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Hostility and Disappointment: Understand the Scenario Celebrated Today

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Hostility and Disappointment: Understand the Scenario Celebrated Today

Appointed by President Jair Bolsonaro (no party) to fill the vacancy of former Minister Mauro Aurelio Mello in the Federal Supreme Court (STF), former federal prosecutor André Mendonça remains in the fridge of the legislative game. There is still no date when his candidacy will be evaluated by parliamentarians of the Committee on Constitution and Justice (CCJ), he completes a three-month wait this Wednesday (13).

The delay scenario is underscored by CCJ President Davi Alcolumbre (DEM-AP) ‘s sense of revenge against the chief executive. Frustrated by not getting the executive minister in 2021 as promised by the former captain, the Amapa native began using the commission as a ring to bill the president for not being assigned to the Esplanade.

This question, however, does more than explain the icy scenario in which Mendonza finds himself in the Legislature today, despite the seams and the former AGU’s constant comings and goings to the Senators’ offices to deal with support for the nomination at future hearings.

Analysts and lawmakers often read that the Senate is currently less inclined to serve Bolsonar’s interests. In some ways, this behavior eludes the historic position of the House of Representatives, which is considered more conservative and inclined to deal with the governments on duty.

“It is noteworthy, for example, that the CPI appeared in the Senate. In other cases, the Chamber would be a minefield for him, but today the Chamber is an extension of the government – of course, within the limits proposed by the center. Who manages the government, the budget, in Brazil is Camara. And the Senate, quite surprisingly, is an absolutely difficult place for Bolsonaro, ”says Marcos Verlaine, political analyst at the Inter-Trade Union Department for Parliamentary Consulting (Diap).

According to political scientist Leonardo Barreto, various factors influence the composition of this new relationship scenario. He emphasizes the “opposition coalition” that has made the government’s interests in the House of Representatives unattainable thanks to the chess set up by the Covida Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (CPI), which has caused major damage to Bolsonar’s image in the Senate.

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“The Senate’s own agenda was frozen for a long time while Covid continued its consideration of the CPI. The work has been contaminated, ”he summarizes. In the midst of this, various guidelines from Bolsonaro’s booklet found unexpected or even bitter fate in the House of Government.

This is the case of Interim Measure (MP) 1045, dubbed “mini-labor reform”, and one of the items on the neoliberal agenda of Economy Minister Paulo Guedes, which was rejected in a plenary meeting in early September by 47 votes to 27..


Despite the president’s support for Pacheco’s Senate candidacy, the aid is not seen by analysts as support for the path that led the new House president to the post / Alan Santos / PR

Other programs of interest to management crashed at birth. This is exactly what happened with the unpopular interim measure Marco Civil da Internet (MP 1068), which defeated the hostility of parliamentarians of all shades and was ultimately rejected by Pacheco in mid-September.

There were also government proposals that were approved in the House, but lost their rhythm when they entered the Senate. This is the case of Bill (PL) 2159/2021, which weakens environmental licensing and therefore finds opponents among opposition parliamentarians, environmentalists and other civil society professionals.

Quickly approved by the House plenary in May, the proposal reached the Senate in June and had the support of the government and villagers to go directly to the House plenary. However, this momentum was slowed down by Pacheco, who determined the rite of passage more weighted according to the measure currently being evaluated by the commissions for the environment and agriculture.

“The Senate is now a hostile territory for Bolsonaro, although not entirely oppositional. Therefore, I see not a crisis, but a confrontation. It is impossible to deny that the House is today hostile to the President of the Republic, ”reflects Marcos Verlaine of Diap.

“An interesting thermometer for measuring this is the position of Simone Tebet (MDB-MS), a center-right senator who had no ideological opposition to the government and is nowhere close to Bolsonar in anything,” the analyst said.

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A strong political character, Senator Simone Tebet (MDB-MS) leads the women’s faction, has expression in the CPI Covid and does not go unnoticed in the collegial forces confrontation scenario / Marcos Oliveira / Agencia Senado

In fact, emedebista was one of those who reacted vigorously to Bolsonaro’s veto last Thursday (7) on a project that provides free distribution of tampons to low-income women and people living on the street.

Presidential vetoes are one of the elements that contribute to the somewhat dry scenario of the current relationship between the government and the Senate. The list of guidelines that have spawned sparks and discomfort between the two parties lately in this regard is extensive and one of the latest movers is the CEO’s scissors on a project that deals with female pads.

“This is yet another sign of his contempt for the human condition,” sacked Tebet (MDB-MS), who heads the women’s bench in the House of Representatives. The President of the Senate said the veto “is a candidate for repeal.”

