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Fiesp publishes a manifesto for democracy and deepens Bolsonaro’s political isolation

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Josue Gomes da Silva, President of Fiesp. Photo: Wilson Diaz/Agência Brasil

“In the year of the bicentenary of independence, we reaffirm our unwavering commitment to the sovereignty of the Brazilian people, expressed by vote and exercised in accordance with the Constitution,” reads the businessmen’s document, entitled “In Defense of Democracy and Justice,” with the support of more than 100 organizations

The São Paulo State Federation of Industry (Fiesp), chaired by businessman Josue Gomes da Silva in Defense of Democracy, published this Friday (5th), states that those who “sign this act reaffirm their unwavering commitment to the institutions and the ground rules Democratic rule of law, constituting the sovereignty of the Brazilian people”.

“In the year of the bicentenary of independence, we reaffirm our unwavering commitment to the sovereignty of the Brazilian people, expressed by vote and exercised in accordance with the Constitution,” the document says. “Democratic stability, respect for the rule of law and development are essential conditions for Brazil to overcome its core challenges. This is the main point of September 7 this year,” reads the document, which has received the support of more than 100 civil society organizations against Bolsonaro’s coup threats to the Brazilian electoral process and judiciary.

Signatories to the Fiesp letter include the Industrial Development Research Institute (Ied), the American Chamber of Commerce (Amcham), the Brazilian Federation of Banks (Febraban), FecomercioSP, and the Fernando Henrique Cardoso Foundation. Industry unions, trade unions, the Brazilian Society for the Promotion of Science (SBPC), the National Union of Students (UNE), USP Universities, PUC, Unesp and Unicamp, as well as associations of economists, are also signing the document in defense of democracy. , lawyers, health and human rights professionals.

“The civil society actors and citizens who signed this act emphasize the role of the Brazilian judiciary, in particular the Federal Supreme Court, the main guardian of the Constitution, and the High Electoral Court, which conducted our elections with complete safety and efficiency. and integrity, which is internationally respected, and by all magistrates, recognizing its invaluable role throughout our history as a force to pacify differences and serve as an example for the defense of fundamental rights.

The letter will be read at one of the events that will take place at the Faculty of Law of the University of Sao Paulo (USP) on 11 August. On the same day, “Letter to Brazilians and Brazilians in Defense of a Democratic State and Law” will be published.

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Read the full Fiesp manifest below.

FOR DEMOCRACY AND JUSTICE

In the year of the bicentenary of independence, we reaffirm our unwavering commitment to the sovereignty of the Brazilian people, expressed by vote and exercised in accordance with the Constitution.

As the centenary approached, the modernists, together with Semana de 22, launched a cultural movement that, by pointing the way to art with Brazilian characteristics, helped shape a truly national identity.

Today, we are again called upon to identify paths that will strengthen our path to the will of our people, which is the highest independence a nation can achieve. Democratic stability, respect for the rule of law and development are important conditions for Brazil to overcome its core problems. This is the biggest value on September 7 this year.

Our democracy has repeatedly proved its reliability. In less than four decades, it has faced deep crises, both economic, with periods of recession and hyperinflation, and political, overcoming these ills with the strength of our institutions.

They were strong enough to guarantee the execution of governments from different political spectrums. Not succumbing to the litany of those who go beyond the reasonable limits of constructive criticism, it is our institutions that continue to guarantee the civilizational development of Brazilian society.

It is important that the authorities of the Republic – executive, legislative and judicial – independently and in concert promote the necessary changes for the development of Brazil.

The civil society organizations and citizens who signed this act underline the role of the Brazilian judiciary, in particular the Supreme Federal Court, the main guardian of the Constitution, and the Supreme Electoral Court, which conducted our esteemed elections with complete safety, efficiency and fairness. … at the international level and to all magistrates, recognizing his invaluable role throughout our history as a force to pacify differences and an authority for the protection of fundamental rights.

To all those who perform noble legal functions in the country, we express our respect at this time when fate requires balance, tolerance, courtesy and a vision of the future.

We want to have a prosperous, just and solidary country, guided by republican principles, expressed in the Constitution, which we all bow down, confident in the supreme will of democracy. He is strengthened by the union, reforming what needs to be corrected, and not destroying; laying down hopes for a proud and peaceful Brazil, without dampening them with slogans and disagreements that threaten the desired peace and development.

