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“The vision of D. João VI as a terrible man who abandoned the Portuguese people was the propaganda of Napoleon.”

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"The vision of D. João VI as a terrible man who abandoned the Portuguese people was the propaganda of Napoleon."

D. João VI was the first monarch in history to cross the Atlantic in both directions. Is it just because of this that he deserves a place in history?
D. João VI deserves to go down in history for several reasons. When, in 1807, he decided to send a court to Brazil to save the empire’s independence, the son of Don Maria I risked everything on this trip. Never before has a European sovereign changed the hemisphere, in which there would be about 15,000 people. To make such a decision, you need to show composure. It was not. In 1821-O Regresso do Rei, Armando Seixas Ferreira tells of the journey and arrival of D. João VI in Lisbon, 13 years after he left with his court in Brazil, where he made Rio de Janeiro the capital of the Empire. thus avoiding capture by the French invaders, as happened with his son-in-law Fernando VII of Spain. A journalist foray into history, the author describes the entire period well, especially the influence of the Brazilian years of the reign of the king on the other side of the Atlantic, guarding the crown. This resolution ruined Napoleon’s plans for the Iberian Peninsula. In Brazil, D. João declared war on France, organized a defense against England and inflicted serious defeats on the enemy. Starting with the conquest of French Guiana and defeating the French in Portugal three times under the command of the Duke of Wellington. At the presentation of my book at the National Palace of Ajuda, Vice Admiral Gouveia and Melo said that D. João VI was a cunning and clever king who realized that much later strategists came to write, the so-called “depth”. territory “. Guveya-e-Melo explained that the king used the ocean and Brazil to defend the nation, using all that depth and retreating to the point where he could regain independence again, thereby establishing for the first time the creation of a European kingdom in Brazil. … Arriving in Lisbon in 1821, D. João VI returns as a king who freed his vassals and defeated Napoleon. I think that’s why he deserves a place in history.

When D. João VI leaves Rio de Janeiro for Lisbon in 1821, Napoleon is a few days from his death in Santa Elena. Was the Portuguese king, as the former French emperor said, the only one who deceived him?
This book is a study based on the study of contemporary sources, such as the journals of the ships that made the voyage of D. João VI to Portugal. I also used letters, manuscripts and newspapers. I have consulted an extensive bibliography and have always tried to focus on the testimonies of the major players of the time. While in captivity on the British island of St. Helena, Napoleon suggests that something went wrong on the peninsula. “This is where I got lost,” Bonaparte said, referring to military defeats against the Anglo-Portuguese armies. In 1807, French newspapers were outraged by the departure of the court to Brazil, publicly admitting that Prince D. Juan had deceived them. It should be remembered that a month before departure, France and Spain signed the secret Fontainebleau treaty, which provided for the division of Portugal and its colonies by two aggressor countries. I think that D. João had enough reasons to transfer the court to Brazil.

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After 13 years in Brazil, D. João VI was hurt when he returned to Lisbon? Were you happy in Rio?
The king always postponed leaving for Portugal, because he knew that this could mean the separation of the two kingdoms. At that time, the seat of government was Rio de Janeiro. From December 1815, Portugal was renamed the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. D. João realized that it would be easier to preserve the unity of the empire if he ruled from Rio de Janeiro, where he would have spent the happiest years of his life. He lived in the Quinta da Boa Vista palace, separated from his wife. After Napoleon, his greatest enemy was D. Carlota Joaquin. In Rio, D. Juan founded a botanical garden. He got into carriages in the city and spent time at Ilha do Governador, where he enjoyed the beautiful air of a beautiful farm, as reported by the Moroccan librarian in his letters to Lisbon. I read a lot. He was fond of religious music and the fine arts and sponsored several artists. D. Joao was popular at the time. The etiquette of the Portuguese court was very strict. The royal kissing ceremony lasted almost the entire day. Witnesses claim that, despite his shyness, he was very patient and listened to all requests. He spoke the language of the people and never got bored. He looked flawless to rule. It was kind and sentimental. He suffered a lot because of the death of his insane mother, D. Maria I, in 1816. The following year, he received the bride of his son D. Pedro in Rio de Janeiro. Archduchess of Austria D. Leopoldina, who traveled from Italy to Brazil on the ship D. João VI. In 1821, it was to become the flagship of the squadron that brought the yard to Portugal. There is a collection of little-known watercolors among us illustrating life on this 74-gun ship. I was inspired by surrounding these drawings and nautical diaries, which I found in the Historical Archives of the Navy, to tell the story of the 68-day crossing between the port of Rio de Janeiro and the city of Lisbon, an expedition that took place exactly two centuries ago, on the eve of Brazil’s independence. What happened during this transition? At that time the seas were swarming with corsairs. What was the mood of the king? What was life like for sailors on a 19th century battleship? I realized that this job was about to be done. We are very familiar with the trip of the vessel to Brazil, but the story of the return of the vessel to Portugal remains to be told.

