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Indifference to the political regime increases the risk of populism in Latin America, notes Latinobarómetro.

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The indifference to democracy that has grown over the past two years increases the risk of populist governments in Latin America, and Brazil is one of the countries where this threat is greatest. The conclusion is the annual report of the Chilean non-governmental organization Latinobarómetro, released Thursday. A poll in 18 Latin American countries shows that 13% of the population still prefer an authoritarian government 40 years after the start of the regional transition to democracy. In addition, 27% are indifferent to the government regime that runs the country – a number that has grown by 11 percentage points since 2019.

Only three countries in the region, Argentina, Costa Rica and Uruguay, achieved less than 20% political indifference (excluding Venezuela and Nicaragua, which are not considered democracies in the study). Honduras leads as the country with the greatest indifference – 42%; it is followed by Panama with 39%; Ecuador – 38%; and Brazil – 36%.

Brazil: After warning about the risk to democracy, the Brazilian ambassador said that US senators were “misinformed” about Bolsonaro.

The figures show how much Latin Americans have moved away from politics, the document says.

“While support for authoritarian regimes has not increased with the pandemic, we are seeing that in Central America and Brazil we are in a situation where a cultural soup for populist governments is beginning to form,” says the director of Latinobarometer. Martha Lagos. – The conclusion is that Latin Americans want to live in a democracy, with elections, even if they become populist or autocratic governments along the way.

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Overall, less than half of respondents, 49%, support democracy, which is in line with 2018, the worst year in the region since the launch of the Latin American Barometer in 1995. The countries with the highest level of support for democracy are Uruguay (74%). ), Costa Rica (67%), Chile (60%), Argentina (55%), Bolivia (54%) and the Dominican Republic (50%). The countries with the lowest levels are Brazil (40%), Guatemala (37%), Panama (35%), Ecuador (33%) and Honduras (30%).

In the case of Brazil, classified as a “fragile democracy,” the report highlights President Jair Bolsonaro’s call for his supporters to defend the government in the September 7 protests, which “sounded undemocratic slogans and coup warnings”. … A few days later, Bolsonaro guaranteed that he would respect the 2022 elections.

“Bolsonaro has already demonstrated the use of populism throughout the pandemic,” emphasizes Lagos.

Context: With Delta vaccinations and low exposure, South America is no longer the region in the world with a high number of Covid cases and deaths.

Moments of greater support for democracy in the country occurred during the Lula administration, from 2003 to 2010, as the document shows, when the index reached 55%, which contrasts with the current 40%. However, historically, the country has never exceeded the 60% mark, unlike other countries in South America. “Brazil is experiencing a complex institutional weakness under the Bolsonaro government,” warns the annual Latinobarómetro study.

Another important point is that most of the countries in the region reject military governments, on average 62% – 14 countries reject this type of government with rates above 50%. At the same time, the average number of those who do not object to undemocratic rule is growing from 44% to 51%.

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– If coups d’etat are discredited, the threat of populist governments is worrying.

Chile: “Social discontent is accumulating” in Chile, says the director of Latinobarómetro.

The situation in Brazil is almost comparable to that in Central America, where Guatemala and Honduras have the worst rates of democratic instability – nearly a decade with rates below 40%. In the case of El Salvador, since President Nayib Bukele came to power in 2019, the country has lived in limbo between democracy and dictatorship, “a possible trend in the region,” warns the director of Latinobarómetro. Last month, Bukele changed his Twitter biography and described himself as “the coolest dictator in the world.”

While the numbers are worrisome, the document emphasizes that the pandemic has not deteriorated, which is notable given the impact that the health crisis has had in Latin America. As of early 2021, more than 20% of those infected with coronavirus and 30% of deaths were registered in the region, where 8% of the world population lives. However, with the development of vaccination, Latin America has ceased to be one of the peaks of the disease in recent weeks.

Between October and December 2020, the study personally heard from citizens of 17 countries; in Argentina, surveys were conducted virtually due to the restrictions imposed by the pandemic. A total of 20,204 interviews were conducted.

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talking and political animal

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talking and political animal

There is Ludwig Wittgenstein: language is not only used to describe reality, we also use it to ask for favors, to give thanks, to curse, to greet, to pray…

And it is necessary to take into account the context, the situation, the use. “It’s raining” can state the fact that it’s really raining. But suppose that the mother in the morning, when the son is getting ready for school, says to him: “It is raining”, he at the same time knows that he must take an umbrella. If in a peasant family, after a long drought, as now, the wife opens the window and says to her husband: “It is raining,” then this speaks of contentment. But if you were expecting a pleasant walk and you say, “It’s raining,” you’re in for a disappointment.
Language performs three main functions: expressive, appellative and representative. These functions are related to the relationship established between sender, receiver and objects: there is someone (the sender) who addresses someone (the receiver) to tell him something, making reality real.

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Costa warns of four difficult years and promises to promote harmony in the country

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Costa warns of four difficult years and promises to promote harmony in the country

The socialist general secretary warned this Friday that the next four years will be difficult and demanding, Mario Soares was quoted as calling the PS a “party of national accord” and promising political and social dialogue.

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Championship in Qatar and final in Moscow

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Championship in Qatar and final in Moscow

To write without mentioning the World Cup, which started this week in Qatar, could be considered pedantic. I don’t want to fall into this trap. So, from what has happened so far, I highlight the courage of the Iranian team, which was silent, did not sing when their national anthem was played. This attitude was extraordinary. This emphatically marked the support of the players for the people of their country, who were on the streets for weeks to challenge the medieval rule of the Shia clerics and fight for freedom and equality in the treatment of all, men and people. women. This is not a mixture of football and politics. There are others, at the top of the state, who do this. Yes, this is a memory that human rights should be above all. Whenever politics is built on this basis at the domestic and international levels, the world will be completely different, more harmonious and benevolent. And less cynically, in the political sphere.

The show, set in Qatar, reminds us of three important facts. First, the diversity of the peoples of the globe. The culture of each of them must be respected and appreciated. We always have the opportunity to learn something from others. And racism has no place either in sports or in everyday life. Secondly, there are rivers of money flowing around football. I’m not talking about the billions spent by the host country. I will only mention that the great football teams are in the northern hemisphere: of the 32 participants in the tournament, about 22 come from the richest countries. This game is played in almost every corner of the world, big stars are known everywhere, but without resources there are no victories, without currency clubs and tackles nothing more than a fraudulent stock. Thirdly, football revives primal nationalisms, anything as long as you win, including the blessing of the hand of God, in the famous version of Maradona. Not the best will win, but my selection. This is not a sport, this is blinding anything, with a lit candle and faith in God.

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