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0:59 — Which countries have already surpassed the average Portuguese salary?



0:59 — Which countries have already surpassed the average Portuguese salary?

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) data goes back to 1995. Portugal immediately appears in the list of ten countries with the lowest average salary. There has been no comparative improvement in 25 years. On the contrary, in 2020, the most recent year, Portugal ranked 6th out of 35 countries.

Since 2007, Mexico, one of the few outsiders in the group of members with the lowest wages, along with Chile, has been at the tail of the OECD. The Mexican figure remained flat, between $16k/$17k, while wages in some Eastern European countries, which started from a lower base, generally rose.

In OECD terms, Slovenia, Greece, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are the nine EU member states that in 2000 had an average annual wage equivalent to or less than that of Portugal. Slovenia has long broken away from the Portuguese indicator, and today Slovenes earn one and a half times more than the Portuguese. In addition to Slovenia, there are four other countries in the group where the average wage is already higher (see graph of average wages).


Average annual salary*
In dollars

* OECD countries that are also member states of the European Union (22) and in 2000 the average annual wage was equal to or less than that of Portugal (9). Purchasing power parity at constant 2020 prices

The graph line representing the average wage in Portugal (highlighted in blue) shows that the figure has remained virtually unchanged since 2000. There have been large fluctuations over the years. The rest of the Member States, which started from the same or lower base than Portugal, show clearly upward curves with only occasional regressions during the 2008 crisis. The negative exception is Greece: it outperformed Portugal in 2002 but had a sharp rebound . fell between 2007 and 2013 and has not yet recovered.

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meta de increase the average salary in Portugal by 20% before the end of the legislature, the alignment of the share of wages in gross domestic product (GDP) with the European average is included in the government’s program and was confirmed by the prime minister over the weekend.


average annual salary
and the weight of wages and social contributions in GDP

*COUNTRIES OECD members that are also member states of the European Union (22 countries).
AVERAGE SALARY Purchasing Power Parity 2020 Constant Dollars (OECD 2020)
WEIGHT NOT GDP Rewards and social contributions as a percentage of GDP (Eurostat, 2021)

At the top of the list of countries with the highest average wages, which are 2.4 times higher than Portugal, are the USA, Iceland, Luxembourg and Switzerland.


Average salary in 2020, in dollars

*At purchasing power parities at constant 2020 prices.

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Wall Street opens champagne with Powell’s statements. Nasdaq up 4% – Stock Exchange



Wall Street opens champagne with Powell's statements.  Nasdaq up 4% - Stock Exchange

Wall Street rejoiced after the statements of the President of the US Federal Reserve System (FRS), who admitted the possibility of a slowdown in interest rate hikes back in December.

After Powell’s words, the Standard & Poor’s 500 added 3.09% to 4.080.11 points, ending November, recording the second consecutive monthly increase, which has not been since August last year.

In turn, the industrial Dow Jones ended the day, adding 2.18% to 34,589.77 pointsthus earning a score 20% above the low recorded on 30 September.

The Nasdaq Tech Composite rose 4.41% to 11,468 pointsprolongation of highs for about two months.

Markets have been revitalized Powell’s words. The Fed President acknowledged – in line with the minutes of the central bank’s latest monetary policy meeting – the need to slow down the pace of interest rate increases and pointed to the December meeting as the date when this could happen.

However, Powell stressed that further increases in the base rate should be expected in order to bring inflation to the target level of 2%. “History strongly warns against premature relief [do endurecimento] monetary policy. We will stay the course until the job is done.”

Thus, the market expects that, unlike the last four consecutive increases of 75 basis points, the federal funds rate will rise only 50 basis points at the next US central bank meeting scheduled for December 13 and 14. The key interest rate is now set in the range of 3.75% to 4%.

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Inflation Forces Government to Adjust Pension Increases – Social Security



Inflation Forces Government to Adjust Pension Increases - Social Security

The government has abandoned its pension boost formula, which would have resulted in more than 8% for the vast majority of pensioners, but in light of the commitments it has made, it will have to revise legislation providing that most pensions (up to about 960 euros) rose by 4.43% in January..

The executive branch said that the amount of half of the pension paid in October (corresponding to 3.57% of the annual pension amount), added to the increases determined for January, ensures that pensioners do not live to the end of next year with less liquidity. they would be if the formula (although they have been losing money since 2024).

It turns out that the legislation takes into account not only the dynamics of GDP over the past two years, but also the average inflation, excluding housing, recorded in November, and both of them exceed expectations at the time of the calculations in September.