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How does the king’s return to Portugal fit into the context of the liberal revolution of 1820?
The Portuguese are tired of English rule and rule. Marshal Beresford was unpopular after the hanging of Gomes Freire de Andrade and other leaders of the 1817 conspiracy. Portugal became impoverished and liberal values ​​spoke louder. Taking advantage of a trip to Brazil to strengthen his forces, the Briton was prevented from landing in Lisbon. The courts demanded the return of the king. But D. João decided to send Prince D. Pedro, leaving him in Rio de Janeiro. A military statement in the capital, Rio de Janeiro, changed events, for the first time highlighting the figure of Prince D. Pedro, who managed to stop a military coup. D. João VI changed his mind and decided to return to Portugal, leaving his son regent in Brazil. The king realized that the winds of change were blowing from Europe. He has taken off his old coat of absolutism and is not averse to embracing liberal ideals, becoming the first constitutional king. Everything for the good of the nation. And he continued to reign. This is what impresses D. João VI. Ability to adapt to circumstances. He acted extremely carefully, withstanding all blows and threats. Unlike D. Jose’s grandfather, who delegated power to the Marquis of Pombal, D. João VI retained the final decision. The Liberal Revolution came at a high cost and accelerated the secession of Brazil.

Was the independence of Brazil under Bragança and the preservation of territorial unity the result of the reign of D. João VI in Rio?
I think so. This book also examines the history of Brazilian independence. Historians like Oliveira Lima are unanimous. The stay of the court in Rio de Janeiro benefited the Brazilians. For 13 years, D. Joao began important reforms. He opened Brazilian ports to friendly nations, created schools, courts and even a bank. He developed the press and laid the foundations of the modern state. The population has grown dramatically. Having settled in Rio, D. João VI strengthened the Portuguese language in this hemisphere and the unity of Brazil. Meanwhile, Spanish America was breaking up into several republics. Before D. Pedro disobeyed the Portuguese courts, which demanded his return to Portugal, D. João foresaw the separation of the two countries, saying that he prefers that the crown remain on his son’s head, and not be given to some adventurer. However, D. Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822. Later, having appointed his son as his successor, D. João VI kept the secret hope of restoring the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in the person of his eldest son.

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Portuguese traveling the world on a minimoto will meet Ramos Horta on Timor – Observer

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Portuguese traveling the world on a minimoto will meet Ramos Horta on Timor – Observer

The young Portuguese, who has been traveling the world on a mini-motorcycle since 2020, will arrive in Timor-Leste on Monday and meet with the country’s president, the motorcyclist said on Wednesday.

With a residence in Oliveira de Azemeis, in the Aveiro region, and starting his journey in Avis, in Portalegre, André Souza left Portugal on July 12, 2020 to try for a world record, and since then he has driven over 55,000 kilometers through 40 countries, always on a Honda Monkey 125 with nine horses and a height of 70 centimeters.

The 26-year-old is currently based in Darwin, Australia, and it was there that he met two United Nations lawyers who, after working for several years in Timor and personal with Jose Ramos Hortarecognized in the Portuguese trip the type of gamble that would have interested the current president of Timor, the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

This friendly couple took care of everything, connected us, and now it was agreed with Ramos Horta’s adviser that I would meet with the president on August 23, although without a motorcycle, which leaves Australia only by boat on the 24th and will not be. arrive on time to appear in the photo,” says Andre Souza Luce from Darwin.

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The absence of a car at an official meeting does not prevent the motorcyclist from admitting with satisfaction: “Once I realized that I could drive Timor, it became a dream. I wanted to get to know the country that was a former Portuguese colony, and especially I wanted to get to know Ramos Horta for everything he did for the independence of this land.”

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Initiallypassage through Timor was not planned in the Ride That Monkey project, but became part of the scenario when the direction of the trip had to be changed to get around the fact that in mid-2020 most international borders were still closed or severe mobility restrictions were imposed due to Covid-19.

The idea was to go directly from Europe to Asia, but I had to change the direction of travel and start from America. That is why now, being in Australia and so close to Timor, I decided to go there and through Indonesia before heading to Malaysia and Thailand, ”explains the Portuguese.

Myanmar, India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey and “some countries in North Africa” ​​are the next destinations, so travel effectively cross “all the continents of the globe” before returning to Portugal scheduled for May or June 2023.

