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Organizations advocate for greater LGBT+ participation in politics

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On the day chosen as the day to fight against homophobia, LGBT+ organizations are calling attention to the need for greater representation of this population in power, especially in the face of this year’s elections, when state and federal parliaments will be revamped. . It is estimated that while candidates gained momentum in the last elections, they still face obstacles in 2020, leaving a representative segment of Brazilian society beyond the reach of decision-making.

On May 17, 1990, the World Health Organization (WHO) removed homosexuality from the international list of diseases according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. Thus, this date became the International Day Against Homophobia.

For #VoteLGBT member Guilherme Mohallem, this date marks the international alliance’s struggle to raise awareness of issues related to the LGBT+ community. The organization aims to increase LGBT+ representation in all areas, especially in politics. “A population that, like blacks and women, is excluded from participating in political life because the rules are made so that we cannot participate. There is a problem of party funding. And there is the problem of political violence when a person is elected,” Mohallem said. Brazilian agency.

Representation in elections

One climb conducted by the organization shows that in the 2020 elections, the campaign identified 556 LGBT+ candidates, of which 97 were elected, representing 17% of the total. It is worth remembering that Electoral Justice does not collect data on the sexual orientation of candidates, which makes it difficult to conduct a deeper study.

The survey also shows that LGBT candidates receive, on average, only 2% of Brazilian political parties’ candidacy spending ceiling in cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants. In the smaller ones, parties allocate an average of 6% of the budget for these candidates. The survey points to the political innovations represented by LGBT+ people, and at the same time to the obstacles faced in society and within subtitles.

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“In the last elections, we saw the electoral success of LGBT candidates. We have had a record number of candidates and elected officials, but all these victories are built in the context of great struggle and, often, in spite of political parties. Applications are still underfunded. Without financial support, they still suffer from a real chance of a dispute in many cities across the country. We are everywhere, but we are isolated,” said researcher and #VoteLGBT member Evora Cardoso.

For these elections, #VoteLGBT has created a platform for mapping the candidacies of the population.

This view is shared by LGBTI Alliance Communications Coordinator Gregory Rodriguez, who also works to promote and protect the human rights and citizenship of the LGBTI+ community. Among the actions of the Alliance there is also one aimed at encouraging an increase in the number of LGBTI candidates in places of political decision-making.

“The LGBTI population cannot simply be a population used as a platform for allied candidatures. In addition to allied people, we need to occupy these spaces. We need to be seen for our qualities,” he said.

Aliança is coordinating the Voto Com Pride program launched in partnership with Grupo Arco-Íris de Cidadania LGBTI+ from Rio de Janeiro and Grupo Dignidade from Parana, which, in addition to a platform to match these candidates, also wants to offer training to potential candidates.

So far, 74 LGBTI+ candidates and people close to them have been registered. Most in the state of São Paulo (11). Then comes Minas (10). In the states of Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina (9). This is followed by the State of Goiás with seven provisional candidates and Bahia with four. Of the 74 preliminary candidates, 52 are federal candidates, 21 state representatives, and one district representative.

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“We need to know how many of us there are, and since there are few of us, these practical formations serve to encourage these people, find ways to support these preliminary candidates so that they become effective candidates and receive effective party support. All this in order to be able to increase the representativeness of this invisible class in our political scenario,” he said.

Justice

According to Rodriguez, some of the advances on the LGBTI agenda have come through litigation, with little to no parliamentary play on the issue. The most significant recent decision was made by the Federal Supreme Court (STF) on June 13, 2019, when it recognized LGBT phobia as a crime of racism.

LGBTphobia is a term used to refer to all forms of violence against LGBTI+ people where the main motivation is their gender identity and/or sexual orientation. At the same time, the court also pointed to the delay of the National Congress in drafting a law on this issue.

“In the current scenario, we cannot talk about achievements, we are fighting to avoid failures. The Brazilian judiciary is responsible for securing the rights we have today. Adoption, blood donation, gay marriage, criminalization of LGBT phobia. And this is thanks to the inertia of the parliament,” said Rodriguez.

Mohallem recalls that since a significant part of the rights were obtained in the judiciary, they may be limited due to changes in the agreements signed by the courts, and that the presence of LGBTI + in politics further ensures the diversity of representation in Parliament to achieve the creation of laws aimed at this audience.

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“If we are present in the debate on the construction of these laws, we can not only create laws for the specific needs of this population, but also include them in laws that are already being passed, but which simply ignore our existence,” he said. said.



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Lindora Araujo on secret budget: Supreme is not a political scene – 07.12.2022

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The Deputy Attorney General of the Republic, Lindora Araujo, said that the Federal Supreme Court (STF) cannot be used as a “political stage” when deciding on the constitutionality of the secret budget. Actions calling into question the mechanism used to ensure the control of the Bolsonaro administration in the National Congress began to be considered by the court at a meeting on this Wednesday, 7.

For Lindora, criticism cannot be focused on the National Congress speaker’s amendments. “The Supreme Court is not a political stage, it should not, as it was done during all disputes, be just a criticism of the National Congress, politicians there by popular vote and should be respected,” the MP of the PGR said during the trial. with the disapproval of lawyers who delivered oral arguments against Congress.

She also stated that the secret budget cannot be held responsible for the country’s problems. “Poverty is obvious. Poverty in Brazil was not created in one or two years. Brazil’s problems were not created by the secret budget,” he quoted, noting that the actions being assessed call into question the opacity of the speaker’s amendments and that she believes Congress has taken action to address the opacity of transfer information.

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Former Japanese politician sentenced to life in China appeals

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Japanese defendant convicted in China is a former politician from Aichi (CTV)

O Japanese defendant 桜木琢磨, 79 years old, former Inazawa City Councilor (Aichi), by court order. China was sentenced to life imprisonment🇧🇷 His lawyer said on Wednesday (7) that he will appeal to Supreme Tribunal Popularbecause your client denies indictment.

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O judgment The appeal took place on November 25 at the Guangdong Provincial Higher People’s Court, where the judge rejected the defendant’s appeal and upheld the decision of the first instance court.

Reason for the conviction of the Japanese defendant

O Japanese defendant was accused and convicted of attempting smuggling from stimulant to Japan🇧🇷 He was arrested in October 2013 when he was at the airport in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, and was about to fly back to Japan. Found inside your luggage 3.3 kg of stimulant.

He denies trying to smuggle and explain that a Nigerian friend delivered a package saying, “I want you to deliver these pairs of shoes to my wife who is in business in Japan.”

However, it was found medicine 12 pairs of shoes with thick soles. While Japanese defendant continued to claim that he did not know the content, the prosecution insisted that he did.

What feathers in China

According to advocateTuesday (6) defendant dissatisfied with the decision, asked to appeal it to Supreme Tribunal Popularthe highest copy.

O advocate said he would be preparing for a formal trial, but China has a two-judicial system, so the sentence is almost final and it is unlikely that the decision will be reviewed.

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Already Chinaa maximum penalty for smuggling 50 grams or more methamphetamine is death sentencebut there is a principle that does not apply to over 75 years old.

O defendant Sakuragi was charged in July 2014, and the first trial ended in August of that year. However, the sentencing date has been pushed back 20 times. OUR life imprisonment is the most severe punishment for Japanese defendantbecause he is over 75 years old.

Fontes: CTV e Tokyo Shimbun

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