mechanism is wrong, ”he said. “We have to consider this.”


Apart from budget execution, other factors, such as the fragmentation of parties in the parliament, which currently consists of 24 parties, also increase what analysts usually refer to as the cost of manageability. For the political scientist Umberto Dantas, the figure of the president of the republic also plays an important role in this calculation.

“The characteristics of the president, the fact that he is Bolsonaro, Temer or Dilma Rousseff, completely change the question of controllability. Bolsonaro’s intensity and aggressiveness, as well as the ability and manner with which he negotiates handling, largely explains the situation in which we find ourselves, ”said Dantas.

According to Molon, the country lives “in a disguised semi-presidential regime in order to try to preserve what is left of the support of the decadent president.” “This is a president who does not govern, does not choose resources and turns all votes into ‘take it there, come here.’ The project is no longer discussed. Politics has become a retail of individual amendments. This is a disaster, the worst of the worlds; it is not presidential power or parliamentarianism. This is a fair where everyone has the right to make a number of amendments. It won’t work. “

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

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Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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