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Leftist Moral Superiority, Portuguese Exceptionalism, and Communist Denialism – Observer

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Leftist Moral Superiority, Portuguese Exceptionalism, and Communist Denialism - Observer

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I regularly come across three phenomena that make political dialogue with our domestic left almost impossible: the first is a judgment of intention, when our actor assumes that anyone who is not “left” has perverse intentions and does not want the same. country and its fellow citizens. The second is what I call “Portuguese exclusivity,” a kind of doctrine based on the fact that our country is so exotic that it cannot be compared with anything else. Thus, this feature does not allow making any judgments based on what other countries could have done to solve the same problems that Portugal suffers from. The third phenomenon is that all communist and socialist regimes were not truly communist and socialist, and only someone especially malicious could claim such a hoax.

The process of intention consists in discrediting the person with whom they are at war, accusing his intentions of reprehensible, which cannot be proved and verified, leaves suspicion in the air that cannot be gotten rid of. In fact, this has the same effect on the dialogue as slow justice with the defendant: it destroys his reputation without bothering to prove something significant in a timely manner. In Portugal, this false argument has a rich history and has been consistently used by most of the most prominent leftists. Alvaro Cunjal published a small book in 1974 with the unambiguous title “Moral superiority of the communists“, Where it is stated that”[o comportamento moral da burguesia é] fierce individualism and selfishness, indifference to the fate of people, greed, venality, complete shamelessness, reduction of cultural and spiritual values ​​to simple goods“.

This Marxist leader then believes that all “bourgeois” are irrefutably corrupted and have the most terrible intentions. Boaventura Sousa Santos, another prominent thinker in the same political field, goes so far as to define what it means to be left and right as follows (“Portugal is a country more to the left or to the righta “, newspaper Público, 01.10.2015):

In a minimalist concept, the left is any political position that promotes all (or the vast majority) of the following goals: combating social inequality and discrimination through a virtuous articulation between the value of freedom and the value of equality in balance. between civil and political rights and social, economic and cultural rights; firm defense of pluralism in both the media and the economy, education and culture; democratization of the state through republican values, citizen participation and the independence of institutions, especially the judiciary; the struggle for memory and redress for those who have suffered (and are suffering) from violent forms of oppression; defending a strong concept of public opinion that balances diversity of opinion; protection of the national sovereignty and national sovereignty of other countries; peaceful resolution of internal and international conflicts. To be right is to be against all or the vast majority of these goals.

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In short, being left is good, and being right is bad. For them and, unfortunately, for many of those who are under their influence, the concept of “left” has acquired a mystical, almost religious meaning. In recent months, I’ve been interested to hear many socialists advocate for this government budget (abolished by the PCP and BE) to be “left-most ever” in a wording that was actually synonymous with “best budget ever”. The hostages of this paradigm “left = good, right = bad” are not only the minds of communists and blockers, but also the majority of socialists, who, both in deed and in words, are more comfortable with the discourse of the radical left than with the centrism of much more successful workers and socialist parties in Europe.

The second characteristic I found was “Portuguese exclusivity.” Faced with the successes of the more liberal economies in Eastern Europe, they defend themselves by saying “we cannot compare the incomparable.” If we talk about the economic freedom of the Scandinavian social democracies, they reaffirm their conviction that we have nothing to do with them. And when we analyze the rapid growth of Ireland, Holland or Luxembourg, they reaffirm that Portugal is unique: either the size is different, or the religion is different, or the language is different, or the proximity to the centers of power is different, or the historical heritage is different.

The great interest of this kind of reasoning is that then you can offer any explanation for any problem, which, being impossible to prove counterfactual and without accepting any external comparisons, will allow you to safely, proudly and undeniably keep on top of your ignorance. … This is one of the most beautiful techniques of our media specialists. For example, they regularly use the euro as the root cause of our economic underdevelopment, ignoring the existence of so many other countries that have overtaken us using exactly the same currency. They respond to us with the excellent education of former communist countries, ignoring nearly half a century of democracy, which has given us more than enough time to deal with this and more. Almost our entire team was formed after the April revolution. Yes, comparisons are helpful. Especially to demonstrate what we need to change. We must always, regularly, carefully compare ourselves and draw conclusions in order to learn not only from our mistakes, but also from the successes and failures of others.

