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Russia refuses to negotiate the release of soldiers from the Azovstal steel plant

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“To make the war criminals of Azov the object of political negotiations is blasphemy against the history of 1941,” Russia’s chief negotiator Vladimir Medinsky said on Telegram today, quoted by the Efe news agency.

Medinsky considered it wrong and inappropriate to compare Azovstal with the resistance of the defenders of the fortress of Brest (Belarus) in the face of the advancing Nazi troops.

The Russian negotiator wondered if these Soviet soldiers used human shields, shot civilians in the back, traded civilians for food and medicine, or agreed to be withdrawn to other countries with the promise not to fight the enemy.

Speaking of war crimes, Medinsky is referring to the “genocide,” as he calls it in Moscow, committed over the past eight years by the Ukrainian army against the civilian population of Donbass.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, announcing the Russian “special war” in Ukraine, used the “denazification” of the country as one of the arguments, calling neo-Nazis “bastards”.

Turkey has shown readiness to accept the fighters who are in the steel company in the port of Mariupol (Sea of ​​Azov), among which there will be more than a thousand wounded.

A group of family members of militants, mostly women, went to Turkey to meet with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, in whose country negotiations between Kyiv and Moscow were taking place.

This week, former Ukrainian presidents Leonid Kuchma, Viktor Yushchenko and Petro Poroshenko appealed to the international community to rescue those still standing at the Azovstal plant, where they say a group of civilians still reside.

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In the letter, the former heads of state ask for help “with all available diplomatic resources” to the Kyiv authorities to save the lives of Ukrainian civilians and soldiers whom “Russia is trying to destroy on the orders of [Presidente russo Vladimir] Putin by barbaric methods in the Azovstal complex.

Although Putin has ordered an end to the attack on the unit, Ukrainian officials say the bombing is proceeding intensively.

According to a Mariupol deputy on Telegram, Russian soldiers used white phosphorus bombs in the fight for control of the city in the Donetsk region.

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Bank of Portugal sees risk of falling house prices | Bank of Portugal

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After four months of war in Ukraine and at a time when inflation reaches its highest level in decades, Banco de Portugal (BdP) is raising the tone of its financial stability risk warnings. Among the main risks now is the possibility of a “significant correction in market prices for residential real estate”, a scenario that, if confirmed, could have a direct impact on banks’ balance sheets.

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World’s largest bacteria found in Caribbean swamps

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Scientists have discovered the world’s largest bacterium in a Caribbean swamp, which, unlike most, is not microscopic and can be seen with the naked eye, according to Science magazine.

The thin white thread, about the size of a human eyelash, is “by far the largest bacteria known to date,” said Jean-Marie Folland, a marine biologist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and co-author of the paper citing the discovery. made.

Olivier Gros, a co-author and biologist at the University of the French West Indies and Guyana, discovered the first specimen of this bacterium, named Thiomargarita magnifica, or “magnificent sulfur pearl,” clinging to underwater leaves in the Guadeloupe archipelago in the Caribbean. Sea, 2009

The scientist did not immediately determine that this is a bacterium, due to its surprisingly large size, since these bacteria reach an average length of 0.9 centimeters.

Only more recent genetic analyzes have shown that the organism is a single bacterial cell.

“This is an incredible discovery. It raises the question of how many of these giant bacteria exist in the world and reminds us not to underestimate bacteria,” said Petra Levin, a microbiologist at the University of Washington who was not involved in the study. .

Olivier Gros also found bacteria attached to oyster shells, rocks and glass bottles in the marshes of Guadeloupe.

Scientists haven’t been able to grow it in the lab yet, but researchers say the cell has an unusual structure for bacteria.

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The principal difference is that it has a large central compartment, or vacuole (a cavity in cellular protoplasm), which allows some cellular functions to be carried out in this controlled environment rather than in the entire cell.

“The acquisition of this large central vacuole definitely helps the cell bypass the physical limitations (…) of cell size,” said Manuel Campos, a biologist at the French National Center for Scientific Research who was not involved in the study.

The researchers also noted that they are not sure why the bacterium is so large, but co-author Jean-Marie Folland suggested that it may be an adaptation to help it avoid being eaten by smaller organisms.

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Jose Eduardo dos Santos hospitalized in intensive care – News

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José Eduardo dos Santos has been admitted to a hospital in Barcelona, ​​the city where he has recently been living, and his condition is considered very serious, promotes business magazine.

This information was also confirmed to Lusa by a source close to the ex-head of state.

The internment came after the deteriorating health of the former president of Angola, who left power in 2017 after 38 years in office.

José Eduardo dos Santos, or “Zedu” as he was called in Angola, began his government work on November 11, 1975, as part of the country’s first government and then minister of foreign affairs.

For more than 40 years in power, in 1979, after replacing António Agostinho Neto, the first president of Angola, José Eduardo dos Santos ruled in peacetime for less than a decade and a half and only participated directly in elections twice (1992 and 2012). apart from legislative elections (2008).

Born on August 28, 1942 in Luanda, José Eduardo dos Santos lived until his youth in the Sambizanga region, in the Angolan capital, but left the country at the age of 19 when he was already part of underground groups opposed to the Portuguese colonial regime.

He is one of the founders of the MPLA Youth, which he coordinated abroad, and in 1962 he joined the People’s Army for the Liberation of Angola (EPLA), and the following year became the party’s first representative in Brazzaville, the capital of Angola. Republic of the Congo.

In September 1975, he joined the elite of the party, being an elected member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the MPLA, naturally moving into the government of Agostinho Neto after the declaration of independence.

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It was as head of Angolan diplomacy that he achieved the first national goal for the then People’s Republic of Angola, which was at war. In 1976, after a tense diplomatic struggle, the country was recognized as a full member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the United Nations (UN).

In the meantime, he served as First Deputy Prime Minister in the government until December 1978, when he was appointed Minister of Planning until his call to the presidency, a position he held for 38 years.

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