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90 years of Holodomor – News

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The 90th anniversary of the Holodomor, a famine caused by the Stalinist regime in the 1930s, took on new meaning after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The “Great Famine” or “Hunger-Terror” claimed from 1932 to 1933 about 3.5 million Ukrainian victims. Incidentally, the Holodomor in translation from Ukrainian means “killing by hunger.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky assured this Saturday that his people will stand firm in the face of Russian attacks that have cut off electricity and water in several cities across the country as winter temperatures approach.

“Ukrainians have experienced really terrible things. And despite everything, they retained the ability to disobey and love freedom. In the past they wanted to destroy us with hunger, today with darkness and cold,” Zelensky said in a video posted on Telegram, Agence was quoted as saying. France Press.

In a note sent to Luce, the government of Ukraine thanked Portugal for its solidarity with the adoption in 2017 of a resolution that qualified the Holodomor as genocide.

“Tomorrow (today), November 26, Ukraine remembers the victims of the Holodomor of 1932-1933 (…) In March 2017, the Parliament of the Portuguese Republic adopted Resolution No. 233/XIII. [intitulada] “Recognition of the Holodomor – the Great Holodomor of 1932-1933 in Ukraine”, which qualifies the Holodomor of 1932-1933 as a genocide of the Ukrainian people,” reads a note sent to Lusa, an official source of the MNE of Ukraine.

The Kyiv government’s message even names some Portuguese municipalities that have joined the initiative, such as “Grandola, Alkanena, Lagos, Agueda, Abrantes and Braga” and which “recognized the fact of the genocide.”

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“We greatly appreciate and respect the solidarity of the Portuguese parliament and people with the Ukrainians, who survived one of the greatest national tragedies in their history between 1932 and 1933,” the text about the Holodomor says.

According to the Holodomor Museum in Kyiv, only 16 states, apart from Ukraine, have officially recognized the Great Famine as genocide: Australia, Ecuador, Estonia, Canada, Colombia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, The United States and the Vatican (this Wednesday, Pope Francis spoke on this subject, using the term “genocide”: “We pray for the victims of this genocide and for so many Ukrainians – children, women, old people and babies – who now martyr the aggression”). Some other countries such as Argentina, Chile, and Spain condemned it as an “act of extermination”.

The 17 are now joined by two more, Romania and Ireland, whose parliaments adopted resolutions this week. They should be followed by at least one more, Germany, which has already announced next Wednesday that the issue will be discussed and voted on in the lower house of its parliament (the Bundestag).

Russia rejects this classification, arguing that the great famine that devastated the USSR (Soviet Union) in the early 1930s claimed not only Ukrainian victims, but also Russians, Kazakhs and other peoples. In addition, academic opinion continues to differ as to whether the Great Famine of 1932–1933 constituted “genocide”. The main doubt is whether Stalin intended to kill Ukrainians in order to suppress the independence movement against the Soviet Union, or whether the famine was mainly the result of a combination of official incompetence and environmental conditions.

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On the occasion of the 90th anniversary, the Prime Ministers of Poland and Lithuania, Mateusz Morawiecki and Ingrida Simonyte, arrived in Kyiv today and took part in the celebrations dedicated to this date, accompanied by the Prime Minister of Ukraine.

Mateusz Morawiecki accused Moscow of causing, as it had for almost a century, “artificial famine” as a result of the invasion.

“We gathered in the 1990s, on the anniversary of the Holodomor, artificially created by the Russian communist regime. Today we will witness another artificial famine arranged by Russia in the countries of Africa and Southeast Asia,” he said. warned.

Belgian Prime Minister Alexandre De Croo is also visiting Kyiv, for the first time since the start of the Russian invasion. “I arrived in Kyiv. After the brutal explosions of the last days, we are with the Ukrainian people. More than ever,” De Croo wrote on Twitter.

According to the Belgian agency, the minister plans to provide Ukraine with additional financial support in the amount of 37.4 million euros.

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Vladimir Putin has delayed the invasion of Ukraine at least three times.

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Putin has repeatedly consulted with Russian Chief of the General Staff Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the invasion, Europa Press told Ukraine’s chief intelligence director Vadim Skibitsky.

According to Skibitsky, it was the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), which is responsible for counterintelligence and espionage work, that put pressure on Gerasimov and other military agencies to agree to launch an offensive. .

However, according to the Ukrainian intelligence services, the FSB considered that by the end of February sufficient preparations had already been made to guarantee the success of the Russian Armed Forces in a lightning invasion.

However, according to Kyiv, the Russian General Staff provided the Russian troops with supplies and ammunition for only three days, hoping that the offensive would be swift and immediately successful.

The head of Ukrainian intelligence also emphasized the cooperation of local residents, who always provided the Ukrainian authorities with up-to-date information about the Russian army, such as the number of soldiers or the exact location of troops.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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Life sentence for former Swedish official for spying for Russia

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A Stockholm court on Monday sentenced a former Swedish intelligence officer to life in prison for spying for Russia, and his brother to at least 12 years in prison. In what is considered one of the most serious cases in Swedish counterintelligence history, much of the trial took place behind closed doors in the name of national security.

According to the prosecution, it was Russian military intelligence, the GRU, who took advantage of the information provided by the two brothers between 2011 and their arrest at the end of 2021.

Peyman Kia, 42, has held many senior positions in the Swedish security apparatus, including the army and his country’s intelligence services (Säpo). His younger brother, Payam, 35, is accused of “participating in the planning” of the plot and of “managing contacts with Russia and the GRU, including passing on information and receiving financial rewards.”

Both men deny the charges, and their lawyers have demanded an acquittal on charges of “aggravated espionage,” according to the Swedish news agency TT.

The trial coincides with another case of alleged Russian espionage, with the arrest of the Russian-born couple in late November in a suburb of Stockholm by a police team arriving at dawn in a Blackhawk helicopter.

Research website Bellingcat identified them as Sergei Skvortsov and Elena Kulkova. The couple allegedly acted as sleeper agents for Moscow, having moved to Sweden in the late 1990s.

According to Swedish press reports, the couple ran companies specializing in the import and export of electronic components and industrial technology.

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The man was again detained at the end of November for “illegal intelligence activities.” His partner, suspected of being an accomplice, has been released but remains under investigation.

According to Swedish authorities, the arrests are not related to the trial of the Kia brothers.

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Ukraine admitted that Russia may announce a general mobilization

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“They can strengthen their positions. We understand that this can happen. At the same time, we do not rule out that they will announce a general mobilization,” Danilov said in an interview with the Ukrainska Pravda online publication.

Danilov believed that this mobilization would also be convened “to exterminate as many as possible” of Russian citizens, so that “they would no longer have any problems on their territory.”

In this sense, Danilov also reminded that Russia has not given up on securing control over Kyiv or the idea of ​​the complete “destruction” of Ukraine. “We have to be ready for anything,” he said.

“I want everyone to understand that [os russos] they have not given up on the idea of ​​destroying our nation. If they don’t have Kyiv in their hands, they won’t have anything in their hands, we must understand this,” continued Danilov, who also did not rule out that a new Russian offensive would come from “Belarus and other territories.” .

As such, Danilov praised the decision of many of its residents who chose to stay in the Ukrainian capital when the war broke out in order to defend the city.

“They expected that there would be panic, that people would run, that there would be nothing to protect Kyiv,” he added, referring to President Volodymyr Zelensky.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

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At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions on Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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