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Jornal de Leiria – If Mickey Mouse were Portuguese



Jornal de Leiria - If Mickey Mouse were Portuguese

As we approach the date of 95 years since the first reveal of the famous Mickey Mouse by The Walt Disney Company in 1928, in a short film Steamboat WillieThere has been much discussion about the early release of this iconic character to the public, which will take place on January 1, 2024.

In the light of United States copyright law, and in accordance with the most recent amendments (last amended in 1998, which granted an additional 20 years to all valid copyrights, which opponents “affectionately” called Mickey Mouse Protection Act), the Walt Disney Company’s copyright on this mythical work of his is about to expire, 95 years after it was first published in the aforementioned short film.

But… what if Mickey Mouse was Portuguese?

Our Copyright and Related Rights Code (CDADC) provides that “copyright in a work originally attributed to law abiding citizen expires 70 years after its first publication or disclosure law“. It just so happens that the CDADC immediately stipulates the situation of an exception to this general rule for legal persons, concluding the aforementioned premise as follows: “(…) except if individuals who created it were identified in versions of the work available to the public.”. In this situation, the term of copyright is calculated individually by referring it to the sole creator, that is, in accordance with the general rule of Article 31 of this Code that “Copyright expires (…) 70 years since the death of the intellectual creator“.

Well, not many people know (because of his close association with Walt Disney), but designer Ub Iwerks is responsible for the existence of the coveted Mickey Mouse. This is the authorship that is effectively and specifically identified at the beginning of the short film. Steamboat Willie at 0:11 seconds, where the following mention can be read in significant size: “Walt Disney comic Ub Iwerks“.

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So it turns out that maybe Mickey Mouse would be “better” to be Portuguese…

After all, since designer Ub Iwerks was positively identified as the creator of Mickey Mouse in a piece that was available to the public, it would only expire in this way in Portugal, 70 years after his death. Since that fateful day was July 7, 1971, “Portuguese Mickey Mouse” will only become public domain in 2042. – the year following the 70th anniversary of the death of its intellectual creator.

The reality is that even if for several years the American company has been working hard to delay this moment, it will still have to come to terms with the fact that Mickey Mouse will even become public with the passage of the year by 2024. according to local law.

In any case, it is worth highlighting some significant aspects regarding this point. From the beginning, the black-and-white short film only shows the figure of Mickey Mouse. Steamboat Willie will enter the public domain. That is, it is in this version – less elaborate, without the famous white gloves and with a more pointed muzzle, like a “real” mouse. All subsequent variations of Mickey Mouse’s original work will be copyrighted until his 95th birthday.

Finally, it is important to remember that copyright is a type of intellectual property right, but the protection of which can be (and even desirable in most cases) in combination with other types of rights, namely industrial property such as a trademark or industrial design. or model. Naturally, the Walt Disney Company has the designation “Mickey Mouse” duly registered as a trademark in virtually the entire world, owned by it, either alone or in combination with other expressions or images, and even as a figurative mark in various versions of it. the famous little mouse design itself.

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From this point of view, anyone who wants to use the image of Mickey Mouse from 1928 after it becomes public will have a hard time. Also, because in this case, for example, in Portugal, no association with the Walt Disney Company can arise as a result of such use under penalty of unfair competition practices, even if it does not depend on its intention, which, let’s face it, will practically impossible. .

The text is written according to the rules of the 1990 Spelling Convention.

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Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.



Portuguese historical films will premiere on 29 December.

Method Media Bermuda will present the documentary FABRIC: Portuguese History in Bermuda on Thursday, December 29 at the Underwater Research Institute of Bermuda.

A spokesperson said: “Method Media is proud to bring Bermuda Fabric: Portugal History to Bermuda for its 5th and 6th showing at the Bermuda Underwater Observatory. In November and December 2019, Cloth: A Portuguese Story in Bermuda had four sold-out screenings. Now that Bermuda has reopened after the pandemic, it’s time to bring the film back for at least two screenings.

“There are tickets For $ 20 – sessions at 15:30 and 18:00. Both screenings will be followed by a short Q&A session.

Director and producer Milton Raboso says, “FABRIC is a definitive account of the Portuguese community in Bermuda and its 151 years of history, but it also places Bermuda, Acors and Portugal in the world history and the events that have fueled those 151 years.

“It took more than 10 years to implement FABRIC. The film was supported by the Minister of Culture, the Government of the Azores and private donors.

Bermuda Media Method [MMB] Created in 2011 by producer Milton Raposo. MMB has created content for a wide range of clients: Bermuda’s new hospital renovation, reinsurance, travel campaigns, international sports and more. MMB pays special attention to artistic, cultural and historical content.

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Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.



Maestro de Braga is the first Portuguese in the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba.

Maestro Filipe Cunha, Artistic Director of the Philharmonic Orchestra of Braga, has been invited to conduct the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra, as announced today.

According to a statement sent by O MINHO, “he will be the first Portuguese conductor to conduct this orchestra in its entire history.”

In addition to this orchestra, the maestro will also work with the Lyceo Mozarteum de la Habana Symphony Orchestra.

The concerts will take place on 4 and 12 March 2023 at the National Theater of Cuba in Havana.

In the words of the maestro, quoted in the statement, “these will be very beautiful concerts with difficult but very complex pieces” and therefore he feels “very motivated”.

From the very beginning, Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 2 will be performed by an Italian pianist (Luigi Borzillo), whom the maestro wants to bring to Portugal later this year. In the same concert, Mendelshon’s First Symphony will be performed.

Then, at the second concert, in the company of the Mexican clarinetist Angel Zedillo, he will perform the Louis Sfora Concerto No. 2. In this concert, the maestro also conducts Tchaikovsky’s Fifth Symphony.

“This is an international recognition of my work. An invitation that I accept with humility and great responsibility. I was surprised to learn that I would be the first Portuguese member of the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra. This is a very great honor,” the maestro said in a statement.

“I take with me the name of the city of Braga and Portugal with all the responsibility that goes with it, and I hope to do a good job there, leaving a good image and putting on great concerts. These will be very special concerts because, in addition to performing pieces that I love, especially Rachmaninov and Tchaikovsky, I will be directing two wonderful soloists who are also my friends. It will be very beautiful,” concludes Filipe Cunha.

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