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“Weakening party loyalty is a failure”

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"Weakening party loyalty is a failure"

“Weakening party loyalty is a failure”

The Senate Plenary approved last Wednesday (22) a Constitutional Amendment Proposal (PEC) on electoral reform (PEC 28/2021), rejected the return of coalitions in proportional elections, but weakened party loyalty. Now the deputies and councilors who left the party from which they were elected will not lose their mandate if the party agrees to leave. According to political scientist Luciana Santana, this measure should return to strengthening the country’s political institutions.

“I think there was a failure. What is the purpose of building loyalty? Minimize intense party migrations, as we saw before 2007, and ensure greater representation in parties, which, for example, are the units that will determine the guiding principles and positions of MPs, ”says the political scientist, stressing that flexibility increases the opportunity many migrations. during the same period.

Currently, when changing parties, parliamentarians retain their mandate only in the case of “good reason”, which includes, according to Law 9 096 of 1995, “a significant change or repeated deviation from the party program; serious personal political discrimination; and during the 30-day period preceding the term of membership required by law to participate in elections. ” The text with the new rules is awaiting adoption, and in order to take effect in the 2022 elections, this must happen before October 2 of this year.

Also, according to Luciana Santana, reform should not be taking place at this time.

“Since this is happening on the eve of the elections, without dialogue and participation of other actors in the discussion, this should not happen,” he says to the Independente Tribuna.

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As for the return of the coalitions, the political scientist considers the rejection of the proposal by the Chamber of Deputies positive.

“I consider this decision positive in terms of rejecting the proposal, given that this is a recent rule, approved in 2017 and not even tested in state and federal elections. It is necessary that the legislation be approved and applied for a long time, so that we can observe the consequences and whether the goals for which it was proposed are being achieved, ”the political scientist explains.

According to Luciana Santana, it would be better to approve measures to reduce the number of political parties, which will minimize the participation of “parties for hire” in the elections.

SENATE

During the Senate vote, the rapporteur on the matter, Simone Tebet (MDB), said that the rejection of the coalitions approved by the Chamber of Deputies was due to “the thought that the principle of electoral priority is unconstitutional here,” he said.

As for the flexibility of party loyalty, the senator argued that this protects parliamentarians.

“Another opportunity for MPs and councilors not to lose their mandate when they ask to leave the party. This is what the courts have already discussed and are moving forward. “

Party presidents disagree with new rules

A Tribune he tracked down the leaders of the Alagoas party to get their views on the recently approved changes in the National Congress. Among those who responded to the report, Rui Palmeira (Podemos) and Ricardo Barbosa (PT), there are disagreements over coalitions.

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“I consider the adopted amendments positive. The main thing is not to return to proportional coalitions. This is very important for strengthening parties and reducing the number of parties in the future. There are representatives of nearly thirty parties in our Congress, ”comments Rui Palmeira. “This means that it needs to be radically reduced. Who knows, in the future, with the end of proportional coalitions and with the provision of efficiency, we may have an acceptable number of parties in our country, ”concludes the President of Podemos in Alagoas.

As for Ricardo Barbosa, since coalitions are prohibited, parties face a number of difficulties in electing or re-electing their parliamentarians.

“The banning of coalitions is accompanied by another measure in the opposite direction, which removes the obligation of party loyalty from the electoral law, which gives the election a pragmatic political content,” says the PT president in Alagoas.

Also, according to the leader of the PT, the abolition of the obligation of party loyalty will allow a deputy or council member in the electoral process, feeling that he will have difficulties in his party, to move freely.

“A candidate who feels that no surplus or coefficient is required to be elected will be able to freely migrate from one party without any sanctions. It seems to me that this is a way to compensate for the Brazilian political and electoral system, which has never favored programmatic issues, so that physiology continues to exist, ”says Ricardo Barbosa.

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Politics

Woman in political exercise as a RIG professional

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Women in institutional and government response

Women working in political, business and public environments are perceived as professionals in institutional and government relations (RIG), or lobby/advocacymore and more accepted and recognized.

