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Traffic accidents: more women die due to crash test dummies

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There is a lot of talk about gender equality today and there is a lot of discussion to really understand what that means. Indeed, it may be necessary to extend this requirement to areas that have never been considered so harmful to women before. One of the cases is using Crash test dummies A “man” who can identify the wrong data to “save” women’s lives in road traffic accidents.

According to some recent data, in the United States in 2019, 10,000 women died in car accidents and more than a million were injured. Men cause more accidents, but women are more likely to die from natural disasters.

10,000 women die in car accidents every year Incorrect design

Men are more likely to be the cause of accidents, but women are more likely to die in them. This is because automakers have no incentive to develop safe cars for women. This is absolutely true, despite the fact that it is cruel!

There are numbers to support this reality. According to information, In 2019, 10,420 women were killed in road accidents in the United States. and over 1 million were injured.

None of this is surprising to car manufacturers or the government agency responsible for road safety standards, who have known these statistics for decades. Although prejudice affects many institutions around the world, this discrimination is killing because of the negligence of government officials, as mentioned.

Crash test dummies that can prevent more women from dying in road accidents

But where is the discrimination in the auto industry?

Well, it's all about manufacturing, testing and safety certifications. That is, every car in the United States receives a safety rating from the National Highway Transportation Association (NHSTA), a national rating agency. This rating requires the vehicle to pass four tests.

To simulate the effects of frontal, rollover, side and rear collisions, these tests are the standard by which car manufacturers design their vehicles. Although women are 72% more likely to be injured and 17% more likely to die in a car crash than men, the agency requires a frontal crash test with only one male driver.

There is no mandatory test that mimics a female driver.

For trials involving women in the passenger seat, the crash test dummies used to represent the women are simply a miniaturized man. It has a size of about five meters and a weight of 50 kilograms.

Well, basically this mannequin doesn't have any kind of intrinsic morphology that makes the distinction between the sexes. The differences in bone density, muscle structure and physiology of the abdominal and thoracic cavity that distinguish women from a male dummy are not explained.

For example, the average woman's neck musculature contains far less back strength and muscle mass than a man's, so women are 22.1% more likely to suffer a head injury than men. The current standards are designed to prevent male head collisions with the dashboard, and they do it quite effectively. reduction of 70% of male eyelashes...

However, for women, seat belts and airbags that protect men can cause additional injury. As education has always been given, seat belts were fastened to save lives, but they can also be a factor in stopping it.

Regulators know there are physiological differences, but ...

Regulators have known for over 40 years that the internal structures of women put them at greater risk than men. In 1980, based on a recommendation from a group of researchers at the University of Michigan, NHSTA began creating a family of dummies that would include a true female image.

When the Reagan administration came to power in 1981, the agency's budget was cut along with many other cuts in the federal government — the correct female model fell victim to those cuts.

Industry data show that one of the reasons women are at greater risk than men is because they tend to drive small and light cars, while men tend to gravitate towards larger cars, SUVs and pickup trucks.

The industry knows that heavy passenger cars put women at great risk. A 1988 Oxford University study concluded that "the main determinant of death is the weight of the vehicle in question."

Heavy vehicles are also more dangerous to pedestrians than small vehicles, and women are more likely to be pedestrians. However, the auto industry, free from government regulations, continues to produce more and more heavier and heavier vehicles, putting more and more women at risk for profit.

An example was the Ford F-Series pickup truck, which is one of the best-selling vehicles in the United States and weighs 2.5 tons. So with all this evidence, it is expected that the law will change and crash test dummies will represent all genders and above all all individuals, which is an important factor in the design of vehicle safety systems.

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Russia expels five Portuguese diplomats | War in Ukraine

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“This morning, the Portuguese Ambassador in Moscow was summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, who was informed of the expulsion of five embassy employees who will have to leave Russia within 14 days,” the Portuguese Foreign Ministry said on Thursday. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the report said.

