Germans should stop whining and be ready this winter with sweaters and candles in case of a power outage, said veteran German politician Wolfgang Schäuble. In an interview with Bild-TV, the former finance minister and speaker of the German parliament said Germans should “just put on a nightgown or maybe a second one” in case of a freezing winter.
“There is no need to be sad about this, we must admit that many things cannot be taken for granted,” he explained. Reports by various European leaders of blackouts this winter due to power failures were lapidary. “That’s why you should always have candles, matches and a flashlight at home,” Schäuble says.
The 80-year-old politician also warned the Germans not to assume that the government can solve all financial problems, such as rising inflation and energy costs. “If we inspire people that everything is limitless, we are exploring too much. Therefore, people get the impression that the state can do everything – this is unsustainable,” he assured.
In Germany, heated pools and various government benefits are already banned to try and reduce the risk of power outages in the winter.
There is Ludwig Wittgenstein: language is not only used to describe reality, we also use it to ask for favors, to give thanks, to curse, to greet, to pray…
And it is necessary to take into account the context, the situation, the use. “It’s raining” can state the fact that it’s really raining. But suppose that the mother in the morning, when the son is getting ready for school, says to him: “It is raining”, he at the same time knows that he must take an umbrella. If in a peasant family, after a long drought, as now, the wife opens the window and says to her husband: “It is raining,” then this speaks of contentment. But if you were expecting a pleasant walk and you say, “It’s raining,” you’re in for a disappointment. Language performs three main functions: expressive, appellative and representative. These functions are related to the relationship established between sender, receiver and objects: there is someone (the sender) who addresses someone (the receiver) to tell him something, making reality real.
There is also a phatic function, the task of which is only to maintain communication: “yes, yes …”, “yes …”, “of course …”. When someone talks too much, they try to say that they are still listening. God knows!…
In another sense, the pragmatic dimension of language is essential. According to some philosophers, one should strive for an artificial, logically unambiguous language, interested only in syntactic (relationships between signs) and semantic (relationships between signs and reality) dimensions of language and the verification principle of statements. But thus the pragmatic dimension was forgotten: by speaking, an effect is produced. Think, for example, of the promise of marriage: “I promise and swear to love you and be faithful to you all our lives” has an effect that is marriage itself. This dimension was emphasized in the Bible: God was created by the word, the efficacious word. “Let there be light,” and there was light.
Language can attract crowds, lead them to revolution, calm them down, elevate them, turn them in one direction or another.
The word heals. One day a man came to me with huge problems and simply asked me to listen to him without interrupting. He talked for more than an hour and a half and, at the end, thanked me very much, because he could not imagine how much I helped him, which he will never forget. With a few words, we can discover the future of man. With a few words, we can destroy it forever: “You are an ass, you will never do anything in life!”
Through the word we open ourselves to the world, and the world opens up to us. Speaking, we argue this or that, argue, commit, form a community. Because the human mind is linguistized, we can only understand ourselves in the body, with others, and in history. man because he Zoon Hangong Echonan animal that has a tongue on politicssocial, political animal, in contrast to the herd animal, and the reason for this is the word, as Aristotle saw in Politics: “The reason why man is more of a social being than any bee or any other herd animal is clear. Only man among animals has a word. And he continues: “The voice is an indication of suffering and pleasure; therefore, other animals also have it. On the contrary, the word exists to express what is convenient and what is inconvenient, as well as what is right and what is unjust. , And this is a characteristic of people compared to other animals: to have an exceptional sense of good and evil, justice and injustice and other assessments. Public participation in this establishes a family home and a city. “And this is through dialogue (dia input) that conflicts must be resolved.
Human language cannot be reduced to the emotional language of pleasure and displeasure. He is able to make moral judgments, distinguish between good and evil, fair and unfair, sharing and publicly challenging these assessments. Thus, as Gabriel Amengual summarized, “through this dual function, language founds ethics and ethically founds the polis.”
How we need to return to the classics! To put an end to lies and go beyond sophistry…
We are all political animals and, therefore, we are responsible for maintaining the policy. I agree with Pope Francis in his remark that although it applies only to Christians, the warning is for everyone: “Participation in politics is a Christian’s duty. As Christians, we cannot wash our hands like Pilate did. We must intervene in politics, because politics is one of the highest forms of charity, since it seeks the common good. The laity must work in politics. Politics is very dirty, but I ask: “Why is it dirty?” Why didn’t Christians get me in the gospel spirit? This is the question I ask myself. It’s easy to say that the blame lies with others… But what should I do? This is a debt! To work for the common good is the duty of a Christian.”
I have written here many times that I consider politics a noble occupation, one of the noblest. When this happens as part of the work for the common good, putting the common interest above their own and party interests. But, since politics is such a difficult and demanding mission, when I watch so many people rush for political office, I must sincerely confess that I do not believe that the majority do it out of love for the public cause. , in the service of the common good. What interests, what benefits, what complicity, what incompetence, what privileges, what cronies, what rewards, what benefits, what vanity drives them?
The socialist general secretary warned this Friday that the next four years will be difficult and demanding, Mario Soares was quoted as calling the PS a “party of national accord” and promising political and social dialogue.
