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Russian weapons depend on hundreds of Western components, report condemned

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Russian weapons depend on hundreds of Western components, report condemned

More than 450 foreign-made components were found in Russian weapons found in Ukraine, providing strong evidence that Russia acquired important technology from companies in the US, Europe and Asia years before the invasion, Royal United said in a report on Monday. RUSI), a defense-related think tank.

Since the start of the war five months ago, the Ukrainian military has been seizing or returning undamaged or partially damaged Russian weapons from the battlefield. After dismantling, 27 of these weapons and military systems, from cruise missiles to air defense systems, turned out to be predominantly Western components, the most detailed assessment published to date of the role of Western components in Russia’s war against Ukraine. .

According to RUSI, about two-thirds of the components were manufactured by US companies based on weapons seized from Ukraine. The products of Analog Devices and American Texas Instruments account for almost a quarter of all Western weapons components. Other components were supplied by companies from countries such as Japan, South Korea, the UK, Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands.

“Russian weapons, which are critically dependent on Western electronics, have resulted in the deaths of thousands of Ukrainians,” Jack Watling, RUSI’s ground warfare expert, told Reuters.

While many foreign components are found in everyday items such as microwave ovens that are not subject to export controls, RUSI assured that tightening export restrictions and enforcement could make it difficult for Russia to replenish your arsenal of weapons such as cruise missiles.

In one case, the Russian 9M727 cruise missile, one of the country’s most advanced weapons capable of maneuvering at low altitude, evading radar and hitting targets hundreds of kilometers away, contained 31 foreign components. The parts were made by companies including US-based Texas Instruments and Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), as well as Cypress Semiconductor, now owned by Germany’s Infineon AG.

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In another case, the Russian Kh-101 cruise missile that was used to attack Ukrainian cities, including the capital Kyiv, also had 31 foreign components, with parts made by companies such as US-based Intel Corporation and AMD Xilinx.

When asked how their chips ended up in Russian weapons, the companies assured that they were complying with trade sanctions and stopped selling components to Russia. Analog Devices noted that the company closed its business in Russia and instructed distributors to stop deliveries to the country. Texas Instruments said it complies with all laws of the countries in which it operates and that parts found in Russian weapons are for commercial products. Intel stated that it “does not support or condone our products being used to violate human rights.” Infineon has expressed “deep concern” if its products are used for purposes for which they were not intended. AMD has stated that it strictly follows all worldwide export control laws.

Many foreign components cost only a few euros, and Russian companies could have purchased them online through national or international distributors before the invasion of Ukraine because they could be used for non-military purposes.

However, more than 80 Western-made microchips have been subject to U.S. export controls since at least 2014, meaning they would need a license to ship to Russia, RUSI reported. for the Russian military or for military use, according to RUSI.

The investigation revealed that the Russian military remains dependent on foreign microchips for everything from tactical radios to drones and long-range precision-guided munitions, and that Western governments have been slow to restrict Russia’s access to these technologies, especially after the invasion of Russia. President Vladimir Putin in 2014.

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According to the National Security and Defense Council, in the first five months of the war, Russian troops fired more than 3,650 missiles. These include 9M727 and Kh-101 missiles. Currently, Russia is looking for new ways to provide access to Western chips, condemned RUSI. Many components are sold through distributors operating in Asia, such as Hong Kong, which acts as a gateway for electronic components entering the Russian military or companies acting on its behalf, RUSI has found, ensuring that the Russian military is constantly undermined. if Western governments tighten export controls, succeed in shutting down clandestine procurement networks in the country, and prevent the production of sensitive components in states that support Russia.

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Economy

Amortize loans or invest? see solution

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Amortizar créditos ou investir? Veja a solução

















At the end of July, there were 82.7 billion euros of customer deposits in the vaults of Portuguese banks. The data was released by Banco de Portugal (BdP) and represents the highest value ever, up 7.2% compared to the same month in 2021.