The third point that repeatedly appears in these discussions is communist denialism. When the communists and their later versions are confronted with the bottom line of the political systems they defend, they object by repeating that “this” is not true socialism / communism. That it was never implemented. In most cases, this resignation was always late and shameful, as we saw with the Chavez / Maduro duo, which caused great excitement until the hunger of the tortured Venezuelan people was no longer hidden. In a related and unfortunately forgotten demonstration, Free Party leader Rui Tavares accomplished the feat of never using the word “communist” in his article “In the careful death of genocide(Público, 09/07/2020) All about the genocide committed by the communist Pol Pot regime in Cambodia. As my communist friend would say much more openly when faced with Stalin’s crimes: this cannot be true, because a communist would never do that. Deep down, communist denialism turns out to be a less eloquent version of the moral superiority of the left. As so-called scientific ideologies, considered historically inevitable, they cannot afford to be wrong, which forces them to use methods of opacity and distortion of facts to defend the grand ultimate goal. Rather than distance themselves from these criminals, as the right does with Pinochet, Salazar, Mussolini or Hitler, they prefer to shy away, pretend, and hesitate.

There can be no presumption of moral superiority on either the left or the right. Aside from some of the more sinister characters, we all want the best for Portugal and for the Portuguese, disagreeing only on how best to get there. Comparison with other countries, especially those that bear some resemblance to ours, allows us to determine with great certainty what we must change in our institutions in order to achieve the same or better results. There is nothing inherently wrong with the Portuguese, as evidenced by their widespread success abroad. And it is time for politicians to take responsibility for the systems they defend, clearly separating themselves from genocidal and criminal policies, wherever and whenever they are carried out by people under their flags.

Of course, there are many serious people in all political fields, but we must stop silently accepting and violently condemning these more subtle political propaganda tricks. Political dialogue should take place through a sincere discussion of the validity and quality of each proposal, whether left or right, without judgment of intent, with serious comparative research, and with political and historical honesty.

I am not neutral on the political stage and do not demand neutrality from anyone, only loyalty and honesty in the political struggle. In my opinion, the experience of other countries clearly shows us the way forward. And this path is liberal. But I really appreciated the opportunity to discuss these proposals without taking into account the supposed moral superiority of the left, the ridiculous Portuguese exclusivity and depressing denial.I am a communist.

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Glovo puts Spanish at the head of the Portuguese market

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Glovo puts Spanish at the head of the Portuguese market

Glovo has a new leader in the Portuguese market. The food and grocery delivery platform has appointed Spaniard Joaquín Vazquez as CEO of the Portuguese market, according to an announcement made on Tuesday.

Joaquín Vazquez has so far been the CEO of the company in central and southern Spain. In his new position, a manager with a degree in sales and marketing management will lead Glovo’s next phase of growth in Portugal.

The company intends to hire more people, reach 75% of the Portuguese population and ship products outside of 90 national cities.

“Glovo is entering its fifth year of operations in Portugal and continues to grow year on year in the country – 2021 recorded growth of over 100% across all categories. We want to further diversify the products available in the app, think outside the box. and thus realize our vision: to give everyone and everyone access to everything in their cities,” says the new official, quoted in a press release.

Since 2021, technology has begun to rely on three delivery verticals: within 15 minutes (ultra-fast food and grocery delivery), within 30 minutes (food delivery), or within hours (planned purchases). Portuguese Mercadan and Spanish market Lola).

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″Already transmitted from Portuguese″. Brazil and Portugal or double negative

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″Already transmitted from Portuguese″.  Brazil and Portugal or double negative

Portugal, my grandfather (Manuel Bandeira)

Book by Carlos Fino. Portugal-Brazil: Roots of weirdness is a very well-documented and well-founded historical analysis of the undeniable factual reality that are anti-Portuguese manifestations present, hidden or expressed in Brazilian culture. The reaction of living denial that this book has found in Portugal and Brazil illustrates the idea, which I will try to develop here, of the “double denial” on which the Portuguese-Brazilian relationship is based, which, paradoxically, finds in this double denial of passionate roots. their encounters and disagreements.

Noel Rosa in one of his songs reminds us that “everything that the scoundrel says / in a soft voice / is Brazilian, has already come from Portuguese” (has no translation, 1930). The transition from Portuguese to Brazilian was the obvious and natural destination of the Portuguese in Brazil. But this rejection of the Portuguese has its origin (as Carlos Fino shows) in the very project and dream of the Portuguese in relation to Brazil: to create a true homeland worthy of an empire across the Atlantic, away from the cramped piece of Europe that was ours. The king of Portugal himself said this when he decided to establish in Brazil the seat of an empire that, without the brilliance and richness of the past, still dominated the maritime trade network that connected four continents: Asia, Africa, America and Europe. How strange that the court of Rio de Janeiro, in the face of this grandiose project, preferred to transfer Portugal to the government of the English marshal? When we were a colony of Brazilians, we were in fact the colony of the Portuguese dream itself, formulated by António Vieira or Luis da Cunha and applied by Portuguese administration and diplomacy until it culminated in the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil, which could only have its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro.