The professional woman in RIG stands out for her knowledge of the legislative process and, above all, her ability to argue and defend positions, as well as to build narratives that convince political actors to defend certain projects, influence and set agendas for committee meetings and plenary sessions. meetings in the Legislative Chambers.

Thus, the power of the RelGovers women, or women in RIG, is not small. This, too, is deserving of contempt and restraint, which often comes from practices that threaten their body, voice, and perspective because they are women.

Historical aspects and how we are now

It is known that the construction of female and male identities and the formation of male superiority and dominance were determined by the biological and historically constructed fate of generations. The woman will have to procreate and take care of the family structure, while the man will be responsible for material diligence about livelihood and external contacts with the surrounding society.

In this context, the advancement of women in the socio-economic and political environment was perceived as opposing male domination, which consequently led to the development of forms of violence against women and the understanding of such violence.

However, there is a concern that increases with each generation and is accompanied by new ways of perceiving women in society and their social functions. The problems of the political rise of minority groups and insecure access to fundamental rights were overcome by creating state structures and laws that allowed social and political development based on access to rights. Two important political and legal advances have been made in advancing the figure and body of women beyond niches: access to specific public rights and policies and their economic empowerment.

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At present, the premises of the Legislative Chambers and state bodies are occupied by more and more women, who differ from men in figures, as a rule, white and middle-aged. However, the data also show that access to jobs, especially leadership positions, is dominated by men.

Understanding the problems associated with the increasing role of women in public and political life is largely related to understanding the forms of violence against women that are committed daily in these conditions. After all, it is through violence that we see resistance to the empowerment and social, economic and political ascent of women in society. When women occupy predominantly male positions, such as the legislative chamber, the judiciary, and the executive, the complexity of apparently patriarchal structures is called into question.

Violence Against Women RelGovers

How do we women of RelGovers feel and be victims of violence at different times in a professional context? Violence is felt, for example, when a woman is suddenly interrupted by a man in a meeting. This phenomenon is now known as interrupt and formally considered psychological abuse.

There are also situations in which a woman, realizing her expertise and positions, explains something important from a technical point of view, and then watches how a person internalizes his explanation and idea. This phenomenon is also recognized as psychological violence, the so-called. bropriation.

When more attention is paid to male figures, which happens when formal positions are declared in masculine rather than feminine, there is symbolic abuse due to the misuse of the masculine term when a woman holds office. and function.

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Women in politics in numbers

Studies such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the World Economic Forum, an organization that promotes reflection on the parliamentary context of several countries, condemn this Brazil ranks 142nd in ranging with 192 countries, in terms of women’s participation in politics. Also, according to the World Economic Forum, Brazil ranked 93rd out of 156 countries in 2021 for the presence of women in formal political power.

The decline in the presence of women in politics is so strong on a global scale that it deserves a separate term to explain this phenomenon. secessiontranslates as feminine recession. Studies show that under the current scenario, it will take 135.6 years to achieve full equality between women and men..

In addition, the IBGE gender indicators condemn various aspects of inequality. Women have the best educational records, have the best school attendance rates, and make up the majority of the population with tertiary education in Brazil. However, only 39.1% of leadership positions are held by women and Men’s earnings are on average 20.5% higher than women’s.

women in congress

It is important to note that in the Legislature from 2018 to 2022 in the Chamber of Deputies there are 77 deputies out of a total of 513. On the other hand, in the Federal Senate there are 16 senators out of a total of 81.

In the RIG environment, men make up the majority in career and leadership positions, making up 60% of coordinators and 70% of directors. Only assistant and analyst positions are dominated by women, accounting for 60% and 58% of positions, respectively.

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look into the future

The statistics give us a difficult scenario for women as they show the persistence of inequalities between women and men. Michelle Bachelet, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, offers us the continuity of efforts and the importance of women occupying formal spaces of power: “When a woman enters politics, a woman changes. When many women enter politics, politics changes.”

Thus, advocacy before parliaments, which comes with the proposition of guidelines and legislative proposals and with the construction of qualified information – reports, policy analyzes and technical notes, demonstrates how the implementation of institutional and governmental relations expands the debate about public life. politics and law, and the promotion of different points of view and interests that deserve to be represented.

