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Learn about electoral law mechanisms that improve the political process

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published on 25.09.2022 03:55


(Credit: Minervino Junior/CB/DA Press)

Elections to the Chamber of Deputies will determine much more than the list of Brazilians elected parliamentarians. It will also indicate which parties will have access to party and election funds, which will be eligible for free advertising space on radio and television, and which subtitles will take the lead in the National Congress.

To improve the selection of parliamentarians and the qualifications of parties, the electoral legislation has established a number of mechanisms. This list includes rules such as the restrictive clause, the formation of federations and coalitions, in addition to the electoral coefficient and the party coefficient.

The barrier clause is important to avoid the appearance of rental subtitles or subtitles without ideological and programmatic identity. This is an incentive to build stronger parties, which experts say makes it easier for voters to identify the policies and ideologies that candidates stand for.

Another positive aspect of the barrier clause, or productivity, is the greater ability of governments to negotiate agreements with parliamentary blocs.

Understanding the mechanism of proportional elections, which determines the deputies who will be elected, is not a trivial task. But, in a simplistic way, we can say that this type of election guarantees that all the votes counted will be taken into account, if not the election of the chosen candidate, then the party will form a large bench.

The calculation that determines the number of votes required for an election is the electoral coefficient. The number of seats each party will be entitled to will depend on the party coefficient.

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understand how it works

barrier clause

The regulation, effective in 2022, establishes a minimum performance – a minimum number of votes.
for each party – for subtitles to have access to congressional leadership, campaigning and
party fund money.

To pass the point, a party must elect at least 11 federal deputies in at least 9 states (or DF).

Another way to get around the clause is when the legend has at least
2% of valid votes nationwide. In addition, the party must receive at least 1% of valid votes in at least nine constituent entities of the Federation.

In terms of votes, this means, roughly speaking, that each party would need 2.4 million votes to overcome the barrier clause. This number takes into account 20% abstentions and 5% blank and zero votes, the averages recorded in the last election.

The efficiency clause aims to consolidate the representation of the Brazilian party, which currently has 23 parties in the Chamber of Deputies. In the next election, parties will need to increase the number of votes in order to comply with the rule. In 2026, it will be necessary to reach the figure of 2.5% or 13 congressmen, in 2030 3% or 15 federal deputies.

Coalitions and federations

This year, for the first time, parties were able to form federations. This is an alternative to coalitions banned since 2017 in proportional disputes. For most positions – mayor,
governor, senator and president of the republic – the parties can still form a coalition.

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Approved in 2021, the federation is an alliance of two or more parties acting as one, with a common charter and program, registered with the TSE. The federation must exist for at least four years.

During this period, the parties must act together throughout the country, in unified action.
also in the National Congress. Unlike former coalitions, federations cannot be
closed shortly after the election. While parties retain operational and financial autonomy, the obligation to stand as a bloc in Congress or the next municipal elections represents a major change in model.

selective coefficient

The electoral quotient is obtained by dividing the total number of valid votes in the election of a deputy of the federation by the number of seats to which each unit of the federation is entitled in the Chamber of Deputies. The same formula applies to state meetings.

For example, if a state is entitled to 10 seats in the House of Deputies, and the actual votes for a federal deputy were 1 million, each federal seat will be filled by a factor of 100,000 votes.

party coefficient

The party coefficient determines the number of seats each party or federation will be entitled to in parliament.
Chamber of Deputies or in state assemblies. To get this number, all the votes of candidates from the party, federation or legend are added up. It is then divided by the selective coefficient. For example, if a party received 150,000 votes with an electoral coefficient of 100,000 votes, then the party coefficient would be 1.5 (150/100). That is, the party elects its most voted deputy. The remaining 50,000 votes may or may not guarantee second place.

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Under the rules in force for 2022, all candidates must receive at least 10% of the electoral coefficient.


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Politics

Video: Gabriela Prioli talks about her new political book Ideologies

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Gabriela Prioli

In Brazilian public debate, the terms are used inconsistently (not to mention that they are misleading). Some of them are sometimes criminalized. For example: “Ideology” has become synonymous with something bad. But what underlies this? To challenge this issue, a lawyer, professor and communicator Gabriela Prioli launches the book “Ideologies”, dedicated to the three most famous macro-currents of thought: liberalism, conservatism and socialism.

Throughout the book, published by Companhia das Letras, Gabriela Prioli uses her experience as a communicator to make the debate on this topic accessible, which, like other complex topics, is divided into several options.

“Part of my job is to present complex topics in a simple way, but without simplifying, without losing the essential, keeping the main thing,” Prioly explains the purpose of the work. “Ideologies” is the author’s second book about politics – in 2021 she released the book “Politics for All”.

