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Jornal de Leiria – If Mickey Mouse were Portuguese

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Jornal de Leiria - If Mickey Mouse were Portuguese

As we approach the date of 95 years since the first reveal of the famous Mickey Mouse by The Walt Disney Company in 1928, in a short film Steamboat WillieThere has been much discussion about the early release of this iconic character to the public, which will take place on January 1, 2024.

In the light of United States copyright law, and in accordance with the most recent amendments (last amended in 1998, which granted an additional 20 years to all valid copyrights, which opponents “affectionately” called Mickey Mouse Protection Act), the Walt Disney Company’s copyright on this mythical work of his is about to expire, 95 years after it was first published in the aforementioned short film.

But… what if Mickey Mouse was Portuguese?

Our Copyright and Related Rights Code (CDADC) provides that “copyright in a work originally attributed to law abiding citizen expires 70 years after its first publication or disclosure law“. It just so happens that the CDADC immediately stipulates the situation of an exception to this general rule for legal persons, concluding the aforementioned premise as follows: “(…) except if individuals who created it were identified in versions of the work available to the public.”. In this situation, the term of copyright is calculated individually by referring it to the sole creator, that is, in accordance with the general rule of Article 31 of this Code that “Copyright expires (…) 70 years since the death of the intellectual creator“.

Well, not many people know (because of his close association with Walt Disney), but designer Ub Iwerks is responsible for the existence of the coveted Mickey Mouse. This is the authorship that is effectively and specifically identified at the beginning of the short film. Steamboat Willie at 0:11 seconds, where the following mention can be read in significant size: “Walt Disney comic Ub Iwerks“.

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So it turns out that maybe Mickey Mouse would be “better” to be Portuguese…

After all, since designer Ub Iwerks was positively identified as the creator of Mickey Mouse in a piece that was available to the public, it would only expire in this way in Portugal, 70 years after his death. Since that fateful day was July 7, 1971, “Portuguese Mickey Mouse” will only become public domain in 2042. – the year following the 70th anniversary of the death of its intellectual creator.

The reality is that even if for several years the American company has been working hard to delay this moment, it will still have to come to terms with the fact that Mickey Mouse will even become public with the passage of the year by 2024. according to local law.

In any case, it is worth highlighting some significant aspects regarding this point. From the beginning, the black-and-white short film only shows the figure of Mickey Mouse. Steamboat Willie will enter the public domain. That is, it is in this version – less elaborate, without the famous white gloves and with a more pointed muzzle, like a “real” mouse. All subsequent variations of Mickey Mouse’s original work will be copyrighted until his 95th birthday.

Finally, it is important to remember that copyright is a type of intellectual property right, but the protection of which can be (and even desirable in most cases) in combination with other types of rights, namely industrial property such as a trademark or industrial design. or model. Naturally, the Walt Disney Company has the designation “Mickey Mouse” duly registered as a trademark in virtually the entire world, owned by it, either alone or in combination with other expressions or images, and even as a figurative mark in various versions of it. the famous little mouse design itself.

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From this point of view, anyone who wants to use the image of Mickey Mouse from 1928 after it becomes public will have a hard time. Also, because in this case, for example, in Portugal, no association with the Walt Disney Company can arise as a result of such use under penalty of unfair competition practices, even if it does not depend on its intention, which, let’s face it, will practically impossible. .

The text is written according to the rules of the 1990 Spelling Convention.

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“The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly”

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"The Portuguese coach has the ability to adapt quickly"

PAulo Fonseca couldn’t have dreamed of a better start to the French Championship, beating Auxerre 4-1.

in an interview provided by the official media of Lillethe Portuguese coach explained what philosophy to apply in the French club this season.

“My philosophy is to have the ball. Dominate games. Make the team play the ball with great dynamics. With a strong reaction when we lose the ball. It’s hard for me when I feel like the team doesn’t have the ball. … be the protagonist of the game and I like to dominate. I have to know what to do with the ball. I have to know how I can find the right moments and spaces to attack,” Paulo Fonseca began.

“Sometimes I pay special attention to central defenders. Not because I was a fantastic player, but because I wasn’t. But I know how they feel at certain moments in the game. Sometimes I pay more attention to some details. went through those moments and those details,” he added.

The coach also named 4-2-3-1 as his preferred tactical system: “It’s a system that we can use against any other system. However, the system is something static only at the beginning of the game. everything is different. It depends on the dynamics of the team. It depends on the movements you want from the team. For me, the initial system is not the most important. More than that, it’s team dynamics.”

When asked what coaches inspired him in his career, Paulo Fonseca pointed to the Portuguese without hesitation.

“Many Portuguese coaches inspire me. I have many names in several fields that inspire me a lot. We have a good coaching school. The federation with this president changed football in Portugal a lot. So many Portuguese coaches around the world. We have the ability to adapt to different countries and different styles of play. I think the Portuguese coach has this ability to quickly adapt to different circumstances,” Paulo Fonseca said, calling Guardiola “an inspiration”. “It’s the best in the world,” he concluded.

