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Brazilian military in the politics of the 21st century – 06/14/2022

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UOL - O melhor conteúdo

In recent years, the core principles of democracy have been seriously shaken in their foundations and are constantly under attack, struggling to prove their relevance at the dawn of the 21st century.

Mario Vargas Llosa, a hardened liberal who was introduced to Marxism in his youth, argued that the frivolity of politics was one of the symptoms of a greater evil that afflicted modern society.

What big evil is Vargas Llosa dealing with?

Disbelief in the effectiveness of public and private leaders who are unable to find solutions to the problems of democracy.

Strengthening the ideologists of ethereal causes, propagandists of divisive and old theses.

The collapse of the international scenario, which resumes the nationalism that prevailed in the 19th century, which impedes cooperation as an instrument of world development.

This greater evil has affected in the same way the realm of military power in the great democracies.

Older theoretical formulations, such as those of Samuel Huntington (“SOLDIER AND THE STATE”) or Alfred Stepan (“THE MILITARY IN POLITICS”, a title borrowed for this article), which dealt with civilian control of the armed forces, have also cracked in their basis. academic foundations.

The American democratic tradition of mutual respect between civilians and the military, with the independence of the positions of these social bodies, has strengthened over the years, becoming a standard in the Western world.

A recent example of this institutional strength comes from General Mark Milley (Chief of the General Staff of the US Armed Forces), who played a critical role in containing a popular uprising when the Capitol was taken over by supporters of former President Donald Trump.

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However, even in “America” ​​there is growing instability in relations between civilians and the military.

On December 17, 2021, The Washington Post published an op-ed by three retired generals expressing their concern about the bloody conflict, including with the Armed Forces as one of the contenders, in the upcoming 2024 presidential election.

Here in Brazil, the participation of the armed forces in political rantings dates back to the 19th century. During the 20th century they were called to act, with success or failure, at 22, 24, 30, 35, 37, 45, 54, 55, 61, 63 , 64.

In 1985, after a period of military governments, an alignment emerged in the Armed Forces that closed in bowls and sought to professionalize its cadres as a way to prevent politics in the barracks.

In the 2010s, a political scenario shocked the social environment, bringing millions of people to the streets in protest.

These movements have their origin in political, legal and moral deviations, uncovered in countless cases by the professional press.

Part of the population, faced with a discrepancy between what they believed and what was practiced in the national manuals, again thought about the participation of the Armed Forces directly in the political arena.

Renaissance of the 20th century.

It was the so-called “constitutional military intervention”.

Although the military was alleged to have been directly involved in the course of events, they remained committed to constitutional precepts and, even at the urging of moldy vivans camped outside the barracks, did not take on the mission of defiance of the rule of law.

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The few actions that were carried out on the political field by the Armed Forces were aimed only at satisfying the slogan of legality, legitimacy and stability, used as a vaccine against the radicalization of ideas.

Changes in the political scenario were made, as befits a democratically mature country, by the desire of the voters, revealed in the elections in 2018.

The winning government sought support from military cadres to fill areas of federal administration that it said needed an ideological reorientation.

Unfortunately, little by little, a perception of a symbiosis between the government and the armed forces has formed in the public mind, thanks to the large number of military personnel in positions previously held by civilians, as well as statements by the incumbent president that strengthen the emotional connection.

We come into 2022, three months before the elections, with the daily feeling that relations between the powers are on the verge of breaking.

To the necessary balance between the three forces, the theory accepted since the 18th century, one more ingredient would need to be added today to avoid the collapse of institutionalism: the serenity of motivation of leaders with a genuine detachment from position.

Although recent movements in the political arena are not about seeking calm, the Armed Forces, sometimes called upon to moderate major matters (without understanding the wording), cannot fall into the trap of becoming involved in these disputes.

The history of the 20th century shows how fate can be an executioner with a military establishment in these situations.

