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“Old man, go away!” How Kazakhstan toppled Nazarbayev in three days and is now entering a “new era of instability” – Observer



Security forces are also responsible for the violence. Hundreds of people have been arrested and there are reports of attacks on many of them. “The government has taken steps to turn off the Internet and mobile communications”adds Hugh Williamson. “At least two journalists have been arrested, but there are likely to be other cases that we are not aware of.”

The government’s crackdown on violent demonstrations is not a new scenario. Ten years ago, a protest rally in the city of Zhanaozen ended in tragedy when security forces shot dead at least 16 demonstrators. “It was a very traumatic incident for many residents of Kazakhstan,” sums up Kudaibergenova. “The drama has intensified in recent years. Since then there have been no deaths, but there have been arrests and abductions of protesters, especially in the past two years. “

This time, the reaction of the population was different: mass mobilization, and in some cases the response was violence. It is for this reason that Williamson considers Kazakhs to be “brave”. “It is almost impossible to organize a demonstration in Kazakhstan, you are always arrested. There is no real political opposition, because you will always be banned and put in jail. “

The reason for the protests in Zhanaozen, we recall, was the rise in fuel prices. This happened because Kazakhstan introduced a phased transition from 2019 to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and a liberalized market came into force on January 1, which led to an immediate increase in prices. On practice, The price of LPG has dropped from 0.12 euros per liter to 0.25 euros per night., as Eurasianet explains… In the western region, 70 to 90% of vehicles must run on LPG.

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“The economy of the western region is an energy-based economy. When prices double there, this is a very pressing issue, ”explains Luca Anceschi. “But as the protests spread to big cities, and especially in Almaty, the demands became much more political and related to regime change.” When President Tokayev responded by announcing that he would reintroduce state fuel subsidies, the move no longer stopped demonstrations.

Why? “There are people among the protesters who are dissatisfied with the economic situation, while others – with the political situation,” Ancheski notes. “We are talking about a country that had a model for 30 years in which it promised people that it would guarantee them some economic security and called for the possibility of democratization in the future, that is, never. Even the first question is not being resolved now. ” The Covid-19 crisis and rising inflation have led to an increase in the cost of living of Kazakhs.

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Kyiv is negotiating with Moscow on the release of foreign fighters – News



Moscow is holding captive “thousands” of Ukrainians and “military personnel from all over the world who have volunteered” to defend Ukraine, Zelensky reminded in statements to the US television channel NBC.

The head of the Ukrainian state thanked for the support of volunteer fighters, whom he considers “heroes”, and confirmed that negotiations are underway to release those who were captured.

“Everyone understands that the war in Ukraine today is here on this earth, but tomorrow it can happen anywhere in Europe, and the “day after tomorrow” can happen in the United States,” the Ukrainian president said.

Thus, he added, “it would be absolutely fair to say that the war in Ukraine is already a war in Europe and the United States, only – territorially – it is happening here.”

Zelenskiy’s announcement came on the same day that the defense of British citizen Sean Pinner, who was sentenced to death in the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic in eastern Ukraine, announced that he had appealed the sentence.

Pinner, 48, was sentenced to death on June 9, along with fellow Briton Aiden Aislin, 28, and Moroccan citizen Braquim Saadoun, after being found guilty of participating in hostilities “as mercenaries” in support of Ukrainian forces.

Two Britons were captured by Russian forces during Moscow’s siege of the Ukrainian city of Mariupol on the Sea of ​​Azov, Brakim Saadoun was taken prisoner in March.

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Turkey lifts veto on Swedish and Finnish membership in NATO



Turkey lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining NATO on Tuesday.

The leaders of the three countries met on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Madrid.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has announced that Turkey has lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining the Atlantic Alliance after signing a memorandum that “answers Ankara’s concerns.”

“We have completed a very constructive meeting with the President [da Turquia, Recep Tayyip] Erdogan or President [da Finlândia, Sauli] Niinistö and the Prime Minister [da Suécia, Magdalena] Andersson, and I am pleased to announce that we have reached an agreement that paves the way for Sweden and Finland to join NATO,” Stoltenberg said.

The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) spoke at a press conference at the Exhibition Park of Madrid, in the northeast of the Spanish capital, where the summit of the leaders of the North Atlantic Alliance is taking place.

MADRNATO/POOL/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18 after the Russian invasion of Ukraine ended the historic policy of neutrality.

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G20 summit: Draghi says Putin’s personal involvement ruled out



Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said on Tuesday that the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the next G20 summit in Bali was ruled out by the Indonesian presidency of the body.

At the summit of the group of seven most industrialized countries of the world (G7), which ended this Tuesday in Germany, they asked about The Kremlin’s announcement that Putin would attend the Bali summit in November, Draghi said that Indonesian President Joko Widodo ruled out the possibility.

Widodo “was categorical: he [Putin] not to come. What could happen – I don’t know what will happen, but what it could happen, maybe it’s remote interference“said Draghi, whose the country will hand over the G20 presidency to Indonesia in Bali.

The information has not been This was stated by the head of the Indonesian state, Joko Widodo. who will meet on Tuesday in Kyiv with his Ukrainian counterpart in an attempt to achieve a ceasefire in the conflict caused by the Russian invasion.

Joko Widodo, who attended Monday’s G7 summit in Germany, is already on his way to Kyiv, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said. accompanies the head of state in a video message.

After a visit to Ukraine and meeting with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, The Indonesian leader is heading to Russia, where he will meet with Putin on Thursday, becoming the first Asian leader to visit the two countries since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24.

Before leaving on Sunday, Widodo said he was going to ask Zelensky and Putin an immediate ceasefire and the search for a peace agreement through dialogue.

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in spite of pressure from countries such as the US, Canada and Australia to keep Putin out of the G20 summit from 11 to 13 November.on the island of Bali, Indonesia still retains its invitation to the Russian leader.

In April, the President of Indonesia, publicly known as Jokowi, sent Zelensky a G20 invitation and said Indonesia was ready to “contribute to the peace effort”.

In the past decade, Russia has been excluded from the group of industrialized countries then known as the G8, renamed the G7 after the 2014 invasion of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula.

with LUSA

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