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“Victory will be ours!” Putin assured on Red Square

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“Victory will be ours!” shouted the President of Russia to the applause of a crowd of thousands.

“Welcome home!” – Putin said, addressing the residents of the annexed Ukrainian territories, believing that they “returned to their historical homeland.”

“Russia does not just open the doors of its home to people, it opens its heart,” he said from a stage specially installed on the symbolic square near the Kremlin wall (the residence of the President of Russia).

Many Russian flags fluttered among the crowd in attendance, and some people also wore black and orange striped St. George ribbons, an old tsarist military award that became a symbol of the Red Army’s victory over Nazi Germany.

Several giant screens and a powerful sound system were also installed so that people could follow the speech of the President of Russia and the performance of various Russian pop stars who performed on stage.

The Russian head of state, in power for 22 years, referred to a “special, historic day of truth and justice” at a time when Russian soldiers are “heroically defending the people’s choice” in Ukraine, he said.

“We will do everything to support our brothers and sisters in Zaporozhye, Kherson, Luhansk and Donetsk, improve their security, restart the economy, restore,” he also said, hours after signing the annexation of these four Ukrainian regions, in a ceremony in the Kremlin.

After this symbolic act in the Kremlin, which was a new step in his war against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of a neighboring country, Putin defended his mantra with a raised microphone that Russia created modern Ukraine.

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“I can’t help but remember how the Soviet Union was formed. It was Russia that created modern Ukraine, transferring significant territories there, the historical territories of Russia itself along with the population,” Putin said.

“We are stronger because we are together. The truth is with us, and there is strength,” Putin said, adding once again: “Then victory will be ours!”

Kyiv and its Western allies have widely condemned such an annexation, with NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a Western defense bloc) classifying it as “illegitimate” and the countries of the European Union (EU) and the G7 (a group of the most industrialized countries in the world : Germany, Canada, USA, France, Italy, Japan and the UK) declared that they would “never recognize [tais] alleged annexations.

Putin has no intention of visiting the four Ukrainian regions now annexed by Moscow in the midst of a military conflict with Kyiv, a Kremlin spokesman said.

“Not yet, because at the moment there is a lot of work ahead, but this will definitely happen after some time,” said Dmitry Peskov, who was quoted by Russian news agencies and asked about the possibility of such a visit.

The four occupied regions of Ukraine, whose annexation treaties Putin signed today, make up about 15% of Ukraine’s territory – Donetsk and Lugansk (which he had already recognized as independent republics shortly before the invasion of Ukraine), Kherson and Zaporozhye (which hosts the largest nuclear power plant in Europe). ).

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine has already caused the flight of more than 13 million people – more than six million internally displaced people and more than 7.5 million to European countries – according to the latest UN figures, which rank this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945).

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The Russian invasion, justified by Putin as the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community as a whole, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions against Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed since the beginning of the war, which entered its 219th day today, 5,996 civilians killed and 8,848 wounded, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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“Romania wants to grow, we want something else”

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Daniela Soares Ferreira and Sonia Perez Pinto

Until 2024, there is about a year left, but until then, Romania can overtake Portugal in the European Commission’s ranking. We are talking about the wealth that each country can create per inhabitant: in this comparison, Portugal has been losing points since 2000 and could even drop five positions. At the moment, the Portuguese government is discounting this data, but there is the issue of inflation and war that can confuse the accounts. If this happens, Portugal will increasingly position itself at the tail end of Europe.

“Romania wants to grow, we want something else,” economist Joao Cesar das Neves sneers.

Enrique Tome, an analyst at XTB, is concerned about the data. But he says that, on the other hand, “this news serves as a warning that, if this is done, our country will be headed towards a catastrophic economic situation in the medium and long term.” Economist Ricardo Paes Mamede also has no hesitation: “Romania will surpass Portugal in terms of GDP per capita, measured in purchasing power parity. Yes, in this country they pay much less taxes. Everyone who wants to – and there are few who want to – can stay here. Or we can say that Romania has more poverty (23% vs. 18%), a much lower life expectancy (73 vs. 81 years), a lot more murders per 100,000 inhabitants (1.5 vs. 0.9), and that the country has lost almost 1/5 of the population over the past 30 years, and Portugal has grown by 5%,” he stressed on Facebook.

This concern, which is not new, intensified this week when the National Institute of Statistics released new data on the state of the Portuguese economy. The economy grew by 4.9% in the third quarter, while inflation fell to 9.9% in November. Good news, which does not surprise the economists contacted by our newspaper.

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For João César das Neves, this growth in gross domestic product (GDP) was “expected”, despite the fact that domestic demand registered a smaller contribution to growth during this period, as families consumed less and investment also declined, moving from 3.5 % in the second quarter, down 0.4%. Numbers that allow an economist to state that “the scenario is getting bleaker, so growth should slow down”, therefore ensuring that this trend is “likely” to continue.

An opinion shared by Enrique Tomé. The XTB analyst admits that “the next quarterly figures should start to be revised down as inflation in Portugal remains high and should have an impact on economic activity”, recalling that “the impact of inflation along with the increase in the interest rate is starting to affect the purchasing power of families, which is already beginning to be representative in economic terms.” And he doesn’t hesitate: “This trend will continue and possibly worsen in the coming quarters.”

Paulo Rosa, an economist at Banco Carregosa, also notes that “as the economic downturn sets in, namely one punished by a decline in disposable income, it is likely that consumption and investment will contribute less and less to GDP growth”, adding that “in In the last stretch of the year, private consumption should slow down its contribution, and it is estimated that GDP in the fourth quarter will slow down from the current high rates.” Ricardo Evangelista, analyst at ActivTrades, cites as an example the latest European Commission estimates of the Portuguese economy in 2023, which suggest a slowdown in economic activity in our country. The forecast points to GDP growth of 0.7% next year, a significant slowdown that will reflect lower consumption and investment.

