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Elections are taking place in an unprecedented atmosphere of fear and political violence – 01.10.2022 – Poder

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Elections are taking place in an unprecedented atmosphere of fear and political violence - 01.10.2022 - Poder

Brazilians go to the polls this Sunday (2) in an unprecedented atmosphere of fear and violence in a presidential election. From assassinations of voters to threats to candidates, the controversy has replicated a pattern previously seen in municipal elections and signaled that political polarization had reached a new level.

“We have never reached such elections. In general, you see more violence in municipal elections, candidates for councilors. Beyond the violence against candidates, what’s new is this wave of gratuitous violence and intolerance of dissent,” says the CEO. from the Sous da Paz Institute, Carolina Ricardo.

Even before the official start of the campaign, cases of aggression were already accumulating. In July, a Bolsonarist police officer broke into a birthday party and shot and killed a PT gunman in Foz do Iguacu (PN).

That same month, a walk with Marcelo Freixo (PSB), a candidate for the RJ government, was abandoned after armed supporters of Bolsonarist state deputy Rodrigo Amorim (PTB) issued threats.

Fear of violence prompted the Federal Police to create the largest security scheme in history to protect presidential candidates. Lula’s campaign has even canceled travel, revised the structure of rallies and outlined a plan to prevent supporters from voting for fear of aggression.

“There were cases in Foz do Iguacu, Mato Grosso, Ceara, Santa Catarina. These are people who have not been at the center of the political debate,” says sociologist David Marquez, project coordinator for the Brazilian Public Security Forum. “People are now afraid to go out in a T-shirt, stick a sticker on a car, put a brooch in a backpack. They are afraid of being threatened or being drawn into conflict.”

In early September, a supporter of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL) admitted to stabbing a colleague in Mato Grosso following a political dispute in which the victim was defending Lula.

In September, a PT supporter in Santa Catarina killed, also stabbed, a man wearing a shirt that mentioned Bolsonaro. Police are investigating if there was a political motivation.

Last Thursday (29) in Brasilia, the car and house of Bolsonaro’s ex-wife, district candidate Ana Cristina Valle (PP-DF) were vandalized. She and her son, Jair Renan Bolsonaro, posted short videos of the incident on social media and offered political motivations for the attack.

A survey conducted by the Brazilian Public Security Forum in partnership with the Political Action Network for Resilience and commissioned by the Datafolha Institute found that 67.5% of respondents fear physical attack because of their political or party choice.

The fears of voters are shared by politicians. About 50 candidates have recently suffered some form of political violence and are in need of assistance or special security measures, according to PSOL — an acronym for adviser Marielle Franco, who was killed in 2018 as a result of an unsolved crime.

Civil society organizations Justiça Global and Terra de Direitos have been monitoring cases of political violence in Brazil since 2016. Justiça Global general coordinator Sandra Carvalho says she fears that fear of violence is intimidating candidates from already minority groups in politics, such as women and blacks, stressing that numbers have begun to point to an upward trend in 2019.

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“Political violence is repeated in the history of the country, but we are already seeing an intensification of the campaign to elect the incumbent president. Since then, there has been an upward trend,” she says. “We are seeing campaigns by some segments that are much more timid for fear of being attacked in any way, a danger to the democratic process, because this can increasingly mean under-representation of certain segments.”

On Thursday (29) at a meeting with international observers, the chairman of the TSE (Supreme Electoral Court) Alexandre de Moraes said that justice will guarantee freedom and security in the elections.

To reduce the risk of violence, the court banned CACs (hunters, shooters and collectors) from carrying guns and ammunition between Saturday (1st) and Monday (3rd) and developed new text to ban mobile phones from entering cabins. .

No wonder we got here this way. In addition to the complete ease of buying weapons, since more than 40 rules have facilitated this access, in recent years, a discourse has flared up about access to weapons, especially presidential weapons, ”says Carolina Ricardo.

