One of the most relevant changes to date in the universe of cryptoeconomics is imminent. In the next few hours, the long-awaited merger of Ethereum will be completed. and the mechanism for supporting the functioning of the second most popular and relevant digital currency on the market is changing a lot.
Through this merger, known as The Merge, blockchain Ethereum will no longer operate on a proof-of-work model in order to operate on a proof-of-stake model.. The latter has been tested over the past few years on a separate blockchain (Beacon) from the one that supported the currency (mainnet). Both are now going to merge. There are many doubts about the results of the operation.
O success is not 100% guaranteedthere is also no certainty that the value of the token will strengthen or that an “alternative” Ethereum will not be born from here, which will twist the value of the original, but there were not enough tests until the last step and there are also many possible advantages.
How does Ethereum work today?
In the current model (proof of work), which is also used with bitcoin, the processing power of each “miner” or miner is critical to solving the puzzle, verifying the transaction, and earning the reward. Everyone can work on the same complex equations, and whoever solves them first wins.. The reward is given out in the currency generated by validating new blocks. In Ethereum, two coins were earned for each confirmed block (about 3,200 euros at the current price) plus fees associated with transactions made by users. In bitcoin, the reward is above 6.25 bitcoin for validation.
How will the new model work?
O proof of stake changes the transaction verification model and adds new blocks to the ether blockchain. There is now a random selection process that decides who will validate the next block in the blockchain.. To be eligible, you must have at least 32 Ether. This new rule is a form of guarantee that the system is starting to accept. This is called staking to lock up the required funds, which will serve as a safety margin in case the task is not executed correctly.
Will the new way to “produce” Ethereum consume more or less electricity?
The most immediate and most important change of this algorithm change lies precisely in the consumption of energy required to check the ethers. The electricity required to run the ecosystem is expected to drop by around 99% as mining no longer generates rewards and keeping thousands of machines around the world competing for the fastest block validation at the same time no longer makes sense.
Today, the carbon footprint associated with Ethereum mining is estimated at the level of cities like Singapore. and that the energy consumption of this activity is equivalent to that of Switzerland with nine million inhabitants. With Bitcoin, the numbers are even scarier. The 150 terawatt-hours spent annually mining bitcoin is more than enough to power a country like Argentina with a population of 45 million.
Are there other changes planned?
Other Eterhum limits are expected to change after the merger. An update planned for next year will pave the way for acceleration of the maximum number of supported transactions, which will also affect the costs associated with operations in this ecosystem. Transaction delays and costs are two problems with the current platform.
Does this change create security risks for the ecosystem?
The decision to change the essence of how the blockchain works is neither peaceful nor 100% predictable, and it may affect the success of the operation, but it is also not unconscious. In fact, it was in the plans of the creators of Ether from the very beginning (2014), but given the complexity of the process, it really only began to be prepared in 2020 and since then many tests have been carried out to minimize the likelihood that what – something goes wrong. Despite this, mistakes are a real possibility in the transition. Another widely discussed possibility is whether the new system facilitates or hinders potential attacks.
As John Charbonneau, an analyst at Delphi Digital, explained to News.com, in the current model for attacking Ethereum, someone needs to be able to control 51% of the network., that is, how to say, its computing power, distributed by thousands of machines around the world. This has never happened and is unlikely to happen due to the scale and cost of such control. On the other hand, the same source recalls that the capture system associated with the new Ethereum model would also allow direct financial consequences to be attributed to anyone who tries to attack the network..
Is the succession of Ethereum guaranteed?
The possibility of those dissatisfied with the concentration of the new Ethereum operating system in the validator pool, to create a kind of alternative to Ethereum exist. There is even information pointing to this type of movement already underway, but this attempt is not expected to succeed much, let alone that the alternative succeeds in relation to the original. For a currency to have value, there must be an entire ecosystem moving it, and it is unlikely that Ethereum-based investors and platforms would choose to follow the unofficial version.
What will happen to the merger?
The merger is completed with two major updates. The first one has already been released and affected Beacon. The second is not far off. This will affect the Ethereum execution layer (proof of work) and will be caused by the activation of the algorithm variable during its normal workflow.
It is expected that after the update, all applications and services based on the blockchain will work normally.already compatible with the new definitions. In order for this to be the case, many tests were carried out before D-Day. One of the most important elements of the change is, for example, the correct updating of the various programs used by the validators so that there is a sufficient pool of these participants to continue validating blocks.
Will Ethereum cost more?
The answer is not closed. It all depends from the very beginning on how the process of updating the blockchain will go. Further forward. There are those who think that this the new “green” version of ether will attract many investors, which were far away from this market due to the environmental impact of the mining industry. There are also those who argue that changing the block validation logic will reduce the pressure to buy and sell the currency, which, associated with the expected improvements in the ability to process transactions, will have a positive impact on the exchange rate.
Watch the video posted by the Ethereum Foundation where these and other questions about the merger are explained in detail.
Elon Musk showed a prototype humanoid robot Tesla Optimus
Creating a robot has been in the plans of Elon Musk for many years and with several plans for its use. Optimus is the most visible face of the company in terms of creating offerings that will be used in its factories as well as in everyday contexts.
