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Observer looks at the trajectory of democracy in recent decades – Jornal da USP



Observer looks at the trajectory of democracy in recent decades - Jornal da USP

José Alvaro Moises says that democracy has been losing ground to authoritarian regimes like Bolsonaro’s Brazil for 30 years now.

Professor and political scientist José Alvaro Moises, in this edition of his column, provides an overview of the trajectory of democratic regimes over the past few decades. Three decades ago, according to the definition of a political scientist, the third wave of democratization was noted on the planet, characterized by a complex of anti-authoritarian transformations that arose on the wave of the collapse of the Soviet model. Less than 30 years later, however, the picture has changed, signaling a reversal of earlier democratic expansion and putting liberal democracy on the defensive. More importantly, it signaled the beginning of a new wave of political change, “this time provoking the opposite effect of the previous one, that is, opening up space for the weakening of liberal ideas and principles, and placing at the center of the scenario leaders who seek to establish themselves as guarantors of political regimes of their countries. The observer cites the cases of Russia with Putin, Venezuela with Chavez and Maduro, and Turkey with Erdogan, a trend that also affects European Union countries such as Poland and Hungary, which were previously considered examples of democratization. Europe.

In Latin America, according to Alvaro Moises, in addition to Venezuela Chavismo, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia and, most recently, Brazil with Jair Bolsonaro, “countries that have increased the centralization of power in the hands of the executive branch have limited the powers of parliament in some cases and are the scene of contested elections. , introducing and restricting the freedom of the press and obstructing the actions of the opposition. The current crisis of democracies or their recession concerns situations in which, despite the fact that leaders are elected by popular vote, they are the main actors in the process of gradual erosion of democratic rules and institutions, which changes the format of the current regime.

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The observer continues: “The origin of these new autocracies, unlike in the past, is not classical coups d’état, but a situation in which autocratic leaders begin to break down the structure of constraints imposed by democratic principles. The usual action of autocrats involves the destruction of the autonomy of the judiciary and the institutions of supervision and control, and at the same time the obstruction or complete elimination of the opposition. Alvaro Moises places the current Brazilian government in this scenario. “Bolsonaro is a leader with an authoritarian mentality that belittles basic democratic institutions such as the judiciary, shows disapproval of the principle of separation of powers, and encourages political intolerance among his supporters. In this sense, the president’s attacks on the electoral system, the advancement of the still unproven hypothesis of falsification, sounds like a preparation to challenge the results in case he loses the election. Many analysts call it preparations for a coup that will only be stopped if there is a reaction from democratic institutions and civil society, and if the armed forces behave in accordance with what is written in the Brazilian Constitution.”

The Quality of Democracy
column A The Quality of Democracywith Prof. José Alvaro Moises, broadcast every Tuesday at 8:00 am on USP Radio (Sao Paulo 93.7 FM; Ribeirão Preto 107.9 FM) and on YouTubemanufactured by Jornal da USP and TV USP.


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The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario



The dollar continues to reflect the political scenario

Yesterday, financial agents evaluated the opposite decision of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) regarding the so-called secret budget. In addition, a decision was made by STF Minister Gilmar Méndez to issue an injunction that would exclude the Bolsa Família from the spending cap rule, with investors trying to understand how this measure would affect the processing of the transitional PEC in the Chamber of Deputies. Oh this PEC!!!!

Since he is an exchange investor, any reading that the budget will be exceeded or become more flexible will negatively affect the exchange market, whether through the PEC or in any other way. We will continue with volatility today.

Looking beyond, the US Central Bank (Fed), although slowing down the pace of monetary tightening at its December meeting, issued a tougher-than-expected statement warning that its fight against inflation was not yet over, raising fears that rising US interest rates will push the world’s largest economy into recession.

The currency market continues to react to political news. The voting on the PEC is saved for today. It is expected that it will indeed be reviewed to open the way tomorrow for discussions on the 2023 budget.

Yesterday, the spot price closed the selling day at R$5.3103.

For today on the calendar we will have an index of consumer confidence in the eurozone. Good luck and good luck in business!!

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Andrés Sánchez consults with the Ministry of Sports, but refuses a political post.



The former president of the Corinthians dreams of working for the CBF as a national team coordinator. He was consulted shortly after Lula’s election.

Former Corinthians president Andrés Sánchez was advised to take a position in the Ministry of Sports under the administration of Lula (PT). However, he ruled out a return to politics. dreams of taking over the coordination of CBF selectionHow do you know PURPOSE.

No formal invitation was made to the former Corinthian representative, only a consultation on a portfolio opportunity with the new federal government, which will be sworn in on January 1, 2023.

Andrés was the Federal MP for São Paulo from 2015 to 2019. At that time he was elected by the Workers’ Party. However, the football manager begs to stay in the sport, ruling out the possibility of getting involved in politics again.

Andrés Sanchez’s desire is to fill the position of CBF tackle coordinator, which should become vacant after the 2022 World Cup. Juninho Paulista fulfills this function in Brazil’s top football institution.

The former president of Corinthians was in Qatar to follow the World Cup along with other figures in Brazilian football. During his time in the country, he strengthened his ties with the top leadership of the CBF.

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The EU has reached a political agreement on limiting gas prices – 19.12.2022



Germany sentenced Russian to life imprisonment for political murder by order of Moscow - 12/15/2021
BRUSSELS, DECEMBER 19 (ANSA). European Union countries reached a political agreement on Monday (19) to impose a natural gas price ceiling of 180 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). The main sources of income for Russia and the minimization of the use of energy as a weapon by the regime of Vladimir Putin.

The agreement was approved by a supermajority at a ministerial meeting of member states in Brussels, Belgium, after months of discussions about the best way to contain the rise in natural gas prices in the bloc caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. .

The value set by the countries is well below the proposal made by the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, in November: 275 EUR/MWh. However, the countries leading the cap campaign were in favor of an even lower limit, around 100 EUR/MWh.

Germany, always wary of price controls, voted in favor of 180 euros, while Austria and the Netherlands, also skeptical of the cap, abstained. Hungary, the most pro-Russian country in the EU, voted against.

The instrument will enter into force on 15 February, but only if natural gas prices on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days. In addition, the difference compared to a number of global benchmarks should be more than 35 euros.

Italy, the EU’s biggest supporter of the ceiling, has claimed responsibility for the measure. “This is a victory for Italy, which believed and worked for us to reach this agreement,” Environment and Energy Minister Gilberto Picetto tweeted.

“This is a victory for Italian and European citizens who demand energy security,” he added.

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Currently, the gas price in Amsterdam is around 110 EUR/MWh, which is already a reflection of the agreement in Brussels – in August the figure even broke the barrier of 340 EUR/MWh.

However, Russia has already threatened to stop exports to countries that adhere to the ceiling. (ANSA).

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