This line of action was laid down by António Costa at the end of a memorable session of the seven-year socialist government under him, which took place at the Terreiro do Paso river station in Lisbon.
“We have four more years ahead of us – and four years that will be difficult and very demanding, when year after year we will have to do what we do today: be responsible, because the Portuguese did not write us a blank check”he said, alluding to the current political framework of PS’s absolute majority.
On the contrary, according to the Prime Minister, the Portuguese attribute PS “a mandate of enormous responsibility – a responsibility that the party must fulfill, assume and translate into results.”.
“We rule by majority, but in 2023 we will celebrate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the PS. We must remember our DNA. There is an expression in our DNA that Mario Soares defined PS: it is the party of national accord. . That is why our majority respects and cooperates in solidarity with other sovereign bodies.”indicated.
António Costa also said that PS “coexists well with regional autonomies and increased decentralization” for municipalities.
“We are not in dialogue with those in the Assembly of the Republic who want to be in dialogue with us, not because we have a majority. That is why, during the 2023 budget process, we approved more opposition proposals than the previous majority. [PSD/CDS] approved in four yearsdefended.
The PS Secretary General referred in this context to the abstention of Livre and PAN from the budget, advocating that “it’s not because they have a deputy” what can be devalued “because parties are not measured by the number of deputies, but by their ability to make positive proposals”.
“In addition to parliamentary dialogue, it is more important than ever, even to build confidence in these uncertain times, to deepen social dialogue.”then pointed Antonio Costa.
The Prime Minister then pointed to the recent agreement on social consultations on income, wages and competitiveness for the next four years.
“We have also reached an agreement with the public service that provides everyone with a multi-year development perspective, guaranteeing an increased career value and a higher income trajectory. It is the PS that wants national harmony and therefore will exercise its majority in dialogue in the Assembly of the Republic and in negotiations with the social partners”he added at an event where he supported a PowerPoint speech with what he described as some of the achievements of socialist governance from 2015 to the present.
To write without mentioning the World Cup, which started this week in Qatar, could be considered pedantic. I don’t want to fall into this trap. So, from what has happened so far, I highlight the courage of the Iranian team, which was silent, did not sing when their national anthem was played. This attitude was extraordinary. This emphatically marked the support of the players for the people of their country, who were on the streets for weeks to challenge the medieval rule of the Shia clerics and fight for freedom and equality in the treatment of all, men and people. women. This is not a mixture of football and politics. There are others, at the top of the state, who do this. Yes, this is a memory that human rights should be above all. Whenever politics is built on this basis at the domestic and international levels, the world will be completely different, more harmonious and benevolent. And less cynically, in the political sphere.
The show, set in Qatar, reminds us of three important facts. First, the diversity of the peoples of the globe. The culture of each of them must be respected and appreciated. We always have the opportunity to learn something from others. And racism has no place either in sports or in everyday life. Secondly, there are rivers of money flowing around football. I’m not talking about the billions spent by the host country. I will only mention that the great football teams are in the northern hemisphere: of the 32 participants in the tournament, about 22 come from the richest countries. This game is played in almost every corner of the world, big stars are known everywhere, but without resources there are no victories, without currency clubs and tackles nothing more than a fraudulent stock. Thirdly, football revives primal nationalisms, anything as long as you win, including the blessing of the hand of God, in the famous version of Maradona. Not the best will win, but my selection. This is not a sport, this is blinding anything, with a lit candle and faith in God.
Speaking of candles, let me remind you that Vladimir Putin’s military is trying to turn Ukraine into a country that should spend the winter by candlelight. This is Russia’s tactic of the cold months: the capitulation of Ukraine on the basis of the suffering of Ukrainians, in cold houses without water, in idle enterprises, in devastated hospitals. That is why they criminally bombard Ukraine with dozens of missiles and drones day and night in order to destroy the country’s electrical infrastructure. In Kyiv, they have already managed to dismantle the water supply system. These are crimes against the civilian population, very close to the legal figure of genocide. Commentators who do not condemn this practice, in my opinion, are complicit in these crimes.
But Russian tactics may not work. There are no visible signs of negotiations, and anyone who talks about a Russian ultimatum must be a regular on the crazy streets. It is true that Russia is showing signs of willingness to negotiate, not only because it is losing on the ground, but also because of the diplomatic isolation caused by the war. But he does not want to accept the only possibility of ending the war: withdrawal from the occupied territories through negotiations.
From the Ukrainian side, President Zelensky conveyed the political response to the G20. And the military response is based on two main pillars: the strengthening of air defense and the training and constant deployment of various special forces groups. These groups act as advanced units capable of penetrating the eastern bank of the Dnieper, beyond Kherson and deep into the Donbass, reaching the coastal regions of the Sea of Azov, including Crimea. They will inflict great damage and defeat the masses of Russian recruits who have no military experience and are relatively easy targets due to their numbers and logistical needs. The goal is to hit Russian morale. Once this is achieved, anything can happen, be it in the Kremlin or at the negotiating table. But especially in the Kremlin. Without comparison with Doha, the truth is that it is still unknown how and when the clash will end.