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From inexperienced recruits to contractors. Who are the Russians fighting in Ukraine? – Observer

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Vadim Shishimarin is one of the few familiar faces among the thousands of Russian soldiers fighting in Ukraine. 21-year-old native of the small town of Ust-Ilimsk in eastern Russia and not far from Mongolia – sentenced by a Ukrainian court to life imprisonment for committing war crimes – in 2020 he signed a contract with the Russian army, which forever changed his fate.

At the start of the invasion 190,000 Russian military (including Vadim) were mobilized to fight on the territory of Ukraine. Russian President Vladimir Putin thought his troops could conquer Ukraine through a blitzkrieg, but that initial goal failed. There is currently war of attrition in the Donbassand the losses on the Russian side are significant, that the Kremlin is already admitted. The latest estimates by the Kyiv authorities show that about 32,000 Russian soldiers have already died in Ukraine, some of them high ranks in the Russian army.

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“These Nazis don’t speak Russian. It encourages barbarism”: an analysis of José Milhazes and Nuno Rogueiro

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In their usual analysis of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine in Jornal da Noite, SIC columnists José Milhazes and Nuno Rogueiro highlight the withdrawal of troops from Severodonetsk, Lavrov’s statement, and the statement of a Russian neo-Nazi group.

Nuno Rogueiro reports that the soldiers who have already begun to leave Severodonetsk are heading to Lisichansk, the only point in the Luhansk region, which is still controlled by the Ukrainians.

“The withdrawal began yesterday [quinta-feira]continues, apparently without casualties. They managed to get out without being surrounded or captured,” he says.

If in Lugansk the Ukrainians practically no longer offer resistance, then in Kherson they may find themselves in a “situation of superiority” over Russian forces, Nuno Rogueiro believes.

Ukrainian troops came close to Kherson, a port city in the south of the country. Although they have not yet entered, and contrary to what is happening in the Donbass, the ratio of Ukrainian and Russian forces is “1.5 to 1,” the SIC observer explains.

“Ukrainians have a situation of equality or even superiority here,” says Nuno Rogueiro.

José Milhazes highlights Lavrov’s speech, accusing the head of Russian diplomacy of “putting his feet on his hands.”

“Firstly, this suggests that Ukraine’s accession to the European Union does not carry anything fundamental. It goes on to say that the EU and NATO are preparing for war with Russia. Then they look for examples from World War II, compare the EU and NATO with Hitler“, He says.

This is another reference from Russia to the Nazis, but there is a group “which the Russians don’t talk about”Milhazes says.

“There is a Russian neo-Nazi group that has been fighting in the Donbas since 2015, and today a statement spread within the organization itself became known. They admit that during the fighting they commit “stupid things”, and if they do “stupid things”, they must eliminate witnesses who saw what they were doing. Civilians This is nothing but the encouragement of barbarism,” he concludes.

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Bank of Portugal sees risk of falling house prices | Bank of Portugal

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After four months of war in Ukraine and at a time when inflation reaches its highest level in decades, Banco de Portugal (BdP) is raising the tone of its financial stability risk warnings. Among the main risks now is the possibility of a “significant correction in market prices for residential real estate”, a scenario that, if confirmed, could have a direct impact on banks’ balance sheets.

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World’s largest bacteria found in Caribbean swamps

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Scientists have discovered the world’s largest bacterium in a Caribbean swamp, which, unlike most, is not microscopic and can be seen with the naked eye, according to Science magazine.

The thin white thread, about the size of a human eyelash, is “by far the largest bacteria known to date,” said Jean-Marie Folland, a marine biologist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and co-author of the paper citing the discovery. made.

Olivier Gros, a co-author and biologist at the University of the French West Indies and Guyana, discovered the first specimen of this bacterium, named Thiomargarita magnifica, or “magnificent sulfur pearl,” clinging to underwater leaves in the Guadeloupe archipelago in the Caribbean. Sea, 2009

The scientist did not immediately determine that this is a bacterium, due to its surprisingly large size, since these bacteria reach an average length of 0.9 centimeters.

Only more recent genetic analyzes have shown that the organism is a single bacterial cell.

“This is an incredible discovery. It raises the question of how many of these giant bacteria exist in the world and reminds us not to underestimate bacteria,” said Petra Levin, a microbiologist at the University of Washington who was not involved in the study. .

Olivier Gros also found bacteria attached to oyster shells, rocks and glass bottles in the marshes of Guadeloupe.

Scientists haven’t been able to grow it in the lab yet, but researchers say the cell has an unusual structure for bacteria.

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The principal difference is that it has a large central compartment, or vacuole (a cavity in cellular protoplasm), which allows some cellular functions to be carried out in this controlled environment rather than in the entire cell.

“The acquisition of this large central vacuole definitely helps the cell bypass the physical limitations (…) of cell size,” said Manuel Campos, a biologist at the French National Center for Scientific Research who was not involved in the study.

The researchers also noted that they are not sure why the bacterium is so large, but co-author Jean-Marie Folland suggested that it may be an adaptation to help it avoid being eaten by smaller organisms.

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