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Congress Controls Over 50% of Budget Investment – Politics



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A real “war” around the execution parliamentary amendments To Budget it will determine the fate of the future government and will have more importance and influence on the costs of governance than party federations and other innovations in electoral law, such as the end of coalitions in proportional elections.

This analysis, by political leaders and political scientists, sheds light on the strongest side of the coalition’s presidential crisis, a model that has traditionally defined the relationship between Executive e Congress in the country. According to experts, such a balance of forces required for controllability was compromised in management. Jair Bolsonaro, which gave way to a “co-optation of presidency,” in which Congress became responsible for half of the executive’s investment, without committing itself to public policy or government budgetary responsibility.

In numbers, this situation is described by the dynamics of the budget execution of the parliamentary amendments, which decreased from the 3.3 billion reais pledged in 2015 to 26.5 billion reais in 2021. In 2022, the federal budget provides for investments of 44 billion reais and $ 21.1 billion for parliamentary amendments.

“The next president is going to have a hellish first year with Congress. It will be a life-and-death battle to find out who will control the execution of the budget, ”he said. Alessandro Molon (PSB), leader of the opposition in the House. In his opinion, this “war” means the end of the secret budget, as evidenced by state, which is based on the rapporteur’s amendments – and will determine the success or failure of the future government.

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MP Samuel Moreira (PSDB-SP) estimates that 53% of the total federal government investment of R $ 50 billion was spent on amendments to parliament in 2021. “More than half of the investment budget comes from individual parliamentary, court sessions, commissions or rapporteur amendments. It wasn’t like that in 2015. ”

In his opinion, the country must face this situation. “Under a presidential system, it is difficult to have a parliamentary budget.” Moreira said Congress strongly influences the budget without being held accountable for the political outcome of the government. “No matter how strong you build a coalition, it will only serve to stay in power, not to improve the quality of government.”

Molon agrees with the toucan. In his opinion, the secret budget – only the rapporteur’s amendments in 2022 will amount to 16.5 billion reais – in practice, the execution of these resources is transferred from the executive to the legislature. Apart from the lack of transparency in the use of funds, the decision-making criteria are unknown. “It’s not republican, legal or moral. It is impossible to build such a country. ”


For the president of the IDB, federal deputy Rossi Keith (JV) the secret budget forms the deputies of the first, second and third categories. “I am not against the amendments, on the contrary, I represent my electoral base; a lot of health action depends on these amendments, but the secret budget creates a number of serious distortions for democracy. ”

According to the emedebist, the amendments are used to influence the voting, which affects the discussion of issues of principle for the country, which hinders the parties. “Naturally, the base deputy is more involved in putting forward the projects of the structural government. But what is happening is very bad, as it means that the parties no longer control the discussion of issues. ”

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Baleya also predicts that the next president will have to face this problem. The solution, he said, could be to increase individual tax amendments, “which will be transparent and cover the base of all states.”

Head of the PP in the chamber, deputy Bon Gass (RS) states that “the parliament must control resources and vote on the budget, but the executive must rule the country.” “We are not in a parliamentary regime. Therefore, we believe that this mechanism is wrong, ”he said. “We have to consider this.”


Apart from budget execution, other factors, such as the fragmentation of parties in the parliament, which currently consists of 24 parties, also increase what analysts usually refer to as the cost of manageability. For the political scientist Umberto Dantas, the figure of the president of the republic also plays an important role in this calculation.

“The characteristics of the president, the fact that he is Bolsonaro, Temer or Dilma Rousseff, completely change the question of controllability. Bolsonaro’s intensity and aggressiveness, as well as the ability and manner with which he negotiates handling, largely explains the situation in which we find ourselves, ”said Dantas.

According to Molon, the country lives “in a disguised semi-presidential regime in order to try to preserve what is left of the support of the decadent president.” “This is a president who does not govern, does not choose resources and turns all votes into ‘take it there, come here.’ The project is no longer discussed. Politics has become a retail of individual amendments. This is a disaster, the worst of the worlds; it is not presidential power or parliamentarianism. This is a fair where everyone has the right to make a number of amendments. It won’t work. “

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Anti-political speeches should lose power in these elections, experts say



Anti-political speeches should lose power in these elections, experts say

Under the auspices of the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff (PT) and the then decline of the Workers’ Party due to allegations of corruption added to the shaken sense of representativeness among voters, anti-politics became a concept and a common word in 2016 and the 2018 elections. With it, new characters and parties appeared, vote winners and elected positions with good numbers drawn from the ballot boxes.

