Connect with us

Top News

“The vision of D. João VI as a terrible man who abandoned the Portuguese people was the propaganda of Napoleon.”

Published

on

"The vision of D. João VI as a terrible man who abandoned the Portuguese people was the propaganda of Napoleon."

D. João VI was the first monarch in history to cross the Atlantic in both directions. Is it just because of this that he deserves a place in history?
D. João VI deserves to go down in history for several reasons. When, in 1807, he decided to send a court to Brazil to save the empire’s independence, the son of Don Maria I risked everything on this trip. Never before has a European sovereign changed the hemisphere, in which there would be about 15,000 people. To make such a decision, you need to show composure. It was not. In 1821-O Regresso do Rei, Armando Seixas Ferreira tells of the journey and arrival of D. João VI in Lisbon, 13 years after he left with his court in Brazil, where he made Rio de Janeiro the capital of the Empire. thus avoiding capture by the French invaders, as happened with his son-in-law Fernando VII of Spain. A journalist foray into history, the author describes the entire period well, especially the influence of the Brazilian years of the reign of the king on the other side of the Atlantic, guarding the crown. This resolution ruined Napoleon’s plans for the Iberian Peninsula. In Brazil, D. João declared war on France, organized a defense against England and inflicted serious defeats on the enemy. Starting with the conquest of French Guiana and defeating the French in Portugal three times under the command of the Duke of Wellington. At the presentation of my book at the National Palace of Ajuda, Vice Admiral Gouveia and Melo said that D. João VI was a cunning and clever king who realized that much later strategists came to write, the so-called “depth”. territory “. Guveya-e-Melo explained that the king used the ocean and Brazil to defend the nation, using all that depth and retreating to the point where he could regain independence again, thereby establishing for the first time the creation of a European kingdom in Brazil. … Arriving in Lisbon in 1821, D. João VI returns as a king who freed his vassals and defeated Napoleon. I think that’s why he deserves a place in history.

When D. João VI leaves Rio de Janeiro for Lisbon in 1821, Napoleon is a few days from his death in Santa Elena. Was the Portuguese king, as the former French emperor said, the only one who deceived him?
This book is a study based on the study of contemporary sources, such as the journals of the ships that made the voyage of D. João VI to Portugal. I also used letters, manuscripts and newspapers. I have consulted an extensive bibliography and have always tried to focus on the testimonies of the major players of the time. While in captivity on the British island of St. Helena, Napoleon suggests that something went wrong on the peninsula. “This is where I got lost,” Bonaparte said, referring to military defeats against the Anglo-Portuguese armies. In 1807, French newspapers were outraged by the departure of the court to Brazil, publicly admitting that Prince D. Juan had deceived them. It should be remembered that a month before departure, France and Spain signed the secret Fontainebleau treaty, which provided for the division of Portugal and its colonies by two aggressor countries. I think that D. João had enough reasons to transfer the court to Brazil.

See also  Portuguese train seeks PRR funds to get started

After 13 years in Brazil, D. João VI was hurt when he returned to Lisbon? Were you happy in Rio?
The king always postponed leaving for Portugal, because he knew that this could mean the separation of the two kingdoms. At that time, the seat of government was Rio de Janeiro. From December 1815, Portugal was renamed the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. D. João realized that it would be easier to preserve the unity of the empire if he ruled from Rio de Janeiro, where he would have spent the happiest years of his life. He lived in the Quinta da Boa Vista palace, separated from his wife. After Napoleon, his greatest enemy was D. Carlota Joaquin. In Rio, D. Juan founded a botanical garden. He got into carriages in the city and spent time at Ilha do Governador, where he enjoyed the beautiful air of a beautiful farm, as reported by the Moroccan librarian in his letters to Lisbon. I read a lot. He was fond of religious music and the fine arts and sponsored several artists. D. Joao was popular at the time. The etiquette of the Portuguese court was very strict. The royal kissing ceremony lasted almost the entire day. Witnesses claim that, despite his shyness, he was very patient and listened to all requests. He spoke the language of the people and never got bored. He looked flawless to rule. It was kind and sentimental. He suffered a lot because of the death of his insane mother, D. Maria I, in 1816. The following year, he received the bride of his son D. Pedro in Rio de Janeiro. Archduchess of Austria D. Leopoldina, who traveled from Italy to Brazil on the ship D. João VI. In 1821, it was to become the flagship of the squadron that brought the yard to Portugal. There is a collection of little-known watercolors among us illustrating life on this 74-gun ship. I was inspired by surrounding these drawings and nautical diaries, which I found in the Historical Archives of the Navy, to tell the story of the 68-day crossing between the port of Rio de Janeiro and the city of Lisbon, an expedition that took place exactly two centuries ago, on the eve of Brazil’s independence. What happened during this transition? At that time the seas were swarming with corsairs. What was the mood of the king? What was life like for sailors on a 19th century battleship? I realized that this job was about to be done. We are very familiar with the trip of the vessel to Brazil, but the story of the return of the vessel to Portugal remains to be told.

