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0:59 — Are there fewer obstetricians in Portugal than in other countries?

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0:59 — Are there fewer obstetricians in Portugal than in other countries?

Data from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) show the proportion of gynecologists and obstetricians per thousand inhabitants in the 21 member states of the European Union since 2000.

According to the latest indicator from 2019, Portugal ranks 10th with 0.18 doctors per thousand inhabitants. The Portuguese figure is between Slovenia and Luxembourg, below countries such as Greece, Germany, Austria and Italy, but above 11 other member states such as Finland, Sweden, Belgium, Spain or France. Ireland has the lowest number of midwives per thousand inhabitants: 0.08.

But how many specialists are there in Portugal? In absolute numbers, also in 2019, there are 1,850 obstetricians registered in Portugal. This figure has been continuously increasing since 2000. Now there are 514 more obstetricians in the country than at the beginning of the millennium, that is, an increase of 38%.


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Evolution of the number of obstetricians
in Portugal

The graph below shows another important indicator: it measures the ratio between the number of available gynecologists and obstetricians and the number of registered births. In 2000, there were approximately 11 specialists per thousand children born. Now there are almost twice as many of them, more than 21 specialists.


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Gynecologists and obstetricians
per thousand live swims

The number of doctors in Portugal has increased across the board. In 2000 there were 31,664 doctors, now there are 54,744, more than 23,000 doctors. There are only two years, 2003 and 2012, on the curve of the annual course of doctors (see the graph below), when the growth of obstetricians outpaced the growth of doctors in the country.

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Annual increase in the number of doctors
and gynecologists and obstetricians*

*In Portugal. Express payments

This difference in the growth rates of these professionals leads to a constant weight loss of obstetricians in the total number of doctors available. In 2000, the percentage of obstetricians was 4.2% of the total number of doctors, and now it is 3.4%.


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Weight (%) of gynecologists and obstetricians
in the total number of doctors in Portugal

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Economy

Prices have risen and uncertainty about the future advises saving. Find out how and where

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Prices have risen and uncertainty about the future advises saving.  Find out how and where

CNN Portugal spoke to an economist to see if the country should brace for a recession and put together some savings tips that could help mitigate the effects of a possible protracted economic crisis.

With a war in Ukraine with no end in sight, the times ahead will be challenging. Inflation continues to rise, while fuel, housing and raw materials lag behind. More and more important, though more difficult, is conservation.

Is a recession coming? According to Ricardo Ferras, professor of economics at the University of Lusofon and ISEG researcher, it is too early to talk about this scenario. “We know that the most recent forecasts from international organizations point to a slowdown in the Portuguese economy over the next few quarters. But, at least for now, they don’t see the country going into recession.”

“However, there is a huge unpredictability in the world, so any macroeconomic scenario has a high degree of uncertainty. and investments,” he added.

According to the economist, “a protracted economic downturn will certainly be synonymous with deep destruction of wealth. If household consumption and corporate investment collapse, there will be bankruptcies and layoffs.”

Since the beginning of the year, everything has risen in price and revenues do not keep up with this growth. According to a report by Ricardo Ferras, “Food and drink rose 7.6%” and combined “housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuel prices rose 7.7%.” Only fuel increased by “an astronomical 20%”. And all this within five months.

To try and alleviate these difficult times ahead, CNN Portugal also spoke to Natalia Nunez of Deco’s financial protection team. Despite the difficulties, there are exercises that can be done daily and that can save tens of euros at the end of the month.

From housing, fuel and grocery shopping, here are some of the specialist’s recommendations.

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Public transport or own car?

  • follow public transport user, the main advice is to find the pass that best suits your needs if you are not a Unified Social Pass user. “Sometimes there are municipalities that do some kind of discount for people over 65 or for young people, and people don’t know about it,” recalls Deko;
  • If you live relatively close to work, you can always choose to walk or bike;
  • If you really need to use own car, since there is no public transportation that gives the answer, decide to share the car with other people, whether they are colleagues or friends who work in the same place or in the same area. So you can split the cost of fuel or tolls;
  • Before fill the car, always try to compare prices at different gas stations and choose the one that offers the most affordable prices. O website of the Directorate General of Energy and Prices can help you in this search;
  • Avoid using the car for short distances that can be covered on foot;
  • try to have one economical driving: Avoid aggressive driving, try to maintain a constant speed and do not always accelerate and brake. Keep engine RPM as low as possible by using higher gears to keep RPM low.

Prepare for a trip to the supermarket

According to Natalia Nunez, it is “important for families to know how much they spend on food every month” in order to be able to set savings goals. After this analysis, here are the most practical tips:

  • Make a list before you go shopping. And maybe it’s not a good idea to do it in your head. It’s best to look in your pantry and write down what you really need so you don’t buy items that you end up having to spend or use;
  • Make a meal plan it can also help to create an even more stringent shopping list because you end up only buying what you know you’re going to eat;
  • Set a budget. Do not shop without setting a limit on the amount you are willing or able to spend. According to Natalia Nunez, “it’s important to shop for a while” in order to “be able to see and compare all the prices.” Don’t forget that the cheapest prices are not always at eye level on the shelves, they can be higher or lower;
  • Don’t be tempted by promotions. It is important to have an idea of ​​the original price of the non-promotion product in order to know if advertising is really paying off, even if they are promotions packages;
  • Still in the field of promotions you should be aware of product expiration. This is because it may be useful to take, for example, two detergents, but this does not apply to yogurts. If the deadline is too short, “we run the risk of spending the money”;
  • Don’t go to the supermarket hungry. This is one of the factors that tends to induce the consumer to buy more than he really needs.
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Try to cook as much food as possible at home, trying to avoid food waste.