A few hours ago, at the Tesla AI Day 2022 event, a company leader spoke about Tesla’s progress in this area. A new robot has been introduced, which shows that we have real proposals that work and help people at any given time.
Elon Musk reveals his next robot
Over the past few years, Tesla has bet on Optimus your interpretation than a robot designed to help in everyday life. Everyone knew it was just an image of what it could be, not yet fully functional. Elon Musk admitted this on the stage of AI Day 2022.
What was shown just a few hours ago puts this robot on a new level. On the stage of this event, the first functional prototype was shown, which paves the way for what is being prepared. Autonomy is already visible, but it was also clear that there was a lot of work to be done.
Working prototype of Optimus
With a price tag that should be under $20,000, the new Optimus was on stage to show what it can already do. He moved by himself, which was the first time he did, and even danced to show his mobility. In terms of dates, this one was created in the last 6 months and Tesla predicts it will be ready in the next few months.
Equipped with a 2.3kWh battery, this prototype is powered by a Tesla SoC and offers both Wi-Fi and LTE connectivity. In terms of software, Elon Musk's company has redesigned its autopilot, redesigning it to work in a new body and environment. Here, too, real models were used to train the system.
Tesla's great attention to detail
This presentation was about the joints of this Tesla robot. The company has created "human-level arms" with 11 degrees of freedom based on six special actuators, as well as "complex mechanisms that allow the arm to adapt to gripping objects."
While it's still far from being a usable and independent offering, it's clear that Tesla has already changed a lot about its robot. Soon there will be many more news that are placing these new elements in the factories of the brand and, who knows, in our homes to help in everyday life.
Electricity and gas prices for families to rise this Saturday
Increases in the price of natural gas and electricity for residential consumers in regulated and liberalized markets will come into effect this Saturday, which in some cases will increase the monthly bill by almost 40 euros.
Increase announcements were made by traders one after another throughout the summer, but now the new prices are coming into effect simultaneously for all domestic consumers, as well as for some small businesses.
EDP’s commercial customers will pay an average of €30 per month more for natural gas, plus five to seven euros in fees and taxes, an increase the company has justified by rising prices in international markets after a year without a tariff. updates.
The new prices will be valid for three months instead of a year as usual, and may be revised up or down at the end of this period.
However, the company ruled out “a further change before the end of the year in electricity prices” unless there are “exceptional situations in the next few months.”
In the case of Galp, the increase in the natural gas bill will be about eight euros for the most representative group of customers.
The company also justified the growth by saying that “acquisition costs are in line” with international market prices.
Galp updated the price of natural gas on July 1, increasing it by about 3.60 euros for the most representative group.
In turn, Goldenergy customers will incur an increase in monthly gas bills by an average of 10 euros, which covers both families and small businesses.
The energy industry justified this growth with the cost of managed access, market volatility, and rising gas prices.
The new tariff will be applied until the end of the year and will be reviewed taking into account market changes.
These announcements prompted the government to approve a measure allowing consumers in the liberalized market to return to the regulated gas market, as was already the case for electricity.
The regulated market offers lower tariffs, but the Entidade Regladora dos Serviços Energéticos (ERSE) has announced a new increase in energy prices on the regulated natural gas and electricity market.
Therefore, a 3.9% increase on the previous month comes into effect in this market today and, since the updates were made throughout the year, the increase for 2022-2023 is 8.2% compared to the previous year (2021-2023 gg.). 2022).
In the case of electricity, consumers on the regulated market will pay an additional five euros per megawatt hour (MWh), which is equivalent to an average 3% increase in their monthly bill.
Endesa’s customers remain unchanged without an increase, which has committed itself to maintaining the contract prices until December and fulfilling the obligations set out in the Iberian Mechanism after the president of the company said that electricity will grow by 40% in August.
Iberdrola also did not announce an increase.
Portugal Listed Company Not Reporting: “Auditors with Restricted Access to Objects” – Mercados
Three months before the end of fiscal year 2022, Reditus continues to not approve or release last year’s financials.
“Reditus – Sociedade Gestora de Participações Sociais, SA, hereby informs that the previously published restrictions remain, and for these reasons, until September 30, 2022, it could not approve and publish individual and aggregate results relating to 2021,” the statement reads. company submitted to the Securities Market Commission (CMVM) this Saturday, October 1.
“Because the auditors had limited access to the premises and verification procedures, they alerted Reditus management that closing the financial statements is particularly time-consuming and therefore the auditors must complete the audit,” he said. approves the technological led by Francisco Santa Ramos.
“And in fact, despite the efforts of Reditus, as well as its auditors, the surrounding context of the pandemic has thus caused significant disruption in the process of completing financial statements and disclosing them,” explains the company, whose main shareholder Miguel Pais do Amaral (24.74 %), followed by the Moreira Rato family (10.2%), according to information on its website.
“For these reasons, Reditus SGPS, SA. reports that it cannot meet the deadline for the publication of its individual and consolidated accounting documents, estimating – depending on the elements currently available – that this publication will be carried out in the month of October. 2022,” concludes the company, which ended 2020 with a loss of 1.06 million euros, comparable to a positive result of 49 thousand euros in the previous year.
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