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The great intelligence of the octopus and its similarity to the human brain

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The great intelligence of the octopus and its similarity to the human brain
Octopus
The molecular basis of octopus cognitive abilities continues to be studied.

Octopus is an exceptional organism with an extremely complex brain and unique cognitive abilities among invertebrates.

No, it’s kind of an animal has more in common with vertebrateshowever, the evolutionary cause of his intelligence and the molecular mechanisms that determine it are still under study.

new studypublished in a magazine BMK Biologyshows that The neural and cognitive complexity of the octopus can be traced back to a molecular analogy with the human brain..

The work is the result of a collaboration between International Higher School of Advanced Studies (CISSA), Trieste, and Anton Dorn Zoological Station of Naples (SZN) that Italian Institute of Technology (dark side) Genoa.

Chava: “jumping genes(jumping genes)

The sequencing of the human genome showed in 2001 that over 45% of it is made up of sequences called transpositions.. Known as ‘jumping genes‘, are DNA sequences that can move from one point of the genome to another: using the molecular mechanisms of “copy and paste” or “cut and paste” they can be duplicated or mixed.

In most cases, these moving elements are idle. Sometimes because over generations, they accumulated mutations that deprived them of the ability to movesometimes because, although their sequence is not broken, the cell uses defense mechanisms that block them and make it impossible for them to move.

“It was already known that the octopus genome is rich in transposons, but a potentially active element in these animals has never been found.”
Remo Sanges, director of the SISSA Computational Genomics Laboratory.

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The investigation shows that the same “jumping genes” are active both in the human brain and in the same organ of two species of this invertebrate: common octopuscommon octopus and Octopus bimaculoidesoctopus from California. According to experts, this discovery may help to understand the secret of the intelligence of these amazing organisms.

Your relationship with memory

Among the various types of transpositions that exist, the most represented in the human genome are those that belong to a family called LINE, inclusions of long nuclear elements (de Long intermittent nuclear elements).

Traditionally, LINE’s activity has been considered a relic of the past, a legacy of the evolutionary processes in which these moving elements participated. But in recent years, new evidence has emerged showing that LINE activity in the human brain is finely regulated.

actually they especially active in the hippocampus, the most important structure of our brain for neural control of learning processes. This evidence has led many scholars to believe that they associated with cognitive abilities such as memory.

important conclusion

The discovery was made possible by modern sequencing techniques, which made it possible to analyze the molecular composition of active transpositions in the nervous system of the octopus.

According to Giovanna Bridge from the zoological station of Anton Dorn, the vertical lobe is a brain structure that, in the octopus, is the seat of learning and cognitive skills.as well as the human hippocampus.

octopus intelligence
Octopuses are very good at different types of complex learning, but their level of intelligence is hard to measure.

Octopuses and humans are the only organisms in which the expression of LINE elements has been observed in the lobes of the brain. that control cognitive abilities.

The octopus brain in many of its features is functionally similar to the brain of mammals.

Second Stefano Gustinicfrom the Italian Institute of Technology, and Giuseppe Petrosinofrom the zoological station of Anton Dorn, this The similarity between man and octopus, which shows the activity of the LINE element in the origin of cognitive abilities, can be explained as a fascinating example of convergent evolution.the phenomenon in which two genetically distant species develop the same molecular process independently in response to similar needs.

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WhatsApp already has a native Windows app that works offline with your smartphone – Computers

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WhatsApp already has a native Windows app that works offline with your smartphone - Computers

WhatsApp already offered a Windows application based on the Internet browser format, but smartphone is required to be online at all times in order for the messaging app to work. A new version of WhatsApp has been released that runs natively on Windows and promises to be faster and more secure for users. The app was in beta, but you can already access the final version for Windows.

The new application has been developed and optimized for use in the Windows operating system environment. And in addition to increasing the response speed, when sending and receiving messages, it intends to be more secure. But the main feature of this special application is that you can continue to receive notifications and exchange messages even when your smartphone is offline..

See the gallery for images of the PC application:

Installing an application that you can access from Window, requires you to complete the same pairing process via the smartphone app. So, once installed on Windows, you should access WhatsApp on your smartphone, click on the three dots of options, and click on connected devices.

BUT The Windows app will provide a QR code that you need to scan with your smartphone to connect the system to your account.. From there, you can use the Windows app without a smartphone. You users can now connect four devices at the same time to your account, keeping messages encrypted.

WhatsApp says that native application for Mac operating systems is still in developmentbut users can already access the beta version, with instructions for accessing which can be found at statement.

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Transferring data from Android to another can be easy with MobileTrans. See how to do it!

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Transferring data from Android to another can be easy with MobileTrans.  See how to do it!

Post content. More and more cell phones have a short lifespan, which means that device switching is a common occurrence for most people. What is little discussed are the difficulties that arise from there. You had everything set up nicely on your old phone, but now what?

There are many alternatives for transferring data from one cell phone to another according to the needs of the user. Most of them are difficult, and there are even completely unsafe ones, which further complicates the whole process.

To help you with these problems, in this text I will talk a little about a program called MobileTrans. With it, you can easily back up and transfer all kinds of data from one mobile phone to another.

What is MobileTrans?