Is it time to reevaluate your mortgage?

Natalia Nunez reminds us that the most important thing in this area is “to look at the level of our efforts”. providing home loan should not exceed 35% of net profit. “This is the golden rule,” he explains.

If your mortgage payment is about 45% of your monthly net income, you should try to understand if your conditions match those of the market. If this is not the case, you should call the institution where you have a mortgage and try to renegotiate the terms.

You should also check if the spread matches the values ​​that are practiced in the market. As? Running some simulations on banks websites or on Banco de Portugal banking customer portal. These simulators can be used by anyone and are a “good source of condition checking”.

You should also check the amount of insurance associated with your home loan. When applying for a mortgage loan, an agreement is also concluded with an insurance company and, as a rule, people forget to check whether these values ​​are still being adjusted. The rule is the same as for the spread, simulate or contact insurance intermediaries.

What charges do you pay to the bank?

If you have a single bank account that always has a cost associated with it, namely maintenance costs, consider requesting that this account be converted to a minimum banking account. According to Decaux, this is a way to “reduce costs”;

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You may have already wondered if it makes sense to have a savings account. Natalia Nunez believes that she does this only if “it’s not very expensive.” To do this, “we need to seek and negotiate.” However, a savings account remains the most efficient way to save some money.

If you do not have a savings account, you should not do two things: keep the accumulated money in a checking account, that is, in the account that you use every day; or even keep money in an envelope at home.

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Economy

The Bank of Portugal leaves notices. Falling home prices are a risk

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The Bank of Portugal leaves notices.  Falling home prices are a risk

Manuel de Almeida / Lusa

Mario Centeno, Governor of the Bank of Portugal

Banco de Portugal warns of risks and vulnerabilities in the economy that could disrupt financial stability, highlighting, in particular, housing prices, as well as declining household incomes and banking disruptions.

The Bank of Portugal (BdP) semi-annual financial stability report published this Friday presents falling prices in the residential real estate market as one of the biggest risks to financial stability due to “changes in funding conditions”.

The alert that appears when interest rates have risen after several years in the negatives.

“In the context of the recent higher growth in home credit, it is important to ensure that it does not play a decisive role for price dynamics in the real estate market“, notes the BDP.

The institution notes that “despite the uncertainty caused by the pandemic crisis, housing prices “continues to grow in Portugal”what is reflectiondemand for housing from non-residents“And from”supply shortage“.

Thus, it is extremely important that Bank loan Portuguese taxpayers will not affect housing prices, which will lead, for example, to a fall, the supervisory authority points out.

The BDP also rejects the prospect of a significant increase mortgage loan defaultOh, because of rising interest rates.

“Default issues, especially home loans, are closely linked to the labor market, and the labor market has shown a strong resilience that few expected“, – said the head of the BdP Mario Centeno at a press conference.

Centeno adds that forecasts for the Portuguese economy “demonstrate an evolution compatible with the resilience of the labor market, which very positive“.

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Declining household disposable income

The BdP report also warns of the risk of a deterioration in the economic situation of families due to “decline in real disposable income“due to inflationand the impact of higher interest rates on debt service, to which is added uncertainty about the evolution of economic activity and employment.”

The BJP governor says he is not ignoring the fact that the monetary policy normalization launched by the European Central Bank in December 2021 includes an interest rate hike cycle “because very negative interest rates did not create favorable conditions for economic growth and financial stability, especially if they continued for a long time.” However, he points out that it is necessary to ensure that there are “sufficient tools to support this change in the monetary policy cycle“.

companies default

The BdP also highlights the increased likelihood of companies defaulting due to the macroeconomic environment with inflationary pressureas one of the main financial stability risks.

The report states that this default risk is due to the “combined effect financial vulnerability of some companiesincomplete recovery of activity and profitability of some sectors in post-pandemic“, as well as “the current macroeconomic and financial structure”.

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Economy

Will this one? Elon Musk said that the development of Cybertruck is completed

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Tesla Cybertruck Elon Musk design pickup

Introduced in 2019, the Tesla Cybertruck took much longer than expected to hit the market. There are several factors behind this delay, including some issues related to the very design that the brand will use in the final model.

This process now seems outdated due to the information that Elon Musk has revealed. The Tesla CEO assured that the Cybertruck will get closer, taking another major step. So the Cybertruck arrives?


Great news from Elon Musk

Tesla has long been expected to unveil the final form of the Cybertruck. This futuristic pickup truck has been finished so that it can be put into production and then placed on the market for sale to anyone who has expressed an interest in this offer.

Now and in recent interview, Elon Musk revealed the game a little more and revealed the development status of Cybertruck. This one was still under development in terms of design, which is already complete.

Cybertruk design completed

What Elon Musk has to say is good news for everyone waiting for the arrival of this futuristic new pickup truck. It is ready and should soon enter the Tesla production line in Texas, where it should begin production within 1 year.

The changes that Cybertruck will have are already visible in the latest images, where you can already find new elements. We are talking about new rear-view mirrors and windshield wipers, which were not on the original prototype. The door handles are also gone.

Designer pickup Tesla Cybertruck Elon Musk

There may be collection issues.

Despite this good news, there is something that Elon Musk immediately warned about that could lead to Cybertruck entering the market. The lack of electronic components can delay Tesla's processes and thus contribute to the delay of the entire process.

This is great news for those who are waiting for the Cybertruck to arrive. Another important step has been taken and the changes made do not fundamentally change this pickup, while maintaining its futuristic and completely different design.

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