To see if this year’s elections still have the opportunity to use this speech to attract votes, the report TIME talked to experts in the field of political science and political marketing. The result of the assessments is that the negation of politics – and politicians – is in shambles by the general election in October.

Candidates who were elected in 2016 and 2018 with the message that they were not politicians will struggle to repeat the speech this year. President Jair Bolsonaro (PL), for example, joined the acronyms for the so-called Centrão, formed by traditional politicians such as Ciro Nogueira and Artur Lira of the NP, and PL president Valdemar da Costa Neto. “It seems to me that anti-politics will not take root in 2022, because those who used it benefited from being elected and stopped being anti-political by becoming politicians anyway,” said Adriano Cerqueira, political scientist and professor at Ibmec-BH .

In turn, political scientist and professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) Carlos Ranulfo is even more skeptical about the use of anti-political discourse. “That motto has passed and I think it has lost a lot of power, not least because the biggest symbol was Bolsonaro,” he analyzed.

In Minas Gerais, Governor Romeu Zema (Novo) ran his first campaign without allying with any party and presented himself as a businessman who had never been involved in party politics. In four years, he will run for re-election with the support of about 10 parties. “He was better at using anti-political discourse, but if he was an unconventional politician, he would not have gone for re-election,” the UFMG political scientist said.

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Zema’s main opponent, Alexander Kalil (SDP), was also forced to change his position in the elections for the government of Minas Gerais. In 2016, he was elected leader of the Belo Horizonte City Hall under the slogan “No more politicians”. During his term, he has come to consider himself a “good politician” and is now banking on an alliance with former President Lula (PT) to become the next governor. “Kalil (for re-election as mayor) in 2020 was no longer that newcomer. He acknowledged this, but accepted the discourse that his proposal was to act differently (toward traditional politicians),” assesses Erica Anita Baptista, PhD in Political Science and coordinator of the Brazilian Association of Election Researchers Observatory (Abrapel) .

Ibmec’s Serqueira’s analysis is that the two main candidates for the Minas government will try to highlight their own characteristics instead of trying to negate the policy. “Zema will present himself as a man who managed to create a well-appreciated government and not become addicted to old political practices. Kalil, on the other hand, will take advantage of the administrative success and Lula to become famous in Minas, mainly within the state,” he said.

Marcelo Vitorino, professor of political marketing at the IDP and ESPM, believes that the anti-political discourse has lost power and space, but can still resonate with part of the electorate.

“In 2016, about 40% of mayors were re-elected. In 2020, it was almost 60%. You had almost 50% re-election. This already shows that the renewal climate has changed. The novelty attempt was exhausted in 2020. Some traditional politicians have returned to take places that newcomers could previously fill,” he said.

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One concept, two views

The term “anti-politics”, widely used in the Brazilian elections since 2016, received different opinions among experts who listened to O TEMPO. While UFMG’s Carlos Ranulfo sees the speech as an enemy of democracy, Adriano Cerqueira sees it as a new way of doing politics.

Ranulfo believes that discrediting the political account is harmful to the democratic system by spreading bad practices throughout the system: “The anti-political discourse gives the impression that the entire politico-democratic process is corrupt when politicians do nothing. Politics is a system of containment of power. If you don’t slow down, you are moving away from democracy,” he believes.

Serqueira, on the other hand, sees it as an alternative to the traditional way of doing politics. According to him, the Workers’ Party (PT) did something similar in the 1980s, imagining a “PT-image of government”. “We must think calmly about anti-politics, it is one thing to defend anarchism, but this is not so. who introduced himself [como antipolítico] it is against old political practices and wants new ways. I see a lot in this sense of wanting to break old practices,” he emphasizes.

Orientation to the economy and experience of the candidate

Based on an analysis of voter polls, Abrapel’s Erika Anita Baptista states that voters tend to look for candidates with more experience in this year’s elections, in contrast to what happened in 2016 and 2018, when a change in the political system was required.

She attributes this transformation in the will of the electorate to the pandemic and the economic and political crises. “We have been through a lot in the last few years. So people are looking for someone with a bit more experience and who can drive in a way that makes them feel more confident. People don’t want someone to fly in with a parachute and come up with something completely new. Here’s what the studies showed: Brazilians showed no signs of striving for radical change, ”the political scientist said.

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According to Erika Anita, voters are unhappy with the direction of the economy. “They don’t feel safe, for example, making investments and buying something that they will have to pay for for years because they don’t know if they will have a job to support it,” he said.