MobileTrans is a program available for Windows and macOS that offers features for saving your data and transferring it between different devices. This includes transfer data from android to androidfrom Android to iOS, from mobile phones to PC, etc.

With MobileTrans, you can backup and transfer more than 18 types of data such as photos, videos, images, music, chats, and even apps. On mobile phones, it works for both the Android operating system and the iPhone.

In addition, the program provides security without deleting data from the original device or formatting the device. Its ease of use allows even people who are not used to dealing with such programs to use it with ease.

How to transfer data from Android using MobileTrans?

If you need to transfer data from an old mobile phone to a new device, this text is for you. Here I will teach you how to send data from one Android device to another using MobileTrans very simply and quickly. Come on!

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Step 1: Download MobileTrans

The first step is to download MobileTrans. This can be done on the program’s website through a free trial. Be careful to choose the correct version according to your computer’s operating system.

As soon as the program is downloaded, you will notice the presence of a file with the name “mobiletrans” and the extension “.exe”. Click on it, follow the instructions on the screen and wait for the installation to complete. The process takes only a few seconds.

Step 2: Run the program

Once the program is installed, you will run it. This can be done automatically (by clicking the Start button after installation) or manually by finding the MobileTrans icon. on your computer desktopthen double click and the program will open.

Step 3: Choose Options

Once you open the app, look for the “Mobile Phone Transfer” option that will appear at the top of the program between “WhatsApp Transfer” and “Backup & Restore”. You will then see new options about the possible types of data transfer.

For our purposes in this text, you can choose the option “from mobile to mobile”. Despite this, it can be said that you can also import data from a computer to a mobile phone (and vice versa) or even connect to iCloud (Apple’s mobile phone cloud).

Step 4: Connect mobile phones

The next step is to connect two devices: the one that contains the data you want to transfer, and the one that will receive it. This must be done using USB cables connected to the computer. follow up the need for authorization requested by smartphones so that there are no problems with the USB connection.

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Step 5. Transfer Details

As soon as you connect cell phones, they will be identified by the program. Pay special attention to their position in the “source device” and “target device” fields and click the “invert” button if necessary. It is very important!

Before you start, you must select (in the center column) what content you want to transfer from one mobile phone to another. Options include photos, contacts, SMS, voice mail, videos, call logs, notes, voice messages, calendar, and reminders.

It may be necessary to adjust some details according to the specific devices, but MobileTrans does a great job of helping users every step of the way when needed. data transfer from one mobile phone to anotherso that you have no doubts in the process. Follow the instructions and click “Start” to transfer.

Step 6: Finishing

After selecting the options and starting the transfer process, just wait. The time will depend on the number of files being copied, so in some cases you will need to be patient. In all cases, no more than a few minutes will be spent.

It is very important that you do not turn off cell phones during the transfer, otherwise the data will be corrupted. You won’t lose what you have on your old phone, but you will need to redo all the steps in the process.

And it’s all! Very simple, right?

With MobileTrans, you never have to worry about the bureaucracy and hassle of switching phones again. Follow the instructions in this guide and in the program itself and enjoy your new phone!

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Taking over the world with BTS: Samsung releases music video at Galaxy Unpacked 2022 | SEGS

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Taking over the world with BTS: Samsung releases music video at Galaxy Unpacked 2022 |  SEGS

Sao Paulo, Brazil – August 15, 2022 – Global pop phenomenon BTS is at the forefront of the music scene – and by dominating Galaxy Unpacked 2022, the group has the opportunity to please the world once again.

During this year’s Galaxy Unpacked, Samsung Electronics unveiled two never-before-seen films featuring BTS in iconic public spaces in five major cities: New York’s Times Square, London’s Piccadilly Circus, Seoul’s COEX, Tokyo’s Shibuya, and Berlin’s Kudamm. .

The first video, “Galaxy x BTS: Explore Your World with Z Flip4”, explores the new possibilities that the Galaxy Z Flip4 5G* has to offer. The video, which featured BTS’s “Yet To Come (The Most Beautiful Moment)”, celebrated Samsung’s new purple color and showed a future full of potential and opportunity. The second video was a new version of the clip “Over the Horizon 2022 by SUGA of BTS”, a retelling of the song dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the iconic Samsung ringtone.

With this grand new campaign, Samsung is telling its users loud and clear: no matter what the future brings, when we dream big, our best moments are yet to come.

Samsung invites you to watch and enjoy these videos. At any of the points where the videos were presented, simply scan the QR code on the billboard and your smartphone will automatically play the music in sync with the screen of the hall.

Relive the magic of this event by viewing photos from the world premiere below, and check out more news from BTS and Galaxy Unpacked on Samsung’s official YouTube channel.

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* Enabled for 5G technology. Actual speed may vary by country, carrier, and user environment. Check with your carrier for availability and details. Download and streaming speed may vary depending on content provider, server connection and other factors.

Buy Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.

Samsung inspires the world and shapes the future with revolutionary ideas and technologies. The company is reimagining the world of TVs, smartphones, handheld devices, tablets, digital equipment, network systems, memory, LSI systems, semiconductor and LED solutions. The latest news can be found in the Samsung News section at https://news.samsung.com/br.

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