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Read also: Lille de Paulo Fonseca starts with everything in the new edition of Ligue 1

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Fernando Pimenta leads a delegation of 23 kayakers at the European Championships in Munich.

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Fernando Pimenta leads a delegation of 23 kayakers at the European Championships in Munich.

Limiano will compete in the K1 500, 1000 and 5000, as well as the K2 1000 with Joao Duarte, with whom he won gold in the World Cup.

The Portuguese canoeing team, which won four medals at the World Championships in Canada, three of them with the participation of Fernando Pimenta, will compete at the European Championships in Munich from 18 to 21 August with 23 athletes.

“If in the most important event of the year we managed to get this amount, we believe that in Europe the canoeing team will continue to delight the Portuguese, like us, in several crews, clear contenders for the podium”, said Lusa, the president of the federation, Vítor Felix .

The nine present in Halifax – seven from the Olympic team and two from the Paralympic team – will be boosted to include the rest of the women’s team, joined by Teresa Portela, as well as the canoe team, for a total of five elements. that Halifax failed.

Paracanoe, who had Norberto Murao’s bronze in VL2, also doubles, competing in Germany with four elements.

Fernando Pimenta is returning to compete in several 500m, 1000m and 5000m events and will be redoubled in his desire to win the gold he failed in Canada.

The Portuguese’s disappointment ran to five hundredths of a second in the K1 1000 and 300 thousandths in the K2 500 mixed in with Teresa Portela, and in the K1 5000 he was forced to give up with a broken rudder while leading the race.

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Limiano will compete in the K1 500, 1000 and 5000, as well as the K2 1000 with Joao Duarte, with whom he won gold in the World Cup.

Also of note is the K2 500 of Joao Ribeiro and Messias Baptista, fifth in the World Championships after gold and bronze in the World Cups, who later joined Emanuel Silva and David Varela in the reorganized K4 500 which was seventh. In Canada.

Teresa Portela will run the K1 200m and 500m finishes sixth and 10th in Halifax, on a team that in Germany will have the experience of fellow Olympians Francisca Laya, Joana Vasconcelos and Hélder Silva.

European canoeing is part of a multi-sport event that brings together nine modalities.

Entry and competition from Portugal to the European Championship in Munich

– 200 meters:

K1 Teresa Portela.

K1 Kevin Santos.

C1 Helder Silva.

C1 Ines Penetra.

– 500 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

K1 Teresa Portela.

K2 Joao Ribeiro/Messias Baptista.

K2 Francisca Laia/Joana Vasconcelos.

K4 Joao Ribeiro/Messias Baptista/Emanuel Silva/David Varela.

K4 Francisca Carvalho/Francisca Laya/Ana Brito/Maria Rey.

C1 Helder Silva.

C2 Marco Apura/Bruno Afonso.

C2 Ines Penetra/Beatrice Lamas.

– 1000 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

K2 Fernando Pimenta/Joao Duarte.

– 5000 meters:

K1 Fernando Pimenta.

C1 Beatrice Lamas.

Paracanoe:

VL2 Norberto Murao.

KL1 Alex Santos.

KL1 Floriano Jesus.

KL2 Hugo Costa.

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Lawyer Rafael Ramos confident in the innocence of the Portuguese

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Lawyer Rafael Ramos confident in the innocence of the Portuguese

Last week, the STJD decided to convict Rafael Ramos for practicing racist slurs. Photo: (Silvio Avila/Getty Images)

As soon as he became aware of STJD’s complaint against Portuguese right-back Rafael Ramos of Corinthians for the racial injury inflicted on midfielder Edenilson of Internacional, the Portuguese player’s lawyer gave an interview, believing in the innocence of his client.

Daniel Byalsky spoke with sports newspaper and on the basis of investigations conducted to confirm that Rafael Ramos’ innocence would be proven: “Existing investigations support Rafael’s vehement denial that he did not commit any racial crime against another player.” innocence will be proven.”

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Last Friday, the auditor of the STJD (Supreme Court for Sports Justice) Paulo Sergio Feuuz, who was in charge of investigating a complaint of racial slurs committed by Rafael Ramos, a right-back for Corinthians, against Edenilson, an Internacional midfielder, concluded that the Portuguese player was found clear signs of racial violations, and filed a complaint with the prosecutor based on article 243-G of the CBJD (Brazilian Code of Sports Justice), which concerns: “the use of discriminatory, disparaging or outrageous prejudice based on ethnicity, race, gender, color, age, an elderly person or a person with a disability”.

In a 2-2 draw, the Colorado player who won the Parque San Jorge accused the Portuguese defender of calling him a “monkey” in an argument about the ball on the turf of the Beira Rio stadium. After the match, the Corinthians player was arrested by police at the scene of the crime, still at Inter’s home, and had to pay a bail of 10,000 reais to be released.

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Penalties foreseen for a player may include a suspension of 5 to 10 matches and a fine of 100,000 to 100,000 reais. Corinthians could be expelled from the Brazilian championship if the violation is considered particularly serious.

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