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Inflation has dropped slightly

INE also reported that the year-on-year change in the consumer price index was 9.9% in November, compared to 10.1% in October, thus retreating slightly. The Banco Carregosa economist explains that “rising prices for fossil fuels, raw materials and agricultural products have increased inflation up the value chain, putting pressure on all other prices of goods and services down the chain, generalizing inflation as well as making it more persistent” . But he argues that it must be taken into account that “the decline in fossil fuel prices was a reality and could dictate a peak in inflation sometime in this fourth quarter.”

César das Neves admits that the climate is very uncertain and the trend continues to be inflationary, advising that it is necessary to “be careful”, and despite acknowledging that “a big increase in inflation should not be expected”, he also believes that “it should not decline quickly.”

The statistical office data came at a time when the president of the European Central Bank (ECB) warned that inflation may not have peaked yet. However, Ricardo Evangelista says the published figures “were lower than expected because the cost of energy unexpectedly dropped.” On the other hand, he mentions “the so-called inflationary spiral, in which rising prices cause wage increases and lead to further price increases, is a process that is still unfolding”, arguing that the best way to control this spiral “is through restrictive monetary policy”.

Enrique Tome is more optimistic. The analyst believes that “we are already close to the transition point (which was talked about so much in 2020) in terms of inflation,” adding that in Europe “there is a slight delay in numbers, however, we have seen a strong downward correction over the past two months prices for various raw materials, namely energy, as well as restrictions in the distribution chains are improving.”

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What about interest?

Will the ECB keep raising interest rates if inflation is at an uncertain level? Cesar das Neves argues that “it will and should rise very strongly” as the ECB rate remains well below the rate of inflation. In turn, Enrique Tomé is of the opinion that, despite visible signs of a slowdown in inflation in Europe, it is still “too early to move forward with the idea that the peak has already been reached”, and therefore believes that “these data will not yet affect the decision of the European central bank to raise interest rates.

Economist at Banco Carregosa says that after the slowdown in German inflation data, “the money market expects a 50 basis point increase, which is 75% likely, while the probability of a 75 basis point increase has decreased to 25%.”

Finally, Ricardo Evangelista argues that the ECB should raise interest rates less. “A slowdown in inflation in the euro area, although mainly due to falling energy prices, should result in the next interest rate hike being lower than previous ones and staying at 0.5%,” he predicts.



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“Vladimir Vladimirovich, are you a man or what?”. Mothers of Russian soldiers start asking questions – Observer

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The crowd waiting for President Vladimir Putin at this military base in Vidyaevo, beyond the Arctic Circle, was outraged. Almost all of them were family members. 118 sailors who led submarine Kursk, which sank in an unexplained accident. Putin, who was elected president only three months ago, went there to meet them face to face, and the reception, as expected, was filled with anguish and outrage. “When will we bring them back dead or alive? Reply with a like, President!‘ shouted a clearly upset woman. moment captured by cameras🇧🇷 “I will answer you as soon as I know it myself,” Putin said.

The meeting took place in a hectic atmosphere, as evidenced by the reactions of the families in the previous days as they waited for news of the whereabouts of the missing submarine. “They make $50 a month and now they’re stuck in this tin can. Is this why I created it?” the mother was indignant at a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister, at which eventually euthanized and taken out of there by the military.

This was probably the only time Putin met with Russian military relatives outside of a controlled environment. And it was also one of the few cases when the country’s TV channels captured the despair of mothers, women and other relatives of Russian soldiers, directly asking those responsible for the country.

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Iran surrenders and announces the end of the vice police

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Iran has abolished the vice police, a force that specifically detains women who do not wear the hijab in accordance with the country’s codes, said Attorney General Mohamad Jaafar Montazeri.

This police “has nothing to do with the judiciary,” Montazeri said in a statement Saturday night, quoted by the Iranian news agency ISNA.

Analysts see the end of the vice police as a concession to the popular protest movement that the country has been experiencing for three months now.

Montazeri explained that the judiciary will continue to monitor community-level behavior and noted that women’s clothing is still very important, especially in the holy city of Qom, south of Tehran.

“The bad ‘hijab’ (Islamic veil) in the country, especially in the holy city of Qom, is one of the main concerns of the judicial system, as well as our revolutionary society, but it should be noted that legal action is a last resort. and measures of culture precede any other,” Montazeri explained in his speech at a meeting with the clergy in Qom.

The city of Qom is the theological center of Iran, where the main religious schools of the country are located and where thousands of pilgrims and students from all over the world come and study.

Iran has been experiencing mass protests since September 16, after the death in a police station of 22-year-old Kurdish Mahsa Amini, who was detained by the vice police for allegedly inappropriate wearing of the Islamic hijab.

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The protests include demanding the end of the Islamic Republic.

“This is not a protest, this is a revolution”, “We do not want an Islamic Republic”, “Death to the dictator” are some of the phrases that demonstrators shout at street demonstrations or at night from their windows. and writing on the walls of the building since last September.

“More than 200 people have died” since the protests began, according to Iran’s Security Council, but foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as the Oslo-based Iranian Organization for Human Rights (IHR) estimate the death toll at 448 due to heavy police crackdown. .

In addition, at least 2,000 people were charged with various crimes for participating in demonstrations, of which six were sentenced to death.

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