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Lira speeds up government projects with 1-minute session and rule change – 07/21/2022

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Lira speeds up government projects with 1-minute session and rule change - 07/21/2022

Since the beginning of his term, Chamber President Artur Lira (PP-AL) has set a pace of work capable of accelerating the processing of projects supported by his political group and the government of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL). . This tune has led to changes in the statutes of deputies, the use of working groups instead of temporary committees, and lightning-fast meetings lasting several minutes and opening only for the countdown of the deadline.

In the first half of 2022, there were six deliberative meetings (in which projects are voted on) lasting less than 15 minutes, which is rare (there were three last year). In 2020 and 2019, when the Chamber was led by Rodrigo Maia (PSDB), there was one each year. Eduardo Cunha completed five in less than 15 minutes between 2015 and 2016.

One of these short sessions took place passed July 7 and lasted only a minute. The goal was to speed up the vote PEC (Proposed Constitutional Amendment) AIDS. In addition to the short duration, the event was also held at an unusual time: at 6:30 in the morning. Only 65 out of 513 deputies were present.

At 6:31 a.m., House Vice President Lincoln Portela (PL-MG), who was responsible for opening the meeting, announced: “There is nothing more to discuss, I close the work,” despite the protests of some of those present. Portela recalled that another meeting on this issue would be held in the morning.

Unlike bills, PEC are proposals that amend the text of the Brazilian Constitution and are not subject to veto or presidential approval. What Congress accepts will immediately amend the Constitution.

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They have a stricter and slower course of action precisely so that there is enough time for a detailed discussion of changes and for these debates to be reflected in civil society, since changes can affect the lives of all people to one degree or another. citizens.

All this was caused by a pandemic, when the rules changed a lot from hour to hour. It was an exceptional moment. But on the way back, some characteristics remained, and this can harm the House institutionally.
Graziella Testa, USP Doctor of Political Science and FGV-DF Professor

Experts say that haste in the legislative process is common in the country, especially in state assemblies and municipal councils, but speeding up consideration of important projects undermines democratic rites.

“In the name of negotiation, which is often out of the view of the average citizen, the Legislature is not fulfilling the expected aspects of its functions of holding discussions, including those involving,” says USP Doctor of Political Science and CEO Humberto Dantas, spokesman for the Conscious Vote movement. “.

Lira, in turn, says that all decisions made at the plenary meeting fit into the regimental norms. “The change in the method of voting was adopted by the decision of the act of the Presidium.”ad referendum“It is also provided for in the regiment,” the message says.

For Chamber of Deputies Minority Leader Alencar Santana (PT-SP), Lira’s tactics are “bad” for Parliament.

What the government is interested in is in regimental incidents with a change in the rules of the game almost during the match and in its last minutes.
Alencar Santana (PT-SP), House Minority Leader

“The processes and logic of the legislature are perverted in light of what was originally thought to be parliamentary response to representativeness, diversity, different currents of thought,” says Dantas. “This gives us the impression that it interferes with the interests of those who want flexibility. Autocratic decisions, infinitely more fluid than democratic decisions, but they are also indisputable.”

set of obstacles

Five months after taking office as President of the Chamber, in 2021, Lira fulfilled a campaign promise: with the support of a majority of deputies, he approved a change in the charter to reduce the so-called “obstruction kit” – tools provided for in the regiment used to postpone or even prohibit voting on projects , mostly from the opposition.

The change of regiment was a request from parties in the base of the government who allegedly wanted to speed up the coordination of projects. The amendment abolished the provisions concerning the extension of the session and the reduction of the speech time of deputies when discussing drafts.

At the time, Lyra defended the changes on social media. “We had a regiment created in 1989, which had instruments from the times of the military regime, 1972, when there was a bipartisanship,” he wrote.

groups x commissions

Since the pandemic, the Accounts Chamber has also become more active in using working groups to process controversial projects, such as the release of gambling games and the new Criminal Code.

Commissions must necessarily follow the rules defined in the statutes, such as the representation of all parties in proportion to their presence in the Chamber, as well as the procedure for voting on reports. Not in a working group.

The bands began to rise to prominence in 2020, at the height of the pandemic when commissions were suspended, but continued after sanitary regulations were relaxed.

In October of the same year, a meeting was held to create a working group to study the internal regulations of the Chamber of Deputies, consisting of 15 members, of which 7 belonged to the PSL party bloc (currently União Brasil).