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Being the independence of the Portuguese colonists against the intention of the Portuguese of Portugal to return the empire to the Lusitian territory of Europe, the assertion of a Brazilian identity so distant that it was from Indians and blacks could only be carried out through a process of negation. And this denial, which the Portuguese of Brazil inevitably had to make about Portugal, echoes today the denial that the Portuguese and Brazilians now express about the reality of this initial mutual rejection. Hence, negation of negation.

at your rehearsal negation (1925) Freud explained how “the content of a repressed image or idea can emerge into consciousness provided that it is denied,” suggesting that “denial is a way of becoming aware of the repressed, although, of course, without its participation.” accepting what has been repressed.” In the same way, the repression of the Portuguese content, so strongly present in Brazil, was a condition of independence, but it gave rise to a false consciousness, which began to be expressed in various nativisms, like the current denial of this reality. generally does not contribute to a better understanding between the Portuguese and Brazilians.

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“Any aggression against Ukraine will have consequences,” says Augusto Santos Silva — Observer

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“Any aggression against Ukraine will have consequences,” says Augusto Santos Silva — Observer

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(in update)

“Our goal is very simple – to avoid an armed conflict in Eastern Europe, an armed conflict on the border between Russia and Ukraine, and that is what we are working for,” Augusto Santos Silva said at a press conference in Brussels on Monday. after the meeting of the Security Council with the heads of EU diplomacy.

The Portuguese Foreign Minister specified that the “politico-diplomatic path” still exists and is “far from” exhausted. “This continues and must continue.”

Augusto Santos Silva also indicated that the US “will give a written response to Russia’s request this week to the proposals submitted by Russia last December, and NATO will do the same.”

“We must all commit ourselves to avoid any escalation,” he added. “Any aggression against Ukraine, any violation by Russia of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine will have grave consequences that will motivate a response. In the case of the EU, a very difficult answer in political and economic terms. We are ready for such a response if necessary,” he continued, later referring to “tough sanctions.”

Ukraine. EU diplomats discussed the situation with their American counterpart

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Santo Silva spoke of preventing a “serious crisis” of security in Europe, as well as “any aggression against a sovereign state and any violation of its territorial integrity.” The Portuguese minister also recalled the recent support of the European Commission in the amount of 1.2 billion euros provided to Ukraine, as well as a credit line.

The heads of European Union diplomacy met this Monday to discuss, among other things, the situation of tension between Ukraine and Russia over the threat of attack at a time when the US has ordered the removal of all workers’ families from the country. Embassy of Ukraine with fears of the inevitability of a Russian invasion – the EU says there is no reason to “dramatize” the situation. Today’s videoconference meeting was also attended by the head of US diplomacy, Anthony Blinken.

US and UK recall diplomats from Ukraine, but EU says no need to ‘dramatize’

Also this Monday, NATO Allies put forces on alert and sent ships and fighter jets to strengthen defenses in Eastern Europe against Russian military activity near Ukraine’s borders.

In response to a question from journalists, Augusto Santos Silva clarified that the Portuguese embassy in Ukraine is “small”, which mainly employs local employees, that is, of Ukrainian nationality. “Neither we nor any other EU member state will carry out the withdrawal of diplomatic personnel”, he replied.

The minister also mentioned that there are 216 Portuguese citizens living in the country, with “the vast majority” holding dual citizenship. “We know who they are and where they are,” he said, while only a “residual number” live in eastern Ukraine – there is “special contact with them to ascertain their safety and health status.” There is nothing to report yet. He also recalled that since 2014, at the time of the annexation of the Crimean peninsula, Portugal has advised against traveling to the Donbass.

V interview In the renaissance era, António Costa spoke on Monday about the escalation of tensions on the border with Ukraine. “I am very worried. There are real risks that a military conflict could arise between Russia and Ukraine. We are following the EU and NATO frameworks, we are developing, we are stimulating political dialogue and deterrence.”

“Yesterday I had the opportunity to contact Ursula von der Leyen about our position, and I had the opportunity to emphasize that we must take into account that the decisions we make regarding Russia directly or indirectly affect African countries. next to us,” recalls the prime minister. “Portugal has a military presence within the framework of the United Nations in CAR, Mali. As we approach decisions and take positions, reactions are generated on a variety of fronts. Europe has not only an eastern border, but also a southern border.”

“As a militant optimist, I believe that the most rational is to find a solution within the framework of international law and territorial integrity, which actually allows you to find a deterrent solution,” he emphasizes.

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