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Mathematical trick discovered that could revolutionize landings on the Moon and Mars

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Imagem da Lua com detalhe

Space travel is a complex, confusing and dangerous topic. There are many variables that can turn a mission into a disaster. From launch to landing, everything must be very well planned, studied and simulated. Photographs taken by probes and robots can help, but they are far from the necessary information. However, all this may change with the advent of a new method of photomapping. A math trick will help you land safely on the Moon, Mars, and any other planet.

Landform mapping on our natural satellite is of great interest and importance for future human missions.

Photo mapping creates high-resolution surface maps

Researchers have discovered a method for creating high-resolution maps of the surfaces of planets such as the Moon by combining available images and topographic data.

Mapping the complex and varied surface of a world like the Moon at detailed resolution is challenging because laser altimeters, which measure changes in altitude, operate at a much lower resolution than cameras. And although photographs give a sense of surface features, it is difficult to translate images into a specific height and depth.

However, the new method combines topographic data with the degree of sunlight shading in optical images to provide a much more accurate assessment of fill shapes and structures. In the future, the development could help both astronauts and research robots.

The new method was developed by Iris Fernandes, a former PhD student at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Imaging researcher Iris Fernandez, who discovered a new method for mapping lunar soil images.

Geophysicist Iris Fernandez, a researcher at the University of Copenhagen who discovered a new mathematical method for mapping photographs of lunar soil.

Lots of missions, lots of photos, but... lacks mathematical rigor

Different missions provide data at very different resolutions, so combining different data sources with different resolutions is a huge mathematical problem. Iris Fernandez and her then supervisor, geophysicist Klaus Mosegaard, did differently, as they focused on the mathematics of the problem, reducing the problem of determining whether an equation could solve the problem.

So it was. It can be said that my supervisor, Professor Klaus Mosegaard, and I have found the mathematical key to a door that has remained closed for many years.

Iris Fernandez mentioned in a statement about his discovery, published on the website university.

It should also be noted that the new approach also requires much less computing power and is much faster than previous methods, according to the researchers.

Image used by Iris Fernandez in her study of mapping photographs of the Moon.

The moon was the first target of exploration

Researchers have demonstrated the technique on the moon. These combined high-resolution images from NASA's LROC camera Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter with lower resolution spacecraft data Lunar orbiter laser altimeter (LOLA), the authors of the article claim to have increased the resolution of the topography from about 60 meters per pixel to 0.9 meters per pixel.

In this follow-up, the authors of the study noted that this method can be applied to extract accurate topographic information about rocks on planetary bodies such as the Moon, Mars, asteroids, and any other worlds for which topographic data is available.

This method can be used to solve a number of different problems, including determining the safety of astronauts and rovers or detecting geological points of interest, and can be applied to images from satellites, rovers, or other spacecraft.

The progress of the investigation is described in an article published on June 8 in the journal Planetary and space science.

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‘My power is really low’: NASA’s Mars Insight rover prepares to launch from the Red Planet

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NASA Lander InSight He has delivered what may be his last message from Mars as he embarks on a historic mission to uncover the secrets of the Red Planet’s interior.

In November, the space agency warned that the probe could be running out of time as dust continued to condense and stifle InSight’s power.

“Spacecraft power generation continues to decline as windblown dust accumulates on solar panels,” NASA said in a statement. Update November 2. “The end is expected to come in the coming weeks.”

message shared NASA The InSight Twitter account tweeted on Monday: “My power is very low so this might be the last photo I can upload. Don’t worry about me: my time here has been productive and uneventful. If I can keep talking to my mission team, I will—but I will.” Subscribe here soon. Thank you for staying with me.”

My power is very low, so this might be the last photo I can upload. But don’t worry about me: my time here has been productive and uneventful. If I can keep talking to my mission team, I will, but I’ll sign here soon. Thank you for staying with me. pic.twitter.com/wkYKww15kQ

— NASA InSight (@NASAInSight) December 19, 2022

A geologist robot armed with a hammer and a seismograph first reached the barren expanse of Elysium Planitia in November 2018.

Since then, she has carried out geological excavations, taking the first measurements of earthquakes with a high-tech seismometer placed right on the surface of Mars.

Last month, the solar-powered car released an update to remind us of its time in space.

“I was lucky to live on two planets. Four years ago I made it safely to the second one, much to the joy of my family at first. Thanks to my team for taking me on this journey of discovery. I hope I can be proud of you.”

According to the published mission, Insight has measured more than 1,300 seismic events since it was published, and more than 50 of them had signals clear enough for the team to extract information about their location on Mars. Results.

