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Center Voting – Observer



Center Voting - Observer

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Social classes are characteristic groups of industrial societies that have evolved since the 17th century. The problem of social classes, now out of use, is one of the most central and controversial in the social sciences. The existence of social classes is generally accepted, but much more controversial is the principle of their existence in constant struggle.

The analysis of social stratification in modern societies is complicated by the existence of status groups and social classes. To simplify, we can say, following Max Weber, that social classes are stratified according to their attitudes towards the production and acquisition of goods, while status groups are stratified according to their consumption of goods, represented by certain “lifestyles.” … The various classes, and especially the middle class, have been well studied. The growing complexity of social structures in modern and postmodern societies has revealed the heuristic inconsistency of the classical analysis of social stratification, and for several decades now we have seen a shift in the center of interest of sociologists to more cultural issues. ” materialistic ”, associated, namely, with identity, gender, ecology and social values.

Nonetheless, social classes continue to exist, albeit in a less visible form today. After its consolidation in the most developed countries in the 60s and 70s of the last century, mainly due to the penetration wealthy worker the middle class began slowly but steadily to lose its significance not only in quantitative terms, but also as an object of study. The erosion of the middle class helps explain the emergence of populist and extremist movements in the United States and several European countries. In Portugal, the long period of the autocratic regime and the leftist deviation of the political system after April 25th would have served as a brake on the emergence of this type of movement. In countries that were under the rule of the former Soviet Union for several decades, the opposite happened, with the emergence of extreme right, populist and nationalist movements.

In Portugal, public speeches and proclamations made so far by the leaders of the two main political parties indicate that, compared to previous legislative elections, both seek to reorient themselves, one starting with the right and the other with the left. We mean proclamations, not programs: programs are practically irrelevant, not only because no one reads them, but also because they will not be executed anyway. This reopening of the center by two parties fighting to rule the country paradoxically coincides with the historical moment when there was perhaps the greatest devastation of the social pyramid in its central area occupied by the middle class (s). This gap between the two centers, political and sociological, has always existed in Portugal, from the very beginning of the democratic regime, but it was, so to speak, “masked” by the emergence of an anemic and inconsistent middle class, but sometimes it seems that it is on the rise. The economic and social crises that have occurred in recent decades, and especially the current one associated with the pandemic that insidiously continues to torment us, exacerbated social inequality in Portuguese society and highlighted the weakness of the middle class and the fact that its growth, in the end, was only apparent …


The erosion of the middle class is associated, on the one hand, with a decrease in upward social mobility – only an insignificant minority manages to climb the social ladder, perhaps even in an illegitimate way – and, on the other hand, with downward social mobility. which pushes the vast majority down the stairs, sometimes even into poverty. Therefore, it is appropriate to pose the following question: if the social center shifts, erodes and disappears, then who ultimately votes for the parties of the political center? The relevance of this issue is now reinforced by the publication of the latest poll results, which show that PS and PSD account for 70% of intent to vote. The answer to this question does not seem easy. Here we will try to give an answer, which, of course, does not pretend to be definitive. It is simply a matter of choosing an explanatory path among other possible paths that may be accepted or rejected. In our hypothesis, the “real” center under current conditions is replaced by an “imaginary”, illusory, extremely changeable center in which aggregates: those who do not admit descent and who believe that they are still “there”; those who do not deny the fall, but consider it only transitory and who will soon return to the place where they belong; and, of course, ordinary party voters, whatever their position in the social structure.

Voting is not simply “determined” by its place in the social structure. The voter has only limited rationality, and his choice is the result of a combination of many variables of different nature. These days, the act of voting seems increasingly detached from social identity, background, personal trajectories, and territorial ties, which helps explain the volatility of voters and the volatility of political relations. As can now be clearly seen in Portugal, the rapid increase in party supply matches the mobility and volatility of demand. However, an increase in supply is not necessarily associated with a qualitative improvement, as seen in interviews and debates so far. It would be illusory to think about the possibility of the emergence of an ideal political party capable of uniting in its ideas and realizing all our desires, aspirations and aspirations. Since the possibility of multi-party, “sectional” voting, choosing the best that each party can offer us, also does not seem viable, we will have to limit ourselves to what is available in the political market. What exists, in terms of supply, however, does not seem very attractive, judging by the speeches of political leaders in the election campaign. The format of the televised debates did not provide a clear presentation of proposals and the exchange of arguments, but it cannot serve as an excuse for the almost complete absence of topics that were and will certainly remain on the agenda in many forums held in various parts of the world. Topics such as climate change and environmental disasters, digital transition and energy transition can by no means be ignored these days.

In the center, to the right or to the left, all voices are equally legitimate! The main thing is that we vote!

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

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Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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