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Two years of COVID-19 that changed the world: irreversible changes caused by the pandemic – News

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– Impact not related to air travel –

For the transport sector, the two-year pandemic has been a series of uncertainties, hopes for recovery, travel restrictions and cancellations. Gradually and with the introduction of certain rules, such as the mandatory use of a mask or the presentation of a health passport at the European level, most travel has become possible to resume.

However, transport companies have lost billions of euros over this period, and trains and airplanes are not expected to return to normal until 2024.

Air transport suffered the most, with two-thirds fewer flights globally in 2020, and less than half by the end of 2021 compared to 2019.

The sector was hit hard by border closures in much of Asia and until early November in the United States. Companies were better resisted by national or interregional flights, which accounted for 79% of pre-pandemic traffic, compared with 34% of intercontinental flights.

In the long term, however, the industry is optimistic, as the order books for Airbus or Boeing show. Airlines are confident that the Asian middle class will grow to 10 billion passengers a year by 2050, up from 4,400 in 2019.

In cities, on the one hand, the number of users of public transport has dropped sharply due to fears of infection. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the use of bicycles and car returns.

– Explosion of Online Trading –

COVID-19 and related restrictions and business closings have accelerated the development of online commerce.

According to the French Federation of Online Commerce, eMarketer estimates that most products and services purchased online (excluding travel, culture, restaurants or gambling) fell from 13.6% in 2019 to 18% of total sales. … World.

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Is it just a young shopper phenomenon?

“We’ve seen new, older customers emerge and become loyal,” said Gaelle Le Flock, Sales Specialist for Kantar.

And even in less online-friendly categories such as hygiene and beauty, brands have adapted to offer online tasters and invest in “technical beauty.”

And with the gradual transfer of social life to the Internet in 2021, $ 492 billion in sales was generated via social media, as happened with brands that mix in Instagram Stories, according to consultancy Accenture.

And it looks like nothing can stop this trend, which Amazon is enjoying a huge advantage with impressive financial results. This prompted all of its competitors to go online, so that in France, sales of the American giant in 2020 grew less than the market as a whole.

– Peak remote work –

The COVID-19 crisis has revolutionized our work, making telecommuting widespread, albeit unevenly, between rich countries and the rest of the world.

Research firm Gartner predicts that teleworkers accounted for 32% of the global workforce at the end of 2021, up from 17% in 2019. In Japan, for example, the proportion of people working remotely rose from 10% to 28%.

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), “most companies and people expect to be able to do ‘remote work’ more often,” especially the most skilled.

– School at variable speed –

For UNESCO, the riots caused by the COVID-19 pandemic around the world represented the worst education crisis in history. Faced with the pandemic, most countries have closed their colleges and higher education centers for more or less lengthy periods.

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The consequences were dire.

In low- and middle-income countries, the percentage of minors affected by educational poverty (53% before the pandemic) may now be as high as 70%. The regions of Brazil, Pakistan, rural India, South Africa and Mexico (among other countries) are experiencing significant losses in math teaching and reading.

UN agencies and the World Bank have warned that the generation of young people now in school are at risk of losing about $ 17 billion in income from shortfalls resulting from school closings due to the pandemic, higher than originally thought.

– Hunger is growing in the world –

The coronavirus pandemic will have a long-term impact on global food security, causing a sharp rise in the number of hungry people in 2020, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a United Nations specialized agency, said.

This growth (18% in 2021 a year), the most important in the past 15 years, threatens more than ever the UN goal of ending world hunger by 2030.

According to the latest report from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), COVID-19 has put 20 million people in extreme poverty in 2021.

It has also plunged many health systems into chaos, leading to the fight against other diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. This year, 23 million children have failed to receive core vaccines.

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Turkey lifts veto on Swedish and Finnish membership in NATO

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Turkey lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining NATO on Tuesday.

