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Who is Olaf Scholz, Merkel’s successor, and what to expect from his government

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Who is Olaf Scholz, Merkel's successor, and what to expect from his government

After the German parties presented a coalition agreement that formally ended the Merkel era in the country, center-left politician Olaf Scholz of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) will become the new chancellor.

At the same time, the current Chancellor Angela Merkel is leaving the post after 16 years. Germany’s current finance minister will take over as chancellor next month.

According to the agreement announced in Berlin this Wednesday (24), the SPD will lead a coalition formed by the Greens and the Liberal Democratic Party, the FDP.

In political life, Scholz positions himself as a pragmatist of dialogue – his political style is no different from that of Merkel. They can be considered in many ways similar, despite the fact that they belong to competing parties, experts analyze.

“He looks calm, measured, level-headed,” said Corinna Hirst, a senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund (GMF) in Brussels.

Scholz and Gerhard Schroeder, German Chancellor from 1998 to 2005, belong to the same party. Political pragmatism can be similarities between the two governments. As Chancellor, Schroeder presented the so-called “Agenda 2010” – a series of reforms that were seen as an important step for the German business environment.

Scholz said Wednesday that the German government wants to help build a “strong and sovereign” Europe. Among his government’s negotiations is a move towards a cleaner energy matrix. The coalition parties have agreed to phase out coal by 2030 and to end gas-fired electricity production by 2040.

Who is Olaf Scholz in politics

In a conversation with reporters, Scholz spoke about some of the priorities of his coalition government. “We want to be bold when it comes to climate and industry,” he said.

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With a moderate profile, Scholz can be considered an outsider within his party – there is still no indication of which names will be closest to him during his reign.

“The SPD leadership is mostly left-wing and did not initially support it. So we still don’t know who he is going to rally around him and who will influence his leadership style, ”says Hirst.

Another characteristic that brings Scholz and Merkel closer together is their preference for centrism. “She always ran from the center, and I think he will try to do that too, but that will of course also depend on the demands of the coalition parties,” said Sudha David-Wilp, deputy director of the Berlin office of GMF. CNN

At 63, Scholz is a lifelong SPD member and was born in former West Germany – Merkel was born in East Germany. During the first coalition government, Merkel Scholz served as Minister of Labor and Social Affairs.

Olaf Scholz and German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin / Reuters

In 2011, he was elected Mayor of Hamburg, a position he held with high ratings until 2018. After leaving the city’s mayor, Scholz has become Germany’s deputy chancellor and Merkel’s right-hand man over the past few years, as well as in the fight against the pandemic.

It was Scholz who oversaw financial compensation programs in Germany for businesses, employees and those who lost income due to the fact that they had to be quarantined.

But the man who will succeed Merkel has also had his share of political problems throughout his career – and his name is not as popular abroad as the chancellor. As mayor of Hamburg, he was criticized for failing to deal with the violent protests that took place during the G20 meeting in his city in 2017.

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Hundreds of police officers were injured in clashes with protesters in Hamburg. At the time, Scholz downplayed the potential risk of demonstrations and was therefore accused of the city’s unpreparedness.

With the signing of the coalition on Wednesday and Scholz’s political track record, few expect radical changes at the pinnacle of German politics. “It will be a change because Merkel will no longer be here. I doubt he’s big, ”Hirst said.

* With information from Rob Picheta, Frederick Platgen, Sugam Pokharala, Jennifer Deaton and Helen Regan, from CNN

(This text is a translation. To read the original in English, Click here)

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US has been preparing Ukraine for clash with Russia since 2014 – German politician

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www.brasil247.com - Ucrânia e EUA têm intensas relações militares que afetam a Rússia

“The US is selling its dirty shale gas while the US defense industry is booming,” said Oscar Lafontaine.




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The Evangelical Church has lost the most in the elections – 11/27/2022 – Opinion

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The Evangelical Church has lost the most in the elections - 11/27/2022 - Opinion

When I attended a meeting at my church to welcome new members, I heard the same story from many: They were there because it was an environment free of partisan politics. I remembered my own experience: I also accepted this criterion when I came from Recife and chose my church in São Paulo.

BUT Majority of evangelicals favor re-election of Jair Bolsonaro (PL) nothing new. All studies have shown this trend, and my experience confirms this. I don’t see a problem in the fact that the majority prefers this or that candidate, whoever he is. But it worries me political use of churches and, mostly, moments of worship to coerce the congregation into supporting the candidate.

For us, evangelists, worship is the time of the week for worshiping God, hearing the gospel, and fellowshipping with fellow believers. Before and during the campaign we saw the president and first lady use the pulpit to collect votes in the middle of the service🇧🇷 This attitude in itself should already be condemned and rejected by the evangelists themselves: the worship and authority of churches should not be used for electoral purposes.

This principle is not new even in the evangelical milieu. “When the evangelical church, as a church, makes a choice in favor of a candidate, it ceases to be a church. The Lord of the church is Jesus and he does not have voter registration in Brazil. We evangelists have the right to support, but to say that the Assembly of God supports “A” or “B” is to reduce the church to any institution, ”explained Silas Malafayain a 2002 video when he declared his support for the then-candidate Luis Inacio Lula da Silva (PT). Twenty years later, Malafaya, like other pastors, used his pulpit and Bible passages to support Bolsonaro.