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“Ukraine is in for a very unpleasant surprise” — Obozrevatel

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It was a quick change. On Monday, Mikhail Kodaryonok, a retired colonel and television commentator, criticized Russian President Vladimir Putin’s military strategy. This Wednesday afternoon, also on Russian state television, the army has completely changed speech, anticipating a “very unpleasant surprise” for Ukraine.

Mikhail Kodarenok mentioned Russian attacks on American howitzers in Ukraine, suggesting that they would remain a target for Russian forces “in the near future.” “They will be searched for, discovered and hit,” the colonel in the reserve assured, adding that soon only “memories” would remain of them.

Assuring that this goal would be “achieved,” the colonel turned to the news of the victories that Ukraine would win over Russian troops.“There are only rumors Indeed, there are even rumors that [a Ucrânia] allegedly has great success in counterattacks, ”said Mikhail Khodarenok, describing these rumors as “inaccurate.”

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To demonstrate the failure of the Ukrainian forces, a retired colonel recalled the Snake Islands plan. Mikhail Khodarenok noted that Ukraine needed to achieve “air supremacy”, and that “in the coming months” it would be “impossible” for the Ukrainian armed forces to accomplish such a feat.

In addition, in the naval sphere, the official also devalued Ukraine: “They need to achieve superiority at sea,” especially in the Black Sea, which “is out of the question.” “At best, it will take years, if not decades.”

“And therefore, when they talk about the ability of Ukraine to counterattack, this is a big exaggeration,” Mikhail Khodarenok hinted, believing in the success of the Russian offensive. He predicted that “a very unpleasant surprise” awaits Ukraine in the near future.

“As much as we hate to admit it, the whole world is against us.” Retired colonel denounces Putin’s strategy on state television

These statements contrast with those that Mikhail Kodarenok made on Monday: “They [os ucranianos] determined to fight to the last man. Ultimately, victory on the battlefield is determined by the high morale of the personnel.who sheds blood for ideas for which he is ready to fight.

Also on Monday, the retired colonel acknowledged that “the main drawback of the Russian military-political position is that we are, in a sense, in complete geopolitical isolation and that, as much as we hate to admit it, practically the whole world is against us.” . “The situation will frankly worsen,” spoke on Monday, anticipating a scenario with “a million armed Ukrainian soldiers.”

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Madrid rejects Russia’s unjustified expulsion of 27 diplomats – columnist

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The Spanish government has rejected Russia’s decision to expel 27 employees of the Spanish embassy in Moscow, arguing that reciprocity in this case is not justifiedbecause they did not violate the Vienna Convention.

Spain rejects the decision taken today by the Russian Federation to expel a total of 27 employees of the Spanish Embassy in Russia,” the Spanish Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Madrid then explains that Russian authorities justify this decision with the principle of “reciprocity” after the expulsion of 27 employees of the Russian embassy in Madrid, notified last April, adding, however, that “the expulsion then accepted by the Spanish authorities was based on duly substantiated security reasons, which do not exist in this case.”

The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs guarantees that the employees of the embassy in Moscow “always” fully complied with the obligations set forth Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.

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Russia announced this Wednesday that it was expelling 27 Spanish and 24 Italian diplomats in response to similar measures taken by those countries after invading Ukraine.

The announcement of the expulsion of Italians and Spaniards was made by the Russian Foreign Ministry a few minutes after the announcement of the expulsion of 34 French diplomats and a day after the decision to expel two Finnish diplomats was made.

The number of Spanish and Italian diplomats now considered persona non grata it is identical to the Russian diplomats whom the governments of two European countries decided to expel from their countries in April.

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According to Spanish Ambassador to Moscow Marcos Gomez Martinez, who was summoned to the Russian ministry on Wednesday morning, diplomats from the embassy in Moscow and the consulate general in St. Petersburg were sent to Moscow. will have to leave Russia within seven days.

On April 5, the Spanish government decided to expel 27 diplomats and officials from the Russian embassy in Spain as a sign of rejection of the “horrible actions” of the Russian troops, the “escalation of war crimes” and in “protection of security interests.” » Spain.

The Spanish performer did not directly mention the massacre organized by Russian soldiers in the Ukrainian city of Bucha, Kyiv region.

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