The probe’s data also provided detailed information about Mars’ interior, liquid core, surprisingly variable remnants beneath the surface of an extinct magnetic field, climate and seismic activity.

old for Its launch in 2018NASA Chief Scientist Jim Green said the mission was “fundamental to understanding the origins of our solar system and how it became what it is today.”

NASA will not declare the mission complete until Insight confirms the arrival of two spacecraft orbiting Mars that are relaying their information back to Earth.

In 2018, the veteran rover announced the capabilities end of his 15 year stay Sending an incomplete photo of the Valley of Perseverance.

A severe dust storm darkened the sky around the solar-powered rover, shattering the sun and leaving behind a dark image with white spots due to camera noise. The transmission is interrupted before the complete image can be transmitted.

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What’s new on February 7, 2023

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OnePlus 11 5G Buds Pro 2 evento

Being very close companies, OPPO and OnePlus have decided to create a new partnership, with the latter being a pioneer in the market. It has become the representative of the best smartphones in the group, and this will be seen very soon.

Proving this, OnePlus has announced that it will have news soon. The following brand assets will be announced on February 7, 2023. We are talking about OnePlus 11 5G and Buds Pro 2.


In recent years, OnePlus has been showcasing new hardware in an attempt to find a new place in the market. The brand has not always seen its full potential, betting on mid-range or entry-level smartphones.

The situation is changing, and the novelty will go on sale in early 2023, February 7. It is on this day that the new OnePlus 11 5G will be presented with all the expected news. We definitely have the new Qualcomm Snapdragon 8 Gen 2 SoC here. There's still 16GB of storage left and 256GB of onboard storage.

OnePlus 11 5G Buds Pro 2 events

It is expected that he will receive a 6.7-inch OLED display with a resolution of 1440p and a frequency of 120 Hz. In the field of photography, we will have an important change: a 50 MP main camera, a 48 MP ultra wide-angle camera and a 32 MP telephoto lens with 2x zoom. For selfies and video calls, you'll have a 16-megapixel camera.

The photography partnership with Hasselblad will continue with OnePlus for fine-tuning and some additions. This alliance has brought important results for the best smartphones of the brand, guaranteeing the best photos in any situation.

OnePlus 11 5G Buds Pro 2 events

In addition to the new OnePlus 11 5G, another brand new feature is also expected to arrive at the event. We're talking about the Buds Pro 2, which are solidifying an audio commitment that's becoming more of a reality. The brand promises "rich stereo quality sound with crystal clear clarity".

Stays like this marked by the beginning of February, another important novelty will enter the market. OnePlus wants to reclaim its place, and that will be the brand's bet for years to come. OnePlus 11 5G and Buds Pro 2 take the first step in this direction.

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New POCO Smartphone Seen in Certification May Debut Soon

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New POCO Smartphone Seen in Certification May Debut Soon

According to information provided by Mukul Sharma, the unidentified POCO device can be identified by the model number 22127PC95I. Due to the fact that it was first seen online, the marketing name of this equipment is still a mystery.

POCO has not launched new mobile devices, including smartphones, to the market for some time now. On the other hand, several POCO smartphones such as POKO X5 and X5 Pro have been spotted on various certification sites, suggesting that the company will release these products soon. Today a new smartphone from the sub-brand xiaomi has been spotted on the BIS India website but the device does not have a name or any other details associated with it.

According to information provided by Mukul Sharma, the unidentified POCO device can be identified by the model number 22127PC95I. Due to the fact that it was first seen online, the marketing name of this equipment is still a mystery. It is possible that it will debut as a mid-range smartphone. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) website, other than the model number of the smartphone, does not provide any additional information about the device. However, this seems to indicate that the product will be available in the Indian market very soon.

In other related news, POCO X5 5G has recently been seen on several certification sites including SIRIM in Malaysia, BIS in India and the US FCC. According to various sources, it is possible that this is a renamed or modified version Redmi Note 12 5Gwhich was recently released in China.

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It is supposed to be equipped screen 6.67″ AMOLED display with 120Hz refresh rate and chipset Snapdragon 4 Gen 1 inside. Can run MIUI 13 based on android 12 and have LPDDR4x RAM in addition to UFS 2.2 storage. The front camera is rumored to be 8MP while the main rear camera will be 48MP with 2MP depth. May have the ability drums 5000 mAh and 33W fast charging support.

In addition POCO X5 Pro 5G has recently been seen on various sites dedicated to certification. The battery is said to have a capacity of 5000 mAh and can charge at 67W. It will come with MIUI 14 preinstalled and will support n5, n7, n38, n41, n77 and n78 network bands. 5G.

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