All who sign this act reaffirm their unwavering commitment to the institutions and fundamental rules of the democratic rule of law, which constitutes the sovereignty of the Brazilian people, which, on the symbolic date of the founding of legal courses in Brazil, August 11, we must celebrate.

Sign the manifest:

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Brazilian Academy science

Paulista Law Academy

Paulista Academy of Literature

Amnesty International

Association of Lawyers and Public Lawyers for Democracy

Association Article 19

Brazilian Association of Medical Device Manufacturers (ABIMO)

Brazilian Association of Instant Coffee Producers

Brazilian Association for Personal Care, Perfume and Cosmetics

Brazilian Association of Infrastructure and Major Industries

Brazilian Association of Communication Agencies

Brazilian Association of Biscuit, Pasta and Industrial Bread and Cake Manufacturers

Brazilian Association of Generic and Biosimilar Manufacturers

Brazilian Association of Vegetable Oil Producers

Brazilian Association of Labor Lawyers

Brazilian Association of Economists for Democracy

Brazilian Press Association

Sao Paulo Bar Association

National Association of Associations of State Revenue Officers

National Association of Directors of Federal Institutions of Higher Education

American Chamber of Commerce

Brazilian Trade Union Center

Brazilian Workers’ Center

Single work center

Brazilian Center for Analysis and Planning

Brazilian Center for International Affairs

Center for Public Policy Debate

Center for the Study of Labor Relations and Inequality

Center for Public Leadership

Brazilian Engineering Club

Black Coalition for Rights

Arnes Commission on Human Rights

Democracy Defense Committee

Connect Human Rights

National Council of Institutions of the Federal Network of Professional, Scientific and Technological Education

Democracy under control

Brazilian Federation of Banks

São Paulo State Federation of Industry

Federation of Trade in Goods, Services and Tourism

National Complementary Health Federation

Union strength

Brazilian Public Safety Forum

National Anti-Racist Front

Fernando Enrique Cardoso Foundation

Greenpeace

Group “Torture Never Again”

Brazilian wood industry

Akatu Institute

Brazilian Institute of Criminal Sciences

Brazilian Institute for Research on Competition, Consumption and International Trade

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Brazilian Institute of Consumer Policy and Law

Black Women’s Institute

Institute of Financial Law

Institute of Cultural Studies

Institute for Industrial Development Studies

IInstitute for Health Policy Research

Peregum Black Reference Institute

Institute of Brazilian Lawyers

IInstitute of Lawyers of Sao Paulo

Ethos of the Institute

Mariel Franco Institute

Institute of Mobility and Social Development

Pro Bono Institute

Socio-Ecological Institute

ISous da Paz Institute

Vladimir Herzog Institute

Advocacy defense movement

Central Union of New Workers

Sao Paulo Bar Association

Covenant for democracy

National thought on business fundamentals

Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo

Teachers for Democracy – FGV/SP

Central public server

Political Action Network for Sustainable Development

Rede GIFs

Union of the abrasive industry – SP

Sindisel

Union of stone-powder, porcelain-faience ceramic industry / joint venture

Union of Dental, Medical and Hospital Products and Equipment Industries

Beverage Union of the State of São Paulo

Union of Enterprises for the Processing and Processing of Flat Glass and Crystal/JV

Jaú Footwear Association

Union of fiberboard and chipboard manufacturers of the State of Sao Paulo

Union of the industry of electrical conductors, drawing and laminating non-ferrous metals / joint venture

Union of the Special Textile Industry of the State of São Paulo

Pharmaceutical Industry Union

Union of Producers of Corn, Soybeans and Their Derivatives in the State of São Paulo

Sao Paulo Furniture Industry Union

Union of Producers of Limestone and Derivatives for Agricultural Use of the State of São Paulo

Union of Sanitary Ware Manufacturers of the State of Sao Paulo

Union of Perfume and Toiletries of the State of São Paulo

Union of Hospitals, Clinics, Laboratories and Medical Institutions of the State of São Paulo

Union of Teachers of the Federal District

Industry Union Lamps Electrical Appliances São Paulo State Lighting

Industrial Union Marble Granites State São Paulo

National Union of the Naval and Marine Construction and Maintenance Industries

National Union of the Instant Coffee Industry

Brazilian Society for the Development of Science

Everything for education

General Union of Workers

National Student Union

University of Sao Paulo

Campinas State University

Paulista State University

World Wildlife Fund

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Politics

The guest list for Moraes’ TSE inauguration has political resonance.