The wave of violence also led the TSE to reach an agreement with the CBF (Brazilian Football Confederation). A giant inflatable electronic ballot box with the words “Peace in Elections” was installed on the field for seven games. The motto was shared by the leading football teams in the country.

David Marquez of the Brazilian Public Safety Forum says it is difficult to gauge the impact of the 2022 campaign in the next election. For him, the answer may lie in survey results.

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“In 2018 in Sao Paulo you had [o ex-governador] Joao Doria says the police need to shoot to kill. In Rio de Janeiro [o ex-governador] Wilson Witzel said the police had to shoot him in the head. The public safety agenda was also very important to Bolsonaro. He spoke about the exclusion of lawlessness for police officers and the arming of society, ”says the sociologist.

“In all these cases, it’s about the fact that we need to use violence to make public policy, to control crime. And this, in some aspects, also goes through political relations, to political debate in general. What we will need this Sunday to see if this wave of aggression will be intensified again or if it will be stopped by the general vote.”

According to Carolina Ricardo of the Instituto Sou da Paz, the solution lies with democracy itself. “Institutions are responding. And the way for everyone is to come, vote, elect anyone who thinks they should be elected to show that democracy prevails and is stronger than specific instances of political violence.”

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Lula is preparing the announcement of the bloc of ministers on the 13th

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Lula is preparing the announcement of the bloc of ministers on the 13th

President-elect team Louis Ignatius Lula da Silva (PT) is preparing the announcement of the block of ministers on December 13, next week – the day after the diplomat’s PT in the EEC (Higher Electoral Court). In addition to guaranteeing a few more days to resolve deadlocksthe party intends to use the symbols of the “lucky number” on the date when it will announce the new folders.

Lula himself has already admitted that most of the future ministry has already been chosen. in Brasilia, former Minister Fernando Haddad (PT), Senator Simone Tebet (MDB-MS) and former TCU (Tribunal de Contas da União) Minister José muzio they are already treated with the status of ministerial ministers – there is not enough officiality.

I will finish my studies on the 12th [de dezembro]🇧🇷 After graduation, after I am recognized as the President of the Republic, I will start choosing my ministry. No one needs to suffer, be nervous, create expectations, because deep down I already have 80% of the service in my head.”
Lula, at the press conference on Friday (2)

Lula was forced to announce the names of the new government. But it endured. He does not want to give the impression that he bows to any sector, be it political, economic or military.

In 2002, during his first term, he was under similar pressure and announced: December 10Antonio Paloccithen Transition Coordinator from the Ministry of Finance and Marina Silva from Environmental Protection.

Piece by piece. If he delivers on campaign promises at the start of a future government, the Esplanade should have ten more ministries early next year. The total number will increase from 23 to 33, three of which are new.

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The first names given for the declaration are:

  • Haddad on the farmwith the dismemberment of the Ministry of Economy, and
  • Muzio on defense🇧🇷 The statement of the former PTS minister could be the first this year, already this week.

It is likely that these readings will be confirmed prior to release. AT dinner with the senators, last week Lula already confirmed the names Muzio and elected senator Flavio Dino (PSB-MA) in fairnessaccording to Estadão.

Cited. However, on the next 13th, a more reliable list should be announced:

  • Vamet in the new Ministry of Social Development,
  • dino in justice, dismembered from public safety,
  • O Governor of Bahia Rui Costa (PT) in the Civil House,
  • O ex-chancellor Mauro Vieira return to Itamaraty,
  • BUT elected MP Marina Silva (Rede-SP) back to the Ministry of the Environment, and
  • O Deputy Alexander Padilla (PT-SP) upon return of the Ministry of Institutional Relations.

Lula’s team is still negotiating

Without confirming any names yet, the future government still needs to sort out some dead ends – and according to close leaders, everything was ideally resolved before the first big announcement next week.

With the dismemberment of the Ministry of Economy, it would be ideal to announce the name of the Treasury along with the name of Planning. Persian Aridone of the founders of Plano Real, received a higher rating.

