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bells: collective, political love | podcast

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bells: collective, political love |  podcast

Love is an everyday construction, and only in action does it acquire a feeling.

Writer, teacher, and activist Bell Hooks brings subjective dimensions to her work, dealing with social issues such as racism, feminism, politics, pedagogy, domination, and resistance.

The author died last December and left an immeasurable legacy of black literature, according to historians who spoke to reporters. Brazil de facto.

The American black feminist has written over 40 books published in 15 different languages, some of which have been translated in Brazil. The daughter of a janitor and a maid, Bell was educated in segregated schools in the United States and published her first collection of poetry. And there we cried in 1978.

:: Talking drums: anti-racism and feminism in Afro-Uruguayan candomba ::

In 2020, educator and historian Silvane Silva was invited by Elefante Publishing to write the preface to the Brazilian edition of the Hooks’ book Tudo sobre o amor: novaes perspectiva.

She explains that the author believes that love goes far beyond romantic love, attachment to someone. For her, love is an action associated with ethics and the collective.


“Bell Hooks was keen to practice what she wrote herself,” says Sylvan Silva/Personal Archive.

“It shows how important it is for society that we have love as an ethic and that we can build a concept of love that values ​​not the individualism that capitalist society is used to, but a concept of love that is constructed and valued. through life in the community.

:: Bell Hooks, writer and one of the biggest names in black feminism, dies ::

How to identify revolutionary wind chimes ideas? Unlike great academic theorists, Hooks insisted on writing instructive and accessible, so that all people interested in his literature could read his writings, and were criticized throughout his career for being “not academic enough”.

“This is something of great importance, because few scientists manage to achieve what it gives, namely the depth of conceptualization, aligned with a simple language that is accessible to everyone and which basically reduces all the practical relations of everyday life to concepts and reflections. She was worried that the theory could heal us, help us live, and could help in our daily lives,” Silva says.

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Reading the works helped the historian Marilea de Almeida to declare herself as a black woman, intellectual, teacher, researcher and writer / Photo: Fernanda Almeida Abraao (Marilea’s niece, 11 years old)

Throughout her career, the author has covered topics ranging from critical theory to pedagogical and cultural practice, feminism, love, spirituality, self-esteem, and several books aimed at children. So how do you get started with bell hooks? Sylvan points to “Teaching Crime: Education as the Practice of Freedom” and books on the subject.

:: Sirma Bilge and the challenge to find oneself among the oppressions that divide us ::

“Facing the fear of speaking out and courageously standing up to authority remains a vital challenge for all women,” writes Bell Hooks in the introduction to the new issue of Raising Your Voice: Think Feminist, Think Black. And it is this book that historian and psychoanalyst Marilea de Almeida, author of Devir quilomba: anti-racism, attachment and politics in the practice of quilombol women, recommends to those who have never read bell hooks and want to understand the author’s ideas.

“I think a fundamental aspect of Bell Hooks’ work is her relationship with the word. She believes that the transformation of the world occurs not only through her, but also through the gestures of using voice and words. So I would recommend Raise Your Voice, a book that brings to the fore this process of silencing that takes place, especially with black women, and that, in a way, leads to speech and language similar to the voice of black women. , which occupies a unique place,” explains Almeida.

During the interview, she read an excerpt from the book Erguer a voz, which features personal and theoretical essays in which she critically radicalizes the maxim that “the personal is political”.

When we challenge ourselves to speak in a liberating voice, we threaten even those who may at first claim that they want to hear our words, in the act of overcoming our fear of speech being perceived as a threat to the process of learning to speak as subjects in which we participate. global struggle to end dominance. When we end our silence, when we speak with a liberating voice, our words connect us to anyone who lives in silence somewhere. Excerpt from Raise Your Voice: Think Like a Feminist, Think Like a Black Woman

Marilea says that meeting Bell Hooks was a game changer in her career, she saw herself and thought about herself. Reading the works helped the historian to declare himself as a black woman, intellectual, teacher, researcher and writer.

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“It works like a call for me, you know? As if I am being called to learn how to use my voice, my intellect, my intellectual abilities and my energy serve human dignity.”

Bahian singer Lueji Luna released an album called “It’s good to be underwater” that mentions black songwriters. In this track, she refers to a book published by the Hooks in 1981 called E eu sou não uma mulher? Black women and feminism.

As the author turns 70 this year, Editora Elefante announced posthumously that she will be publishing at least six more Bell Hooks books.

