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new American missile in the fight against Russia – Columnist

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The United States and Norway tested the latest missile this week in an arms race against Russia. It is a long-range, jet-powered, tactical supersonic missile with the official designation Extended Range Tactical High Speed ​​Offensive Ramjet, or THOR-ER.

The purpose of this new weapon, commonly known as the “Hammer of Thor”, is to be a turning point, working as a deterrent against the Russian threat to neighboring countries in the current context of the war with Ukraine. The project is being developed by the US Department of Defense together with the Norwegian Ministry of Defense and the Norwegian military company Nammo.

The THOR-ER anti-aircraft missile is expected to have a range of about 400 kilometers with the possibility of expansion in the future. This number is much higher than other missiles of the same type, which have a range of 100 to 150 kilometers.

Last Wednesday, October 5th, official site from the US Department of Defense announced a successful test, which took place on August 17 in Andøya, in northern Norway. The event was described by the department as “important attraction” in the development of the project, which has been running since 2019.

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During the exercise, the transport vehicle was able to successfully launch several unguided rockets, thereby demonstrating the effectiveness of the THOR-ER propulsion system. The tests marked the completion of the “Phase 1” project, which aimed to demonstrate the possibilities of joint development of the United States and Norway, as well as the adaptability of these new missiles to various types of missions.

We believe that SFRJ [Solid Fuel Ramjet] represents a paradigm shift for the US Navy and our allies, and we are delighted with the THOR-ER test results,” said Stephen Farmer, Director of Prototypes and Tests, US Naval Air Combat Division.

Nammo stated that the success of THOR-ER demonstrates the importance of “Norway’s investment in competence and technological development”.

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Longer range is key to countering hostile power and deterring Russian attacks at a time when the supersonic missile arms race, currently led by Russia, has grown in importance since the invasion of Ukraine began. Moscow recently revealed the existence of Zircon, new rocket that moves nine times faster than the speed of sound and will have a range of a thousand kilometers.

Zircon is a new Russian hypersonic missile that travels at nine times the speed of sound.

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“Romania wants to grow, we want something else”

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Daniela Soares Ferreira and Sonia Perez Pinto

Until 2024, there is about a year left, but until then, Romania can overtake Portugal in the European Commission’s ranking. We are talking about the wealth that each country can create per inhabitant: in this comparison, Portugal has been losing points since 2000 and could even drop five positions. At the moment, the Portuguese government is discounting this data, but there is the issue of inflation and war that can confuse the accounts. If this happens, Portugal will increasingly position itself at the tail end of Europe.

“Romania wants to grow, we want something else,” economist Joao Cesar das Neves sneers.

Enrique Tome, an analyst at XTB, is concerned about the data. But he says that, on the other hand, “this news serves as a warning that, if this is done, our country will be headed towards a catastrophic economic situation in the medium and long term.” Economist Ricardo Paes Mamede also has no hesitation: “Romania will surpass Portugal in terms of GDP per capita, measured in purchasing power parity. Yes, in this country they pay much less taxes. Everyone who wants to – and there are few who want to – can stay here. Or we can say that Romania has more poverty (23% vs. 18%), a much lower life expectancy (73 vs. 81 years), a lot more murders per 100,000 inhabitants (1.5 vs. 0.9), and that the country has lost almost 1/5 of the population over the past 30 years, and Portugal has grown by 5%,” he stressed on Facebook.

This concern, which is not new, intensified this week when the National Institute of Statistics released new data on the state of the Portuguese economy. The economy grew by 4.9% in the third quarter, while inflation fell to 9.9% in November. Good news, which does not surprise the economists contacted by our newspaper.

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For João César das Neves, this growth in gross domestic product (GDP) was “expected”, despite the fact that domestic demand registered a smaller contribution to growth during this period, as families consumed less and investment also declined, moving from 3.5 % in the second quarter, down 0.4%. Numbers that allow an economist to state that “the scenario is getting bleaker, so growth should slow down”, therefore ensuring that this trend is “likely” to continue.

An opinion shared by Enrique Tomé. The XTB analyst admits that “the next quarterly figures should start to be revised down as inflation in Portugal remains high and should have an impact on economic activity”, recalling that “the impact of inflation along with the increase in the interest rate is starting to affect the purchasing power of families, which is already beginning to be representative in economic terms.” And he doesn’t hesitate: “This trend will continue and possibly worsen in the coming quarters.”

Paulo Rosa, an economist at Banco Carregosa, also notes that “as the economic downturn sets in, namely one punished by a decline in disposable income, it is likely that consumption and investment will contribute less and less to GDP growth”, adding that “in In the last stretch of the year, private consumption should slow down its contribution, and it is estimated that GDP in the fourth quarter will slow down from the current high rates.” Ricardo Evangelista, analyst at ActivTrades, cites as an example the latest European Commission estimates of the Portuguese economy in 2023, which suggest a slowdown in economic activity in our country. The forecast points to GDP growth of 0.7% next year, a significant slowdown that will reflect lower consumption and investment.

