The day is approaching when the InSight spacecraft from NASA will remain silent, having completed its historic mission to reveal the secrets of internal March.
Power generation spaceship continues to decrease as windblown dust builds up on the solar panels, so the team has taken steps to keep working as long as possible. energy what’s left is expected to come to an end in the next few weeks.
But even as the 25 to 30-man task force — a small group compared to other Mars missions — continues to squeeze as much as they can out of InSight, they have also begun to take steps to complete the mission. Look below to see how it goes.
The most important last step in InSight’s mission is to secure your data and make it available to researchers around the world. The probe’s data provided detailed information about Mars’ interior layers, its liquid core, the remarkably volatile remnants beneath the surface of its near-extinct magnetic field, the weather in this part of Mars, and significant seismic activity.
The InSight seismometer provided by the French National Center for Space Research (CNES) has recorded more than 1,300 earthquakes since the probe landed in November 2018, the largest measurement of magnitude 5 on the Richter scale. He even recorded earthquakes from meteorite impacts.
Watching how the seismic waves from these earthquakes change as they travel across the planet provides invaluable insights into the interior of Mars, as well as a better understanding of how all rocky worlds, including the Earth and its Moon, are formed.
“Finally, we can see Mars as a multi-layered planet with different thicknesses and compositions,” said Bruce Banerdt of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, USA, the mission’s principal investigator. “We are starting to really reveal the details. Now it’s not just this mystery; it’s actually a living, breathing planet.”
The seismograph readings will join the only other sets of extraterrestrial seismic data, from the Apollo lunar missions and the Viking missions to Mars, in NASA’s Planetary Data System.
They will also be part of an international archive operated by Embedded Research Institutions for Seismology that stores “all data locations in the land seismic network,” said JPL’s Sue Smrekar, InSight’s deputy principal investigator. “Now we have another one on Mars.” Smrekar said the data should continue to generate discoveries in the coming decades.
By early summer, the spacecraft had so little power left that the mission shut down all other InSight science instruments to keep the seismometer running.
They even disabled a fail-safe system that would otherwise automatically shut down the seismograph if the system detects that the module’s power output is dangerously low.
“We had less than 20% of the original generating capacity,” Banerdt said. “That means we can’t afford to be constantly working with appliances.”
Recently, after a dust storm added to the spacecraft’s dust-covered solar panels, the team decided to turn off the seismometer entirely to save power.
Now that the storm has ended, the seismograph is collecting data again, although the mission is hoping the lander will have enough power for a few more weeks.
“Of the seismometer’s sensor suite, only the most sensitive ones were still working,” said Liz Barrett, who leads science and instrumentation operations on the JPL team, adding, “We’re continuing this to the end.”
A silent member of the team is ForeSight, a full-size engineering model of InSight at JPL’s In-Situ Instrumentation Lab. Engineers used ForeSight to practice how InSight would place scientific instruments on the Martian surface using the robotic probe arm, test methods for placing the probe’s thermal probe in Mars’ sticky soil, and develop ways to reduce the noise picked up by the seismometer.
ForeSight will be packaged and saved. “We will pack it carefully,” Banerdt said. “It’s been a great tool, great company for us throughout this mission.”
Mission End Announcement
NASA will announce a mission end when InSight misses two consecutive communications with a Mars-orbiting spacecraft on the Mars relay network, but only if the spacecraft itself is the cause of the loss, said JPL’s network manager Roy Gladden. After that, the NASA Deep Space Network will listen for a while, just in case.
There will be no heroic steps to restore communication with InSight. While a mission-saving event — say, a strong gust of wind that clears the panels — is not out of the question, it is considered unlikely.
For now, as long as InSight stays connected, the team will continue to collect data. “We will continue to make scientific measurements for as long as we can,” Banerdt said. “We are at the mercy of Mars. The weather on Mars is not rain and snow; the weather on Mars is dust and wind.”
after one extremely difficult startCD Projekt Red looks ok now satisfied with the results Cyberpunk 2077, especially after the release of the anime based on the series, released by Netflix. So much so that the producer intends to repeat the feat with more transmedia releases in future. Information taken from Video Games Chronicle.
This intention of the Polish company was disclosed this Monday (28) during the last meeting regarding its financial report. During the conversation it was commented how the success of Netflix animation helped boost game sales.