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published on 18.08.2022 06:00


(Credit: Antonio Augusto/Secom/TSE)

The guest list for the inauguration of Minister Alexandre de Moraes as President of the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) still resonates in the political arena. More than 2,000 people attended the court ceremony, cheering the magistrate’s speech in defense of the Brazilian electoral process and democracy.

For political scientists, the presence of the political, legal and diplomatic elite at the ceremony was a sign of support for electoral justice, in contrast to the attacks of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL) and his supporters. In his speech, Moraes stressed the credibility of electronic voting machines and said that the result of the election on the same day as the election is “a cause for pride”.

The TSE President also stated that the interference of justice in the elections will be minimal, but will not allow abuse of the right to freedom of speech. However, Bolsonaro, who was present at the ceremony, did not approve of the chorus and remained motionless during the moments of applause.

Through social media yesterday afternoon, the minister once again defended Brazilian democracy. “The TSE ceremony symbolized respect for institutions as the only way to grow and strengthen the Republic and the strength of democracy, as the only political regime where all power comes from the people and which should be exercised for the good of the people,” Moraes wrote.

The inauguration was accompanied by STF ministers, former presidents, politicians, 13 ministers from the Bolsonaro government and 40 ambassadors, as well as 22 governors, the Attorney General of the Republic, Augusto Aras, and other government officials. At the same ceremony, Minister Ricardo Lewandowski was sworn in as Deputy.

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Political scientist André Rosa emphasizes that the presence of government officials is commonplace, but this event brought symbolism. “Obviously, the inauguration will be attended by the president and former presidents of the republic. But, in fact, if Bolsonaro was not present at this meeting, it would be very bad and an insult to democracy. It is also important to note that when Alexandre de Moraes speaks in support of the elections, everyone applauds except Bolsonaro,” he said.

For Nahue constitutional lawyer and political scientist Bernardo de Azevedo, the ceremony had several meanings. “Firstly, it shows the firm support of the figure of the minister himself, which may be decisive for his imposition of himself on the TS. At the same time, it supports the strong statements of the minister in defense of the electoral system. , which took on a strong tone and which, in other contexts, would be little more than a footnote in any news story about the event,” he noted.


first meeting

During his first appointment as President of the TSE, Alexandre de Moraes met yesterday with the Presidents of the 27 Regional Electoral Courts (TRE). The judge stressed that he would be open to dialogue. “We are absolutely open to everyone. Alone, TSE does nothing. The TSE works together with the regional electoral courts and with all election judges,” he said.

Moraes has already said he will not let his guard down during the election period. The TSE already has a plan ready to hold the October elections with the least possible disturbance and prevent justice in case of extreme scenarios.

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In a meeting with TRE, he said it was extremely important that preventive action be taken together on Election Day. Discussions also included fighting disinformation, working with security forces, training poll workers, and changes to ballot box distribution.

The minister will command selective justice during the most troubling elections since the country’s redemocratization. He will be tasked with ensuring the fairness of the voting system, as well as dealing with the untimely behavior of Jair Bolsonaro, who claims without evidence that the previous elections were rigged.

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Evangelists are at a political peak and single out Michelle and Janya – 17.08.2022 – Poder

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Evangelists are at a political peak and single out Michelle and Janya - 17.08.2022 - Poder

With a thumbs up, the pastor of the Assembly of God in Botukatu (SP) warns that anyone who votes for Lulu (PT) is “not worthy of the Lord’s Supper.” The best thing such a believer can do is to refrain from eating bread and drinking from a cup (usually grape juice), which is a symbolic recognition of Christ’s sacrifice, he says.

“He said there in the Sarawah circle when he got popcorn on his head that ‘the demons are bothering me now’. Do you have the courage to say that you will vote for such a person?” The religious leader refers to a video from 2021 showing PT participating in a candomblé ritual. Lula never claimed to have been possessed, but walks around evangelical churches with a quote taken out of context. He said, in fact, that “Bolsonarists on social media” spread “that the devil cares about me.”

Opponents conjure up a narrative of Lula’s collusion with darkness after the first elections in newly democratized Brazil, when evangelicals began to gain prominence in the elections. The segment now reaches, in this year 2022, polarized between PT and Jair Bolsonaro (PL), the pinnacle of its political activity, in a confrontation in which the first lady Michelle Bolsonaro and the sociologist Rosangela da Silva, Giagna, Squid’s wife.

