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Experts suggest abolishing clock changes in the European Union – News



According to the experts who signed the Barcelona Declaration on Interim Policy, signed in October 2021 by more than 70 international organizations, changes in legislative time “do not have a significant impact on energy saving”, while keeping the same time “improves health, economy, security and environment”.

As a first step, experts cited by the Efe news agency advocate that all countries in the European Union stop changing time in the spring (the so-called daylight saving time, UTC + 1, in which clocks are moved forward 60 minutes). and continue with winter time (UTC+0). Countries for which the recommended time zone is their current standard time will not need to make any changes.

Then, in the second phase, countries whose recommended time zone does not match their standard time, such as Portugal, Spain, Belgium, France, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, will reset their clocks for the last time in the fall. (UTC-1), so they can accept the recommended time zone as their new standard time.

UTC, which stands for Coordinated Universal Time, is the standard time by which time zones around the world are calculated.

Portugal switched to daylight saving time (UTC+1) on March 27, and early on Sunday, October 30, it will switch to winter time (UTC+0), delaying the clock hands by 60 minutes when it is 02:00.

The Autonomous Region of the Azores is always one hour behind than the mainland and the Autonomous Region of Madeira.

The current time change regime in the European Union is governed by a directive that specifies that each year clocks are set forward and backward by one hour respectively on the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October, marking the start and end of daylight saving time.

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The 2021 Barcelona Declaration on the Politics of Time aims, among other things, to encourage debate about changing times.

The expert panel proposing an end to time changes in the European Union includes representatives from organizations advocating “healthy time zones” such as the International Alliance for Natural Time, the European Society for Biological Rhythms (European Society for Biological Rhythms) and the European Medical Association, as well as as well as specialists in the field of chronobiology, the field of biology that studies the operation of the so-called biological clock.

In March 2019, the European Parliament, at the proposal of the European Commission, approved the end of the time change in the Member States of the European Union, advocating the entry into force of the measure in 2021.

However, taking action in the community space depended on the position yet to be taken by the Council of the European Union, the decision-making body in which all member states as well as countries are represented.

Portugal defends the current regime with one summer time and one winter time.

Following a public consultation organized by the European Commission in 2018, the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon (OAL), which at the time was in charge of maintaining legal time in Portugal, published an opinion sent to the government pointing out the preservation of summer and winter time. time, evaluating factors such as energy savings and sleep disturbance.

According to the opinion, energy savings are “positive but not significant” and sleep disturbances are “minimal” during daylight saving time.

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However, it has been argued that the changeover to winter time “could be better” if it were implemented at the end of September, as was the case before 1995 in Europe, rather than at the end of October, “allowing a closer approach to solar time”. during a year”.

According to the document, keeping only winter time meant that “the sun rises around 5 a.m. at the height of summer, that is, an unused early morning sun followed by a late afternoon with less than an hour of sun, factors that are positive.” in the activities of the population.

On the other hand, if DST is maintained throughout the year, “the sun will rise between 8 and 9 a.m. for four months of the year in winter with negative consequences”, namely for commuting and school, which will be in low light.

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Zelensky says Russia is avenging military defeats with hundreds of terrorist attacks



“In just one week, the enemy bombed 258 times 30 settlements in our Kherson region,” in the south of the country, Volodymyr Zelenskyy said in his usual evening message, which was broadcast on television.

“They are not capable of anything, only destruction. This is what they leave behind. What they are doing now against Ukraine is an attempt at revenge. Revenge for the fact that the Ukrainians defended themselves several times against them,” he said.

According to the official news agency Ukrinform, Russia has attacked Kherson 21 times over the past 24 hours, hitting residential buildings and civilian infrastructure with its missiles.

As in previous days, air raid sirens sounded again over Ukraine, but without a massive attack.

Ukrainian Air Force spokesman Yuriy Ignat said flights by Russian strategic bombers had been recorded, but “threats of attack by ground-launched missiles” had also been recorded.

According to the US Institute for the Study of War (ISW), Russian troops are preparing to launch another wave of missile strikes on Ukraine next week.