Launched in September Cyberpunk Edgerunners (Cyberpunk: The Expendables in Brazil) is considered the story intertwines with the gameCyberpunk 2077, which was a huge success for both the streaming platform and the Polish developer. Furthermore, animated series revived public interest in the gamewhich no longer suffered from the myriad problems revealed in its release.
Throughout the meeting, CD Projekt Red management was asked about the possibility of a second season of the popular anime🇧🇷 “We are not confirming any concrete plans for the second season of the series. Edgerunners and nothing special,” explained Michal Nowakowski, senior vice president of business development at the production company, before moving on to the interesting part of the comment.
“We want to do more in the transmedia spacewhether it’s linear visual animation or live actors, and those plans haven’t changed,” Nowakowski added. “When we’re ready, you expect to see more announcements from us in this regard“, he concluded.
Taking into account not only Edgerunnerswhich revived interest in Cyberpunk 2077 e led the company to record revenue for the periodbut also games and cartoons Witcher (also on Netflix), it’s to be expected that CD Projekt Red really intends to continue with this strategy.
One of the premier franchises in the history of the gaming industry, Grand Theft Auto (GTA) has not always been unanimous among game makers. In an interview given to BBC 5 to talk about the show’s 25-year history, Colin Macdonald revealed that Rockstar did not believe that the title would become and achieve such success as it is today.
GTA 2 producer McDonald says that many employees and producers working for the company at the time pointed out that the game was on the list of the most discredited games. At the time, Rockstar was working on seven different projects, and Grand Theft Auto was considered by many to be the least successful.
“Least likely to succeed, I called Grand Theft Auto. This is because in May the direction of the game was unclear. It had a lot of bugs that meant you couldn’t play for a few minutes without everything crashing,” Colin McDonald said during an interview, recalling the Rockstar days.
Bugs and problems in GTA development
All of these issues, in addition to the development he described as “problematic,” led virtually no one at Rockstar to believe in the success that the game would become. However, as development progressed, the game began to win favor with the team, who were itching to think of a sequel.
“GTA went through many different iterations and was quite a problematic development. Most of the time it was in production, it failed. By the time I got in, she was almost done and the team was very happy. They were excited to sit down, plan the right sequence, redo what they didn’t like and look forward to seeing where else they could go.”
Twenty-five years after the release of the first game in the franchise, GTA has become one of the biggest hits in the gaming industry. Having one of the best-selling games in history in GTA 5, he saw the latest title as a recipe for success. He single-handedly managed to raise over $1 billion for Rockstar. The cost corresponds to approximately 5.3 billion reais at the current exchange rate.
Inside a huge meteorite in Somalia, two minerals have been discovered that have never been found on Earth before. They may contain important clues about how asteroids formed.
Two new minerals were found inside a single 2.5 ounce (70 gram) shard taken from a 16.5-tonne (15-tonne) Altissimo meteorite that shattered into pieces. Earth In 2020, scientists named the mineral elaliite meteor And Elkinstantonite Lindy Elkins Tanton (Opens in a new tab)Managing Director of the Interplanetary Initiative at Arizona State University and Principal Investigator of NASA’s upcoming Psyche mission, which will send a probe to explore the mineral-rich Psyche. asteroid For guidance on how we work solar systemPlanets have formed.
“When you find a new mineral, it means that the actual geological conditions, the chemical composition of the rock, were different from what was found before,” he said. Chris Hurd (Opens in a new tab)Professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Alberta. declaration (Opens in a new tab)🇧🇷 “Here’s what makes it exciting: in this particular meteorite, you have two officially described minerals that are new to science.”
The researchers classified Al Ali as an IAB-iron complex meteorite, a type consisting of meteoric iron with small pieces of silicate. When studying a piece of a meteorite, the attention of scientists was attracted by new mineral details. By comparing the minerals with their counterparts previously synthesized in the laboratory, they were able to quickly identify them as newly recorded in nature.
The researchers plan to continue studying meteorites to understand the conditions under which the original asteroid formed. “That’s my specialty, how to unravel the geologic processes and geologic history of the asteroid this rock was a part of,” Hurd said. “I never thought that I would be involved in the description of completely new minerals working in a meteorite.”
The team is also considering the use of metals in materials science.
However, future scientific findings from the Al-Ali meteorite may be in jeopardy. Currently, the meteorite has been transported to China in search of a potential buyer, which may limit the access of researchers to the space rock for research.