The emergence of this Christian bloc in politics began in the Constituent Assembly, which formulated the Constitution of 1988. The first evangelical pew was formed there, which, in his own words, gave a “biblical ablution” to the chairman of the Constituent Assembly, Ulisse Guimarães.

“Brother, vote for brother” Josue Silvestre, a parliamentary councilor associated with another Assembly, God’s, dates back to that time. The book summarizes the new evangelical Zeitgeist: “The believer votes for the believer, because otherwise he cannot claim to be a believer,” wrote Sylvester.

“Evangelical leaders, especially Pentecostals, took advantage of the context of democratic openness to invest in political activism,” says Ricardo Mariano, a USP sociology professor who coined the term “neo-Pentecostals” in his master’s thesis in the 1990s. “Since the 1970s, pastors have been harassed by candidates who, when elected, often broke their promises. This, they said, encouraged them to nominate their own candidates.”

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Churches began, in Mariano’s words, to “strategically resort to the victimized fate of a persecuted religious minority, declaring the urgent need to protect religious freedom, Christian morality, and their own interests from attacks by perceived enemies through the election of church representatives.”

An example of a leap year when a pastor backed Lulu against Fernando Collor in 1989, Silas Malafaia says that as a child he heard pastors preach “that politics and television are the work of the devil.” He quotes the biblical passage “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s” to explain why “I could not, thinking with my buttons, understand the reason for this.”

As a televangelist he worked “to give political consciousness to evangelists”. The old pastoral guard, in the words of today’s Bolsonarist Malafay, “only preached heaven and eternal life, as if we were not in an earthly context.”

Fake old news, re-released in 2022, is the idea that PT will close churches. Already in the 1989 elections, there was talk that Lula would do this if she won in collusion with the Catholic Church to eradicate the religious freedom of the evangelicals.

On the eve of the first round, the faithful of the Catholic Church sang “devil on a tightrope, let’s collorir, let’s collorir” at a vigil led by Bishop Edir Macedo, who wore a shirt with the name Collor.

The one wearing the shirt in 2010 was MP Marco Feliciano (PL-SP). It read: “I am a Christian and I vote for Dilma.” In the service, he made a mea culpa: “Like a parrot, I repeated: PT is going to close the churches in Brazil. […] Eight years ago, Lula was a demon. But Lula was chosen and not a single church was closed.”

Feliciano and Macedo were with Dilma Rousseff in an argument that was won by PT. Today, the Episcopal Church is campaigning that the Christian Left is an anomaly, and the MP reiterated that the PT is a threat to churches. Closing temples during the pandemic for health reasons helped inflate this “Lula risk.”

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Feliciano justifies his change of position as follows: PT is “committed to the principles of identity” and one way to silence churches is to shut them up. He says he thinks in the PT government, “laws that prevent pastors from saying that homosexuality is a sin, or that force believers into same-sex ‘marriages’ will swarm.” Lula’s campaign shows no signs of this happening.

Playing with moral pride is a resource that paid off for Bolsonaro in 2018,” recalls Ricardo Mariano. The pastors accused Fernando Haddad, the PT presidential candidate “participating in the anti-PT wave”, of being “an agent of cultural Marxism, a culture of death.” [aborto] and gender ideology,” he says.

In this election, the Catholic Bolsonaro has put an evangelical woman at the forefront of his campaign, whom he married in 2013 with Malafaia’s blessing. Michelle is seen as a more sugary antithesis to the president’s rugged image, which would be well liked by women, 58% of evangelical voters and her husband’s electoral wing. And it turned out better than the order, according to the allies.

The first lady can speak the language of the evangelists, said Apostle Cesar Augusto, leader of the Fonte da Vida church. “She does not pretend during the campaign, as we see with many politicians. We know the difference between authenticity and pretense.”

Malafaya repeats the good impression. “Michelle is known for being a woman, an evangelist who knows how to position herself, looks good,” she says. “And after seeing her husband being killed, like a macho who can’t stand a woman, my friend, a woman has panache, she began to open her mouth.”

Janja, on the other hand, is PT’s bet to lure female voters into a duel between two men who have entered the popular imagination as “macho goats.” However, pastors from the Bolonarist orbit believe that the sociologist has a religious responsibility.

