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Antarctica’s ozone hole is nearly closed, but large and long

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The hole in Antarctica’s ozone layer is about to close, making history as one of the largest and longest on record, the Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service (CAMS, in its original acronym) said.

The 2021 hole, “significantly larger and longer,” will close just days before the 2020 hole, which was the longest since 1979, according to a statement by CAMS scientists released this Monday.

“Like last year’s season, the ozone hole in 2021 will be one of the largest and longest on record, and will close later than 95% of all ozone holes discovered since 1979,” he says. In the Copernicus communiqué: The European Union Earth Observation Program.

Vincent-Henri Poy, director of the Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service, said, as quoted in the statement, that the ozone holes in Antarctica in 2020 and 2021 were quite large and exceptionally durable.

“These two longer than usual episodes are not a sign that the Montreal Protocol is not working, although they would have been even greater without it. This is due to interannual variability due to meteorological and dynamic conditions, which can have an important influence in magnitude. ozone hole and that overlap the long-term recovery, “he explained, explaining that the amount of ultraviolet radiation is also tracked and that it has been very high in recent weeks in parts of Antarctica below the ozone hole.

The Montreal Protocol was signed in 1978 and is one of the most credible climate change agreements ever made to protect the ozone layer. It bans harmful chemicals associated with ozone depletion, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which are decreasing in the atmosphere, albeit slowly.

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The ozone layer in the stratosphere protects the planet from potentially harmful ultraviolet radiation. CFCs and HFCs (found, for example, in refrigeration materials or simple sprays), when they reach the stratosphere, release chlorine when exposed to ultraviolet radiation, and this reaction leads to ozone destruction.

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Kyiv is negotiating with Moscow on the release of foreign fighters – News

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Moscow is holding captive “thousands” of Ukrainians and “military personnel from all over the world who have volunteered” to defend Ukraine, Zelensky reminded in statements to the US television channel NBC.

The head of the Ukrainian state thanked for the support of volunteer fighters, whom he considers “heroes”, and confirmed that negotiations are underway to release those who were captured.

“Everyone understands that the war in Ukraine today is here on this earth, but tomorrow it can happen anywhere in Europe, and the “day after tomorrow” can happen in the United States,” the Ukrainian president said.

Thus, he added, “it would be absolutely fair to say that the war in Ukraine is already a war in Europe and the United States, only – territorially – it is happening here.”

Zelenskiy’s announcement came on the same day that the defense of British citizen Sean Pinner, who was sentenced to death in the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic in eastern Ukraine, announced that he had appealed the sentence.

Pinner, 48, was sentenced to death on June 9, along with fellow Briton Aiden Aislin, 28, and Moroccan citizen Braquim Saadoun, after being found guilty of participating in hostilities “as mercenaries” in support of Ukrainian forces.

Two Britons were captured by Russian forces during Moscow’s siege of the Ukrainian city of Mariupol on the Sea of ​​Azov, Brakim Saadoun was taken prisoner in March.

See also  G20 summit: Draghi says Putin's personal involvement ruled out
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Turkey lifts veto on Swedish and Finnish membership in NATO

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Turkey lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining NATO on Tuesday.

The leaders of the three countries met on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Madrid.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has announced that Turkey has lifted its veto on Finland and Sweden joining the Atlantic Alliance after signing a memorandum that “answers Ankara’s concerns.”

“We have completed a very constructive meeting with the President [da Turquia, Recep Tayyip] Erdogan or President [da Finlândia, Sauli] Niinistö and the Prime Minister [da Suécia, Magdalena] Andersson, and I am pleased to announce that we have reached an agreement that paves the way for Sweden and Finland to join NATO,” Stoltenberg said.

The Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) spoke at a press conference at the Exhibition Park of Madrid, in the northeast of the Spanish capital, where the summit of the leaders of the North Atlantic Alliance is taking place.

MADRNATO/POOL/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

Sweden and Finland applied to join NATO on May 18 after the Russian invasion of Ukraine ended the historic policy of neutrality.

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G20 summit: Draghi says Putin’s personal involvement ruled out

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Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said on Tuesday that the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin at the next G20 summit in Bali was ruled out by the Indonesian presidency of the body.

At the summit of the group of seven most industrialized countries of the world (G7), which ended this Tuesday in Germany, they asked about The Kremlin’s announcement that Putin would attend the Bali summit in November, Draghi said that Indonesian President Joko Widodo ruled out the possibility.

Widodo “was categorical: he [Putin] not to come. What could happen – I don’t know what will happen, but what it could happen, maybe it’s remote interference“said Draghi, whose the country will hand over the G20 presidency to Indonesia in Bali.

The information has not been This was stated by the head of the Indonesian state, Joko Widodo. who will meet on Tuesday in Kyiv with his Ukrainian counterpart in an attempt to achieve a ceasefire in the conflict caused by the Russian invasion.

Joko Widodo, who attended Monday’s G7 summit in Germany, is already on his way to Kyiv, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said. accompanies the head of state in a video message.

After a visit to Ukraine and meeting with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, The Indonesian leader is heading to Russia, where he will meet with Putin on Thursday, becoming the first Asian leader to visit the two countries since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24.

Before leaving on Sunday, Widodo said he was going to ask Zelensky and Putin an immediate ceasefire and the search for a peace agreement through dialogue.

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in spite of pressure from countries such as the US, Canada and Australia to keep Putin out of the G20 summit from 11 to 13 November.on the island of Bali, Indonesia still retains its invitation to the Russian leader.

In April, the President of Indonesia, publicly known as Jokowi, sent Zelensky a G20 invitation and said Indonesia was ready to “contribute to the peace effort”.

In the past decade, Russia has been excluded from the group of industrialized countries then known as the G8, renamed the G7 after the 2014 invasion of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula.

with LUSA

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