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Inflation has dropped slightly

INE also reported that the year-on-year change in the consumer price index was 9.9% in November, compared to 10.1% in October, thus retreating slightly. The Banco Carregosa economist explains that “rising prices for fossil fuels, raw materials and agricultural products have increased inflation up the value chain, putting pressure on all other prices of goods and services down the chain, generalizing inflation as well as making it more persistent” . But he argues that it must be taken into account that “the decline in fossil fuel prices was a reality and could dictate a peak in inflation sometime in this fourth quarter.”

César das Neves admits that the climate is very uncertain and the trend continues to be inflationary, advising that it is necessary to “be careful”, and despite acknowledging that “a big increase in inflation should not be expected”, he also believes that “it should not decline quickly.”

The statistical office data came at a time when the president of the European Central Bank (ECB) warned that inflation may not have peaked yet. However, Ricardo Evangelista says the published figures “were lower than expected because the cost of energy unexpectedly dropped.” On the other hand, he mentions “the so-called inflationary spiral, in which rising prices cause wage increases and lead to further price increases, is a process that is still unfolding”, arguing that the best way to control this spiral “is through restrictive monetary policy”.

Enrique Tome is more optimistic. The analyst believes that “we are already close to the transition point (which was talked about so much in 2020) in terms of inflation,” adding that in Europe “there is a slight delay in numbers, however, we have seen a strong downward correction over the past two months prices for various raw materials, namely energy, as well as restrictions in the distribution chains are improving.”

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What about interest?

Will the ECB keep raising interest rates if inflation is at an uncertain level? Cesar das Neves argues that “it will and should rise very strongly” as the ECB rate remains well below the rate of inflation. In turn, Enrique Tomé is of the opinion that, despite visible signs of a slowdown in inflation in Europe, it is still “too early to move forward with the idea that the peak has already been reached”, and therefore believes that “these data will not yet affect the decision of the European central bank to raise interest rates.

Economist at Banco Carregosa says that after the slowdown in German inflation data, “the money market expects a 50 basis point increase, which is 75% likely, while the probability of a 75 basis point increase has decreased to 25%.”

Finally, Ricardo Evangelista argues that the ECB should raise interest rates less. “A slowdown in inflation in the euro area, although mainly due to falling energy prices, should result in the next interest rate hike being lower than previous ones and staying at 0.5%,” he predicts.



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“Vladimir Vladimirovich, are you a man or what?”. Mothers of Russian soldiers start asking questions – Observer

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The crowd waiting for President Vladimir Putin at this military base in Vidyaevo, beyond the Arctic Circle, was outraged. Almost all of them were family members. 118 sailors who led submarine Kursk, which sank in an unexplained accident. Putin, who was elected president only three months ago, went there to meet them face to face, and the reception, as expected, was filled with anguish and outrage. “When will we bring them back dead or alive? Reply with a like, President!‘ shouted a clearly upset woman. moment captured by cameras🇧🇷 “I will answer you as soon as I know it myself,” Putin said.

The meeting took place in a hectic atmosphere, as evidenced by the reactions of the families in the previous days as they waited for news of the whereabouts of the missing submarine. “They make $50 a month and now they’re stuck in this tin can. Is this why I created it?” the mother was indignant at a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister, at which eventually euthanized and taken out of there by the military.

This was probably the only time Putin met with Russian military relatives outside of a controlled environment. And it was also one of the few cases when the country’s TV channels captured the despair of mothers, women and other relatives of Russian soldiers, directly asking those responsible for the country.

This article is for our subscribers only: subscribe now and get unlimited reading and other benefits. If you are already a subscriber start session here🇧🇷 If you think this message is wrong, please contact our support team.

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Iran surrenders and announces the end of the vice police

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Iran has abolished the vice police, a force that specifically detains women who do not wear the hijab in accordance with the country’s codes, said Attorney General Mohamad Jaafar Montazeri.

This police “has nothing to do with the judiciary,” Montazeri said in a statement Saturday night, quoted by the Iranian news agency ISNA.

Analysts see the end of the vice police as a concession to the popular protest movement that the country has been experiencing for three months now.

Montazeri explained that the judiciary will continue to monitor community-level behavior and noted that women’s clothing is still very important, especially in the holy city of Qom, south of Tehran.

“The bad ‘hijab’ (Islamic veil) in the country, especially in the holy city of Qom, is one of the main concerns of the judicial system, as well as our revolutionary society, but it should be noted that legal action is a last resort. and measures of culture precede any other,” Montazeri explained in his speech at a meeting with the clergy in Qom.

The city of Qom is the theological center of Iran, where the main religious schools of the country are located and where thousands of pilgrims and students from all over the world come and study.

Iran has been experiencing mass protests since September 16, after the death in a police station of 22-year-old Kurdish Mahsa Amini, who was detained by the vice police for allegedly inappropriate wearing of the Islamic hijab.

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The protests include demanding the end of the Islamic Republic.

“This is not a protest, this is a revolution”, “We do not want an Islamic Republic”, “Death to the dictator” are some of the phrases that demonstrators shout at street demonstrations or at night from their windows. and writing on the walls of the building since last September.

“More than 200 people have died” since the protests began, according to Iran’s Security Council, but foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as the Oslo-based Iranian Organization for Human Rights (IHR) estimate the death toll at 448 due to heavy police crackdown. .

In addition, at least 2,000 people were charged with various crimes for participating in demonstrations, of which six were sentenced to death.

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