Meanwhile in Darwin, Andre Sousa continues to recover from injuries sustained in his back after he was hit by a truck in California, USA, which left him there for two months. The problem was alleviated with physical therapy and required regular medication, but the pain worsened in Australia after several days of consecutive desert crossings between Cairns and Darwin, covering a total of 2,500 kilometers.

A young Portuguese man traveling the world on a mini-motorcycle is injured in the US.

I had to lie in bed for a week, completely motionless, and now I am accompanied by a chiropractor who has already offered me three consultations for $ 110 each as support for the project,” emphasizes Andre Souza.

The motorcyclist also notes that the trip turned out to be “much more expensive than expected”, due to the difficulties associated with the pandemic and unforeseen health problems. The accident in the United States, for example, involved two months of commercial residence in the Beverly Hills area, where “the simplest hamburger cost at least 10 euros” and, just to transport a motorcycle and driver from Santiago de Chile to Sydney, “the cost was 6000”, in addition to the cost of “a number of documents” that the Australian authorities require when crossing from Darwin to Timor.

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Facing these and other budget changes was only possible thanks to the sponsors of the project and the “donations and support of many different people from all over the world” – as in the case of a Portuguese family that this week welcomes André Sousa to Darwin and 40 subscribers from different countries who donated 50 or 100 euros in exchange for having their name engraved on the minimoto’s fuel tank.

In the next stages of the journey through Asia and Africa, “there will be even more bureaucracy”, but in order to reduce the cost of accommodation and food, the young man will strive to circulate through areas where Portuguese emigrants live what they can get. André Sousa admits that he was welcomed mostly by foreigners, but he does not hide his preference: “I always like to stay with the Portuguese. They do everything they can to help me and make my life easier, and when we’re together, it’s like coming home for a while.”

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″We are not at the time when the Portuguese come here and discover football″

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″We are not at the time when the Portuguese come here and discover football″

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Abel Ferreira has already earned some criticism from Cookie, and now the tone has especially risen after a conference with Atlético Goianiense coach Jorginho.

In Brazil, they continue to discuss Abel’s trip to the locker room in the quarter-final match against Libertadores. Jorginho, the coach of Atlético Goianiense, who has already criticized the Portuguese coach, explained what would happen if the Brazilian team’s technical leader showed the same behavior.

“If a Brazilian coach went into the dressing room to listen to music during a penalty kick, he would be called a coward. But when he wins, nothing happens, everything is right,” he said in press statements.

Jorginho raised his tone and delivered a more general criticism of the Portuguese coach, recalling that football had already been invented in Brazil and that the reigning two-time South American champion had a tougher job ahead of him.

“Abel is a very good coach, period. The question of his abilities is not discussed. It is discussed, especially in this situation, that he did not discover football. football! What happened to Jorge Jesus was extraordinary, what happens to Abel too, but that’s because they have a team like Flamengo and Palmeiras. I want to see him do what he does here at Atlético Goianiense. Come here to become the champion of Brazil,” he explained.

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Francisco J. Marques: “It seems that the evil of Portuguese football is the behavior of the FC Porto bank…” – FC Porto

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Francisco J. Marques: "It seems that the evil of Portuguese football is the behavior of the FC Porto bank..." - FC Porto



Dragons Communications Director Thinks Judges Are Overzealous

Francisco J. Márquez once again criticized the strict actions of the refereeing teams against the FC Porto bank, especially Sergio Conceição, citing as an example what happened in Wiesel compared to what happened in Casa Pia Benfica. The Communications Director of FC Porto considered it an exaggeration how the referees penalize the banks. “The strange thing is what is happening, it seems that the evil of Portuguese football is the behavior of the banks, especially FC Porto. It’s a bit strange that after two days of announcing the new recommendation, this so-called zero tolerance is limited to the Porto FC bench, when in the Casa Pia Benfica game we saw the reaction of the Benfica bench. I think it’s nothing to worry about, it’s normal in any championship, but with zero tolerance for these people should be warned. In the case of a yellow card, Sergio Conceição in Wiesel, the rules were strictly observed because he left the technical area, one can warn with a yellow card, but how many times the coaches leave the technical area “Jorge Jesus played on touch line as if he were a full back I admit that Sergio Conceição left a little technical area but this whole situation does not make sense, let’s hope that common sense will prevail and not force unnatural behavior There are players, coaches and managers who live the game intensively, there are different views on the game, I think that what is happening is a clear exaggeration and this needs to be edit,” Francisco J. Marquez said in an interview with Porto. Channel. .

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