Experience has shown that it is difficult for the armed forces to take on the role of vanguard of non-institutional groups and then remain on the sidelines when the political goals of those who promoted them have been achieved.

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I trust our military leaders.

They keep the hardships they went through.

They know how difficult it was to restore the public’s trust.

They learned that the siren’s mesmerizing song does not bring good luck.

They would not embark on a gamble that might stain their respected uniforms.

It would be a sad surprise if a movement in this direction were started and received support. institutional military.

This would contribute to the bloody split of society and the fratricidal separation of men and women in military uniform.

I do not believe in such a possibility.

In the last election round, the vote decided the political fate of the country with an ideological shift.

In the next round, only voting will once again decide the fate of Brazilian society.

Peace and goodness!

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The week will be decisive for the political future of Duque and Marcia ConradoFarol de Noticias

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The week will be decisive for the political future of Duque and Marcia ConradoFarol de Noticias

Posted at 11:05 this Saturday (24)

Just eight days before the election, tensions are rising between groups led by Serra Taglia mayor Marcia Conrado and former mayor Luciano Duque. Marcia made a moral commitment to ensure the victory of the PSB candidate Danilo Cabral in the Serra Tagliad and, therefore, to win a lot of votes for her ally, MP Fernando Monteiro.

In fact, the task is not an easy one. In the Instituto Imape/Farol poll, Cabral got 12.7% and Marilia Arraes, backed by Luciano Duque and Sebastian Oliveira, got 37.4%.

Among the issues with the denial is Danilo’s vote to impeach former President Dilma Rousseff. Many have not forgotten. Especially the historical members of the PT, who hold positions in the municipal government, but do not accompany the mayor in a “red-yellow” euphoria. Fernando Monteiro is another problem for Marcia, in the same poll he has half the intentions to vote the candidate Valdemar Oliveira, brother of MP Sebastian Oliveira (read here).

LUCIAN DUKE

Despite the “blows” from people associated with Marcia who took advantage of her government and now support “alien” candidates, Luciano Duque’s position seems more comfortable, but no less tense. The former mayor should have a “super vote” in Serra Talhada, but it is not yet known how the “infidels” associated with the mayor acted, who can, yes; “sabotages” part of the former mayor’s plans. Snooker is like this: what will the Marcia/Duke relationship be like after the election. Place your bets.

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“Never before has a president run for re-election with such a high rejection rate,” the political scientist estimates

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“Never before has a president run for re-election with such a high rejection rate,” the political scientist estimates

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Politic system

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ADI

Senate candidate Alvaro Diaz (Podemos) reiterated that professional work in the Senate is for experienced politicians, not for trainees. The senator’s remark was a response to União Brasil candidate Sergio Moro, who announced that he would create Lava Jato in the National Congress, without knowing, however, the real functions of the senator, i.e., not within the competence of the Senate. Alvaro made the announcement after being asked about voting against a project that would set rules for social media, the so-called “Fake News Law”.

Photo: Pedro France

Fake News I
Alvaro Diaz said the bill, which makes it a crime to finance and spread fake news, was hastily sent by senators to the Chamber of Deputies. Diaz claimed to have voted against approval of the project in 2020, believing that the proposal required a deeper analysis of the topic with more elaborate proposals.

Fake news 2
The senator said the law was “a fine line between free speech and lying” and commented, “Obviously you cannot allow yourself to ridicule and attack people with impunity in the name of free speech. . We are victims, we are victims, of course, I want a good law.”

Beaches of Parana
After the transformation of the edge of the beaches of Cayoba and Matinos, the feeding service of the beaches of Parana is transferred to other resorts in the region. The Galileo Galilei dredge dumps thousands of cubic meters of sand every day onto the sandy strip of the Flamingo Resort, the first just after the Matinos River, next to the Fish Market, and is already changing the face of the region. The work was completed by 45%.