See also  Creek Fire: Dozens of People Rescued from Northern California Fire

How does the king’s return to Portugal fit into the context of the liberal revolution of 1820?
The Portuguese are tired of English rule and rule. Marshal Beresford was unpopular after the hanging of Gomes Freire de Andrade and other leaders of the 1817 conspiracy. Portugal became impoverished and liberal values ​​spoke louder. Taking advantage of a trip to Brazil to strengthen his forces, the Briton was prevented from landing in Lisbon. The courts demanded the return of the king. But D. João decided to send Prince D. Pedro, leaving him in Rio de Janeiro. A military statement in the capital, Rio de Janeiro, changed events, for the first time highlighting the figure of Prince D. Pedro, who managed to stop a military coup. D. João VI changed his mind and decided to return to Portugal, leaving his son regent in Brazil. The king realized that the winds of change were blowing from Europe. He has taken off his old coat of absolutism and is not averse to embracing liberal ideals, becoming the first constitutional king. Everything for the good of the nation. And he continued to reign. This is what impresses D. João VI. Ability to adapt to circumstances. He acted extremely carefully, withstanding all blows and threats. Unlike D. Jose’s grandfather, who delegated power to the Marquis of Pombal, D. João VI retained the final decision. The Liberal Revolution came at a high cost and accelerated the secession of Brazil.

Was the independence of Brazil under Bragança and the preservation of territorial unity the result of the reign of D. João VI in Rio?
I think so. This book also examines the history of Brazilian independence. Historians like Oliveira Lima are unanimous. The stay of the court in Rio de Janeiro benefited the Brazilians. For 13 years, D. Joao began important reforms. He opened Brazilian ports to friendly nations, created schools, courts and even a bank. He developed the press and laid the foundations of the modern state. The population has grown dramatically. Having settled in Rio, D. João VI strengthened the Portuguese language in this hemisphere and the unity of Brazil. Meanwhile, Spanish America was breaking up into several republics. Before D. Pedro disobeyed the Portuguese courts, which demanded his return to Portugal, D. João foresaw the separation of the two countries, saying that he prefers that the crown remain on his son’s head, and not be given to some adventurer. However, D. Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822. Later, having appointed his son as his successor, D. João VI kept the secret hope of restoring the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in the person of his eldest son.

See also  Informal Template - PCDF - Position: Registrar - Portuguese

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Top News

Glovo puts Spanish at the head of the Portuguese market

Published

on

Glovo puts Spanish at the head of the Portuguese market

Glovo has a new leader in the Portuguese market. The food and grocery delivery platform has appointed Spaniard Joaquín Vazquez as CEO of the Portuguese market, according to an announcement made on Tuesday.

Joaquín Vazquez has so far been the CEO of the company in central and southern Spain. In his new position, a manager with a degree in sales and marketing management will lead Glovo’s next phase of growth in Portugal.

The company intends to hire more people, reach 75% of the Portuguese population and ship products outside of 90 national cities.

“Glovo is entering its fifth year of operations in Portugal and continues to grow year on year in the country – 2021 recorded growth of over 100% across all categories. We want to further diversify the products available in the app, think outside the box. and thus realize our vision: to give everyone and everyone access to everything in their cities,” says the new official, quoted in a press release.

Since 2021, technology has begun to rely on three delivery verticals: within 15 minutes (ultra-fast food and grocery delivery), within 30 minutes (food delivery), or within hours (planned purchases). Portuguese Mercadan and Spanish market Lola).

Continue Reading

Top News

″Already transmitted from Portuguese″. Brazil and Portugal or double negative

Published

on

″Already transmitted from Portuguese″.  Brazil and Portugal or double negative

Portugal, my grandfather (Manuel Bandeira)

Book by Carlos Fino. Portugal-Brazil: Roots of weirdness is a very well-documented and well-founded historical analysis of the undeniable factual reality that are anti-Portuguese manifestations present, hidden or expressed in Brazilian culture. The reaction of living denial that this book has found in Portugal and Brazil illustrates the idea, which I will try to develop here, of the “double denial” on which the Portuguese-Brazilian relationship is based, which, paradoxically, finds in this double denial of passionate roots. their encounters and disagreements.

Noel Rosa in one of his songs reminds us that “everything that the scoundrel says / in a soft voice / is Brazilian, has already come from Portuguese” (has no translation, 1930). The transition from Portuguese to Brazilian was the obvious and natural destination of the Portuguese in Brazil. But this rejection of the Portuguese has its origin (as Carlos Fino shows) in the very project and dream of the Portuguese in relation to Brazil: to create a true homeland worthy of an empire across the Atlantic, away from the cramped piece of Europe that was ours. The king of Portugal himself said this when he decided to establish in Brazil the seat of an empire that, without the brilliance and richness of the past, still dominated the maritime trade network that connected four continents: Asia, Africa, America and Europe. How strange that the court of Rio de Janeiro, in the face of this grandiose project, preferred to transfer Portugal to the government of the English marshal? When we were a colony of Brazilians, we were in fact the colony of the Portuguese dream itself, formulated by António Vieira or Luis da Cunha and applied by Portuguese administration and diplomacy until it culminated in the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil, which could only have its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro.