The book revisits the main political theories of the aforementioned ideologies. Prioli defines himself as a “facilitator” to bring the public into contact with the ideas and thoughts presented for the first time. “This is an invitation, a challenge, it is important that people look for the source, create their own criticism of this thought,” he reflects.

Gabriela Prioli releases book “Ideologies”

ideologies
Gabriela Prioli. Ed. Company of letters. 242 pages. Price: 59.90 reais.

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Re-elected Rocha remains humble but victorious political articulator | Politics

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Re-elected Rocha remains humble but victorious political articulator |  Politics

By Valdir Costa / Dynamic Rondonia
Published in 03.12.2022 at 10:39

The political campaign that resulted in the re-election of Governor Marcos Rocha (União Brasil) was not the easiest. Despite taking the lead in the first round with 1.83% more votes than runner-up Senator Marcos Rogerio (Poland), with whom he ran in the second round and won, by 4.94% valid votes it was difficult. elections that demanded a lot from Roche and his team.

If in the first round the commitment of the partners (secretaries, former secretaries, re-elected and elected deputies, etc.) was not effective, as it should have been, the joining forces in the second round, including with the chief articulator, Chief of Staff Junior Gonçalves leaves his post, to devote himself fully to the electoral campaign in search of unity, commitment and dedication from all partners.

There is no doubt that Marcos Rogerio was a tough opponent. He is a good tribune, knows how to use what he has best, which is his gift of speech, and performed well in the debates held in the second round of the campaign. Several research institutes have reported that Rogerio will be the new governor of Rondônia from 2023.

Simplicity, humility, a government without scandals and with good projects such as Guberno na Cidade, Porteira Aberta, Crianza Feliz, Mamae Cheguey, Prato Facil, Chow Poeira were fundamental in the Quest Rocha of a new mandate.

The partnership with the Legislative Assembly (Ale) chaired by MP Alex Redano (PRB-Ariquemes) also had a huge impact on Roshi’s victory in the second round. In addition to Redano, parliamentarians (re-elected and elected) from the governor’s support group selflessly and decisively joined the campaign after a furious call to “get on the road” in search of votes.

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To deny that Roshi had problems during his first term would be an ignorance of reality. He faced at least two years of a pandemic that scared the world. Rondônia’s agribusiness-based economic strength has also been critical in ensuring a strong economy and sufficient resources to overcome the hardships caused by an unforeseen event such as covid-19 that brought the planet to a halt and claimed the lives of many people. Rocha has also performed well in the fight against the pandemic.

The reflection of the satisfaction of the majority of voters by Rocha and his team in the fight against covid-19 was already evident in the first round, when the former Minister of Health Fernando Maximo was elected from the party led by the governor of Rondonia, União Brasil with over 85,000 votes, the best of eight re-elected and elected representatives to the Federal House.

The Legislative Assembly elections also highlighted the strength of the Rocha partnership and organization. Five of the 24 re-elected and elected deputies represent União Brasil. There are at least nine more people who can be considered partners for a second term, which will begin on the 1st of next year.

Roche’s re-election was no accident. This is a government without scandals that has had a pandemic with negative consequences around the world, but in doing so, managed to get around the problems that were resolved peacefully. Gaining a new mandate, now that the pandemic is under control and the state is resuming development, including the emergence of the denim industry announced by the governor a few days ago, offering more than 1,000 jobs starting in 2023, will bolster Rondônia’s already balanced economy. , with a 2023 budget of BRL 13 billion.

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The emergence of the denim industry indicates the intention to invest in this segment. It is necessary to produce at least a little of what we produce in abundance and quality, for example, soybeans. The denim factory is the start of a manufacturing process that can provide Marcos Roche and his team with the support they need to run smoothly and efficiently.

It is important to warn that partnership does not mean submission, and therefore good relations between the executive and legislature and the vigilance of the judiciary are necessary.

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Politics

Deolan claims that he is rancid from Andre.

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Deolan claims that he is rancid from Andre.

Today at dawn, during the holiday “Farm 2022″ (RecordTV) with the theme Baile da Corte, Deolan admitted that he once and for all rancid Andre.

“I’m rancid with Andre… Now I’m rancid with Andre,” the lawyer said in a conversation with Bia, Morango and Petala.

“These political talk, really… What a disgusting thing,” the blonde continued.

“He continues to rise above us. He gave you a blank! Have mercy on me,” commented Petala, referring to the dynamics recorded yesterday for “Programa do Faro” (RecordTV).

“Wow, the person who cries the least here is me! To say that I am crying is to want to seem real, because I am a fortress for everything they do here, ”said Deolan.

Fake farm: why did Barbara Borges choose the ranch?

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