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“What defines elections is narratives,” says political scientist Fernando Schuler.

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“What defines elections is narratives,” says political scientist Fernando Schuler.

Political scientist and commentator Fernando Schuler, also a professor at Insper Business School in São Paulo, is one of the few scholars in the field in the country who seeks to analyze the political scenario from an independent perspective. Elections, he says, define narratives created by candidates that have little to do with the complexity of public policy. Read the main excerpts from the interview below.

In addition to the pandemic, Brazil today is facing a difficult political and economic situation. In this scenario, how does Mr. say to see the 2022 election?

The big question is what will be the agenda that will somehow predetermine the elections. We had as many economic problems in 2018 as we do today. However, the economic agenda was not the central theme of the campaign. During elections, all the complexity of the political and economic world is flattened out and replaced by grandiose narratives. In the end, one of them becomes the hegemon and wins the election.

Some analysts say the agenda will focus on important economic issues. what mister think about it?

This is what I call wishful thinking. A recent poll showed that with people supporting Bolsonaro, the agenda will focus on arguments such as “they didn’t let us govern”, “we couldn’t do what was necessary to defeat the system”, “Captain Bolsonaro deserves more one term to complete the restoration work. On the other hand, you will have a great storytelling around Lula, in the spirit of “we were happier in the past”, “Brazil had a great moment with Lula”, and “only Lula can restore everything that was destroyed. in recent years”. So I think it’s too optimistic to imagine that some kind of serious economic discussion will drive the big pre-election debate.

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What should be the agenda among the so-called third way candidates?

You will have a story by (former judge and former minister) Sergio Moro (pre-Podemos candidate) saying that “Brazil must resume the fight against corruption” and “Lava Jato was an unprecedented movement in Brazilian history that led to the condemnation of great politicians and businessmen, but it was interrupted by the political system and needs to be re-breathed.” Now, thirdly, there will also be a traditional narrative, which I would call “administrative”, typical of the liberal center, the main representative of which will be (Governor of São Paulo) Joao Doria from the PSDB. He should return to the logic that “Brazil needs a shock to capitalism”, which was the banner of (former senator and former governor of São Paulo) Mario Covas in 1989.

Given these narratives, what are the chances of Moro or Doria making it to the 2nd round?

Moro had growth when he announced his candidacy, but he had difficulty growing further. I’m not saying he can’t grow. But it’s hard. He needs a more difficult argument than being judge Love Jato. The fight against corruption is not the main task of Brazil today. In the case of Doria, I see an even bigger problem. He will have to find a way to show the mass electorate that Brazil needs a manager and a modernization program. His strongest argument is “I made a vaccine, we have butantane” and “Sao Paulo is growing bigger than Brazil”. Doria has also broken bridges with the conservative electorate, and he will need him to take Bolsonaro out of the game. It has structure, speech, and things to show. This will be quite a challenge.

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Information from the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo.

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Politics

On political crime and criminal policy – 08.08.2022 – Opinion

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On political crime and criminal policy - 08.08.2022 - Opinion

The escalation of violence that has engulfed the political arena has taken another victim. The birthday party, which had former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) as its theme, ended tragically after a political antagonist intruded and fired a gun, killing the birthday boy. A police spokesman in the case said it was not a political crime.

And how is a murder with a clearly political motive not a political crime? Sometimes there are such things in the law: it has its own logic. This “magic” created by the codes is not always pleasant, but this time we must give a justification to the law.

Attributing a crime to a political one is not limited only to the motivation of the perpetrator, but also to the actual or potential consequences of the action. Thus, it takes a crime to endanger national sovereignty, democracy, territorial integrity, or the head of any of the Union powers. The gruesome murder may have been politically motivated, but the perpetrator’s intended consequences were limited to the party and its members.

There is no rule relating exclusively to political motivation; thus, this type of motivation corresponds to the concept of abomination, which, in the language of criminal law, is a particularly heinous and heinous crime. Since murder qualifies as hooliganism, the crime is punished more severely. Thus, there is no political crime, but there is a crime in politics.

Besides the issue of the infamous crime in politics, there is another dimension, much more complex, that deserves attention: the politics of crime.