See also  Informal Template - PCDF - Position: Registrar - Portuguese

Being the independence of the Portuguese colonists against the intention of the Portuguese of Portugal to return the empire to the Lusitian territory of Europe, the assertion of a Brazilian identity so distant that it was from Indians and blacks could only be carried out through a process of negation. And this denial, which the Portuguese of Brazil inevitably had to make about Portugal, echoes today the denial that the Portuguese and Brazilians now express about the reality of this initial mutual rejection. Hence, negation of negation.

at your rehearsal negation (1925) Freud explained how “the content of a repressed image or idea can emerge into consciousness provided that it is denied,” suggesting that “denial is a way of becoming aware of the repressed, although, of course, without its participation.” accepting what has been repressed.” In the same way, the repression of the Portuguese content, so strongly present in Brazil, was a condition of independence, but it gave rise to a false consciousness, which began to be expressed in various nativisms, like the current denial of this reality. generally does not contribute to a better understanding between the Portuguese and Brazilians.

Continue Reading

Top News

“Any aggression against Ukraine will have consequences,” says Augusto Santos Silva — Observer

Published

on

“Any aggression against Ukraine will have consequences,” says Augusto Santos Silva — Observer

You have free access to all Observer articles as a subscriber.

(in update)

“Our goal is very simple – to avoid an armed conflict in Eastern Europe, an armed conflict on the border between Russia and Ukraine, and that is what we are working for,” Augusto Santos Silva said at a press conference in Brussels on Monday. after the meeting of the Security Council with the heads of EU diplomacy.

The Portuguese Foreign Minister specified that the “politico-diplomatic path” still exists and is “far from” exhausted. “This continues and must continue.”

Augusto Santos Silva also indicated that the US “will give a written response to Russia’s request this week to the proposals submitted by Russia last December, and NATO will do the same.”

“We must all commit ourselves to avoid any escalation,” he added. “Any aggression against Ukraine, any violation by Russia of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine will have grave consequences that will motivate a response. In the case of the EU, a very difficult answer in political and economic terms. We are ready for such a response if necessary,” he continued, later referring to “tough sanctions.”

Ukraine. EU diplomats discussed the situation with their American counterpart

A PUB • CONTINUE TO READ BELOW

Santo Silva spoke of preventing a “serious crisis” of security in Europe, as well as “any aggression against a sovereign state and any violation of its territorial integrity.” The Portuguese minister also recalled the recent support of the European Commission in the amount of 1.2 billion euros provided to Ukraine, as well as a credit line.

The heads of European Union diplomacy met this Monday to discuss, among other things, the situation of tension between Ukraine and Russia over the threat of attack at a time when the US has ordered the removal of all workers’ families from the country. Embassy of Ukraine with fears of the inevitability of a Russian invasion – the EU says there is no reason to “dramatize” the situation. Today’s videoconference meeting was also attended by the head of US diplomacy, Anthony Blinken.

US and UK recall diplomats from Ukraine, but EU says no need to ‘dramatize’

Also this Monday, NATO Allies put forces on alert and sent ships and fighter jets to strengthen defenses in Eastern Europe against Russian military activity near Ukraine’s borders.

In response to a question from journalists, Augusto Santos Silva clarified that the Portuguese embassy in Ukraine is “small”, which mainly employs local employees, that is, of Ukrainian nationality. “Neither we nor any other EU member state will carry out the withdrawal of diplomatic personnel”, he replied.

The minister also mentioned that there are 216 Portuguese citizens living in the country, with “the vast majority” holding dual citizenship. “We know who they are and where they are,” he said, while only a “residual number” live in eastern Ukraine – there is “special contact with them to ascertain their safety and health status.” There is nothing to report yet. He also recalled that since 2014, at the time of the annexation of the Crimean peninsula, Portugal has advised against traveling to the Donbass.

V interview In the renaissance era, António Costa spoke on Monday about the escalation of tensions on the border with Ukraine. “I am very worried. There are real risks that a military conflict could arise between Russia and Ukraine. We are following the EU and NATO frameworks, we are developing, we are stimulating political dialogue and deterrence.”

“Yesterday I had the opportunity to contact Ursula von der Leyen about our position, and I had the opportunity to emphasize that we must take into account that the decisions we make regarding Russia directly or indirectly affect African countries. next to us,” recalls the prime minister. “Portugal has a military presence within the framework of the United Nations in CAR, Mali. As we approach decisions and take positions, reactions are generated on a variety of fronts. Europe has not only an eastern border, but also a southern border.”

“As a militant optimist, I believe that the most rational is to find a solution within the framework of international law and territorial integrity, which actually allows you to find a deterrent solution,” he emphasizes.

See also  The unemployment rate fell to 13.3% in May amid a decline in coronavirus
Continue Reading

Trending