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Russia accuses the West of hindering the spread of agricultural products – Obozrevatel

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Russia on Friday accused the US and Europe of blocking access to world markets for Russian agricultural products and fertilizers, hurting poor countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Fertilizers “remain blocked mainly in warehouses in Latvia (80%), as well as in Estonia, Belgium and the Netherlands, whose authorities do not allow their shipment through the UN World Food Program (WFP),” the Foreign Ministry said. Russian.

In a statement cited by Russia’s official TASS news agency, Sergey Lavrov’s ministry said that apart from fertilizers, Russian companies could not “donate” some 300,000 tons of produce to the “poorest countries.”

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“Americans and Europeans are punishing countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America”blamed Moscow diplomacy.

The ministry said that Russia “is one of the world’s leading exporters of fertilizers,” without which the population of poor countries “will be in danger of starvation.”

The war in Ukraine, which Russia invaded on February 24 this year, has caused disruptions in the supply of agricultural products to international markets, rising prices and fears of food shortages.

Together, according to the British magazine The Economist, Ukraine and Russia providedbefore the war 28% world wheat, 29% barley, 15% corn and 75% sunflower oil..

On July 22, the two countries signed agreements with Turkey and the UN allowing the transport of more than 20 million tons of grain that was blocked in Ukrainian Black Sea ports.

The process is controlled by the parties involved from the Joint Coordinating Center (JCC) in Istanbul, where ship inspections take place.

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Until October 24, 383 flights were made from Ukrainian ports, which made it possible to transport more than 8.5 million tons of grain, according to the UN.

In a statement quoted by TASS, the Foreign Ministry said that the blockade of Russian products is related to Western sanctions, “the negative effect of which should be neutralized” by the Istanbul agreements.

Russian diplomacy also condemned artificial accumulation of “a large number of ships” in the port of Istanbul put pressure on Russian experts and “weaken the process” of checking the cargo.

He said that “systematic violations related to non-compliance with the rules of navigation in the sea corridor and smuggling attempts” were revealed on more than 70 ships.

“Such abuses of the humanitarian corridor cannot be ignored, especially given the ongoing investigation into the routes of delivery of explosives for the October 8 attack on the Crimean bridge,” he added.

Moscow has accused Ukrainian intelligence services of being responsible for the attack that damaged a bridge connecting Russia with the Crimean peninsula, annexed in 2014, using explosives distributed through several neighboring countries.

Ukraine denied the allegations.

An October 24 CCC Istanbul report said 113 ships were registered for inspection at the Turkish port.

“The JCC is discussing ways to solve the delay problem,” the center’s secretariat said, assuring the UN.

The Joint Center also expressed concern that delays “could lead to disruptions in the supply chain and port operations.”

“The next harvest is approaching, and the elevators in the Ukrainian ports covered by the Initiative will soon be full again,” he added.

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“Romania wants to grow, we want something else”

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Daniela Soares Ferreira and Sonia Perez Pinto

Until 2024, there is about a year left, but until then, Romania can overtake Portugal in the European Commission’s ranking. We are talking about the wealth that each country can create per inhabitant: in this comparison, Portugal has been losing points since 2000 and could even drop five positions. At the moment, the Portuguese government is discounting this data, but there is the issue of inflation and war that can confuse the accounts. If this happens, Portugal will increasingly position itself at the tail end of Europe.

“Romania wants to grow, we want something else,” economist Joao Cesar das Neves sneers.

Enrique Tome, an analyst at XTB, is concerned about the data. But he says that, on the other hand, “this news serves as a warning that, if this is done, our country will be headed towards a catastrophic economic situation in the medium and long term.” Economist Ricardo Paes Mamede also has no hesitation: “Romania will surpass Portugal in terms of GDP per capita, measured in purchasing power parity. Yes, in this country they pay much less taxes. Everyone who wants to – and there are few who want to – can stay here. Or we can say that Romania has more poverty (23% vs. 18%), a much lower life expectancy (73 vs. 81 years), a lot more murders per 100,000 inhabitants (1.5 vs. 0.9), and that the country has lost almost 1/5 of the population over the past 30 years, and Portugal has grown by 5%,” he stressed on Facebook.

This concern, which is not new, intensified this week when the National Institute of Statistics released new data on the state of the Portuguese economy. The economy grew by 4.9% in the third quarter, while inflation fell to 9.9% in November. Good news, which does not surprise the economists contacted by our newspaper.

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For João César das Neves, this growth in gross domestic product (GDP) was “expected”, despite the fact that domestic demand registered a smaller contribution to growth during this period, as families consumed less and investment also declined, moving from 3.5 % in the second quarter, down 0.4%. Numbers that allow an economist to state that “the scenario is getting bleaker, so growth should slow down”, therefore ensuring that this trend is “likely” to continue.

An opinion shared by Enrique Tomé. The XTB analyst admits that “the next quarterly figures should start to be revised down as inflation in Portugal remains high and should have an impact on economic activity”, recalling that “the impact of inflation along with the increase in the interest rate is starting to affect the purchasing power of families, which is already beginning to be representative in economic terms.” And he doesn’t hesitate: “This trend will continue and possibly worsen in the coming quarters.”

Paulo Rosa, an economist at Banco Carregosa, also notes that “as the economic downturn sets in, namely one punished by a decline in disposable income, it is likely that consumption and investment will contribute less and less to GDP growth”, adding that “in In the last stretch of the year, private consumption should slow down its contribution, and it is estimated that GDP in the fourth quarter will slow down from the current high rates.” Ricardo Evangelista, analyst at ActivTrades, cites as an example the latest European Commission estimates of the Portuguese economy in 2023, which suggest a slowdown in economic activity in our country. The forecast points to GDP growth of 0.7% next year, a significant slowdown that will reflect lower consumption and investment.

