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How Asia’s richest woman lost half her fortune in a year

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How Asia's richest woman lost half her fortune in a year

60 minutes / YouTube

For years, Yang Huiyan’s fortune has been at the center of headlines, comments, and calculations outside of China.

Yang Huiyan, who is only 41 years old, is not only the richest woman in her country, but also the most the richest in all of Asia.

FROM inherited a real estate empire from his father over ten years ago, his fortune continues to grow. But in 2022, everything changed: last year it suffered a real decline.

According to Bloomberg Billionaires Index calculations, Yang saw his net worth drop more than 52% last year.

In 2021, Bloomberg estimated the fortune of a business woman at about $33.9 billion (about 33 billion euros), which fell to around $16.1 billion (about €15.7 billion) in July last year.

Economic analysts saw this not only as a grim sign of the state of the Chinese housing market, but also as a serious warning that The future of the world’s second largest economy.

This comes as the country’s real estate sector has been hit hard by falling home prices, declining buyer demand and a bad debt crisis that has affected some major property developers since 2020.

The situation has reached the point where some banks ran out of moneywhich caused protests in some cities of the Asian country.

And although Yang remains the richest woman in Asia, her position has begun to falter.

Yang is followed by chemical fiber entrepreneur Fan Hongwei, who also has an estimated net worth of around $16 billion, according to Bloomberg.

But who is Yang Huiyan and how did he make one of the biggest fortunes in the world?

heiress

Born in 1981 in Shuntak, a district of Foshan City, Guangzhou Province, in southern China, Yang is the daughter of one of the richest people in the Asian country: Yang Guoqiang.

Raised in one of China’s most influential families, she received an excellent education and was sent to the United States at the time of youth. In 2003, he graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at The Ohio State University.

Returning to China, he inherited from his father in 2007. most actions Country Garden Holdings, China’s largest real estate company.

Founded in 1992 in Guangzhou, Country Garden Holdings has been successful since its Hong Kong IPO and has raised about $1.6 billion, about the same as Google’s since its 2004 US IPO.

Although Yang is known for staying out of the public eye and living a low key lifestyle, center of countless headlines inside and outside of China.

One of the most high-profile cases occurred in 2018, when legal documents known as the “Cyprus Papers” were leaked and revealed that he had obtained Cypriot citizenship in 2018, despite China not recognizing dual citizenship.

Problems

Chinese market researchers describe Yang as a creative woman with business acumen.

In June last year, the International Hospitality Institute recognized it in its ranking the most influential people in the global hotel industry.

However, his business was already showing signs of weakness.

The situation in the real estate market in the country since 2020 has become more complicated not only because of the coronavirus pandemic, but also because the Chinese authorities tried to curb over-indebtedness in real estate.

This resulted in large builders facing payment struggles and forcing them to renegotiate a contract with your creditors.

The crisis worsened when Evergrande, the most indebted Chinese real estate company, defaulted on its dollar-denominated bonds in late 2021 after months of liquidity problems.

Since then and this year, several other major groups, including Kaisa and Shimao Group, have also applied for creditor protection.

The crisis has escalated in recent weeks after news of a “buyers’ strike” after thousands of people stopped paying their mortgages due to the delay in starting construction work on the houses. Due to the delay in the delivery of houses, companies did not start receiving mortgage payments on time.

All this led to the fact that Zagorodny Sad, which felt good in the first months of the pandemic, also faced liquidity problemto such an extent that last July he had to sell shares at a discount of almost 13% to raise funds.

And the long-term picture doesn’t look good for Young, his fortune, or the company he represents.

In a July report last year, ratings agency S&P estimated that real estate sales in China may fall by a third this year because of the mortgage strikes, a collective movement in which buyers decided to put mortgage payments on properties that were behind schedule.

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Meanwhile, Capital Economics, an independent London-based economics research firm, predicted that “without sales, many other companies will fail, which is financial and economic threat“for China.

