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Manuscript of the century. XVIII with data from the Portuguese Inquisition found in Israel – Observer



Manuscript of the century.  XVIII with data from the Portuguese Inquisition found in Israel – Observer

An 18th-century Portuguese manuscript detailing the activities of the Portuguese Inquisition has been discovered by the National Library of Israel, which has digitized it and made it available online, the institution said on its Facebook account. Twitter.

it A rare document that collects information on hearings and executions for more than 100 years. cruel actions of people accused of practicing Judaism and other “sins”.

According to The Times of Israel, the Central Archives of the Jewish History Library published on Wednesday 60 page document written in Portuguese.which mainly reports on public hearings and executions that took place between 1540 and 1669, most of them in Lisbon, called autos da feu, and which were carried out by the Catholic Church.


The manuscript was found in the archives of this library.

The victims described in the documents were mostly Jews who had recently converted to Christianity and were accused of practicing their Jewish customs, but there were also “traditional Christians” found guilty of acts of “sodomy, bigamy, possession of forbidden books, and sacrilege” . “, the library said in a statement, quoted by the newspaper.

The Portuguese Inquisition was created in 1536 following the Spanish Inquisition, which had existed since the last quarter of the 15th century, which forced Jews to cross the border to escape religious persecution and atrocities, and after forced conversions had already taken place in the country. natural Jews and refugees, as well as their children.

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Hearings and executions continued for more than two centuries and were considered acts of penance for the accused.

The public executions, which drew large crowds, included large bonfires where the authorities burned alive the so-called sinners after being tortured, according to the verdicts of the so-called Tribunal of the Holy Office.

Israel Archives director Yochai Ben-Gedaliah said the rare discovery “sheds new light on the realities of a difficult chapter in Jewish history” and on the strict nature of the Catholic Church’s observance of rules.

“We hope that the newly discovered document will help scientists better understand this fascinating and complex period of history,” he added.

The manuscript details the autos da fé, including the number of victims, dates, locations, and even the names of the priests involved in the public executions.

The Portuguese Inquisition was officially abolished in 1821, more than half a century after the last known execution in which a Jesuit priest was accused of blasphemy, regarding the 1755 earthquake as divine punishment.

The humanist Damian de Gois in the 16th century and the priest António Vieira in the 17th century were among the individuals persecuted or opposed by the Inquisition.

Although the Portuguese Inquisition was abolished in 1821, it lost power in the second half of the 18th century, especially under the influence of the Marquis de Pombal, who claimed to oppose its methods, considering them to be actions “against Christian principles”, despite the fact that he used them . in the Tavoras trial, as the historian João Lucio de Azevedo emphasized in The Marquis of Pombal and His Time.

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Starting in 2015, Portugal and Spain announced that anyone who could prove their descent from Sephardim — Jews expelled from the Iberian Peninsula by the Inquisition in 1492 — could apply for citizenship.

In 2020, the Portuguese Parliament approved the annual Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Inquisition, which takes place on March 31st.

The National Archives of Torre do Tombo holds tens of thousands of files from almost 300 years of the Inquisition in Portugal.

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Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.



Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.

Method Media Bermuda will present the documentary FABRIC: Portuguese History in Bermuda on Thursday, December 29 at the Underwater Research Institute of Bermuda.

A spokesperson said: “Method Media is proud to bring Bermuda Fabric: Portugal History to Bermuda for its 5th and 6th showing at the Bermuda Underwater Observatory. In November and December 2019, Cloth: A Portuguese Story in Bermuda had four sold-out screenings. Now that Bermuda has reopened after the pandemic, it’s time to bring the film back for at least two screenings.

“There are tickets For $ 20 – sessions at 15:30 and 18:00. Both screenings will be followed by a short Q&A session.

Director and producer Milton Raboso says, “FABRIC is a definitive account of the Portuguese community in Bermuda and its 151 years of history, but it also places Bermuda, Acors and Portugal in the world history and the events that have fueled those 151 years.

“It took more than 10 years to implement FABRIC. The film was supported by the Minister of Culture, the Government of the Azores and private donors.

Bermuda Media Method [MMB] Created in 2011 by producer Milton Raposo. MMB has created content for a wide range of clients: Bermuda’s new hospital renovation, reinsurance, travel campaigns, international sports and more. MMB pays special attention to artistic, cultural and historical content.

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Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.



Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.

Maestro Filipe Cunha, Artistic Director of the Philharmonic Orchestra of Braga, has been invited to conduct the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra, as announced today.

According to a statement sent by O MINHO, “he will be the first Portuguese conductor to conduct this orchestra in its entire history.”

In addition to this orchestra, the maestro will also work with the Lyceo Mozarteum de la Habana Symphony Orchestra.

The concerts will take place on 4 and 12 March 2023 at the National Theater of Cuba in Havana.

In the words of the maestro, quoted in the statement, “these will be very beautiful concerts with difficult but very complex pieces” and therefore he feels “very motivated”.

From the very beginning, Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 2 will be performed by an Italian pianist (Luigi Borzillo), whom the maestro wants to bring to Portugal later this year. In the same concert, Mendelshon’s First Symphony will be performed.

Then, at the second concert, in the company of the Mexican clarinetist Angel Zedillo, he will perform the Louis Sfora Concerto No. 2. In this concert, the maestro also conducts Tchaikovsky’s Fifth Symphony.

“This is an international recognition of my work. An invitation that I accept with humility and great responsibility. I was surprised to learn that I would be the first Portuguese member of the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra. This is a very great honor,” the maestro said in a statement.

“I take with me the name of the city of Braga and Portugal with all the responsibility that goes with it, and I hope to do a good job there, leaving a good image and putting on great concerts. These will be very special concerts because, in addition to performing pieces that I love, especially Rachmaninov and Tchaikovsky, I will be directing two wonderful soloists who are also my friends. It will be very beautiful,” concludes Filipe Cunha.

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