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spring
Spring started this Thursday, the 22nd, and will end on December 21st. According to Simepar, the forecast of dynamic and statistical climate models indicates an increase in the La Niña phenomenon with a probability of 80 to 90%, which will affect the climate in Paraná, similar to what was recorded in August and the first half of September. but shorter,” said Simepara meteorologist Reinaldo Knaib.

PSS
The Municipality of Francisco Beltrao will open registration for the Simplified Selection Process (PSS) on Monday (26). There are 38 vacancies for the formation of a reserve register of temporary activities in various areas and functions. According to the prefecture, classification will be made on the basis of the education and professional qualifications of those enrolled. The notice is now available for review. The registration fee will be 20 reais for all positions and must be paid by bank deposit or Pix. Candidates who are in a situation of social vulnerability can apply free of charge by presenting the Unified Register form.

Cassation
The impeachment trial of former PT adviser Renato Freitas has reached the Federal Supreme Court (STF). Lawyers for Guilherme Gonçalves and António Carlos de Almeida Castro, Kakay, defending PT, filed a lawsuit to try to reverse the impeachment of Renato Freitas and make him eligible to run in this election, as the Paraná Regional Electoral Court (TRE-PR) rejected the PT candidate.

Recurso without TSE
State candidate Moasir Fadel (PSD) has announced that he is already filing an appeal with the Higher Electoral Court (TSE) to guarantee his candidacy in this year’s elections. The announcement came shortly after the decision of the District Electoral Court of Paraná (TRE-PR), which accepted the request to reject his candidacy on the grounds that he was ineligible. “We will calmly convey the appeal to Brasilia. My campaign remains calm and serene. We continue to believe in justice,” he said.

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Emancipation
The municipality of Kambara has completed 98 years of political and administrative emancipation. Deputy Luis Claudio Romanelli (PSD) and Mayor Neto Haggi (MDB) commemorate the date, remembering what made the city stand out. “Cambará is connected to the future and has investments in all sectors,” said the MP. “This is 98 years of history built by the first inhabitants of different nationalities. Kambara is a reference to Parana,” emphasizes Neto Haggi.

indecisiveness
A survey conducted by the Instituto Opinião shows that 83% of those polled said that the choice of a candidate for the Palacio do Planalto is final. In the presidential race, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (Portugal) appears with 45% against Jair Bolsonaro (PL)’s 33%. As for choosing a candidate for federal deputies, out of 2,000 people interviewed by the institute by phone, only 28% said they had chosen a candidate for the chamber of deputies in more than a month.

Write down
The survey was conducted from 18 to 20 September. 2,000 people over the age of 16 were interviewed by telephone in 114 municipalities across the country. The survey has a margin of error of plus or minus 2% with a reliability of the overall survey result of 95%. The poll is registered with the Higher Electoral Court under number BR-09430/2022.

IR return
The Federal Tax Service released this Friday advice on the fifth and final installment of this year’s income tax refund. The lot also includes residual refunds from previous years. On the 30th, the tax office will transfer 1.9 billion reais to 1,220,501 taxpayers. Of this amount, R$ 221,130,324.62 will be paid to taxpayers with legal priority. The rest of the lot will be allocated to 1,159,183 non-priority taxpayers who filed returns for previous years.

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Request
The consultation can be done on the website of the Federal Tax Service. The taxpayer simply clicks on the “My Income Tax” box and then “Consult a Refund”. The consultation can also be carried out in the Meu Imposto de Renda application, available for smartphones on Android and iOS systems.

Accountability
The High Electoral Court (TSE) has identified suspicious transfers worth 605 million reais after reviewing partial campaign accountability submitted by candidates between 9 and 13 September. A total of 59,072 cases of potentially illegal donations or spending were identified, the Electoral Justice said. Now the Ministry of Elections (MPE) must investigate these suspicious cases. A new round of data intersection will take place after the final submission of first round reports, which must be submitted by all applicants by November 2nd.

The column was published simultaneously in 20 newspapers and related portals. Find out more at www.adipr.com.br.

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