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Enem 2021 has social issues and indirectly touches on political issues

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Enem 2021 has social issues and indirectly touches on political issues

Indigenous people, racism, song “Delightful Gado Novo” was one of the themes that came up on the first day of the ENEM (National High School Exam) 2021. In the assessment of teachers, social problems appeared, but indirectly in the test.

“During the test, important topics were raised, gender, prison population, refugees, indigenous people were raised, but some topics were also left without attention,” says Claudio Hansem, professor at Descomplica.

As an example, he mentioned environmental issues that were addressed, but not with the topic of deforestation – in Brazil, there is a growing deterioration in data. Issues related to indigenous peoples, violence or land demarcation were also not included in the texts.

Fernando Santo, manager of educational information and assessments for Poliedro, says that on this first day, “pedagogy took over politicians.”

“The students passed the test, as in previous years, a good test. If, on the one hand, the absence of questions about the dictatorship is emphasized, the presence of questions on the issue of the indigenous population of Brazil is commendable. At least six idozens addressed this issue, ”he says.

For Ricardo Di Carlo, professor of history on the course and ColégioObjecte, the test was “analytical, with great cultural development”. “There is a lot of documentary emphasis on texts, little use of images in the story and a variety of themes,” he elaborates.

Yesterday’s UOL report said, for example, that servers were rumored to be publishing “sensitive” topics by the government. Jair Bolsonaro (no batch) implicitly in tests. The military dictatorship is one of them.

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“There was no doubt that he spoke openly about a dictatorship, not a totalitarian regime,” says Professor Descomplica.

Regardless, one of the questions asked for an excerpt from the song “Admirável Gado Novo” by singer Ze Ramalho, and asked participants what “collective behavior” was criticized in the lyrics.

“This is a problem that speaks about the struggle of the masses, about the resistance, the people’s struggle and political issues. This is music from the late 70s, which is why it belongs to the Brazilian military regime. So it is seen as a problem, it began to talk about the period indirectly, although none of them addressed it directly, ”explains Hansem.

According to Daniel Perry, director of Curso Anglo, the test has followed the pattern of recent years in terms of required skills, with many analyzes of text genres in different areas of expertise.

“It was not controversial, but it touched on hot topics such as political passivity, eroticization of the female body, racism, the issue of indigenous peoples,” explains Perry.

For Santo, tests in English and Spanish were fairly traditional and not very difficult.

He argues that the humanities test was balanced in content and charged with classics like Socrates, Descartes, and Nietzsche. “In terms of geography, it is also well divided into physical geography, politics, industrialization, capitalism, and even there the issue of using WhatsApp work,” he explains.

Perry also raised issues related to racism, one of which was about racial discrimination in football… The question used the example of blaming goalkeeper Barbosa, who was black, for Brazil’s defeat at the 1950 World Cup.

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“The topic of slavery came up several times. In one of the questions she referred to the existing hierarchy among the enslaved. Another talked about the persecution of slaves, ”he says.

Marcus Vinicius de Moraes, professor of the history of the Oficina do Estudante de Campinas (SP) entrance exam preparation course, said the test restored “the enemy’s tradition” by addressing topics that imply a plural society.

“Questions about medieval uprisings, peasant folklore, indigenous peoples, slave resistance, Africa and identity were the culmination of the test. In addition to using documents, letters and images. [considerando o caderno branco] about scavenger tigers. I think the test was of average difficulty, ”he explains.

According to Jose Mauricio Mazzucco, professor of sociology and philosophy at Curso and Colégio Objective, the test had six questions in philosophy and six in sociology. “A very diverse test, the main questions related to the problem of social isolation. A very well prepared test. It requires attention, reading and a certain amount of luggage, ”he says.

Today, Enem participants, in addition to writing, answered questions of tests in language and humanities.

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Politics

Julio Campos gathers 3,000 voters for a political event and reaffirms commitment to the people MT | VGN

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As some 3,000 voters gathered in a square in Cuiaba’s Pedregal district, state candidate Julio Campos (União Brasil) confirmed on Thursday evening (September 29) the commitments he would make in practice, once elected, in the Legislative Assembly. .

Among the targeted proposals are the expansion of the State University of Mato Grosso (Unemat), the regulation of land plots, the construction of popular houses and a reception center for drug addicts.

In addition to speaking on the platform, the political icon of Mato Grosso circulated among the electorate. With the achievements made in the state, and having already held the positions of governor, senator, federal deputy, mayor and adviser to the Accounts Chamber, Julio Campos is rather “stuck”.

During the state campaign, Julio Campos advocated, for example, the expansion of Unemat through the construction of campuses in Cuiaba and Varzea Grande. He always emphasizes that Jaime Campos (UB), Julio’s brother and senator from Mato Grosso, was the one who created the institution.

“I want to bring Unemat to Cuiabá and Varzea Grande so that the people of Baixada Cuiabán have more opportunities for higher education. We know that vacancies at the Federal University and the Federal Institute of Mato Grosso alone are not enough to serve those who want to pursue higher education. And no one has the money to pay private money,” he argued.

The candidate also recalled that when he was governor, he built more than 40,000 people’s houses. “In the Assembly, I will fight for the state government to build popular houses again. For this, I will require that 25% Fethab be used. [Fundo Estadual de Transporte e Habitação] housing,” he said.

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Voters who have participated in political meetings from the candidate to the state demonstrate, for example, with applause and shouts of support for the commitments that Julio Campos defended. This indicates that the candidate is attentive to the needs of the people of Mato Grosso.

In addition to Unemat and popular housing, Julio Campos advocated, for example, the industrialization of 30% of the agribusiness in the state, the construction of a nursing home, a veterinary hospital for small and medium animals, treatment centers for drug addicts. drug addicts and a panic button on buses to prevent harassment of women.

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Politics

Claudia’s political manifesto

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Claudia's political manifesto