Lyra X Pacheco

The lower fertility context for the President of the Republic’s Senate initiatives appears to be very different from the scenario under consideration in the House. Drawing a parallel, Leonardo Barreto cites, in addition to the current CPI, the fact that Pacheco did not receive significant support from Bolsonaro for his election in February this year.

“Bolsonaro has more alliances and more commitments with Lira than with Pacheco. While Lyra was an opposition candidate [a Rodrigo Maia] in the House that ultimately defeated Maya, Pacheco was the solution proposed by Alcolumbre, which even received the support of the President of the Republic, but there was not even an opposition candidate. Pacheco feels far less indebted to the government than Lira. “

The more liturgical profile of the Senator from Minas also influences the behavior of the Senate in front of the Planalto Palace. Less adept at untimely reactions, Pacheco’s tone is at odds with the “steam roller” style associated with Lira and the demeanor of Bolsonaro, who, for example, recently experienced an institutional crisis with the judicial system.

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Bolsonaro, Pacheco, and Lira have similarities in the economic agenda, but the trio cultivates differences in political profile among themselves / Fabio Rodriguez Pozzebom / Agencia Brasil

As a result of the attacks, the chief executive even filed a petition to impeach Minister Alexandre de Moraes in August, but the onslaught has stopped. The request was formally rejected by Pacheco, who not only provoked opposition from a significant part of the Chamber, but also declared insufficient legal adequacy and the need to maintain independence between the powers.

This episode helped to identify the most serious malaise of the Senate in relation to the atrocities of the head of the republic. “In fact, Pacheco is now in the position of presidential candidate and opposition candidate, which has never happened in the history of the Senate, at least considering that the President of the House of Representatives will have to run against the President of the Republic. “- recalls Barreto.

He notes that Planalto’s candidates are seeking more moderate positions in order to gain greater acceptance among the electorate, and that this path will not be combined with the impeachment of the STF minister.

Regardless, analysts understand that the scenario between the former captain and the Senate does not exactly configure the crisis between the institution and the president. Leonardo Barreto does not consider most senators, for example, to be actors interested in impeachment or anything more daring.

“The Senate is working at a different pace, guided by other interests, but I think that it is not in the interests of the House to create paralysis. I think that it is in their interests to speak out, to contribute, to try to act as a deterrent to Bolsonaro and get recognition for it, but without interest, for example, to paralyze or overthrow the president, ”the political scientist analyzes.

Edition: Vivian Virissimo

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Ibovespa falls by 2.75% and returns to 107 thousand points; the political scenario and dismissals in the Ministry of Economy are not far off

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Bolsa de São Paulo (Marivaldo Oliveira/Estadão Conteúdo)

On the day of massive losses, Ibovespa, the main B3 index on Thursday, January 21, closed with a 2.75% drop. 107,735 points with investors are worried about the worsening fiscal situation in the country.

On Ibovespa, the only stocks to close higher were Suzano (SUZB3), which gained 1.47% following the announcement of the expectation of the plan. removing 40 million tonnes of CO2 from the atmosphere by 2025; and the BB Seguridade (BBSE3) papers, which had a slight increase of 0.80%. Klabin blocks (KLBN11) closed stable.

The index’s biggest loss was with Getnet (GETT11), whose units recorded a 19.76% drop since its debut at B3 on Monday.

Among the highlights of the day, the special committee Proposed Constitutional Amendment (PEC) Precatorium the cost ceiling rule has been changed. This change uses a new methodology that takes into account the consumer price index (IPCA) from January to December, rather than the period from June to June.

If the change is approved, the government will be able to increase spending by 8.7%, which is inflation market analysts forecast for this year.

If this larger reserve is added to the increase in the part of the payment of court orders, the budget for 2022 is approximately R $ 83 billion.

It is worth noting that this budget space will be used to finance adjustments to social programs within the spending ceiling.

To make matters worse, the foreign market contributed to the collapse of the Brazilian stock exchange. with concerns about the Chinese real estate sector and rising global inflation.

On wall street The Dow Jones Index closed almost steady, with a slight fall of 0.02% to 35,603 points; S&P 500 rose 0.30% to 4549 points; the Nasdaq index rose 0.62% to 15,215 points.

Economic agenda

There are no indicators on the agenda this Friday, August 22nd. Thus, the focus remains on the political scenario. the resignation of Bruno Funchal, Special Minister of Finance and Budget, and Jefferson Bittencourt, Secretary of the National Treasury, should affect investor sentiment.

The panic in the ministry was even greater when Deputy Special Secretary of the Treasury and Budget Guildenora Dantas and Deputy Secretary of the National Treasury Rafael Araujo left their positions.

According to the portfolio, ministry employees left for personal reasons.

