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political protagonist D. Pedro I in the formation of Brazil as a nation



published on 21.08.2022 06:00

(credit: Waldo Virgo)

Who knows where the Rua D. Pedro I in Rio de Janeiro, the city that welcomed the young prince in exile in 1808, wins the pastel de Belen and made him the first emperor of Brazil on the eve of his 24th birthday. September 7, 1822. Pedro de Alcantara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascual Cipriano Seraphim de Braganza i Bourbon was the heir to the Portuguese royal house, the son of King João VI, regent of Portugal, and a Spanish princess. Carlota Joaquina, who became King and Queen of Portugal in 1816 after the death of Queen Mary I.

His political role in the rise of Brazil as a nation cannot be ignored during the celebrations of the bicentenary of independence. To this end, the heart of D. Pedro I will arrive in Brazil tomorrow and will be displayed at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasilia at the climax of the official celebration of the bicentenary of independence.

The big date will also serve to host major demonstrations in support of President Jair Bolsonaro and his re-election project; the national unity and social cohesion of our country is out of the question. This form of memory deserves critical reflection because it symbolizes the theft of national identity and our future by President Jair Bolsonaro for electoral and regressive purposes.

Almost a ready-made joke, the painfulness of programming reinforces the idea that we live in a time of “necropolitics”. Negotiations to lease the heart lasted about four months, involving the Portuguese government, the Chamber of Porto and representatives of Irmandade da Lapa, the religious organization that guards the relic. Stored in a glass pot, immersed in a golden substance, the heart of D. Pedro will be received at the Planalto Palace with honors of the head of state, cannon volleys and accompanied by the Dragons of Independence; after that, it will be put on public display in the Itamaraty Palace.

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Until the beginning of 1821, D. Juan VI kept D. Pedro from politics. After the liberal revolution in Porto, he was forced to return to Lisbon and left him as Prince Regent of Brazil. This action caused him to assume political leadership, becoming the leader of the Independence in opposition to the Portuguese courts, which demanded his return to the country. On January 9, 1822, D. Pedro announced his stay in Brazil, and this event became known as Dia do Fico.

Since then, the process of rupture has accelerated, and the hostility between Brazil and Portugal has intensified. On September 7, 1822, Don Pedro was on a trip to São Paulo, and on his way from Santos to São Paulo, near the Ipiranga stream, he received a letter signed by his wife and José Bonifacio, his personal adviser, with new orders sent by Portugal . D. Pedro took advantage of the situation to declare independence. December 1, 1822 D. Pedro was crowned emperor.


Unlike all other countries in the Americas that became republican after independence—with the exception of Mexico, which had three very short empires—Brazil chose a monarchy that bequeathed to us a historical state and our territorial integrity, although the nation was still a project under construction. . The meaning of the existence of our monarchy was more connected with the preservation of slavery and the project of reunification of the Portuguese colonial empire, the personification of which was to be D. Pedro I himself.

His authoritarianism and intransigence led to a series of crises that marked the First Reign. D. Pedro closed the Constituent Assembly of 1823, tore up the so-called cassava constitution, and gave us the liberal constitution of 1924, in which the right to private property was introduced for the express purpose of protecting slavery.

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The dissatisfaction was enormous. In the northeast, this gave rise to a separatist rebellion, the Confederation of Ecuador. D. Pedro I decided to declare war on the United Provinces because of the ongoing rebellion in Cisplatina. The war affected the Brazilian economy and led to the independence of Uruguay. The defeat crippled the popularity of D. Pedro, who lost support from the military and the poor. The murder of the hardline Italian journalist Libero Badaro in São Paulo in November 1930 made the situation unacceptable.

D. Pedro I was accused of defending the murderers of a journalist, and in March 1831 a confrontation broke out on the streets of Rio de Janeiro between his supporters and critics. Noite das Garrafadas forced him to step down on April 7, 1831. so that his son, Pedro de Alcantara, could take over when he turned 18.

In 1831, D. Pedro I moved to Portugal in order to participate in the civil war in Portugal and protect the right of his daughter, D. Maria II, to the throne of the country. He fought against his brother D. Miguel for the throne and won this conflict. Maria was restored to the throne of Portugal in 1834, and D. Miguel fled into exile. During the war, D. Pedro I fell ill with tuberculosis, the disease worsened and led to his death on September 24, 1834.

However, in Brazil, the turbulent period of regency that followed the abdication of D. Pedro I and up to the coup of the majority of D. Pedro II in 1940 was of fundamental importance for the consolidation of the Union and for the seeds of our federalism to be fixed in the Brazilian Parliament and in it, on the other hand , the culture of reconciliation of our elites. D. Pedro never regained his popularity.

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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

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Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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