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US allows raw materials from reserves to be used to tackle shortages – News

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US allows raw materials from reserves to be used to tackle shortages - News

By executive order, Joe Biden approved access to “strategic and critical” materials from the National Defense Reserve Center (DNSC) to ensure that there is “adequate amount” of necessary equipment for the country’s national security, the report said. agency EFE.

DNSC’s goal is to store, protect and market raw materials such as alumina, beryllium, chromium, cobalt, diamonds, tin and zinc, among others.

This stock also contains ferrochrome, ferromanganese, iodine, iridium, mica, niobium, talc, tantalum, thorium and tungsten.

The US President explained that one of the most important components of supply chain resilience and the health of a US industrial base “is to ensure that both the federal government and the private sector support an adequate supply of supplies, equipment, or supplies. Available raw materials to avoid possible shortages and dependence on imports ”.

For this reason, Biden approved that the Department of Homeland Security may access equipment from reserves “for use, sale or other disposal only when necessary for use, manufacture or production for national defense purposes.”

“Release is not permitted for economic or budgetary purposes,” – specified in the executive document.

The move is part of Joe Biden’s February review of the national supply strategy in key sectors such as microchips, so as not to be dependent on production and imports from “foreign competitors” such as China.

The United States does not want a repeat of cases such as the shortage of face masks it suffered from at the start of the covid-19 pandemic, or the subsequent lack of microchips, which led to production halts at several Ford and General Motors plants. … (GM).

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Economy

ERSE bans the cost of the Iberian contract mechanism from being included in electricity bills until April 26 – ECO

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ERSE bans the cost of the Iberian contract mechanism from being included in electricity bills until April 26 - ECO





ERSE bans the cost of the Iberian contract mechanism from being included in electricity bills until April 26 – ECO































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Economy

Kazakhstan is preparing to supply oil to Azerbaijan instead of Russia – Oil

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Kazakhstan is preparing to supply oil to Azerbaijan instead of Russia - Oil

In the international oil market, a new adjustment of black gold routes may occur. Kazakhstan is preparing to export its oil via Azerbaijan’s largest oil pipeline to circumvent Russia’s threat to close the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.

After a Russian court threatened to cut off an oil route through which Kazakhstan exports black gold to the world, Astana is preparing to ship its oil from Azerbaijan’s largest oil pipeline as early as September, sources close to the case say, citing Reuters.

For about two decades, Kazakh oil, which accounts for 1% of the world’s oil reserves, was transported through the CPC (Caspian Pipeline Consortium) pipeline, which was sent to the Russian port of Novorossiysk on the Black Sea, from where the oil was shipped. the rest of the world.

However, in July a Russian court threatened to shut down the CPC pipeline to Kazakhstan, prompting the Astana government and foreign companies operating in the country’s oil sector to reach out to other possible partners to ensure that if Russia ceases to act as a bridge between Kazakhstan’s oil and the world There may be other transportation options.

Thus, one of the sources assured Reuters that the Kazakh oil company Kazmunaigas (KMG) is negotiating with the Azerbaijani side to export 1.5 million tons of oil per year through the Azerbaijani pipeline, which transports raw materials to the port of Ceyhan. , Turkey. The contract is to be signed in August, and oil on this route is to start in September.

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However, these agreements may not be enough to ensure that the world receives the same number of barrels of oil from Kazakhstan as before Russia’s possible production cuts.

According to the British agency, this partnership will bring 30,000 barrels of oil per day to countries buying Kazakh oil, which is very small compared to the 1.4 million barrels per day currently transported by CPC.

In addition, two other sources report that Astana is in talks to have another 3.5 million tons of crude oil annually exported via another pipeline to the port of Supsa in the Black Sea region from Georgia starting next year. In a Reuters report, KMG representatives declined to comment on the issue.

Kazakhstan can make a difference in the uncertain future

By seeking to sign these agreements, Kazakhstan can not only ensure its own economic viability, but also ensure that the imbalance between supply and demand for oil on the international market does not worsen.

Oil consumption is expected to rise to 2.1 million barrels a day this year, up 300,000 barrels from the previous forecast, according to International Energy Agency data released this Thursday.

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Economy

Caixa Geral de Depósitos may close 23 branches this month – Executive Digest

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The union of workers of the CGD group companies, STEC, has published information received from the administration of Caixa Geral de Depósitos (CGD), announcing that the bank intends to further cut costs and close 23 more branches during August, with more frequency in the Lisbon and Porto areas .

The union warns that with this closure there will be an “inevitable congestion” of other branches in these areas, pointing out that even now they are having difficulty responding to services and recalling that from 2012 to 2022 they left CGD more than 3,300 workers and 300 branches were closed in Portugal.

STEC points to the government’s statement that it “cannot abdicate its responsibility for territorial integrity” and that “it is essential that the state defines the strategic direction that the bank must take, namely its responsibilities in terms of the public interest “. … and the needs of the population, guaranteeing them a service of proximity and quality.”

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