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Inflation has dropped slightly

INE also reported that the year-on-year change in the consumer price index was 9.9% in November, compared to 10.1% in October, thus retreating slightly. The Banco Carregosa economist explains that “rising prices for fossil fuels, raw materials and agricultural products have increased inflation up the value chain, putting pressure on all other prices of goods and services down the chain, generalizing inflation as well as making it more persistent” . But he argues that it must be taken into account that “the decline in fossil fuel prices was a reality and could dictate a peak in inflation sometime in this fourth quarter.”

César das Neves admits that the climate is very uncertain and the trend continues to be inflationary, advising that it is necessary to “be careful”, and despite acknowledging that “a big increase in inflation should not be expected”, he also believes that “it should not decline quickly.”

The statistical office data came at a time when the president of the European Central Bank (ECB) warned that inflation may not have peaked yet. However, Ricardo Evangelista says the published figures “were lower than expected because the cost of energy unexpectedly dropped.” On the other hand, he mentions “the so-called inflationary spiral, in which rising prices cause wage increases and lead to further price increases, is a process that is still unfolding”, arguing that the best way to control this spiral “is through restrictive monetary policy”.

Enrique Tome is more optimistic. The analyst believes that “we are already close to the transition point (which was talked about so much in 2020) in terms of inflation,” adding that in Europe “there is a slight delay in numbers, however, we have seen a strong downward correction over the past two months prices for various raw materials, namely energy, as well as restrictions in the distribution chains are improving.”

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What about interest?

Will the ECB keep raising interest rates if inflation is at an uncertain level? Cesar das Neves argues that “it will and should rise very strongly” as the ECB rate remains well below the rate of inflation. In turn, Enrique Tomé is of the opinion that, despite visible signs of a slowdown in inflation in Europe, it is still “too early to move forward with the idea that the peak has already been reached”, and therefore believes that “these data will not yet affect the decision of the European central bank to raise interest rates.

Economist at Banco Carregosa says that after the slowdown in German inflation data, “the money market expects a 50 basis point increase, which is 75% likely, while the probability of a 75 basis point increase has decreased to 25%.”

Finally, Ricardo Evangelista argues that the ECB should raise interest rates less. “A slowdown in inflation in the euro area, although mainly due to falling energy prices, should result in the next interest rate hike being lower than previous ones and staying at 0.5%,” he predicts.



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“Vladimir Vladimirovich, are you a man or what?”. Mothers of Russian soldiers start asking questions – Observer

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The crowd waiting for President Vladimir Putin at this military base in Vidyaevo, beyond the Arctic Circle, was outraged. Almost all of them were family members. 118 sailors who led submarine Kursk, which sank in an unexplained accident. Putin, who was elected president only three months ago, went there to meet them face to face, and the reception, as expected, was filled with anguish and outrage. “When will we bring them back dead or alive? Reply with a like, President!‘ shouted a clearly upset woman. moment captured by cameras🇧🇷 “I will answer you as soon as I know it myself,” Putin said.

The meeting took place in a hectic atmosphere, as evidenced by the reactions of the families in the previous days as they waited for news of the whereabouts of the missing submarine. “They make $50 a month and now they’re stuck in this tin can. Is this why I created it?” the mother was indignant at a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister, at which eventually euthanized and taken out of there by the military.

This was probably the only time Putin met with Russian military relatives outside of a controlled environment. And it was also one of the few cases when the country’s TV channels captured the despair of mothers, women and other relatives of Russian soldiers, directly asking those responsible for the country.

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Iran surrenders and announces the end of the vice police

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Iran has abolished the vice police, a force that specifically detains women who do not wear the hijab in accordance with the country’s codes, said Attorney General Mohamad Jaafar Montazeri.

This police “has nothing to do with the judiciary,” Montazeri said in a statement Saturday night, quoted by the Iranian news agency ISNA.

Analysts see the end of the vice police as a concession to the popular protest movement that the country has been experiencing for three months now.

Montazeri explained that the judiciary will continue to monitor community-level behavior and noted that women’s clothing is still very important, especially in the holy city of Qom, south of Tehran.

“The bad ‘hijab’ (Islamic veil) in the country, especially in the holy city of Qom, is one of the main concerns of the judicial system, as well as our revolutionary society, but it should be noted that legal action is a last resort. and measures of culture precede any other,” Montazeri explained in his speech at a meeting with the clergy in Qom.

The city of Qom is the theological center of Iran, where the main religious schools of the country are located and where thousands of pilgrims and students from all over the world come and study.

Iran has been experiencing mass protests since September 16, after the death in a police station of 22-year-old Kurdish Mahsa Amini, who was detained by the vice police for allegedly inappropriate wearing of the Islamic hijab.

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The protests include demanding the end of the Islamic Republic.

“This is not a protest, this is a revolution”, “We do not want an Islamic Republic”, “Death to the dictator” are some of the phrases that demonstrators shout at street demonstrations or at night from their windows. and writing on the walls of the building since last September.

“More than 200 people have died” since the protests began, according to Iran’s Security Council, but foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as the Oslo-based Iranian Organization for Human Rights (IHR) estimate the death toll at 448 due to heavy police crackdown. .

In addition, at least 2,000 people were charged with various crimes for participating in demonstrations, of which six were sentenced to death.

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