The aggressor was reportedly traveling with his wife and child when he fell out with his political opponents. He left them both safely and returned for a rematch. From the killer’s point of view, he was definitely not a killer, but a patriot or some sort of hero against a villain.

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The Manichaean understanding of life, projected into politics, allows for family conflicts, broken friendships, and even marriages, which have been widely reported. Exposing yourself as the bearer of absolute truth allows you to confront the enemy as a hero who must defeat the villain. This kind of absolute contraction is characteristic of religions whose dogmas are guided by love, mercy and tolerance.

Politics, on the other hand, has other dogmas, as it is a stage for disputes over power and ideas. Presenting oneself as the holder of sacred truth outside the religious scene is usually the fuel for the generality of historical atrocities. The politics of crime is born only in the absence of minimum cultural and educational standards, replacing persuasion with knowledge.

There is no other way to suppress criminal politics than to reconsider one’s own convictions, to make room for listening to the opinions of others, no matter how much one wants to convince the other of one’s opinions. In politics, as in science, belief is the worst enemy of consensus, and without a minimum of consensus, there is no nation, only a handful of people shooting at each other.

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Articles published by subscription do not reflect the opinion of the newspaper. Its publication is intended to stimulate discussion of Brazilian and world issues and reflect the various currents of contemporary thought.

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Why Claudia Raya left politics after supporting the campaign against Lula

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Why Claudia Raya left politics after supporting the campaign against Lula

With the 2022 election approaching, several celebrities are positioning themselves in favor of the main candidates for the presidency of the republic: Luis Inacio Lula da Silva (PT) Jair Bolsonaro (PL) and Ciro Gomes (PDT). However, there is one person who does not intend to use her image to influence this year’s elections – this is Claudia Raya.

Claudia Raya, now 55 and most of whom devoted herself to the arts, was already active in Brazilian politics in 1989, when she was one of the most enthusiastic celebrities who supported the candidacy of Fernando Collor de Mello for the presidency. then PRN (current Aghir), who contested and won the second round against Lula.

However, the outcome of this story was a nightmare for the actress. Collor took the unpopular measure of confiscating the savings of Brazilians to curb inflation and was later removed from his position due to corruption scandals.

For being a personal friend of the politician from Alagoas and being active in the campaign, Raya became the target of numerous criticisms and from that moment decided that she would no longer participate in political campaigns, even to support her family. members.

the beginning of friendship

Claudia Raya and Fernando Collor

Image: UOL Reproduction/Assembly

In 1991, Claudia Raya spoke openly about the beginning of her friendship with Fernando Collor de Mello in an interview with the Kultura TV program Roda Viva. At the time, the actress said that they met when she was touring for a performance of “Gatão de Estimação” in Maceio. Collor and his then-wife Rosan Malta introduced themselves as admirers of Claudia Raya’s work and went to meet her backstage.

At the time, Raya recalls, Collor was the federal candidate for Alagoas, and she insisted on supporting his candidacy. With the victory in the elections, the artist recalled that Collor began to consider her a “rabbit’s foot”, that is, a talisman.

“He was a candidate for federal deputies. I thanked them for being in the hall, I already knew him from the newspaper, I thought he was an interesting politician, and they went to the dressing room to greet me, and I said to him: “You will win as a federal deputy.” It was the beginning of our friendship. He won, he thought I was his rabbit’s foot, that I should be on his side, and we became very good friends,” he announced.

In that interview, the actress called Collor a good-natured person and that “no one can deny it.” “AS WELL ASin an absolutely decisive person, very demanding of himself,” he said.

campaign video

The 1989 elections were important for Brazilian democracy as they marked the resumption of elections by popular vote after 25 years of military dictatorship and the killing of hundreds of opponents by the military.

In this scenario, the strongest names in Planalto were Kollor and Lula – the Alagoan won with 55% of the valid votes in a campaign heavily marked by television – TV Globo’s biased publication in favor of Collor in the debate is the most famous episode. Decades later, a PT member accused a carioca radio station of doing a “rut” to hurt him. globe, including already apologized for the episode.

But this campaign also involved several celebrities, such as Claudia Raya, who stood out for her enthusiasm and belief in Alagoas. The actress even starred in commercials in which she urged Brazilians to go vote as she, “in green and yellow, full of faith”, vote “correctly, vote for Collor.”