Some books mentioned in the report:

– All About Love: New Perspectives (2021)

Summary: What is love? Is this question so subjective, so opaque? As for bell hooks, when we refine their meaning, we get further and further away from understanding it. In this book, the first volume of his Love Trilogy, the author tries to explain what love really is, whether it be in family, romantic and friendship relationships, or religious experience. Contrary to popular belief, which so often understands love as a sign of weakness and irrationality, Bell Hooks argues that love is more than a feeling, it is an action that can transform the nihilism, greed and obsession with power that dominate our lives. . It is through building a loving ethic that we can build a truly egalitarian society based on justice and the pursuit of collective well-being.

– Teaching Crime: Education as the Practice of Freedom (1994)

Synopsis: In Learning to Crime, Bell Hooks and the Rebellious Black Intellectual write about a new type of education, education as the practice of freedom. For Hooks, teaching students to “transgress” racial, gender, and class lines in order to receive the gift of freedom is the teacher’s most important goal. Filled with passion and politics, Teaching Crime combines practical knowledge in the classroom with a deep connection to the world of emotions and feelings. This is one of the rare books about teachers and students that dares to raise critical questions about Eros and anger, suffering and reconciliation, and the future of teaching itself. She says that “education as the practice of freedom is a way of learning that anyone can learn.” “Teaching Transgression” tells the story of a talented teacher’s struggle to make the class work.

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– Raise Your Voice: Think Like a Feminist, Think Like a Black Woman (2019)

Synopsis: As a child, the author was taught that to “answer”, “to object” means to dare to disagree, to have one’s own opinion, to speak on an equal footing with an authority figure. In this collection of personal and theoretical essays, in which he critically radicalizes the maxim that “the personal is political,” Bell Hooks reflects on the issues that characterize his intellectual work: racism and feminism, politics and pedagogy, domination and resistance. In more than twenty essays and one interview, the author shows that the transition between silence and speech is a complex gesture that heals, gives new life and new growth to the oppressed, colonized, exploited and all those who are left behind. fight shoulder to shoulder for liberation.

Editing: Douglas Matos

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Why Claudia Raya left politics after supporting the campaign against Lula

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Why Claudia Raya left politics after supporting the campaign against Lula

With the 2022 election approaching, several celebrities are positioning themselves in favor of the main candidates for the presidency of the republic: Luis Inacio Lula da Silva (PT) Jair Bolsonaro (PL) and Ciro Gomes (PDT). However, there is one person who does not intend to use her image to influence this year’s elections – this is Claudia Raya.

Claudia Raya, now 55 and most of whom devoted herself to the arts, was already active in Brazilian politics in 1989, when she was one of the most enthusiastic celebrities who supported the candidacy of Fernando Collor de Mello for the presidency. then PRN (current Aghir), who contested and won the second round against Lula.

However, the outcome of this story was a nightmare for the actress. Collor took the unpopular measure of confiscating the savings of Brazilians to curb inflation and was later removed from his position due to corruption scandals.

For being a personal friend of the politician from Alagoas and being active in the campaign, Raya became the target of numerous criticisms and from that moment decided that she would no longer participate in political campaigns, even to support her family. members.

the beginning of friendship

Claudia Raya and Fernando Collor

Image: UOL Reproduction/Assembly

In 1991, Claudia Raya spoke openly about the beginning of her friendship with Fernando Collor de Mello in an interview with the Kultura TV program Roda Viva. At the time, the actress said that they met when she was touring for a performance of “Gatão de Estimação” in Maceio. Collor and his then-wife Rosan Malta introduced themselves as admirers of Claudia Raya’s work and went to meet her backstage.

At the time, Raya recalls, Collor was the federal candidate for Alagoas, and she insisted on supporting his candidacy. With the victory in the elections, the artist recalled that Collor began to consider her a “rabbit’s foot”, that is, a talisman.

“He was a candidate for federal deputies. I thanked them for being in the hall, I already knew him from the newspaper, I thought he was an interesting politician, and they went to the dressing room to greet me, and I said to him: “You will win as a federal deputy.” It was the beginning of our friendship. He won, he thought I was his rabbit’s foot, that I should be on his side, and we became very good friends,” he announced.

In that interview, the actress called Collor a good-natured person and that “no one can deny it.” “AS WELL ASin an absolutely decisive person, very demanding of himself,” he said.

campaign video

The 1989 elections were important for Brazilian democracy as they marked the resumption of elections by popular vote after 25 years of military dictatorship and the killing of hundreds of opponents by the military.