Arida went so far as to say she wasn’t going to take over Planning folder, but according to interlocutors of the transitional government, his name was proposed by vice-president-elect Geraldo Alkmin (PSB) and accepted by Lula. The plan was to have a technical profile and a political one, with clear and complementary economic views on finance and planning, but negotiations cooled off. Arida is not ruled out, but not confirmed either. The only thing PT supporters guarantee is that Alcmine will nominate this portfolio.

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How wags make MDB. Vamet it also depends on your party. O MDB is bidding for at least three folders in the new government, but hopes it ends up in Lula’s private office given the senator’s importance in the second round of the campaign.

Emedebists are examining at least one leadership, senator and deputy for appointment to office:

  • Senator-elect Renan Filho (AL), former governor of Alagoas, will lead the Ministry of Mines and Energy.
  • Governor Helder Barballo (Pennsylvania), re-elected with the highest approval rating, will appoint the head of the Department of Regional Development.
  • There will still be room for an MP to be determined by the emedebista bench commanded by President Balea Rossi (MDB-SP).

Lula is in Brazil and his meetings with the transition team and political leaders are divided. Members of the Working Group on Planning, Budget and Management are scheduled to give interviews to the press today.

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Ibovespa falls by 2% under pressure from the political-fiscal scenario

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Ibovespa falls by 2% under pressure from the political-fiscal scenario

On the next game day of the Brazilian national team at the World Cup. Ibovespa o closed down 2.25% to 109,401.41 points, with more than 90% of listed shares ending the trading session with losses. Trading volume was 22.3 billion reais, below the average of 30 billion reais.

Political-Fiscal Scenario with Transitional PEC and the lack of information about the next treasury secretary continue to put pressure on the stock index, in addition to the negative climate in New York, which also pulled Ibovespa down this Monday (5).

In Brasilia, Senate President Rodrigo Pacheco put the transitional PEC on the agenda next Wednesday (7) for discussion in the plenary session of the House of Representatives. Investors are attentive to the results of negotiations on the amount and duration of exemption from spending restrictions.

Senator Marcelo Castro, rapporteur on the budget, said the PEC should maintain the impact of the BRL 175 billion and BRL 23 billion emergency revenues. However, the term should be reduced from four to two years.

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As commodity-oriented stocks were the only ones that closed in blue. Paper and pulp shares of Suzano (SUZB3) and Klabin (KLBN11) rose 2.20% and 2.22%, while steel and mining stocks gained 0.14% and 1% in CSN (CSNA3) and Usiminas (USIM5) shares. .07%.

Ibovespa’s biggest losses were in tech, retail and healthcare – stocks that are under pressure when interest rates and the dollar rise, as they do today. Positivo (POSI3), Qualicorp (QUAL3) and Lojas Renner (LREN3) were hit the hardest with losses of 11.50%, 9.74% and 8.01%.

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O dollar rose overseas (the DXY rose 0.75% to 105.36 points) and domestic negotiations followed. Around here, the US currency rose 1.30% to R$5.2829. With fiscal issues on the radar, interest rates also rose today.

In New York, investors reacted to data from the services and industry sectors, which showed that the US economy remains resilient to the increase in interest rates by the Federal Reserve. The higher-than-expected rise in the ISM Services PMI and Industrial Orders – higher than expected – reinforces expectations for an aggressive Fed stance at next week’s monetary policy meeting.

As a result, Wall Street stocks plummeted. O Dow Jones lost 1.40% to 33,946.51 points, S&P 500 fell by 1.79% to 3998 points, while Nasdaq fell 1.93% to 11,239.94 points.

(Com Reuters)

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The STF assesses the secret budget as “political activity,” Prime Minister Bolsonaro said in the Chamber

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www.brasil247.com - Ricardo Barros

The Deputy Head of Government in the Accounts Chamber said that the Transitional PEC “constitutionalizes” the mechanism, making it unnecessary to discuss it in the STP




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