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The problem of restructuring environmental policy

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política ambiental
Facade of the Ministry of the Environment. Photo: Marcello Casal Jr/Agência Brasil

Bolsonaro’s government has made good on its promise to destroy decades of national environmental policy. O Ministry of the Environment (MMA) stopped developing public policy and became an active participant in the dismantling of the environment. The National Agency for Water and Sanitation (ANA) and the Brazilian Forest Service (SFB) were transferred to other ministries.

Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama) and the Institute for the Conservation of Biodiversity. Chico Mendez (ICMBio) were largely delegitimized based on the President’s own narrative, and their activities were boycotted and the appointment of managers agreed to the liquidation of the project.

This project also entailed an unjustified stop in the use of available resources, as happened with more than 3 billion reais. Amazon Foundation which have been frozen since January 2019[1]in addition to the disappearance of plans and programs such as the Plan of Action to Prevent and Combat Deforestation in the Legal Amazon (PPCDAm)[2]which reduced deforestation in the region by 83% between 2004 and 2012.

Addition dismantling policy[3]came hundreds of “boyads” under the command of ex-minister Ricardo Sallesregulatory derogations mostly at the intra-legal level, with a focus on relaxing timber export regulations, which have been challenged in the Federal Supreme Court (STF), and changes in the environmental sanctions process[4] in favor of offenders. The herds also led to a blow to the Paris Agreement, with the “climate pedal” carried out by the current management, which allowed Brazil to increase emissions.[5] from accounting tricks.

It was a successful project with tragic consequences, such as the highest rate of deforestation in the Amazon in 15 years, the devastation of a third of the Pantanal, the explosion of illegal mining and the encroachment on indigenous lands and conservation units, accompanied by escalating social conflicts.[6].

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The reconstruction work that needs to be done in this area of ​​public policy is complex and enormous. But we can and should take advantage of this moment not only to resume the important policies that were in place before the Bolsonaro government, but also to move forward.

Among the world’s largest economies, Brazil could become the first country to achieve status carbon negative, absorbing more carbon than it emits and becoming an environmental hub. Even though we are the fifth largest emitter of greenhouse gases on the planet, we have an emission structure that gives us a privileged position to work in this area.[7].

Nearly half of our emissions come from what technical experts call land-use change, mostly deforestation.[8]🇧🇷 Obviously fighting deforestation is not an easy task, but we have previous experiences that inspire us, such as the aforementioned PPCDAm buried in 2019.

The Brazil of 2022 is not the same as it was two decades ago, but we know that the fight against deforestation requires the joint action of several ministries, with increased command and control, accompanied by the promotion of sustainable production activities and the proper designation of public areas. . The resumption of PPCDAm and its equivalent in other biomes, especially the Cerrado Deforestation and Burning Prevention and Control Action Plan (PPCerrado), should be guided by this perspective.

Funding will be required. The budgetary resources historically allocated to MMA and its autarchies are scarce. The deterioration in this sense was in Bolsonaro’s government.[9]🇧🇷 In this context, the reopening of the Amazon Fund is one of the first steps to be taken. The upward trend in international donations to Brazil, which was evident in the reception of the President-elect at KS27, in Egypt. Out of a pariah over the past four years, Brazil could once again take the lead in international negotiations.

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One of the problems is the position of the new National Congress towards projects that represent serious failures, in the so-called “Destruction Package”.[10]🇧🇷 Some of these proposals can still be voted on in 2022, if it depends on the members of the Agricultural Parliamentary Front.

This list includes the upcoming Poisons Act, a new pesticide law that, among other serious issues, removes the ban on the registration of carcinogenic or hormone-disrupting products; a version of the General Law on Licensing, which removes the requirement for a license for a large number of businesses and gives priority to self-licensing, as well as disrespect for the rights of indigenous peoples and other traditional peoples and communities; the “Occupation Act”, which aims to help the big land grabbers with more flexible rules; an executive project that intends to make mining possible on indigenous lands, and a proposal to reinforce the absurd time frame thesis. Recently, the Kill Package list has been expanded to include, among other topics, the destruction of the Atlantic Forest Conservation Regulations and the legalization of hunting in the country.

All the efforts of environmentalists are aimed at preventing a vote on these proposals in 2022. Under the new government, the executive’s political weight is expected to help block these projects.

The moment calls for hope and cooperation to meet the challenge of restructuring environmental policy without neglecting to systematically monitor the fulfillment of campaign promises. After all, how President-elect said at COP27, “climate security of the world is impossible without a protected Amazon.” The fight against climate change will have “the highest status” in the structure of the next government, he said, and “those responsible for any illegal activity, whether it be exploration, mining, logging or improper farming” will be punished. Let’s charge.

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[1] See Direct Action on Unconstitutionality by Omission (ADO) No. 59 reported by Judge Rosa Weber.

[2] See Arguição de Breach of Fundamental Precept (ADPF) No. 760 reported by Minister Carmen Lucía.

[3] See Michael W. Bauer and others, The dismantling of public policy. Preferences, strategies and effects. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

[4] See ADPF No. 755 reported by Minister Luis Fuchs.

[5] Version: https://www.oc.eco.br/jovens-processam-Governo-por-pedalada-climatica/ e https://www.oc.eco.br/governo-perde-na-justica-argumento-sobre-pedalada-climatica/🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[6] Version: https://www.oc.eco.br/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/A-conta-chegou-HD.pdf🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[7] Version: https://www.oc.eco.br/brasil-2045-construindo-uma-potencia-ambiental-vol-1/🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[8] Version: http://www.obt.inpe.br/OBT/assuntos/programas/amazonia/prodes🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[9] Version: https://www.oc.eco.br/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/A-conta-chegou-HD.pdf🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

[10] Version: https://www.oc.eco.br/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Combo-da-morte.pdf🇧🇷 Retrieved: 22 Nov. 2022.