In this scenario, the strongest names in Planalto were Kollor and Lula – the Alagoan won with 55% of the valid votes in a campaign heavily marked by television – TV Globo’s biased publication in favor of Collor in the debate is the most famous episode. Decades later, a PT member accused a carioca radio station of doing a “rut” to hurt him. globe, including already apologized for the episode.

But this campaign also involved several celebrities, such as Claudia Raya, who stood out for her enthusiasm and belief in Alagoas. The actress even starred in commercials in which she urged Brazilians to go vote as she, “in green and yellow, full of faith”, vote “correctly, vote for Collor.”

“I’m going to vote for the president for the first time, like most Brazilians. And you won’t miss this opportunity, right? booth take your ballot like this and vote right, vote to win, score to win, 20 Collor. Vote like me, vote Collor,” said the actress in the campaign.

Repentance

Three years after winning the election Fernando Collor de Mello was removed from office. The then president was implicated in several corruption scandals, in addition to the confiscation of Brazilians’ savings, which brought crowds of painted faces to the streets demanding his impeachment.

When she was at Roda Viva in 1991, Claudia Raia was asked what she thought of the then president’s attitude and pointed out that “it was a chaotic situation.” According to her, her income was also withheld, and she did not even have money to buy cigarettes.

“O [meu] money stuck, I didn’t have money to buy cigarettes. I remember I started the soap opera “Rainha da Sukata” and Gloria Menezes didn’t have a dime either, so we collected what we had, bought a pack, and we had ten cigarettes each. It was a chaotic situation, but I think that’s part of it, I would also feel really bad if my money wasn’t stuck, if everyone else was stuck, mine would be stuck too,” he said at the time.

Since then, Claudia Raya spoke of her participation in the 1989 elections, when she supported the campaign against Lula and in favor of Collor, always with regret.. In several interviews, the actress said that today she would not even support her mother, Odette Motta Raya, who passed away in March 2019..

“This process was very painful and I hope it never happens again. I just definitely think politics and art are incompatible,” she told Rádio Cultura FM in 2021.

“I believed that Fernando Collor was the guy who would change Brazil, me and everyone else, but that was not the case,” he continued. “And I think that today Brazil is going through a split, and many places in the world are also going through this split. And I think it’s very bad, very harmful. This is a hate campaign,” he added.

Last month, the artist again commented on this issue in an interview with JP magazine and said that she was not going to “ever go through anything like what she experienced at that time.”

“What I went through with Fernando Collor, I don’t want to go through again. Even if my mother reincarnated and ran for president, I would not campaign for her,” he said.

fake news

Due to her closeness to Fernando Collor de Mello, Claudia Raya became known as the mistress of the Alagoan politician. The fake news concocted with her name at the time drove her to the bottom.

In this case Raya put an end to it marriage to Alexander Frotaand rumors arose of her alleged involvement with the “marajah hunter”.

“They said I had sex with Collor in the Casa da Dinda pantry,” the artist said, referring to the former president’s family residence in Brasilia.

Raya recalled this gossip in her memoir Semper Raia um Novo Dia (HarperCollins Brasil), written by journalist Rosana Hermann. The celebrity recalled how she was at Globo Studios and received a personal call from Collor asking for help amid impeachment calls, but she refused. According to him, this episode marked the end of their friendship.

In addition to being identified as Collor’s lover, gossip at the time said she would have contracted HIV because the former president “was very thin and people accused me of having an affair with him”.

“Then I had an empty theater, I had to be on the cover of a magazine with a negative result. HIV. I paid the price for the wrong choice, with the wrong person.”

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Gustavo Petro talks about changing drug policy in Colombia

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Gustavo Petro talks about changing drug policy in Colombia

In his inaugural address as president, the former senator pledged to send fair tax reform to Congress.

Former Senator Gustavo Petro took office this Sunday (July 7, 2022) as the new President of Colombia. He is the first left-wing politician to lead the country.

Environmental activist and former maid Francia Marquez took over as vice president. She will be the first Afro-Colombian woman to hold the post.

The oath was taken by Senate President Roy Barreras in front of 100,000 people who filled Bolivar Square in the capital Bogota. The ceremony was attended by foreign authorities such as King Felipe VI of Spain.

In his speech, Petro declared that he would create a peaceful government to end “6 Decades of Violence and Armed Conflict”.

The President also stressed that the anti-drug policy needs to be changed. “The time has come to adopt a new international convention that recognizes that the war on drugs has failed. As a result, 1 million Hispanics were killed in these 40 years.”stated.

Petro said he would propose to Congress a fair tax reform that would use some of the wealthiest money to pay for the education of children and youth.