The leaders of the three countries met on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Madrid.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has announced that Turkey has lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining the Atlantic Alliance after signing a memorandum that “answers Ankara’s concerns.”

“We have completed a very constructive meeting with the President [da Turquia, Recep Tayyip] Erdogan or President [da Finlândia, Sauli] Niinistö and the Prime Minister [da Suécia, Magdalena] Andersson, and I am pleased to announce that we have reached an agreement that paves the way for Sweden and Finland to join NATO,” Stoltenberg said.

The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) spoke at a press conference at the Exhibition Park of Madrid, in the northeast of the Spanish capital, where the summit of the leaders of the North Atlantic Alliance is taking place.

MADRNATO/POOL/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18 after the Russian invasion of Ukraine ended the historic policy of neutrality.

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G20 summit: Draghi says Putin’s personal involvement ruled out

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Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said on Tuesday that the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the next G20 summit in Bali was ruled out by the Indonesian presidency of the body.

At the summit of the group of seven most industrialized countries of the world (G7), which ended this Tuesday in Germany, they asked about The Kremlin’s announcement that Putin would attend the Bali summit in November, Draghi said that Indonesian President Joko Widodo ruled out the possibility.

Widodo “was categorical: he [Putin] not to come. What could happen – I don’t know what will happen, but what it could happen, maybe it’s remote interference“said Draghi, whose the country will hand over the G20 presidency to Indonesia in Bali.

The information has not been This was stated by the head of the Indonesian state, Joko Widodo. who will meet on Tuesday in Kyiv with his Ukrainian counterpart in an attempt to achieve a ceasefire in the conflict caused by the Russian invasion.

Joko Widodo, who attended Monday’s G7 summit in Germany, is already on his way to Kyiv, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said. accompanies the head of state in a video message.

After a visit to Ukraine and meeting with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, The Indonesian leader is heading to Russia, where he will meet with Putin on Thursday, becoming the first Asian leader to visit the two countries since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24.

Before leaving on Sunday, Widodo said he was going to ask Zelensky and Putin an immediate ceasefire and the search for a peace agreement through dialogue.

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in spite of pressure from countries such as the US, Canada and Australia to keep Putin out of the G20 summit from 11 to 13 November.on the island of Bali, Indonesia still retains its invitation to the Russian leader.

In April, the President of Indonesia, publicly known as Jokowi, sent Zelensky a G20 invitation and said Indonesia was ready to “contribute to the peace effort”.

In the past decade, Russia has been excluded from the group of industrialized countries then known as the G8, renamed the G7 after the 2014 invasion of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula.

with LUSA

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“War will end only when Ukrainians surrender,” Moscow says – Observer

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Russia announced on Tuesday that it would end its offensive in Ukraine, launched more than four months ago, only when the Kyiv authorities and the Ukrainian army surrender and accept “all Russian conditions.”

The Ukrainian side may end [a guerra] during the dayThis was stated by the official representative of the Kremlin (President of Russia) Dmitry Peskov, whose words are quoted by the French news agency AFP.

For this, according to Peskov, it is enough that the Kyiv authorities ordered the “nationalist detachments” and Ukrainian soldiers to lay down their arms and that “all the conditions set by Russia” be met.

“Then it will all be over in one day,” a spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin told reporters in Moscow.

Peskov reacted to the appeal of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky to the leaders of the G7. do everything to end the war before the end of the yeardue to the harsh winter in Ukraine.

Zelenskiy asks G7 for defense systems and solutions to restore and lockdown wheat

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The leaders of the seven most industrialized countries (Germany, Canada, the United States, France, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom) and the European Union (EU) conclude their meeting on Tuesday in Elmau in southern Germany ahead of the summit. NATO in Madrid.

No deadline or timetable has been set by the Russian side for ending what Moscow officially calls a “special military operation” in Ukraine, Peskov said.

“We are guided by the statements of our president,” he said.

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Peskov again assured thatspecial operation going according to plan“.

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