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Video: Gabriela Prioli talks about her new political book Ideologies

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Gabriela Prioli

In Brazilian public debate, the terms are used inconsistently (not to mention that they are misleading). Some of them are sometimes criminalized. For example: “Ideology” has become synonymous with something bad. But what underlies this? To challenge this issue, a lawyer, professor and communicator Gabriela Prioli launches the book “Ideologies”, dedicated to the three most famous macro-currents of thought: liberalism, conservatism and socialism.

Throughout the book, published by Companhia das Letras, Gabriela Prioli uses her experience as a communicator to make the debate on this topic accessible, which, like other complex topics, is divided into several options.

“Part of my job is to present complex topics in a simple way, but without simplifying, without losing the essential, keeping the main thing,” Prioly explains the purpose of the work. “Ideologies” is the author’s second book about politics – in 2021 she released the book “Politics for All”.

The book revisits the main political theories of the aforementioned ideologies. Prioli defines himself as a “facilitator” to bring the public into contact with the ideas and thoughts presented for the first time. “This is an invitation, a challenge, it is important that people look for the source, create their own criticism of this thought,” he reflects.

Gabriela Prioli releases book “Ideologies”

ideologies
Gabriela Prioli. Ed. Company of letters. 242 pages. Price: 59.90 reais.

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Re-elected Rocha remains humble but victorious political articulator | Politics

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Re-elected Rocha remains humble but victorious political articulator |  Politics

By Valdir Costa / Dynamic Rondonia
Published in 03.12.2022 at 10:39

The political campaign that resulted in the re-election of Governor Marcos Rocha (União Brasil) was not the easiest. Despite taking the lead in the first round with 1.83% more votes than runner-up Senator Marcos Rogerio (Poland), with whom he ran in the second round and won, by 4.94% valid votes it was difficult. elections that demanded a lot from Roche and his team.

If in the first round the commitment of the partners (secretaries, former secretaries, re-elected and elected deputies, etc.) was not effective, as it should have been, the joining forces in the second round, including with the chief articulator, Chief of Staff Junior Gonçalves leaves his post, to devote himself fully to the electoral campaign in search of unity, commitment and dedication from all partners.

There is no doubt that Marcos Rogerio was a tough opponent. He is a good tribune, knows how to use what he has best, which is his gift of speech, and performed well in the debates held in the second round of the campaign. Several research institutes have reported that Rogerio will be the new governor of Rondônia from 2023.

Simplicity, humility, a government without scandals and with good projects such as Guberno na Cidade, Porteira Aberta, Crianza Feliz, Mamae Cheguey, Prato Facil, Chow Poeira were fundamental in the Quest Rocha of a new mandate.

The partnership with the Legislative Assembly (Ale) chaired by MP Alex Redano (PRB-Ariquemes) also had a huge impact on Roshi’s victory in the second round. In addition to Redano, parliamentarians (re-elected and elected) from the governor’s support group selflessly and decisively joined the campaign after a furious call to “get on the road” in search of votes.

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To deny that Roshi had problems during his first term would be an ignorance of reality. He faced at least two years of a pandemic that scared the world. Rondônia’s agribusiness-based economic strength has also been critical in ensuring a strong economy and sufficient resources to overcome the hardships caused by an unforeseen event such as covid-19 that brought the planet to a halt and claimed the lives of many people. Rocha has also performed well in the fight against the pandemic.

The reflection of the satisfaction of the majority of voters by Rocha and his team in the fight against covid-19 was already evident in the first round, when the former Minister of Health Fernando Maximo was elected from the party led by the governor of Rondonia, União Brasil with over 85,000 votes, the best of eight re-elected and elected representatives to the Federal House.

The Legislative Assembly elections also highlighted the strength of the Rocha partnership and organization. Five of the 24 re-elected and elected deputies represent União Brasil. There are at least nine more people who can be considered partners for a second term, which will begin on the 1st of next year.

Roche’s re-election was no accident. This is a government without scandals that has had a pandemic with negative consequences around the world, but in doing so, managed to get around the problems that were resolved peacefully. Gaining a new mandate, now that the pandemic is under control and the state is resuming development, including the emergence of the denim industry announced by the governor a few days ago, offering more than 1,000 jobs starting in 2023, will bolster Rondônia’s already balanced economy. , with a 2023 budget of BRL 13 billion.

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The emergence of the denim industry indicates the intention to invest in this segment. It is necessary to produce at least a little of what we produce in abundance and quality, for example, soybeans. The denim factory is the start of a manufacturing process that can provide Marcos Roche and his team with the support they need to run smoothly and efficiently.

It is important to warn that partnership does not mean submission, and therefore good relations between the executive and legislature and the vigilance of the judiciary are necessary.

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Politics

Deolan claims that he is rancid from Andre.

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Deolan claims that he is rancid from Andre.

Today at dawn, during the holiday “Farm 2022″ (RecordTV) with the theme Baile da Corte, Deolan admitted that he once and for all rancid Andre.

“I’m rancid with Andre… Now I’m rancid with Andre,” the lawyer said in a conversation with Bia, Morango and Petala.

“These political talk, really… What a disgusting thing,” the blonde continued.

“He continues to rise above us. He gave you a blank! Have mercy on me,” commented Petala, referring to the dynamics recorded yesterday for “Programa do Faro” (RecordTV).

“Wow, the person who cries the least here is me! To say that I am crying is to want to seem real, because I am a fortress for everything they do here, ”said Deolan.

Fake farm: why did Barbara Borges choose the ranch?

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