Not only does she exude an image of an independent woman that brings her closer to the feminism rejected by many evangelicals, but she also posted a photo of herself posing next to images of orishas from Afro-Brazilian religions. Here’s how he signed it: “I miss white and twists, turns, turns…”.

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Michelle herself played a recording of the Candomblé leaders showering Lulu with popcorn. But not because of religious tolerance: the video associates this religion with darkness.

Lula’s headquarters is trying to run after Bolsonaro to prevent Bolsonaro from further distancing himself from the former president in an evangelical field that represents 1 in 4 voters.

Lula tested vaccines against a minefield that had been prepared for him to avoid regaining the evangelical voices that once belonged to him, like when he said at the start of his campaign that Bolsonaro was “demons-possessed.” He also brought Pastor Paulo Marcelo to his team, who allied with PT and was a member of the Gideões Missionários da Última Hora, a Pentecostal congress that put forward names like Feliciano, with whom he is friends to this day.

Paulo Marcelo defends a tactic now resurfacing in PT members’ speeches: reminding evangelists that Lula did a lot of good for the group, such as when he approved the law that established the March for Jesus National Day. The former president, he said, also deserves credit for better times. “The question is very simple: what has improved in your life? How much income did your church have at the time of Lula and Dilma, and how much do you have today?”

Something was already recommended in 2013 by Marcello Crivella, nephew of Edir Macedo, who at the time was Dilma’s Minister of Fisheries. At an event with pastors, today’s Bolsonarian Crivella stated: “The President said: We are no longer going to exploit the people. And when there is more money, the evangelical people are not the people who go to the boutique to buy branded clothes. people do? He goes to church more because he can afford the subway and train. He gives more offerings, more tithes, more charity.”

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Where are blacks and women in Rio de Janeiro candidates?

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Where are blacks and women in Rio de Janeiro candidates?

A poll conducted with Electoral Court candidate registration data found that since the start of self-declaration of race in 2014, this is the year with the most black candidates (black and brown) participating in the electoral process.

In 2022, 49.49% of people applying for political office declared themselves black, up 2.95% from 2018. However, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, the national scenario is not repeated.

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According to the website of the Higher Electoral Court (TSE), Rio de Janeiro has registered a total of 2,726 candidates for the general election to be held in October. There are a total of 1,268 blacks, representing 46.52% of the candidates, and 1,381 whites, representing 50.66%.

For the President of the Board of Trustees of the Brazilian Institute of Social and Economic Analysis (Ibase) and member of the Black Coalition for the Rights of Vania Sant’Anna, Rio de Janeiro is developing, albeit at a slower pace.

“It is important to say that the state of Rio de Janeiro has always nominated and elected black men and women who are also competitive in the polls – for positions on the council, in the allergen. [Assembleia Legislativa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro] and the Chamber of Deputies. Benedita da Silva, Jurema Batista, Carlos Alberto Cao Oliveira, Edmilson Valentim, Edson Santos, Marcelo Diaz. And many others who were not elected, but showed a strong response in the elections, as, for example, in the case of Lelia Gonzalez, ”comments the historian.

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More: SC and SP are the only states where only whites will run for state governments.

According to Vaniya, the memories of the path traveled by all these political leaders inspire black youth to become more active in the electoral process, running for public office. However, according to the activist, it is important that political parties also take responsibility when presenting a structure of representative candidates for the Brazilian society.

“Political parties must do their part to strengthen black activists who are focused on fighting racism, discrimination and eradicating racial inequality in Brazil. The figure is surprising to many, but blacks make up the majority in the country, don’t they? So it makes sense that this percentage is at that level. The question arises, given this profile, what will be the results of the polls, ”he reflects.

women in politics

In terms of women’s participation in politics, the figures for the state of Rio de Janeiro are very close to the national figures, which show 67% of male candidates and 33% of female candidates.

In Rio, according to the TSE, 68%, i.e. 1856 of the names registered for participation in the general elections, are men and 32%, i.e. 870, are women.

Read more: Among the 70 richest candidates for governor, there is only one woman, in 30th place

Compared to 2018, the participation of women increased by 1%. This year, as in 2018, there are more black women in the state of Rio than whites. In total, 449 black candidates submitted registrations to the electoral court, and 392 registered women who declared themselves white.

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However, the number of white women and 24.8% of black women registered as candidates is down 28.47% from four years ago.

Source: BdF Rio de Janeiro

Editing: Mariana Pitass

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