The amount that can lead the Portuguese to make a decision: to pay off debts associated with a loan, namely housing, or to invest in financial investments. But before you make a decision, do some math, because it’s not always easy to choose the best solution.

Between amortization and investment, the consumer can always save either through the interest he stops paying on the loan or through the income from the investment. Of course, in the first place in the analysis should be the profile of the family and what they value most: whether it is reducing expenses when paying off a mortgage or personal loan, whether it is the security of future times.

In the case of mortgages, given the low interest rates currently practiced, in most cases it is not worth paying, especially if the spread is very low – a common situation for loans taken up to five or six years ago.

In this case, the money will do more good if it is invested in a risk-free application, but then the challenge is to find the product with the best rate of return (see column on the side). However, if the Euribor rises, depreciation may be the best option. In the case of a personal loan, it is almost always preferable to amortize it due to the high interest rates involved.

How to compare rates The first golden rule is to compare interest rates on a loan and an investment product annually, as the situation can change in a short time.

The formula is simple: analyze the interest rate applied to the loan – TAN (index rate plus spread) – and also take into account the rate of the application you are about to file, TANL (net nominal annual rate). To better understand this analysis, consider the TAN of a loan as the cost you incur for the loan and TANL as the return on investment. Knowing the two rates, choose amortization if TAN is higher than TANL, since the savings realized in interest payable on the loan will be greater than the return on investment.

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If you have a fixed rate mortgage, in principle you don’t have to worry about rate fluctuations as a result of the Euribor hike, making comparisons easier. However, keep in mind that in this case, the fee for early repayment is higher: 2% compared to 0.5% for floating rate loans.

If you repay part of the debt, it must match the payment due date. If the reimbursement is motivated by death, unemployment or business travel, it is exempt from commissions. Banks may not charge additional fees or increase the penalty to the maximum on contracts that provide for a lower percentage or exemption. And these rules apply to new and old contracts, for the purchase, construction and work in own and permanent housing, resale or lease and acquisition of land to build your own home.

Indeed, with a partial repayment of 20,000 euros, the commission cannot exceed 100 euros for a loan with a variable rate and 400 euros for a loan with a fixed rate. You have up to seven working days to inform the bank by registered mail with acknowledgment of receipt.

However, if you have an adjustable rate mortgage with a spread of up to 2.5%, then you can invest in a risk-free application (see column on the side), capitalizing on interest to increase income. In the case of a personal loan, amortization is almost always the best alternative.

Risk free investment products

Annual returns of 3%, 4% or even 5% on guaranteed capital and low-risk savings products are a thing of the past. The interest currently charged is at a low level and there are banks that no longer pay out term deposits. However, look at the alternatives.

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Term deposits

If the simplicity of this savings product is one of its strengths, then the reward rate offered makes the app less and less attractive. Although it has been losing followers in recent years, it is still one of the favorite savings instruments of the Portuguese.

Consumers’ low monthly income, competition from other savings products, and reward cuts explain this downward trend.

Savings certificates

This product, which in previous years was considered a real alternative to savings, is increasingly losing ground due to the low rate of return. It is calculated based on the three-month average Euribor observed over the previous ten business days plus 1%. But expect small rewards.

Treasury Growth Savings Certificates

The interest rate increases: 0.75% (gross interest) is paid in the first and second years, which rises to 1.05% in the third year, 1.35% in the fourth, 1.65% in the fifth and 1.95% in the fifth year. sixth, to reach 2.25% last year. From the 2nd year, the interest rate increases by a premium, depending on the real average growth of the gross domestic product (GDP).

Investment Tips

1. Consider the unexpected

Monetize added value. Before investing, consider whether you really need this money. If you come to the conclusion that you don’t need it, you can start using that extra money to make the best use of it. Don’t forget that you should set aside three to six months of money for household expenses so that you can deal with any unforeseen circumstances. This applies, for example, to health care costs.