Latest GDP estimates (confirmed today) indicate an average growth of 4.78%, above the 4.5% considered by the Government. And average non-housing inflation in November was 7.46%, according to the INE’s first estimate, above the 7.1% considered by the executive.

This means that, mainly due to inflation, in the case of the lowest pensions, it may be necessary to add four or five tenths to the government’s forecast of 4.43%, thus bringing the nominal growth in January closer to 4.8%. or 4.9%. The values ​​are not exact, since it is enough to round the average GDP to tenths or hundredths for the output to change slightly. Pension increase at the first pillar yes, round to tenths.

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This is due to the fact that in a normal situation, with growth above 3%, updating pensions to IFRS 2 would correspond to 20% of average GDP (0.96 points) plus the value of the average CPI excluding housing in November (7.46 points), but the Government now removes the amount of the emergency supplement corresponding to the half board already paid in October (3.57 points).

In the case of a pension of 500 euros, for example, an increase of approximately 24.2 euros will be applied. The difference guaranteed by the correction compared to what the government has already announced is 2.7 euros per month.

Similarly, pensions between IAS 6 and 12 could increase by four tenths (in addition to the 4% forecast, to 4.49%) and then, to IAS 12, by 3.5 tenths (to 3.89).

Nothing will prevent the executive branch, which has the majority, from amending its own law. At the proposal of the PS, an amendment to the Law on the State Budget for 2023 was approved, which authorizes the Government to make corrections by its decree.

Negosios has reached out to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MTSSS) for comment and is awaiting a response.

The Social Assistance Index (IAS) will also rise

Although it was announced that the Social Assistance Index (IAS) would rise by 8% next year, the government has not repealed the law which stipulates that this index, on which a number of social benefits depend, is calculated in the same way as the first pillar. pensions: 20% of GDP plus average inflation in the absence of housing at the end of the year (confirmed, this will be November).

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The Department of Labor has already assured Business that it will also update IAS to comply with the legal terms. Thus, if the current figures are confirmed, this figure could increase by about 8.4% instead of the declared 8% to 481.09 euros in 2023.

The IAS depends, for example, on the minimum and maximum amount of the unemployment subsidy, the amount of the social unemployment subsidy and the updated levels of various benefits, including pensions. This should also depend on the RSI value, a legal rule that has been forgotten in recent years.

The news was last updated at 12:49 pm with estimates slightly adjusted for a new average calculated from today’s GDP data. The IAS value has been adjusted to EUR 481.09.

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Waterline of Wall Street and Europe with news from China – Markets in a Minute



Red tide in Europe.  Eurozone interest rates worsen – markets in a minute

Euribor climbs three and six months to new highs in almost 14 years

Euribor rates rose today to new highs since the beginning of 2009 in three and six months and remained at the level of 12 months, but also at the maximum level.

The six-month Euribor rate, most used in Portugal for home loans and entering positive territory on June 6, rose today to 2.442% plus 0.006 points, a new high since January 2009.

The six-month average Euribor rose from 1.596% in September to 1.997% in October.

The six-month Euribor has been negative for six years and seven months (from November 6, 2015 to June 3, 2022).

The three-month Euribor, which entered positive territory for the first time since April 2015 on July 14, also rose today, setting a new high since February 2009 at 1.984% plus 0.030 points.

The three-month Euribor was negative between 21 April 2015 and 13 July last year (seven years and two months).

The three-month average Euribor rose from 1.011% in September to 1.428% in October.

For 12 months, Euribor has not changed today as it was once again set at 2.892%, the same value as on Monday and the highest since January 2009.

After rising to 0.005% on April 12, positive for the first time since February 5, 2016, the 12-month Euribor has been in positive territory since April 21.

The average Euribor rate for 12 months increased from 2.233% in September to 2.629% in October.

Euribor began to rise more significantly from February 4, after the European Central Bank (ECB) admitted that it could raise key interest rates this year due to rising inflation in the eurozone, and the trend accelerated with the start of the Invasion of Ukraine on February 24.

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On October 27, to curb inflation, the ECB raised three key interest rates by 75 basis points, the third consecutive increase this year, after raising three interest rates by 50 basis points on July 21. growth after 11 years, and on September 8 by 75 basis points.

Changes in Euribor interest rates are closely linked to increases or decreases in ECB key interest rates.

Three-, six- and 12-month Euribor rates hit record lows respectively: -0.605% on December 14, 2021, -0.554% and -0.518% on December 20, 2021.

Euribor rates are set at the average rate at which a group of 57 eurozone banks are willing to lend money to each other in the interbank market.


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