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New Republic: Barbados says goodbye to Queen Elizabeth II and changes monarch to president – current events

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Barbados elected the first president of the republic on October 22, officially ending the time when Queen Elizabeth II of Britain took over, 55 years after the Caribbean nation gained independence from the United Kingdom and joined the United Nations.

The Caribbean island of about 280,000 has elected 72-year-old Sandra Mason as its new head of state. However, only now, after the amendments to the Constitution, Sandra Mason will take the oath (on Tuesday, November 30), when the government of the country will no longer be in the hands of Queen Elizabeth II of England, as announced in October by the Executive Power of the Caribbean country.

Isabella II loses sovereignty, but relations between Buckingham and Barbados are not hostile. The Prime Minister of Barbados has invited Prince Charles of Wales to be present at Mason’s inauguration.

“His Royal Highness will visit Barbados to mark the transition of Barbados to a republic within the Commonwealth,” the office of the heir to the British Crown said in a statement earlier this month.

Sandra Mason was the first woman to serve on the Barbados Court of Appeal.

After being elected at a joint session of the House of Assembly and the Senate, Mason said that it was time for Barbados to completely leave its colonial past behind.

Barbados is not the first former British colony in the Caribbean to become a republic, as Guyana became a republic in 1970, followed by Trinidad and Tobago in 1976 and Dominica in 1978.

The rest of the United Kingdom’s colonies in the region, which are part of the Caribbean Community, chose a constitutional monarchy while remaining part of the Commonwealth (Community of Nations), which unites territories historically associated with London.

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A constitutional monarchy implies that the British monarch is the head of state.

Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley expressed hope that the election of Sandra Mason as the country’s first woman president would lead to greater unity in the fight against various external threats that could affect the island.

In defense of the government’s decision to elect Sandra Mason as the first step towards transforming Barbados into a republic, the prime minister said elections are important for people to fight and cope with challenges like the pandemic and climate change.

Mia Mottley warned that the confluence of the pandemic and climate change was the perfect storm that eroded the stability and property of Barbados.

“We are absolutely confident in the confidence we need to meet the challenges ahead,” he said.

The Prime Minister noted that an island of 267 square kilometers, such as Barbados, cannot cope with the problems it faces in a divided state, therefore, in her opinion, an alliance is necessary.

Until now, Barbados has been a constitutional monarchy with a parliament in which Isabella II was the head of state and the governor-general as her representative in the Caribbean.

The population of Barbados is mainly of African origin.

Former Prime Minister Freindel Stewart announced in March 2015 that the country would replace the monarchy with a republic in 2016, which, if that happened, would coincide with the 50th anniversary of the country’s independence.

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Vladimir Putin has delayed the invasion of Ukraine at least three times.

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Putin has repeatedly consulted with Russian Chief of the General Staff Valery Gerasimov and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu about the invasion, Europa Press told Ukraine’s chief intelligence director Vadim Skibitsky.

According to Skibitsky, it was the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), which is responsible for counterintelligence and espionage work, that put pressure on Gerasimov and other military agencies to agree to launch an offensive. .

However, according to the Ukrainian intelligence services, the FSB considered that by the end of February sufficient preparations had already been made to guarantee the success of the Russian Armed Forces in a lightning invasion.

However, according to Kyiv, the Russian General Staff provided the Russian troops with supplies and ammunition for only three days, hoping that the offensive would be swift and immediately successful.

The head of Ukrainian intelligence also emphasized the cooperation of local residents, who always provided the Ukrainian authorities with up-to-date information about the Russian army, such as the number of soldiers or the exact location of troops.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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Life sentence for former Swedish official for spying for Russia

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A Stockholm court on Monday sentenced a former Swedish intelligence officer to life in prison for spying for Russia, and his brother to at least 12 years in prison. In what is considered one of the most serious cases in Swedish counterintelligence history, much of the trial took place behind closed doors in the name of national security.

According to the prosecution, it was Russian military intelligence, the GRU, who took advantage of the information provided by the two brothers between 2011 and their arrest at the end of 2021.

Peyman Kia, 42, has held many senior positions in the Swedish security apparatus, including the army and his country’s intelligence services (Säpo). His younger brother, Payam, 35, is accused of “participating in the planning” of the plot and of “managing contacts with Russia and the GRU, including passing on information and receiving financial rewards.”

Both men deny the charges, and their lawyers have demanded an acquittal on charges of “aggravated espionage,” according to the Swedish news agency TT.

The trial coincides with another case of alleged Russian espionage, with the arrest of the Russian-born couple in late November in a suburb of Stockholm by a police team arriving at dawn in a Blackhawk helicopter.

Research website Bellingcat identified them as Sergei Skvortsov and Elena Kulkova. The couple allegedly acted as sleeper agents for Moscow, having moved to Sweden in the late 1990s.

According to Swedish press reports, the couple ran companies specializing in the import and export of electronic components and industrial technology.

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The man was again detained at the end of November for “illegal intelligence activities.” His partner, suspected of being an accomplice, has been released but remains under investigation.

According to Swedish authorities, the arrests are not related to the trial of the Kia brothers.

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Ukraine admitted that Russia may announce a general mobilization

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“They can strengthen their positions. We understand that this can happen. At the same time, we do not rule out that they will announce a general mobilization,” Danilov said in an interview with the Ukrainska Pravda online publication.

Danilov believed that this mobilization would also be convened “to exterminate as many as possible” of Russian citizens, so that “they would no longer have any problems on their territory.”

In this sense, Danilov also reminded that Russia has not given up on securing control over Kyiv or the idea of ​​the complete “destruction” of Ukraine. “We have to be ready for anything,” he said.

“I want everyone to understand that [os russos] they have not given up on the idea of ​​destroying our nation. If they don’t have Kyiv in their hands, they won’t have anything in their hands, we must understand this,” continued Danilov, who also did not rule out that a new Russian offensive would come from “Belarus and other territories.” .

As such, Danilov praised the decision of many of its residents who chose to stay in the Ukrainian capital when the war broke out in order to defend the city.

“They expected that there would be panic, that people would run, that there would be nothing to protect Kyiv,” he added, referring to President Volodymyr Zelensky.

The military offensive launched on February 24 by Russia in Ukraine caused at least 6.5 million internally displaced persons and more than 7.8 million refugees to European countries, which is why the UN classifies this migration crisis as the worst in Europe since World War II (1939-1945). gg.). ).

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At the moment, 17.7 million Ukrainians are in need of humanitarian assistance, and 9.3 million are in need of food aid and housing.

The Russian invasion, justified by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the need to “denazify” and demilitarize Ukraine for Russia’s security, was condemned by the international community at large, which responded by sending weapons to Ukraine and imposing political and economic sanctions on Russia.

The UN has presented as confirmed 6,755 civilian deaths and 10,607 wounded since the beginning of the war, stressing that these figures are much lower than the real ones.

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