2. Investments for the long term

Stock market. Always think long term, especially if you are thinking about betting on the stock market. The explanation is simple: the more time you spend on your investments, the more you can risk and the more you can monetize. You should invest for at least five years – ten years is good, 20 years is even better so that the amount invested in stocks is maximum and can minimize temporary losses.

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3. Don’t invest everything in the same

Diversify your investments. Not putting all your eggs in one basket is one of the golden rules you should follow when thinking about investing. This means that you do not have to own only one security or securities of companies whose profits depend on a similar business. In the event of a change in the legal regime, your assets may undergo profound changes.

4. Don’t bet on something you don’t understand.

Information. If you don’t understand the product a company is selling, don’t buy stock. If you want to invest in government debt but don’t understand how Treasury bonds work, buy savings certificates. If you do not understand the description of the investment policy in the fund’s prospectus, do not subscribe. If the term deposit offered to you has an interest rate formula, exchange it for a deposit with a simple interest rate.

5. Don’t go into debt

Compare offers. It is a mortal sin for an investor to finance himself in order to invest. If your investment depreciates, the loan has a loss multiplier effect. If your investment grows, the loan will absorb the effect of profits. Whatever the outcome, investment loans never work. Only one entity always wins: the bank, regardless of whether the investor wins or loses.

6. Consider your profile

Take a risk or not. If you have a conservative profile, the investor intends to keep the amount invested and choose low-risk products. If you are moderate, you are already ready to take significant risks in investments and your choice, for example, in real estate funds. If he is dynamic, he takes on high risk in stock decisions and bets.



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Economy

Do you want to apply for a home loan? Banks will limit the maximum amount they are allowed to lend to 30%

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Do you want to apply for a home loan?  Banks will limit the maximum amount they are allowed to lend to 30%

The increase in Euribor rates will limit the maximum amount banks are allowed to lend, and cuts could be around 30% as early as next month, Público reported on Monday. Debt reduction will also particularly affect those with lower incomes or less savings, who, subject to current regulations, will be required to guarantee at least 10% of the purchase price of the property, in addition to transaction costs. .

The duration of contracts, limited by the age of persons at the time of applying for a loan, is another factor that makes it difficult to access new loans. According to Eupago’s modeling, a loan intermediary, a couple aged 30 with a net monthly income of 1,800 euros, without inheritance or other loans, could receive a loan of 226 thousand euros in January last year, payable at the age of 37. . But a rate hike of 2% would mean that the same couple would only be able to fund themselves by 163,500 euros in September – 28% less. If the increase in Euribor reaches 2.5%, a value that can be reached next month, the amount will drop to 154.2 thousand euros.

The reasons? First, the increase in Euribor rates associated with most new home loans in Portugal, as well as the limits imposed by the Bank of Portugal since 2018 (when Euribor rates were negative) to limit the risk of household over-indebtedness. Banco de Portugal should not change the formula for calculating DSTI with a 3% increase, but says it is monitoring the situation. “As a macroprudential body, it monitors macroeconomic and financial developments and will continue to monitor compliance with the recommendation, as well as promote changes to it, always with the aim of improving its effectiveness,” the regulator told the daily newspaper.

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DHL with ‘great difficulty’ invests $50 million in Lisbon

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DHL with 'great difficulty' invests $50 million in Lisbon

Portugal could be a “much bigger gateway” for DHL’s business than it is today, said Dinheiro Vivo, CEO of DHL Express John Pearson, on the sidelines of the 2022 Trade Growth Atlas launch in Brussels, noting that there are business opportunities in the country’s largest distribution and logistics group in the world. However, the group has been trying “for years” to set up a new logistics terminal in Lisbon, but to no avail.

“We have been trying for many years with the ANA and the airport administration to create a new infrastructure, I think we are close to this. Our planes,” he emphasizes. DHL has grown “very fast” and has a “very healthy business with a very high market share” in Portugal, with good prospects “especially in the consumer segment”, which Pearson said could create “more terminals and jobs”.

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