The foreign economic agenda is expected to publish data on various purchasing managers’ indexes (PMI). PMI from Germany, Eurozone and USA will leave.

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Charles Michel advocates “political dialogue” after debate on Poland

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Charles Michel advocates "political dialogue" after debate on Poland

Dand according to sources – only on Friday the leaders will give a press conference, and there will not even be written conclusions, since this topic was not officially on the agenda – the discussion, which threatened to interfere with the summit that began today, “took place in a serene atmosphere” and provided ” the ability to identify specific challenges and better understand different points of view. “

Council President Charles Michel “concluded that the political dialogue must continue in search of solutions,” and today’s debate is “a step that should help lead to solutions.”

However, according to European sources, the European Council considered the protection of the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary to be “absolutely fundamental”, with several Member States advocating the use of mechanisms already in treaties and legislative texts to enforce it. respect, and some legal and institutional instruments are already in place or may soon be in place.

The debate on the rule of law – “addressed” informally, at the request of several member states, in light of the recent ruling by the Polish Constitutional Court that there are national rules that take precedence over European law – threatened to overshadow the European Council, which was launched today in Brussels and will run until Friday.

Just today, in a resolution adopted in Strasbourg, the European Parliament condemned Poland’s attacks on the rule of law in the EU and called on the European Council to take a “clear position” on the crisis and issue a joint statement “in the most energetic forms.” … “, Which will not happen.

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MEPs also defended economic sanctions, stressing that “EU taxpayers’ money should not be transferred to governments that grossly, deliberately and systematically compromise European values.”

The resolution approved today was preceded by a debate on Wednesday between European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.

Speaking upon arrival at the European Council, whose agenda is the Poland / EU crisis, Morawiecki said he was “ready to talk” but rejected “the pressure of blackmail”.

“We will not act under the pressure of blackmail, [mas] we are ready for dialogue, ”the Polish Prime Minister said.

Portugal is represented at the summit by Prime Minister Antonio Costa, who today declined to make statements on his arrival at the Council.

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“There is room for an agenda that awakens hope.”

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Minister Facin mentions "authoritarian populism" that threatens democracy

67-year-old businessman Fabio Barbosa was one of the signers of the manifesto, signed by entrepreneurs and intellectuals in support of the country’s electoral system, and took part in the action against the government of Jair Bolsonaro, held on Avenida Paulista on 12 September. Barbosa, who participates in four groups with businessmen and leaders who want to take part in next year’s election debate, said in an interview state that the business world is now waking up for political debate.

What does Brazil need to do to restore its economy? Which reforms are most relevant?

The legal framework for basic sanitation is an important reform that has not always been highlighted. It has set universal targets for 2033 for the population for wastewater treatment and clean water. This is revolutionary. There have been positive developments, but in some the government has not accelerated. One of them is administrative reform. This must be done. It was a mistake that we didn’t. Let’s see if anything comes out of the tax reform before the end of the year.

Does business today have a more conservative or progressive view of the identity agenda?

Entrepreneurs and leaders have come to realize that society requires more interconnected actions with companies. Social integration topics are much more intertwined. Companies are working on their policies and are seeing how to eliminate the unconscious bias that prevents some people from being able to. Companies realized that a diverse group was better than a peer group. Society requires companies to take a stand on these issues. Entrepreneurs are much more involved with these topics, whether out of conviction or convenience.

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What should be the main topics of the pre-election debate in 2022?

There are two themes. It is very important to discuss the environmental issue. We have to position ourselves. As well as social inclusion with equal opportunities through education.

In your opinion, have organizations and business leaders taken a belated stance on the behavior of President Jair Bolsonaro?

This issue began to linger as the president became more active in his opposition to democracy. The business sector, which has rarely mobilized, has chosen to publicly voice its concerns. It was important to get back on your feet. I see the growing participation of society in politics. I see that more and more people want to run for public office. Bolsonaro’s statements changed the level of concern.

How do you see the pre-election debate?

I want people to vote because they believe, not because they are afraid. I see people voting out of fear. There are many opportunities for a focused agenda that awakens hope. The left has taken over a monopoly on public good discourse. I see that the most liberal people in the economic situation show social concerns. We want a better country. The path is a lesser state presence, giving more space to the private sector.

Do you believe in the third path in the 2022 election?

The definition of the PSDB, which will take place in November in the preview, will be very important for the start of the game. Neither Bolsonaro nor Lula want a third name. The candidate who has appeared now will receive many blows from both sides. The right time will be next year. You need one or two candidates from the center.

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Do you see your favorite name?

There is a place and time for growth (the third way). Without defining a PSDB preview, nothing will happen. From this point on, alliances will be made.

Information from the newspaper State of Sao Paulo.

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