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Gradually the leaders and members of the various evangelical congregations began attitude to the vow as a confirmation of one’s faith in Christ🇧🇷 This association, in turn, leads to people patrolling and controlling other people’s votes, ridiculing or even excluding those who “vote wrong”. Communities that are supposed to welcome and unite completely different people under one faith have become a toxic environment.

The implications of this process go beyond spiritual matters. This indiscriminate and uncritical support from religious organizations and their leaders makes it difficult for evangelicals to participate in discussions of ideas and public policy. After all, they are stamped out as part of a political project (which doesn’t necessarily represent them in reality). The quality of public debate suffers and society becomes more polarized.

Evangelical leaders need to ask themselves how many members stopped attending services or even withdrew from their communities due to political discussions? Is this the example we want to set for the rest of society?

It is important to emphasize that the criticism of the political use of the cult and forced voting should not be confused with the position on the participation of evangelicals in politics. Every Brazilian has a trajectory, values, emotions and ways of thinking that make them support a candidate or an ideology.

No one should be excluded from public debate just because their values ​​were forged in a religious community. It is this logic that has inspired some Protestants to contribute to strengthening the state’s secular heritage so that they can freely practice their faith.

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However, when political forces take over the space devoted to the profession of faith, believers, the exercise of individual freedoms and, consequently, the reputation of society is damaged. That is, even if the evangelical majority candidate won, the church would still be one of the biggest losers in the election. To overcome defeat, evangelical leaders will have to return to engaging in public debate based on Christian values ​​and abandon the false messiah’s power project.

TRENDS / DISCUSSIONS
Articles published by subscription do not reflect the opinion of the newspaper. Its publication aims to stimulate the discussion of Brazilian and world issues and reflect the diverse trends of contemporary thought.

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Was the massacre of Aracruz politically and ideologically motivated?

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Was the massacre of Aracruz politically and ideologically motivated?

Aloisio Morais Martins

If the information about the teacher is confirmed Flavia Amos Merson Leonardo, 38 was the first to be hit by shots fired by a 16-year-old boy at the Primo Bitti public school in Praia do Coqueiral, in the municipality of Aracruz, north of Espirito Santo, this may be an indication that the massacre was plotted for two years may have political motivation – ideological. The killer killed three teachers, a 12-year-old schoolboy and left 12 injured, five of them are still hospitalized in serious condition.

First, it would be good to define the context of the crime that the so-called “mainstream press” covered up: the massacre took place in a condominium created by the Aracruz Celulose company decades ago when it was implanted in the city. which eventually took on its name. It enjoys a privileged location, close to Praia do Coqueiral and 22 kilometers from the nerve center of the inland city of Aracruz. The condominium, intended for high-ranking employees of the company, has grown and today has become a residence for families of upper and middle class, and not just for employees of the company.

The minor who wore Nazi symbols during the crimes is the son of a military police lieutenant, Bolsonarist, who has already posted about Mincha Luta’s book written by the genocidal Adolf Hitler. “The book sucks. I read it and hated it,” he said. But a military man is, first of all, a person of the right wing. On social media, the boy looks dapper next to his father at a demonstration by Bolsonaro supporters. By the way, in the same hat as during the massacre.

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On the other hand, Professor Flavia Amos Mercan Leonardo was known to be clearly a leftist. He had a postgraduate degree in social sciences from the Federal University of Espírito Santo, a PhD in anthropology from the Federal University of Minas Gerais and was an active participant in the Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens (MAB), which played an important role in ES after the collapse of the Vale dam in Mariana, Massachusetts, when the waters of the Rio Doche were stained with mud from mining to estuary on the coast of Espirito Santo five years ago. Flavia has dedicated her academic career to teaching fishermen and ES natives. Why was the teacher chosen as the killer’s first target? Just a coincidence, or did the student have an ideological dislike for Flavia? According to the researchers.

It is worth noting that the killer boy shows good signs that he learned a lot from his father, definitely his idol. Even though he was a minor, the videos show that he learned to drive a vehicle very well, even at high speeds. In addition to his resourcefulness, the video shows very clearly how well he handles the weapons that he carried with him. And he shoots well. Who did you learn from? In his first confessions, released by the police, he says he acted alone and learned to shoot behind his father’s back. Can you believe? Maybe he’s trying to save face in front of his father? The police will have to make progress in investigating these aspects. Either way, this massacre promises intriguing chapters in these days of weapon deification (which we hope are drawing to a close). Let’s see!

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And by the way, it doesn’t hurt to ask: does the killer’s father, like most Bolesonars, advocate coming of age at 16? Maybe for him “a good bandit is a dead bandit?”. Pepper is very good in the eyes of others, isn’t it?

Against the background of the tragedy, we have today in Espírito Santo a clear right-wing predominance in a state where Bolsonaro, for example, received 58.04% of the vote against 41.06% for Lulu in the second round of elections. . Those who were there, like me, on the eve of the elections, felt it very clearly in the streets and avenues, where big cars and double-cab pickups dominated the environment with their bold Bolsonaro advertising. The dominance is such that the elected president cannot hold rallies in the state due to the lack of a tribune. Re-elected governor Renato Casagrande of the PSB chose to light a candle to God and another to the devil, drawing the votes of the lulistas and bolsonarists by refusing to pose next to the petista.

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