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The problem of restructuring environmental policy



política ambiental
Facade of the Ministry of the Environment. Photo: Marcello Casal Jr/Agência Brasil

Bolsonaro’s government has made good on its promise to destroy decades of national environmental policy. O Ministry of the Environment (MMA) stopped developing public policy and became an active participant in the dismantling of the environment. The National Agency for Water and Sanitation (ANA) and the Brazilian Forest Service (SFB) were transferred to other ministries.

Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama) and the Institute for the Conservation of Biodiversity. Chico Mendez (ICMBio) were largely delegitimized based on the President’s own narrative, and their activities were boycotted and the appointment of managers agreed to the liquidation of the project.

This project also entailed an unjustified stop in the use of available resources, as happened with more than 3 billion reais. Amazon Foundation which have been frozen since January 2019[1]in addition to the disappearance of plans and programs such as the Plan of Action to Prevent and Combat Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAm)[2]which reduced deforestation in the region by 83% between 2004 and 2012.

Addition dismantling policy[3]came hundreds of “boyads” under the command of ex-minister Ricardo Sallesregulatory derogations mostly at the intra-legal level, with a focus on relaxing timber export regulations, which have been challenged in the Federal Supreme Court (STF), and changes in the environmental sanctions process[4] in favor of offenders. The herds also led to a blow to the Paris Agreement, with the “climate pedal” carried out by the current management, which allowed Brazil to increase emissions.[5] from accounting tricks.

It was a successful project with tragic consequences, such as the highest rate of deforestation in the Amazon in 15 years, the devastation of a third of the Pantanal, the explosion of illegal mining and the encroachment on indigenous lands and conservation units, accompanied by escalating social conflicts.[6].

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The reconstruction work that needs to be done in this area of ​​public policy is complex and enormous. But we can and should take advantage of this moment not only to resume the important policies that were in place before the Bolsonaro government, but also to move forward.

Among the world’s largest economies, Brazil could become the first country to achieve status carbon negative, absorbing more carbon than it emits and becoming an environmental hub. Even though we are the fifth largest emitter of greenhouse gases on the planet, we have an emission structure that gives us a privileged position to work in this area.[7].

Nearly half of our emissions come from what technical experts call land-use change, mostly deforestation.[8]🇧🇷 Obviously fighting deforestation is not an easy task, but we have previous experiences that inspire us, such as the aforementioned PPCDAm buried in 2019.

The Brazil of 2022 is not the same as it was two decades ago, but we know that the fight against deforestation requires the joint action of several ministries, with increased command and control, accompanied by the promotion of sustainable production activities and the proper designation of public areas. . The resumption of PPCDAm and its equivalent in other biomes, especially the Cerrado Deforestation and Burning Prevention and Control Action Plan (PPCerrado), should be guided by this perspective.

Funding will be required. The budgetary resources historically allocated to MMA and its autarchies are scarce. The deterioration in this sense was in Bolsonaro’s government.[9]🇧🇷 In this context, the reopening of the Amazon Fund is one of the first steps to be taken. The upward trend in international donations to Brazil, which was evident in the reception of the President-elect at KS27, in Egypt. Out of a pariah over the past four years, Brazil could once again take the lead in international negotiations.

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One of the problems is the position of the new National Congress towards projects that represent serious failures, in the so-called “Destruction Package”.[10]🇧🇷 Some of these proposals can still be voted on in 2022, if it depends on the members of the Agricultural Parliamentary Front.

This list includes the upcoming Poisons Act, a new pesticide law that, among other serious issues, removes the ban on the registration of carcinogenic or hormone-disrupting products; a version of the General Law on Licensing, which removes the requirement for a license for a large number of businesses and gives priority to self-licensing, as well as disrespect for the rights of indigenous peoples and other traditional peoples and communities; the “Occupation Act”, which aims to help the big land grabbers with more flexible rules; an executive project that intends to make mining possible on indigenous lands, and a proposal to reinforce the absurd time frame thesis. Recently, the Kill Package list has been expanded to include, among other topics, the destruction of the Atlantic Forest Conservation Regulations and the legalization of hunting in the country.

All the efforts of environmentalists are aimed at preventing a vote on these proposals in 2022. Under the new government, the executive’s political weight is expected to help block these projects.

The moment calls for hope and cooperation to meet the challenge of restructuring environmental policy without neglecting to systematically monitor the fulfillment of campaign promises. After all, how President-elect said at COP27, “climate security of the world is impossible without a protected Amazon.” The fight against climate change will have “the highest status” in the structure of the next government, he said, and “those responsible for any illegal activity, whether it be exploration, mining, logging or improper farming” will be punished. Let’s charge.

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[1] See Direct Action on Unconstitutionality by Omission (ADO) No. 59 reported by Judge Rosa Weber.

[2] See Arguição de Breach of Fundamental Precept (ADPF) No. 760 reported by Minister Carmen Lucía.

[3] See Michael W. Bauer and others, The dismantling of public policy. Preferences, strategies and effects. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

[4] See ADPF No. 755 reported by Minister Luis Fuchs.

[5] Version: e🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[6] Version:🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[7] Version:🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[8] Version:🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[9] Version:🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[10] Version:🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

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Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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