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Planalto controversy sparks debate over gender disparity in politics

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Planalto controversy sparks debate over gender disparity in politics
Plenum of the House on Election Day: few women in a predominantly male environment (photo: Clea Vian/Chamber of Deputies)

For the first time since the redemocratization, Brazil will have two all-female slates in the presidential race, for both the presidency and the vice presidency. The feat came after the confirmation of Mara Gabrilli (PSDB) as a deputy in the campaign of Simone Tebet (MDB-Federao PSDB/Cidadania-Podemos). Another slate woman from PSTU, with Vera Lchia next to the indigenous Kun Ipor. Together with Senator Soraya Tronic (MS), Unio Brasil’s official presidential candidate, this election becomes the election with the largest participation of women in the majority dispute.

The trend should repeat itself in the Legislature, in contrast to what was observed in the 2018 elections, when candidates represented only 32% of the candidates approved by the High Electoral Court (TSE), even with at least 30% of the votes distributed. election fund to ensure representation in elections. This year’s outcome of the October dispute is expected to better reflect the presence of women in Brazilian society, especially in the National Congress and in state legislatures.

Despite the stimulus policy, the National Congress is still not very feminine: the Senate has only 12 senators (15%) with 81 seats. In the Chamber of Deputies, out of 513 seats, only 77 (14.8%) are occupied by women.

In the last election campaign, cases of orange women’s candidacy were recorded in studies by foreign universities University College London and James Madison University. According to a poll, 35% of all female candidates for the Chamber of Deputies in the 2018 elections did not receive 320 votes. The numbers indicate that the candidates did not even campaign and raise suspicions that they were only used to comply with the quota law.

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The study also showed that 20 years after the passage of the Quota Act in 1998, there had been little progress in the representation of women in the House. From 1998 to 2018, the percentage of women MPs increased from 5.6% to 15%. Due to cases like “orange candidacies”, in January of this year, the TSE confirmed the gender quota and tightened electoral rules to ensure that parties effectively comply with the law in 2022.

In previous years, this issue was regulated by the regulations of the TSE itself. However, due to non-compliance with the rule, Constitutional Amendment 117 was adopted in April this year. The law establishes that political parties must allocate at least 30% of the funds of the Special Campaign Finance Fund (SFFC) and mandatory campaigning. on radio and television with their candidates.

In order to further encourage women candidates in the long term, the law provides for the establishment and maintenance of programs to encourage and promote women’s political participation.

little incentive

Luciana Panque, professor and researcher at the Federal University of Parana (UFPR) and external consultant to the Observatory of Women in Politics of the Chamber of Deputies, stresses that, unlike in countries like Mexico, where representation quotas are seats in the Legislature – i.e. after elections – in Brazil binding only for electoral disputes.

“Parties are obliged to nominate women, this does not mean that these candidates are competitive. Often candidates come either fictitious or with small investments,” he explained.

In addition to women’s quotas, other measures aimed at encouraging the representation of an identity can be seen in elections. Electoral lawyer and researcher at the National Observatory of Women in Politics of the Chamber of Deputies Carla Rodriguez identifies three main initiatives.

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“Dual voting for blacks and women to allocate the party fund and campaign fund should encourage parties to put forward more competitive female candidates, that is, they will invest in women with political capital. The Law on Combating Political Violence Against Women, a global and previously unseen phenomenon, also contributes to underrepresentation,” the lawyer explained.

According to experts, the inclusion of women in politics is a problem due to the lack of support and promotion of interests in this topic. So says political scientist Beatriz Finochio, who opposes quotas for female candidates as an interference that could encourage corruption.

“The role of women in modern politics, as well as interests. The way a society works, where even women cannot have an opinion, has recently changed. But now, for her to go from a voter to a candidate, a path. It’s good when there are women in politics, but it would be even better if we trained people regardless of gender,” the academician argues.

For University of Brasilia (UnB) political science graduate student Brenda Barreto, underrepresentation begins in the internal organization of the parties themselves. “The scenario of women’s underrepresentation at the national level, which we see, begins with the entry of women into the party. If we look at who are the chairmen of the parties, there are practically no women at the national level,” he said. outside.

The support of men is a fundamental reason for the success of existing public policies. However, coordinator of the Brazilian section of the Women’s Democracy Network (WDN/Brazil), Silvia Rita de Souza, sees that sometimes men feel cornered by the fact that the space is occupied by a large number of female figures.

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“When it comes to the political space, men feel cornered because in order for someone to enter, someone has to leave. They feel that they are losing space, and many do not understand the struggle, ”he appreciated.

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