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The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded for work on quantum mechanics



The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2022 Nobel Prize Physics to Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger,” they said today.

Frenchman Alain Aspect, American John Clauser and Austrian Anton Zeilinger have distinguished themselves with their discoveries in the field of “the power of quantum mechanics,” said the secretary general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

The Nobel jury said the three researchers, pioneers in the study of the revolutionary mechanisms of quantum physics, have been recognized for their groundbreaking work on “quantum entanglement,” a state of matter in which two particles are perfectly correlated, regardless of the distance between them. them. .

“Quantum informatics is a dynamic and rapidly evolving field,” said Eva Olsson, a member of the Nobel Committee, explaining that it “has wide and potential implications in areas such as the secure transmission of information (data encryption), quantum computing, and discovery.” technology”.

Eva Olson said that while physicists often solve problems that at first glance seem far removed from everyday concerns—tiny particles and the vast mysteries of space and time—their research provides the basis for many of the practical applications of science.

This complex and sometimes illogical mechanics, the study of which is now awarded, was predicted by quantum theory, but not even Albert Einstein believed in it, in the existence of two particles connected at the beginning, like twins, capable of maintaining a mark of their common past and having a similar and coordinated behavior at a distance.

Alain Aspect, associated with the French University of Paris-Saclay, is 75, John Clauser is 79 and Anton Zeilinger of the University of Vienna is 77.

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According to the Academy, the laureates have “performed pioneering experiments using entangled quantum states, in which two particles behave as one even when separated. The results have paved the way for new technologies based on quantum information.”

Anton Zeilinger’s research team “demonstrated a phenomenon called quantum teleportation, which allows a quantum state to be moved from one particle to another at a distance.”

In turn, Alain Aspect “designed a configuration to close an important gap. He was able to change the definitions of the dimension after the entangled pair left their source, so the definition that existed at the time they were issued could not affect the result.”

John Clauser “created a device that simultaneously emitted two entangled photons, each of which was directed to a filter that checked its polarization. The result was a clear violation of Bell’s inequality and agreement with the predictions of quantum mechanics.”

Last year, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three scientists, Shukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi, whose work helped explain and predict the complex forces of nature, contributing to the understanding of climate change.

prize Medicine Yesterday the Nobel Prize week began, today followed by the prize in physics, on Wednesday – in chemistry, and on Thursday – in literature. The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday, while the Economics Prize will be announced on October 10.

The Nobel Prizes were born out of the desire of the Swedish scientist and industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) to bequeath the bulk of his fortune to people who work for a “better world”. The international prestige of the Nobel Prizes is largely due to the amounts awarded, which currently amount to ten million Swedish kronor (over 953,000 euros).

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2500 dead seals found on the coast of the Caspian Sea in Russia



At least 2,500 seals of an endangered species have been found dead on the coast of the Caspian Sea in Russia, according to the local environmental ministry, which has not yet determined the cause of the tragedy.

Mammal carcasses have been found on dozens of kilometers of coastline in Dagestan, the Russian republic’s Caucasus republic’s ministry of natural resources said Sunday evening, adding that a laboratory investigation was underway.

The “primary” cause is now being considered – death by asphyxiation from a release of gas to the bottom of the Caspian Sea, according to Svetlana Radionova, head of the Russian nature monitoring agency.

In an interview with the Russian TV channel Rossiya 24, Svetlana Radionova said that it was necessary to wait until the end of this week to get the first test results and determine whether, in particular, water pollution played a role in the incident.

Svetlana Radionova recalled that at the end of 2020, a similar tragedy occurred on the beaches of Dagestan and Azerbaijan, almost 2,000 dead seals were found.

The Caspian seal, the only seal species found in this closed sea that borders five countries (Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan), is threatened by both pollution and poaching.

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According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), at the beginning of the 20th century, there were more than one million seals, of which only 68,000 adults remained, or less than 7%.

This mammal was until recently heavily hunted, and now it is suffering from industrial pollution, which makes it sterile, as well as from falling sea levels caused by climate change.

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In Austria, everyone who exceeds the (significantly) speed limit is left without a car | Road safety



Operating Systems Austrian drivers Cars caught at high speed will be confiscated and even auctioned off, the government announced on Monday, Dec. 5. The goal is to dissuade the speedsters by threatening to take their valuable car.

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“They got slapped and punched in the stomach one after the other,” says Ricardo Martins Pereira of the past few months.



Ricardo Martins Pereira ran another marathon, this time in Valencia, Spain. The journalist noted the feat on social networks and took the opportunity to talk about the last months in which he had to face “some of the heaviest family dramas of his life.”

I’m sorry this isn’t the pretty and joyful post it should be after finishing my 18th Valencia marathon today. What happened at 42.195 km was the least important, so I saved it for last. For me, this race, for which I had only prepared six times, was a struggle with myself. It was almost an exercise in pain, resilience, discipline that I imposed on myself to show myself that I was capable of withstanding anything. Everything really”started writing.

Since that summer, I have endured, week after week, one of the most difficult family dramas of my life. Extremely difficult situations, one of the worst that anyone can face, which I have to deal with, first of all, intelligently, because if I allowed myself to get carried away by emotions, I would be crushed. There were slaps and punches in the stomach one after another that led me to a life in a black world where I had never lived before. Many of these blows have resulted in wounds that remain wide open and show no signs of healing.” ventilated.


Work and my children were my refuge. Loneliness is often a necessity for everyone, but above all for my mental health. And it punished, above all, everyone I know who loves me and can’t have me completely because I can’t be there and be complete.”complained.

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This marathon was for me shrouded in inner symbolism, which only I know. I cut a goal in tears and only I know why. It’s done. The test itself was an exercise in discipline. I set my pace to 5’15” and maintained it from Km 1 to Km 38. I broke the last 4 and finished with an average of 5ft 3 hours 44 minutes 59 seconds,” he concluded.

Recall that in recent months there have been several news about the alleged termination of relations between Ricardo Martins Pereira and Sarah Veloso🇧🇷 It should be noted that this was the first alleged relationship of a journalist after the dissolution of marriage with Ana Garcia Martinswith whom he has two children.

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