A gradual change in scenario with more women in RIG careers, in addition to advances in research and legislation to protect women and empower them socioeconomically, presents a promising picture. Overcoming the structures of patriarchal domination and inequality between women and men is slow, but gradually, women began to be perceived, heard and respected. This is what we are looking for more and more.

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At Roda Viva, Enrique Meirelles answers questions about the future in politics

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At Roda Viva, Enrique Meirelles answers questions about the future in politics

Interview with Roda Viva this Monday (26) Enrique Meirelles, former President of the Central Bank in the two governments of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT).

Former finance minister under Michel Temer and most recently financial secretary to former governor Joao Doria, he was also international president of BankBoston between 1996 and 1999 and candidate for President of the Republic in the 2018 elections for the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB). .

As finance minister, he approved labor reform and PEC 95, known as PEC do Seto dos Gastos Publicos. In this final stretch of the election campaign, he declared his support for the PT. He does not rule out talks about participating in a possible Lula government, but has already said that the budget ceiling must be maintained and respected.

In the program, he answers whether he will try to enter political life again or not. In 2018, he was MDB’s presidential candidate. He finished in seventh place with 1.2% of the valid votes.

“I am not a career politician, I applied in 2002 and was elected, and then went to the Central Bank, so I did not make a political career. After running for president in 2018, I thought I should make a proposal to the country. I did it and I think I did well. But I am not a professional politician. I was invited to be a candidate for senators, I analyzed it well and came to the conclusion that this is not what I want. I understand that this is not the time to start [a ser político]” replies.

Alex Ribeiro, Special Reporter for Valor Econômico, Alvaro Gribel, Columnist for O Globo, Economic Columnist for TV Gazeta Denise Campos de Toledo, Special Reporter for Folha de S. Paulo Julio Wiziack, and Tais Carranza, Reporter for BBC News, Brazil.

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See the full program:

With the presentation of Vera Magalhaes, the program will be broadcast live at 22:00 on the Kultura TV channel. broadcaster websitechannel do YouTube, Dailymotionand on social networks Twitter e facebook.

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Elenildo’s political legacy in Alagoas politics can be traced back to her sister-in-law, Correio dos Municipios

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Mozabel intends to salvage his late father-in-law’s seat in the Federal Chamber. She’s the favorite at your party

In 1999 and 2006, Palmeira dos Indios figured prominently in state and even national politics, holding representation in the National Congress. At that time, Elenildo Ribeiro was elected federal deputy for two terms, and the municipality became one of the most important positions in Brasilia. Now, 16 years later, Palmeira will again be able to occupy one of the nine Alagoas seats in the Federal Chamber. . Mozabel Ribeiro, Elenildo’s nurse and daughter-in-law, put her name up for discussion with a clear goal: to represent the city and work to find resources that will improve the quality of life of the population.

With a door-to-door and face-to-face campaign, as the candidate herself likes to say, Mozabel won more and more supporters and sympathizers, the possibility that Palmeira would get a woman as a federal candidate for the first time in her history took several days to form. back. I have my own political projects, my own ideas to help Palmeira and the entire state. As a federal deputy, I am sure that I will work hard for this people, whom I love so much and who need someone to fight for them, ”said Mozabel. As a deputy, Elenildo guaranteed the treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease requiring hemodialysis. He was responsible for the construction of the Kakamba Dam, helping to solve the severe water shortage problem at the time. Neo ICU was also the work of the Palmeirense parliamentarian, as was the construction of the Uneal campus: “I want to take the place that once belonged to my father-in-law, the late Elenildo. Because he left a great legacy to our city when he was a deputy. I was in Brazil next to you and saw up close all the resources sent and all the work thought out by the people of Palmeyra,” he commented. Mozabel is running for the Republican Party. The abbreviation can be made by two federal deputies. Nivaldo Albuquerque is running for re-election and has a good chance of winning. The second vacancy will be open and the main name is palmeirense.

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“I want to take the place that once belonged to my father-in-law, the late Elenildo. Because he left a great legacy for our city when he was an MP,” says Mozabel Ribeiro, who is warmly welcomed by the Palmeirense electorate.

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