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Economy

Do you want to apply for a home loan? Banks will limit the maximum amount they are allowed to lend to 30%

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Do you want to apply for a home loan?  Banks will limit the maximum amount they are allowed to lend to 30%

The increase in Euribor rates will limit the maximum amount banks are allowed to lend, and cuts could be around 30% as early as next month, Público reported on Monday. Debt reduction will also particularly affect those with lower incomes or less savings, who, subject to current regulations, will be required to guarantee at least 10% of the purchase price of the property, in addition to transaction costs. .

The duration of contracts, limited by the age of persons at the time of applying for a loan, is another factor that makes it difficult to access new loans. According to Eupago’s modeling, a loan intermediary, a couple aged 30 with a net monthly income of 1,800 euros, without inheritance or other loans, could receive a loan of 226 thousand euros in January last year, payable at the age of 37. . But a rate hike of 2% would mean that the same couple would only be able to fund themselves by 163,500 euros in September – 28% less. If the increase in Euribor reaches 2.5%, a value that can be reached next month, the amount will drop to 154.2 thousand euros.

The reasons? First, the increase in Euribor rates associated with most new home loans in Portugal, as well as the limits imposed by the Bank of Portugal since 2018 (when Euribor rates were negative) to limit the risk of household over-indebtedness. Banco de Portugal should not change the formula for calculating DSTI with a 3% increase, but says it is monitoring the situation. “As a macroprudential body, it monitors macroeconomic and financial developments and will continue to monitor compliance with the recommendation, as well as promote changes to it, always with the aim of improving its effectiveness,” the regulator told the daily newspaper.

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DHL with ‘great difficulty’ invests $50 million in Lisbon

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DHL with 'great difficulty' invests $50 million in Lisbon

Portugal could be a “much bigger gateway” for DHL’s business than it is today, said Dinheiro Vivo, CEO of DHL Express John Pearson, on the sidelines of the 2022 Trade Growth Atlas launch in Brussels, noting that there are business opportunities in the country’s largest distribution and logistics group in the world. However, the group has been trying “for years” to set up a new logistics terminal in Lisbon, but to no avail.

“We have been trying for many years with the ANA and the airport administration to create a new infrastructure, I think we are close to this. Our planes,” he emphasizes. DHL has grown “very fast” and has a “very healthy business with a very high market share” in Portugal, with good prospects “especially in the consumer segment”, which Pearson said could create “more terminals and jobs”.

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Economy

Iran cut off internet access… Elon Musk will give connection

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Irão cortou o acesso à Internet... Elon Musk vai dar conectividade

As we reported hereThere was a massive internet outage in Iran yesterday during a series of mass protests against the government.

After this action, Elon Musk posted a message on the social network Twitter, from which it follows that he is already activating his Starlink satellite network to allow Internet access in this country.

Elon Musk: Outfit [rede] Starlink for Internet access for Iranians

Iranians are facing massive internet shutdowns due to anti-government protests. Loss of connectivity, preventing access to platforms such as Instagram and WhatsApp, makes it difficult to organize demonstrations as well as share information about government crackdowns.

Elon Musk wasted no time and was quick to point out on Twitter that he was "helping [rede] Starlink...", in response to another message also posted on the social network Twitter by US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, in which he revealed that the White House had given permission for Internet companies to provide their services to Iran.

Iran cut off internet access... Elon Musk will give connection

He recalls that the protests in Iran began on Friday last week after it became known about the death of 22-year-old Masha Amini after being detained by the Vice Police for wearing a veil placed in a way that agents considered wrong.

State television IRIB reported 26 deaths in clashes with police. The Iranian government has severely restricted internet access, and in recent days, mobile networks have been switched off from 9pm to morning.

On Thursday, the US sanctioned the Vice Police for the death of a young woman and seven security sector leaders for cracking down on demonstrations.

It should also be noted thatIranian citizens are banned from accessing Facebook, Telegram, Twitter and YouTube, despite the fact that many bypass these restrictions through a VPN.

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