Marcelo Vitorino of ESPM and IDP takes a similar stance. In his opinion, the 2022 elections will be determined mainly by economic discourse. “On the one hand, there will be an argument that the economy has progressed and should develop further. On the other hand, it will be said that Brazil has regressed and needs to be renewed. Whoever is the most persuasive wins this election. If a person’s life has stalled, he is likely to take a position of continuity with the current government. If it gets worse, it is likely that she will decide to change the government, ”predicts a professor of political marketing.

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Barbudo defends CPI Petrobras and refutes the political point of view argument: when it was CPI Covid, nobody cared, right? :: News MT



Barbudo defends CPI Petrobras and refutes the political point of view argument: when it was CPI Covid, nobody cared, right?  :: News MT
Federal MP Nelson Barbudo (PL) said the issue of protecting the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (CPI) to investigate the actions of Petrobras has been appeased within the PL, the party of President Jair Bolsonaro. According to him, the group wants transparency and does not have a political view: “When it came to the opening of the CPI on Covid, no one was worried, right? If there were pre-election elections, if there weren’t any, the Senate, in my opinion, to the detriment of Bolsonaro’s election campaign, opened [a CPI]”.

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The secretary says the creation of the consumer price index is a “political decision” but points out that the pricing of Petrobras must change.

As for Barbudo, Petrobras needs to explain the successive increases and explain why it is not using its “social purpose”. He even stated that he even considers the adjustments “a diversion that is carried out before the presidential campaign.”

“Is it not possible to increase oil by 14%? The dollar did not rise in price by 14%, the barrel of oil did not rise in price by 14%, so why did it rise in price by 14%? In 1.4%, 14%. We did everything with the leaders to remove ICMS, which is 24% in some places, the other day Petrobras gives a 14% increase, I mean … Petrobras also has to analyze the social function, this is what I hit hard,” he defended.

MP Bolsonaro also said that Bolsonaro’s point of view has not changed, he first said that high prices are due to taxes, and now he is turning to Petrobras. Barbudo said the government has held a task force and is trying to act on all fronts.

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“The government had a task force to remove ICMS from the states and replace it in the hope that the price would drop at the gas station. So Petrobras comes in and doesn’t cooperate? We will work on Petrobras and see what happens, because we need people to have a working position, regardless of the election period. Now Petrobras is growing by 14% every 30 days… in 90 days Brazil is not viable,” he lamented.

In yet another attempt, the MP said he would submit a proposal to the President to submit a PEC or LP for Petrobras to pay the fuel freight with a portion of the profits made in the first two quarters of 2022. Thus, according to him, all municipalities will receive fuel at the same price.

“Let’s take this idea from the president to see if the board accepts… [] another way to try download. What we are trying to do is to provide working conditions for the Brazilian people, especially for agriculture in Mato Grosso, tractors, big machines, agriculture. [usam gasolina e] Soon it will be unbearable. We, representing our people, must take action, whether it is with the CPI, with the PEC, with the PL, no matter what happens, we need to lower the price of oil,” he concluded.

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For Damaso, politicians must act transparently and honestly in order to earn the respect of the population.



For Damaso, politicians must act transparently and honestly in order to earn the respect of the population.

“I want to be a politician only as long as I have the respect of the population, and there is only one way to earn respect: to do serious work, transparently and honestly.” The statement was made by pre-gubernatorial candidate Osires Damaso (PSC) in a press interview in Araguaín during his last visit to the city, this Friday 24. In addition to meeting with communication specialists, he met with the authorities and political leaders of the municipality to strengthen his name in a dispute for state government.

Asked about his motives for running for president, Damaso talked about his experiences as a three-term state deputy, Legislative Assembly president, as a businessman, and the beginnings of his personal journey. “And this experience allowed me to get acquainted with the resources that reach the state, their potential and the real needs of the inhabitants of Tocantins,” he explained.

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“We need a government that truly runs an administration focused on economic development, growth and the quality of life of our people. We need industrialized, modern and respected Tocantinas. I am sure that with my experience I will have excellent management, giving people real opportunities,” Damaso said.

The pre-nominee also advocates a partnership between state government and municipalities to develop public policies that primarily benefit those living in situations of social vulnerability. “I want to implement the program in partnership with city halls, municipal councils and leaders so that we can deliver basic food packages to the population, restoring the mood of many families. But, in addition, we need a state program so that these people can enter the labor market,” he stressed.

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As for the progress of the campaign, Damaso stressed that he was “very pleased with the receptivity of the population and the support received.” Among his main supporters are state deputy Junior Geo (PSC) and former mayor of Palmas, Carlos Amastha (PSB), who served two terms. The joints are in full swing and new weight bearings should be announced soon.

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