“But most likely, these preparations are aimed at maintaining the pace of recent attacks, and not increasing them due to the limited Russian missile arsenal,” ISW said.

On Monday, Zelenskiy warned of a possible new massive attack later this week.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine has already caused the flight of more than 13 million people – more than six million internally displaced people and more than 7.8 million – to European countries – according to the latest UN figures. which classifies this refugee crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945).

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The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing them on Russia. political and economic sanctions.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,655 civilian deaths and 10,368 wounded since the start of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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DNA, Genealogy Solve Two Brutal 1983 Canadian Murders – Newsroom



Erin Gilmour, a 22-year-old student, and Susan Theis, a mother of 45, were stabbed to death at their Toronto homes four months apart after being sexually assaulted.

Nearly four decades later, “scientific advances” have allowed the Toronto police to detain Joseph George Sutherland, Inspector Steve Smith told a news conference.

By linking two murders in 2000 with a suspect’s DNA collected at the scene, authorities used genetic genealogy “to identify the family” and thus “reduce the number of suspects,” Smith said.

This investigative method consists of comparing the suspect’s DNA with the family tree of a distant relative.

“If we hadn’t used this technology, we would never have known his name,” Smith explained, adding that Sutherland was never suspected.

“This is the day our family has been looking forward to for most of our lives,” said Sean McCowan, brother of Erin Gilmore.

“In a way, it’s a relief that someone has been arrested. But it also brings back so many memories of Erin and her brutal and senseless murder,” he added.

Aspiring fashion designer Gilmour was the daughter of David Gilmour, co-founder of Barrick Gold, one of the largest gold mining companies in the world.

She had no ties to the second victim, Susan Tice, a family therapist and mother of four, according to police.

Joseph George Sutherland, now 61, will appear in court in early December on charges of first-degree murder.

It may also be linked to other open cases, authorities said, who are continuing to investigate.

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The Pope agreed with Russia on the release of Ukrainian prisoners



“When I received lists of prisoners, both civilian and military, I sent them to the Russian government, and the response was always very positive,” Pope Francis said today in an interview published by the North American Jesuit newspaper America.

Francis, who has been criticized in the past for alleged ambiguity in Russia’s conflict with Ukraine for not naming Russian President Vladimir Putin, said that when he talks about Ukraine, he is talking about “martyrs, martyr people.”

“If there are people who are martyrs, there is someone who tortures them. When I talk about Ukraine, I talk about cruelty, because I have a lot of information about the arriving troops,” said the head of the Catholic Church.

“Of course, the occupier is the Russian state. It is clear. Sometimes I try not to specify, so as not to offend or condemn in general terms, although it is clear who I am judging. First and last name is not required. Why didn’t I nominate Putin? Because it was not necessary, it was already known. Everyone knows what my position is, with Putin and without Putin, without naming him,” Papa added.

Francis recalled that on the second day of the invasion, he went to the Russian embassy, ​​which was an unusual gesture for a pope, and claims that at the time he told the ambassador to tell Putin that he was ready to go, on the condition that he left him “a small window for negotiations.”

In an interview, he explained that he spoke on the phone three times with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and that he had made the decision that if he did go, he would go to Moscow and Kyiv, denying that he ever gave the impression that he was “covering up.” aggression,” adding that they received delegates from the Ukrainian government several times.

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However, he reiterated that “the position of the Holy See is to seek peace and understanding” and that “the diplomacy of the Holy See is moving in that direction and is obviously always available for mediation”.

The Pope also touched on the internal issues of the Catholic Church, such as the opening of the priesthood to women, stating that it was a “theological matter”, that an opening for women was not foreseen, but that it could not be seen as a “deprivation”.

“The theology of woman has not yet been developed, there is only the possibility of an administrative principle,” the pope said, emphasizing the role of women.

“Women are mothers and better than us men see the sacrament of the Church. That’s why women’s advice is so important. And the female solution is better. When a woman goes into politics or government, she usually does well. And it is women, there are many economists who are constructively renewing the economy,” he said.

When asked about racism in the American Catholic Church, the Pope called it “an unbearable sin”, as well as sexual abuse of minors, which he called “monstrous”.

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