“I’m going to vote for the president for the first time, like most Brazilians. And you won’t miss this opportunity, right? booth take your ballot like this and vote right, vote to win, score to win, 20 Collor. Vote like me, vote Collor,” said the actress in the campaign.

Repentance

Three years after winning the election Fernando Collor de Mello was removed from office. The then president was implicated in several corruption scandals, in addition to the confiscation of Brazilians’ savings, which brought crowds of painted faces to the streets demanding his impeachment.

When she was at Roda Viva in 1991, Claudia Raia was asked what she thought of the then president’s attitude and pointed out that “it was a chaotic situation.” According to her, her income was also withheld, and she did not even have money to buy cigarettes.

“O [meu] money stuck, I didn’t have money to buy cigarettes. I remember I started the soap opera “Rainha da Sukata” and Gloria Menezes didn’t have a dime either, so we collected what we had, bought a pack, and we had ten cigarettes each. It was a chaotic situation, but I think that’s part of it, I would also feel really bad if my money wasn’t stuck, if everyone else was stuck, mine would be stuck too,” he said at the time.

Since then, Claudia Raya spoke of her participation in the 1989 elections, when she supported the campaign against Lula and in favor of Collor, always with regret.. In several interviews, the actress said that today she would not even support her mother, Odette Motta Raya, who passed away in March 2019..

“This process was very painful and I hope it never happens again. I just definitely think politics and art are incompatible,” she told Rádio Cultura FM in 2021.

“I believed that Fernando Collor was the guy who would change Brazil, me and everyone else, but that was not the case,” he continued. “And I think that today Brazil is going through a split, and many places in the world are also going through this split. And I think it’s very bad, very harmful. This is a hate campaign,” he added.

Last month, the artist again commented on this issue in an interview with JP magazine and said that she was not going to “ever go through anything like what she experienced at that time.”

“What I went through with Fernando Collor, I don’t want to go through again. Even if my mother reincarnated and ran for president, I would not campaign for her,” he said.

fake news

Due to her closeness to Fernando Collor de Mello, Claudia Raya became known as the mistress of the Alagoan politician. The fake news concocted with her name at the time drove her to the bottom.

In this case Raya put an end to it marriage to Alexander Frotaand rumors arose of her alleged involvement with the “marajah hunter”.

“They said I had sex with Collor in the Casa da Dinda pantry,” the artist said, referring to the former president’s family residence in Brasilia.

Raya recalled this gossip in her memoir Semper Raia um Novo Dia (HarperCollins Brasil), written by journalist Rosana Hermann. The celebrity recalled how she was at Globo Studios and received a personal call from Collor asking for help amid impeachment calls, but she refused. According to him, this episode marked the end of their friendship.

In addition to being identified as Collor’s lover, gossip at the time said she would have contracted HIV because the former president “was very thin and people accused me of having an affair with him”.

“Then I had an empty theater, I had to be on the cover of a magazine with a negative result. HIV. I paid the price for the wrong choice, with the wrong person.”

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Gustavo Petro talks about changing drug policy in Colombia

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Gustavo Petro talks about changing drug policy in Colombia

In his inaugural address as president, the former senator pledged to send fair tax reform to Congress.

Former Senator Gustavo Petro took office this Sunday (July 7, 2022) as the new President of Colombia. He is the first left-wing politician to lead the country.

Environmental activist and former maid Francia Marquez took over as vice president. She will be the first Afro-Colombian woman to hold the post.

The oath was taken by Senate President Roy Barreras in front of 100,000 people who filled Bolivar Square in the capital Bogota. The ceremony was attended by foreign authorities such as King Felipe VI of Spain.

In his speech, Petro declared that he would create a peaceful government to end “6 Decades of Violence and Armed Conflict”.

The President also stressed that the anti-drug policy needs to be changed. “The time has come to adopt a new international convention that recognizes that the war on drugs has failed. As a result, 1 million Hispanics were killed in these 40 years.”stated.

Petro said he would propose to Congress a fair tax reform that would use some of the wealthiest money to pay for the education of children and youth.

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