Lira has also set up a working group to discuss the adoption of a semi-presidency in Brazil, but says the project should be discussed calmly and only put to a vote in plenary session in the next legislature.

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Politics

FBI search causes political storm and could speed up Trump’s re-election

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FBI search causes political storm and could speed up Trump's re-election

Hours after it was revealed that the FBI raided his residence in Mar-a-Lago, Florida, Donald Trump posted a campaign video on his Pravda social network, fueling rumors that he was preparing to announce his re-election to the presidency.

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Donald Trump says he is a “victim” of the FBI. Republicans talk about political attack

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Donald Trump says he is a "victim" of the FBI.  Republicans talk about political attack

Donald Trump says he is a “victim” of the FBI. Republicans talk about political attack

After the FBI ransacked the home of the former President of the United States, early Monday morning Donald Trump, several family members and members of the Republican Party point to illegal police actions and “political persecution.”

“After working and cooperating with the relevant government agencies, this unannounced raid on my home is inappropriate,” Donald Trump said in a statement, accusing Democratic rivals of using the U.S. Department of Justice as a weapon to stop him from doing so. run in the 2024 presidential election.

The children of the former president also spoke out in favor of Trump. Eric and Donald Junior say the FBI’s investigation is worthy of a “third world country” and a “banana republic.”

Former Trump Secretary of State Mike Pompeo believes in a conspiracy against a businessman and political leader: “Overt politicization of the DOJ/FBI is shameful. The Attorney General must explain why these searches delayed justice for 250 years.”

Rep. Ronnie Jackson even says the FBI has “officially become an enemy of the people.”

The FBI is led by Christopher Ray, who was appointed by Donald Trump in 2017. Officially, investigators have not yet commented on the searches, but US media sources indicate that Donald Trump could have taken confidential documents from the White House without permission.

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On political crime and criminal policy – 08.08.2022 – Opinion

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On political crime and criminal policy - 08.08.2022 - Opinion

The escalation of violence that has engulfed the political arena has taken another victim. The birthday party, which had former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) as its theme, ended tragically after a political antagonist intruded and fired a gun, killing the birthday boy. A police spokesman in the case said it was not a political crime.

And how is a murder with a clearly political motive not a political crime? Sometimes there are such things in the law: it has its own logic. This “magic” created by the codes is not always pleasant, but this time we must give a justification to the law.

Attributing a crime to a political one is not limited only to the motivation of the perpetrator, but also to the actual or potential consequences of the action. Thus, it takes a crime to endanger national sovereignty, democracy, territorial integrity, or the head of any of the Union powers. The gruesome murder may have been politically motivated, but the perpetrator’s intended consequences were limited to the party and its members.

There is no rule relating exclusively to political motivation; thus, this type of motivation corresponds to the concept of abomination, which, in the language of criminal law, is a particularly heinous and heinous crime. Since murder qualifies as hooliganism, the crime is punished more severely. Thus, there is no political crime, but there is a crime in politics.

Besides the issue of the infamous crime in politics, there is another dimension, much more complex, that deserves attention: the politics of crime.

The aggressor was reportedly traveling with his wife and child when he fell out with his political opponents. He left them both safely and returned for a rematch. From the killer’s point of view, he was definitely not a killer, but a patriot or some sort of hero against a villain.

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The Manichaean understanding of life, projected into politics, allows for family conflicts, broken friendships, and even marriages, which have been widely reported. Exposing yourself as the bearer of absolute truth allows you to confront the enemy as a hero who must defeat the villain. This kind of absolute contraction is characteristic of religions whose dogmas are guided by love, mercy and tolerance.

Politics, on the other hand, has other dogmas, as it is a stage for disputes over power and ideas. Presenting oneself as the holder of sacred truth outside the religious scene is usually the fuel for the generality of historical atrocities. The politics of crime is born only in the absence of minimum cultural and educational standards, replacing persuasion with knowledge.

There is no other way to suppress criminal politics than to reconsider one’s own convictions, to make room for listening to the opinions of others, no matter how much one wants to convince the other of one’s opinions. In politics, as in science, belief is the worst enemy of consensus, and without a minimum of consensus, there is no nation, only a handful of people shooting at each other.

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Articles published by subscription do not reflect the opinion of the newspaper. Its publication is intended to stimulate discussion of Brazilian and world issues and reflect the various currents of contemporary thought.

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